Premium Essay

Chhi 301 Papacy Paper

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By Bubber69
Words 1695
Pages 7
RAMIFICATIONS OF THE PAPACY’S POWER IN ROME

Church History 301
April 20, 2014

Ramifications of the Papacy’s Power in Rome

The papacy – the office held by the pope as head of the Catholic Church - gained great power from the sixth through eighth centuries, and there are several reasons for this surge in influence. Starting around 590, Pope Gregory I sought to convert Teutonic invaders to Christianity. Islam was also in play, as it had taken over most of Asia and Africa. According to Earl Cairns, by trying to win Teutonic tribes to Christianity, the medieval church “…further centralized its organization under papal supremacy and developed the sacramental-hierarchical system characteristic of the Roman Catholic Church.”
In addition, the church had started with Christ, who made Peter the first Pope in Rome. Hence, it was evident that this would be fitting for the location of the papacy. Jesus had given Peter the keys to the kingdom, asserting that Peter was the rock on which he would build his church (Matthew 16:18-19). Basing the Church in Rome enabled close coordination of political and ecclesiastical leadership, especially since it was still under Roman rule.
Another factor, which gave the Roman church its authority, was Damascus I (366-384), who called the church in Rome the apostolic see and named himself pontifex maximus, a name once held by the emperor of Rome. This elevated the authority of the church in the minds of Christians, and it elevated the political power of the church, making the pope the elect representative of God, similar to an emperor. This behavior of self-importance would later be repeated with King Charlemagne.
When Christianity became the official religion in 451, the Church became very popular. The Council of Chalcedon in 451 determined the five dioceses. This declared the bishop of Constantinople to be second in…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Psy/301

...|[pic] |Course Syllabus | | |College of Social Sciences | | |PSY/301 Version 2 | | |Emotional Intelligence | Copyright © 2010, 2009, 2006, 1997 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course examines the concepts and practical applications of emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is the ability to manage one's own internal emotional environment and one's ability to participate in relationships with others. Through a highly interactive format, the course will focus on how to assess basic skills in emotional intelligence, how to develop strategies to improve and enhance basic skill levels, and how to experiment with techniques that facilitate dealing with others of varying emotional backgrounds and competency levels. Policies Students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view......

Words: 719 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Papacy vs. Philippine Presidency

...DOCTOR’S PRESCRIPTION By Santos T. Araña, Ph.D. PAPACY vs. PHILIPPINE PRESIDENCY I was fascinated by the process of choosing a new pontiff compared to the system a president of a republic is elected like Philippines. It cannot be avoided to compare the method because vote should be considered sacred conviction of those involve. The selection of Pope Francis witnessed by the world was a sacred occurrence in Vatican participated by Cardinals from different parts of the world who composed the College of Cardinals. Pope Francis will be leading the entire Catholic Church in the world with about 1.2 billion Catholic believers as of 2010 Census of the 2012 Annuario Pontificio (Pontifical Yearbook). The Catholic Church is headed by a Pope while a democratic Government is headed by a President. The structure of church government in choosing their leader is called Papacy which is the system of central government of the Roman Catholic Church of which the pope is the supreme head being accorded special respect; while the layman’s government known as presidency, the administration or the executive, the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. The manner of choosing a pope begins with a papal conclave known as the meeting of the College of Cardinals convened to elect a new Bishop of Rome. The conclave has been the procedure for choosing the pope for more than half of the...

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Papacy of the Middle Ages

...Papacy of the Middle Ages Alexander Henry His 101 2/20/2014 The history of the papacy, the office held by the pope as leader of the Catholic Church, spans from the time of Saint Peter to present day. The pope is the head of the Catholic Church. During the Early Church, the bishops of Rome enjoyed no temporal power until the time of Constantine. The fall of Rome began the middle ages (around 476 ad). The papacy at the start of the middle ages was influenced by the temporal rulers of the surrounding Italian Peninsula; these periods are known as the Ostrogothic Papacy, Byzantine Papacy, and Frankish Papacy. Over time, the papacy consolidated its territorial claims to a portion of the peninsula known as the Papal States. Thereafter, the role of neighboring sovereigns was replaced by powerful Roman families during the saeculum obscurum, the Crescentii era, and the Tusculan Papacy. A fateful event for the papacy was the donation of lands made to the pope by the Frankish king Pepin the Short in 756. The papacy had already been given lands, but it was the Donation of Pepin that came to be considered the real as well as the symbolic founding of the Papal States. The pope thus became a powerful lay prince as well as an ecclesiastical ruler. This intermingling of powers was a determining condition in the struggle between church and state that was a main theme in the history of the West in the Middle Ages. Strong lay princes attempted to direct the church just as the pope tried......

