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Child Poverty

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Child Poverty

Isang Konseptong Papel na
Pangangailangan sa Kursong Filipino 2

Ipinasa nina:

Jeysa B. Buenaflor
ENCH1A

Ipinasa kay:
Bb. Carrin Joy Fermo

University of St. La Salle-Bacolod
Marso 2014

Child Poverty
Ang mga bata ay may limitasyon sa kaalaman at pisikal na kakayahan upang ipagtanggol ang kanilang mga sarili mula sa iba’t ibang tipo ng paglabag sa kanilang batayang karapatan. Dahil dito, masasabi natin na ang mga batang Pilipino ay isa sa pinaka-bulnerableng sektor sa isang lipunang laganap ang kahirapan at kawalan ng hustisya. Dahil dito, ang pagsusulong ng kapakanan at pagkalinga sa mga bata ay isang panlipunang responsibilidad.
Batay sa pag-aaral ng Akap Bata Party-List Research and Education Committee, 4 sa bawat sampung Pilipino ay nasa edad na 0 – 17. Malaking bahagi sa bilang na ito ay ang mga bata (42%). Umaabot ng 70% ng populasyong Pilipino ay nakararanas ng kahirapan. Ayon sa quarterly labor surveys (BLES) nasa 4.2 million ang bilang ng mga child workers habang ang National Statistics Office (NSO) naman ay nagsasabing nasa 5.5 million ang mga child workers edad 5 – 17. Tatlong milyon sa mga batang ito ay nasa mapanganib na trabaho. Sa taong 2010, nasa 250,000 (UNICEF) hanggang 2.2 milyon (Chilren’s Rehabilitation Center, CRC) ang bilang ng mga batang kalye. Sila ay nabubuhay sa delikadong sitwasyon, malnourished, salat sa pangangalaga at biktima ng iba’t ibang pang-aabuso. Mataas ang antas ng enrollment ngunit mababa ang antas ng nakatatapos sa pag-aaral. Ang 2012 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) ng NSO ay nagsasabing 15.5% o 6.0 milyong bata at kabataang Pilipino ay di nakakapag-aral o Out-of-School Youth (OSY) 32% ng mga batang Pilipino edad limang taon pababa ay bansot (stunted) habang 21% naman sa kanila ay kulang sa timbang (underweight).
Ang komprehensibong pagtugon sa mga pangangailangan, kapakanan at karapatan ng mga bata ay nangangailangan ng malalimang pagbabagong panlipunan. Sa ganitong paraan lamang natin maisusulong ang proteksyon, karapatan at kapakanan ng pinakamaraming mga batang anak ng magsasaka, manggagawa at maralita. Mahalaga ang papel ng sama-samang pagkilos upang higit pang maisulong ang laban para sa kagalingan at karapatan ng mga bata. A. Rasyunal
Child poverty ang napiling paksang pag-aralan upang ipabatid sa mamamayang Pilipino at mga Pilipinong magulang na kailangan nating pangalagaan ang bawat karapatan ng mga bata. Nalalagay sa panganib ang mga bata kapag sila ay makakaranas ng kaapihan, kahirapan at karahasan. Tinatalakay din dito ang mga posibleng solusyon upang sugpuin ang “child poverty”. Mahalagang mabatid ng mga magulang at mamamayan ang epekto ng “child poverty” upang maiwasan ito.

B. Layunin
Pangkalahatan:
Layunin ng pag aaral na ito na masugpo o labanan ang child poverty at mabatid sa mga tao ang posibleng solusyon dito.
Tiyak:
Layunin ng pag-aaral na ito na: * Mabigyan ng solusyon ang child poverty * Maipabatid sa mga magulang at mamamayan ang masamang dulot nito sa kabataan. * Mabigyan ng pansin ang ganitong problema upang matugunan agad ng wastong proteksyon ang mga bata.

C. Metodolohiya
Ang pag-aaral na ito ay ginamitan ng paraang paglalarawan ng pananaliksik. Ginamitan din ito ng iba’t ibang datos mula sa Akap Bata Party-List Research and Education Committee. Nalaman din sa pag-aaral na ito ang mga bahagdan ng mga kabataang apektado ng “child poverty” sa pamamagitan ng survey na isinagawa ng Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) ng NSO.
D. Inaasahang Bunga Inaasahan na tatangkilikin ng mga magulang ang mga posibleng solusyon para masugpo ang “child poverty” sa ating bansa. Inaasahan ding ang mga kawani ng gobyerno na gawin ang kanilang tungkulin para mapangalagaan ang bawat karapatan ng mga bata upang ang bahagdan ng mga batang apektado nga “child poverty” ay bumaba na sa mga susunod pang mga taon. Huli, ang mga batang nabiktima ng “child poverty” ay inaasahang matutulungan ng mga sector, pribado man o pampubliko, na maibalik ang kanilang karapatan.

E. Pagbabalangkas I. Sino ang batang Pilipino? A. Populasyon ng mga bata B. Tantos ng kahirapan C. Child Labor. D. Street Children. E. Stunted and underweight children F. Basic Education

II. Panawagan at Pagtugon sa Kalagayan ng mga Bata
A. Epektibong solusyong para maiwasan at masugpo ang “child poverty”

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