Words: 1178 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Rise of Roman Papacy

...The Rise of Roman Papacy By Brian D. Jenkins Liberty University CHHI301-C01 LUO 201220 Spring 2012 One of the most peculiar phenomenon in all of history is the rise of the papacy. During the events of the Middle Ages in Rome arose the need for a central figure. The Roman bishop happened to fill that role to provide much needed stability and leadership. The focus of this particular paper will address the reasons for Rome, significant factors to dominance, and the implications of the papacy. Reasons for Rome Throughout the first centuries of Christian history, five cities emerged as epicenters for the church; Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, and Constantinople. The Edict of Milan in 313 AD recognized Christianity as a legitimate religious entity. “The proclamation …assured Christians of legal rights (including the right to organize churches),” It was in this early stage of formation as an organization that the church took a similar structure to the government. The key leaders of the regional churches rose to power. The five bishops of the previous listed churches were looked to as geographical region leaders. Those five attempted to establish a stable structure upon which to build. However, the bishops would often disagree. From the time of the Edict of Milan until Constantine moved the capital of the empire away from Rome, the Roman bishop was a natural thought for the leader of the young church. Being at the center of the political, social, and......

Words: 1757 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Cpmgt 301 Week 2 Team Paper

...Organizations Discussion CPMGT 301 Organizations Discussion What is the difference between project-based and non-project-based organizations? How does communication differ for a project manager in a project-based organization versus a non-project-based organization? Describe two challenges a project manager might face in a non-project-based organization. As a project manager in a non-project-based organization, how would you overcome the challenges you identified? The difference between project-based and non-project-based organizations is that fact that project based organizations are organized around each particular project, and most of them have project managers that run the teams made up of employees. The non-project-based organizations are a category like an umbrella which includes all organizational structures that are not designed around projects. The most common type of non-project based organizational structure is the functional model, and this is where an owner or manager oversees many different department heads, each of whom runs one specific department in which a certain function is performed.   Communication differs from a project-based organization versus a non- project-based organization because project-based organizations inter-organizational communication requirements are higher than a non-project-based organization, and it involves much more analytical details within the communication process. Two challenges a project manager might face in a......

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ba 301 Final Paper

...Nicole Ferriss BA 301 Final Term Paper Section Number: 1/3/2015 Southwest Airlines Table of Contents Executive Summary………………………………………………………………….....pg. 1-2 Situation Analysis………………………………………………………………………pg. 3-8 Problem Analysis & Description……………………………………………………….pg. 8-12 Solutions, Evaluation & Recommendation……………………………………………..pg. 12-16 Implementation Plan……………………………………………………………………pg. 16-18 Success Metrics…………………………………………………………………………pg. 18-19 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………pg. 20 Executive Summary Today we are going to be taking a look at Southwest Airlines. After being provided with a background of this wonderful company, we are going to look into some problems that they are having with their Airlines Quality Ratings (AQR). We will discuss how the lack of on-time flights, problems customers are facing with the merger of Southwest and Air Tran and the open seating policy are negatively effecting this rating. We will look into solving these problems by implementing an Employee Incentive Program, getting new merger software and adopting a different seating policy. Once all of these concerns are solved we will talk about implementation and success metrics and start raising those AQR scores so Southwest Airlines can continue to grow to one of the greatest airlines in the world. Situation Analysis Southwest Airlines strives to be a very goal oriented company. Annually, Southwest airlines distributes what they call their One Report, which......

Words: 5642 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

301 Mini Criticism Paper

...Comm 301 May 8, 2014 A Pentadic Analysis of Hillary Clinton Interview The artifact we are analyzing for our study is a live television interview that Hillary Clinton was giving to San Francisco’s KTVU-TV in late February of 2008. This interview was broadcasted via television and is also available on YouTube and other video media sources. The interview was being hosted by a man named Ross McGowan of KTVU-TV to senator Hillary Clinton, and that within itself makes it a significant artifact. The live interview about healthcare that Hillary Clinton was giving had to be cut short when the New York senator began having a coughing fit. Prior to the cough attack, the interview was directed but not limited to the subject of health care. Senator Clinton was speaking of issues such as the pulling troops from the Iraq war,  California’s mortgage crisis, Americas current health care system, and the idea of a universal health care system. In the end of the interview Clinton fails to answer the question regarding her husbands role in her campaign by coughing for the remainder of the interview abruptly ending it. Whether or not the actions by Clinton were intended, speculation of this interview arose. In 2000, Hillary Clinton became the first women to be elected a seat in the United States Senate.  At first glance, Clinton’s aggrandizement to such a respectable political position seemed like a victory for herself and the ongoing women’s movement effort. However, the continual reminder......

Words: 2682 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Rise of the Roman Papacy

...The Rise of Roman Papacy Hayden Wyrick Liberty University 201520 Spring 2015 CHHI 301-D13 LUO One of the most peculiar events in all of history is the rise of the papacy. During the time of the Middle Age Rome arose the need for a central figure. The Roman bishop filled that role to provide much needed stability and leadership. The focus of this particular paper will address the reasons for Rome, significant factors to dominance, and the implications of the papacy. Reasons for Rome Throughout the first centuries of Christian history, five cities emerged as epicenters for the church: Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, and Constantinople. The Edict of Milan in 313 AD recognized Christianity as a legitimate religious entity. It was in this early stage of formation as an organization that the church took a similar structure to the government. The key leaders of the regional churches rose to power. The five bishops of the previous listed churches were looked to as geographical region leaders. Those five attempted to establish a stable structure upon which to build. However, the bishops would often disagree. From the time of the Edict of Milan until Constantine moved the capital of the empire away from Rome, the Roman bishop was a natural thought for the leader of the young church. Being at the center of the political, social, and economical scene allowed the Roman bishop the level of influence needed. After the political powers moved from Rome to Constantinople, the......

Words: 1520 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Roman Papacy

...The Rise of Roman Papacy Hayden Wyrick Liberty University 201520 Spring 2015 CHHI 301-D13 LUO One of the most peculiar events in all of history is the rise of the papacy. During the time of the Middle Age Rome arose the need for a central figure. The Roman bishop filled that role to provide much needed stability and leadership. The focus of this particular paper will address the reasons for Rome, significant factors to dominance, and the implications of the papacy. Reasons for Rome Throughout the first centuries of Christian history, five cities emerged as epicenters for the church: Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, and Constantinople. The Edict of Milan in 313 AD recognized Christianity as a legitimate religious entity. It was in this early stage of formation as an organization that the church took a similar structure to the government. The key leaders of the regional churches rose to power. The five bishops of the previous listed churches were looked to as geographical region leaders. Those five attempted to establish a stable structure upon which to build. However, the bishops would often disagree. From the time of the Edict of Milan until Constantine moved the capital of the empire away from Rome, the Roman bishop was a natural thought for the leader of the young church. Being at the center of the political, social, and economical scene allowed the Roman bishop the level of influence needed. After the political powers moved from Rome to Constantinople, the......

Words: 1520 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Research Paper Ccou 301

...Research Paper Topic, Preliminary Research and Rationale For this assignment, I have chosen to breakdown some of the basic issues that cause a lack of intimacy and sex with marriages. I also intend to use proven counseling methods to help Christian counselors battle this issue within married couples. The title of the paper will be: The Necessity for Sexual Intimacy in Marriage. From pastoral experience, counseling married couples having difficulties in their marriage usually stems from a lack of intimacy. Both husband and wife for various reasons have drawn away from affection, intimacy and sex. There is great value in this information because once the issue of intimacy is explained and resolved. Couples usually go on to live productive marriages, fulfilling God’s design for husband and wife. Several Studies (including The Barna Group, 2006) have shown that a lack of sexual intimacy in marriages can and have resulted in many couple choosing divorce their spouses rather than fix this common issue. The Barna Group asserts that “no moral dimension has changed as much as Americans’ perspectives and behaviors related to sexuality” (2006). This has happened in part by the increase in sexual diversity and immorality. Not surprisingly, Pornography lists high on the list of causes of a lack of sexual desire from many husbands (2006). In the book Why you do the things you do: secrets to healthy relationships; Timothy Clinton and Gary Sibcy assert that the key to a loving, lasting...

Words: 604 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Rise of the Papacy

...CHHI-301-D10 LUO FALL2013 PAPER 2 The Rise of the Papacy INTRO In the void left by the collapse of the Roman Empire, the bishop of Rome grew even more in both power and prestige beginning in the sixth century and continuing to the reformation in the ninth century. It is the aim of this paper to explain how and why the papacy in Rome became the center of power of the medieval world, the factors contributing to this dominance over Western Europe, and the positive and negative ramifications of the position becoming so powerful. Through this paper you will discover how papacy was able to fill the vacuum of power left by the fall of an empire. THE HOW AND WHY When the Roman Empire fell services that it previously provided were left untended. Additionally the political structures and authority of the government were left in ruins. This created a massive void in the culture of the empire. While the government collapsed, the Church survived and even thrived, remaining strong throughout the known world, but especially in Rome. Services previously provided by the government were now being delivered at the hands of the Church under the direction of the Bishop of Rome, which would become the position of Pope. Society turned to the Church for education, monasteries took in war-orphans, and peace and mercy were encouraged in matters involving the former empire and its conquerors. While the Roman Empire was falling, the Church was rising and society churned on......

Words: 1631 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Rise of Papacy

...THE RISE OF THE PAPACY Presented to Professor G. Johnson For CHHI 301-D06 LUO By Dana Peebles August 2, 2015   Introduction During the 6th century, the rise of the Roman Catholic Church increased in power. With the leadership of the papacy, this endured up until the 9th century. While there were both positive and negative ramifications of this reality, the biggest is the influence of papal authority and the effect that it had over Christianity. The collapse of the Roman Empire brought order to not only orthodoxy, but also the government. Throughout this essay, it is my desire to touch on these areas. In addition, I will also discuss some of the contributing factors to the dominion of Western Europe and what happened up until the Reformation. The effect of the barbarian invasion and the continuation of Western Civilization during the Middle Ages, is truly a time within history that impacts the church and its association with supremacy. The How And Why Of The Papacy And The Power It Had In understanding the significance of the papacy and the power it had, it only makes sense to begin with a good solid definition of it. “The term pappa, from which the word “pope” is derived, originated in ancient colloquial Greek as an endearing term for “father,’ and was then applied, beginning in the third century, to Eastern patriarchs, bishops, abbots, and eventually parish priests.” [1]. Throughout Rome and the Western part of the Empire, this term......

Words: 1851 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Chhi 301 Paper 1

...Hunt, Philip A. CHHI 301-B04 Research Exercise 1 29 August, 2015 Plescia, Joseph. “On the Persecution of the Christians in the Roman Empire.” Latomus, T.30, Fasc. 1 (1971) 120-132. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41527858 (accessed August 25, 2015) Emperor Decius was the first emperor to formulate a plan and initiate a systematic persecution of Christianity. Decius was not necessarily focused on Christians, but on the abolishment of Christianity itself. The emperor believed Christianity threatened the Roman way of life and the religious order of the Roman state. Decius attempted to overcome the will of the Christians in all possible ways so they would renounce. This resulted in extensive trials, physical torture, moral torture, and long prison sentence. His goal was to have the Christians show allegiance to the Roman state: even in a diminutive way. Unfortunately, the policy set forth by Decius was adhered to by several more emperors, resulting in persecution escalating over fifty more years. Grafton, David D. "Mission paradigms in the Pax Americana." Currents in Theology and Mission 32.5 (2005): 348-354. http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA138144023&v=2.1&u=vic_liberty&it=r&p=AONE&sw=w&asid=aab99e6642abf232be6352b7a7dc83c3 (Accessed August 26, 2015) Alexander the Great began the development of implementing Greek culture into the regions of Gaul, Arabia, and the Persian Empire. Pax Romana used this......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Accounting 301 Paper #1

...FASB Codification Research Assignment The codification for the transfer of receivables can be found in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification in, section Broad Transactions-> 860 Transfers and Servicing-> 10 Overall-> 05 Overview and Background. The document states that the material provided is to be used as a guidance and a tool to gain understanding, and does not provide the historical background or the due process or summarize the accounting and reporting requirements. The last change to be made to this topic was in June 12, 2015. The amendment was made so that the terms would be made easy to understand. The amendment will have no significant bearing on the current accounting practice. In today’s day and age, words have many meanings, and depending how they are used can define something differently than its intention. In the world of accounting there’s no exception. Some of the words/terms can be mundane and easily understandable, others can be technical and would need more knowledge to comprehend. The terms that are needed to understand the document are: transfer, recourse, and collateral. In addition to that: transferee, transferor, factoring, transfer of receivables with recourse, and securitization. The definitions can be found in Broad Transactions-> 860 Transfers and Servicing-> 10 Overall-> 20 Glossary-> 05 Overview and Background. * Transfer: the transmission of a noncash financial asset by and to somebody other than the owner of......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Paper 1

...* Research Paper 1:

 The first paper is due by Monday, April 9, 11:59 p.m. You MAY use sources outside of the Liberty Search Engine (and are encouraged to do so). Also you may use scholarly books and not just journal articles. You should avoid using generic websites that do not appear scholarly in nature. A good rule of thumb is that if a website does not have an author, it is not a good source. Good online material has also usually been published in print at some point. Google Scholar and JSTOR are great places to search, as well as the online encyclopedias I've shown you. Always feel free to send me an email if you have questions about sources or formatting. You are to write a 5-page research paper (12 point, double spaced, Time New Roman font, 1-inch margins on all sides), using at least three scholarly sources (not including the textbook), focusing on the key events and movements that were influential in the recognition of the canonical books. You should focus primarily on the canonization of the New Testament, though it is acceptable to include some information on the Old Testament. In addition, look at the methods and the process employed by individuals and councils in the NT canonization process, and how/why they deemed certain books as the inspired word of God. Please note that this paper is to be about the canonical books of the Bible, not the canon laws of the Catholic Church. These are two different subjects. Also, note that the formation of the NT Canon is......

Words: 679 - Pages: 3