Premium Essay

Child Study

In: English and Literature

Submitted By acidburn1207
Words 3490
Pages 14
UP School of Economics Discussion Papers

Discussion Paper No. 2012-06

March 2012

Whose child is it anyway? Differential parental investments in education and children under kinship care in the Philippines by Joseph J. Capuno and Xylee Javier

School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City

UPSE Discussion Papers are preliminary versions circulated privately to elicit critical comments. They are protected by Republic Act No. 8293 and are not for quotation or reprinting without prior approval.

Whose child is it anyway? Differential parental investments in education and children under kinship care in the Philippines
Joseph J. Capunoa, and Xylee Javierb a,b School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines

Abstract While education is universally held to enhance a child human development, policies must still contend with parental biases. Here, we investigate if school attendance of young household members aged 6-12 years old varies with their kinship ties to the household heads in the Philippines. Applying probit regression techniques on a dataset culled from the five rounds of the Annual Poverty Indicators Survey, we find that the probability of attending school of the head's own child is about 2.9-percentage points greater that that other relatives in the same age group, controlling for income and other factors. However, there are no differences in the likelihood of school attendance between the head's own grandchildren and other relatives. Thus, policies should target children under kinship care since household heads are unlikely to treat them like their own, even if they can afford to send these children to school.

Running title: Parental investments in the education of children and other kin

Corresponding author. Email: The authors acknowledges…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Child Study

...ASSIGNMENT 5 | The Child Study | Developmental Psychology | | | | Student: Pauline Dapaah Professor: Anna-Liisa Mottonen Course: PSYC 2005EL 10 Due Date: July 13, 2011 Parental Consent Form for Participation in a child’s study I give my consent for my child ___________________________ to participate in this child study which is being conducted by Pauline Dapaah, (647 267 - 6759) under the course, developmental psychology at Laurentian University (705 6751151). I understand that this participation is entirely voluntary but very confidential. I equally understand that records of this interview will be destroyed at the end of this study and my daughter will be safe and secured. Also my daughter’s information will be given to only the course supervisor, and the findings of this study cannot be discussed with anyone. The reason for this study is to ask your daughter a variety of questions about things which are important in the lives of many children her age. This study will also give your daughter a better idea about the way the things she is studying apply to the real lives of children. The procedures are as follows: This study will take place over a period of four days. During that time, more time will be spent to get know one another by a formal introduction. Then on the next visit, your child will be interviewed as well as you, the mother, using a variety of instruments and techniques such as questionnaire, interview, and observation. There will be......

Words: 5132 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Child Study

...I. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHILD A. Developmental information. This child named Tina was born naturally in a hospital. She started to crawl at the age of six months and began sitting at the age of a year. Her speaking skills started to show when she is a year and a half old. According to her parents she doesn't have any inborn illnesses. She is talkative when in front of the relatives or people known to her but she's shy when in front of other people. She is very playful whenever she’s at school or at home. She is maturing and developing upwards as we observe her. B. Physical description. She has fair skin and long hair. Her eyes are brown. She is about 3 feet and a half in height. She is taller than her classmates. She has black hair. She has medium body built compared to her age. C. Selection of child. We selected this child based on her behavior and family background. Based on her behavior because we saw that her behavior towards school and her development in maturity is high. We also choose her because of family background due to the fact that family has a great factor in the child's development. D. Educational placement or setting. When we accompany the child in school we have noticed the colorful room and lots of play things like puzzles and musical instruments. The room is decorated by posters giving information about different subjects like math and science. The room can accommodate all the children in a class.......

Words: 2922 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Child Study

...Piaget developed the theory that the best way to study children was in their natural environment. The aim of this assignment is to study children in their natural environment just as Piaget and gain first hand evidence of their developmental process. The procedure for this experiment is to document the actions observed and to use the observations as evidence for the child study. To gain an efficient amount of evidence the observation must consist of at least 20 hours but the hours must be spread out within a 2-4 month time span. The student is observed in the same setting, so he is comfortable enough to “act natural.” The first class I observed was Ms. Alison’s class which consisted of 12 boys and 2 girls, age 4. Ms. Alison is a new inexperienced teacher. The second class I observed was Ms. Corney’s class which consisted of 9 girls and 8 boys, age 5. Ms. Alison is an experienced teacher, of whom has been teaching for 5+ years. During the instructed time in each class, observation will be taken of the students peer to peer communication, academic ability during curriculum activities and each child’s individual progress within their own development. The student I observed is an African American/Hispanic, male age 5. He can understand Spanish and is learning English. For the sake of this experiment I will refer to the student as “Michael.” He has black hair and dark brown eyes. Michael is high energized, happy boy whom enjoys playing with toy cars. He is learning to......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Child Study

... Levi: A Child Case Study Mallory Howresko Klamath Community College Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 2 DATA COLLECTION 2 Child Information 2 Family Background 2 Medical History 2 Current Functioning 2 ANALYSIS/SYNTHESIS 2 Strengths and Weaknesses 2 How to Improve on Weaknesses 2 Reflection 2 OBSERVATIONS TOOLS AND SAMPLES 2 Rating Scale 2 Running Record 2 Anecdotal Record 2 Rubric 2 Work Samples 2 INTRODUCTION The following case study is on a young preschool boy. The study took place over 56 days. The observations were done at two places, Frenchglen School and Rock Creek Ranch. The observer was able to see and document how the preschool years impact a child’s physical, mental and emotional development. DATA COLLECTION Child Information This case study is on a young 4 year old Caucasian boy. For the sake of confidentially I will refer to him as “Levi” throughout this study. Levi M. was born on March 15, 2010 in Helena, Montana. He is four years old with blonde hair, brown eyes and a slim build. He weighs approximately 40 pounds and is 38.5 inches tall. Levi is full of energy, talkative and curious. He is incredibly outgoing and always eager to show you what he can do or say. He has a tendency to be a tad bossy, but has a huge heart. He loves anything cowboy and the color blue. Levi is an only child and lives at home with his father and mother. Family Background He lives with his mother and father on a ranch in Oregon. Their house is part of Rock......

Words: 3091 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Child Case Study

...Have you ever been so captivated by a child? One where all their thoughts and actions well cultivating, leaving you to want to watch and learn their inner workings. Finn Hudson is that child, in which I chose to do my case study on. Where this paper will go through his background and development of his muscle, bone and brain. Delving through his emotions, social interactions, and self concept. Part 1: General Description and Background of the Child Our Lady of Black Rock School located in the community of Black Rock in Buffalo NY, off of Amherst Street, in the pre-k room, is where you will find Finn Hudson. To contact this school the phone number is (716) 873-7497, where his classroom teacher is Ms. Batista. Fin Hudson was born on august ninth, and is currently 4 years of age. Looking at Finn you can tell that he is the smallest child in his class, approximately 33 inches tall, and weighing in at about 25-30 pounds. He is the cutest little boy with blonde hair and big blue eyes, he is Caucasian with very fair to pale skin. Finn’s parents are separated and he is currently living with his mother full time. He goes to see his father on the weekends. Part 2: Developmental and Behavioral Patterns A. Physical Development Development is a progressive series of changes that occur in a predictable pattern, as a result of the ongoing interplay between biological and environmental influences (Lecture 8/30/12). Physical Development is the biological growth and maturation...

Words: 5121 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Case Study Jennifer Childs

...CASE STUDY JENNIFER CHILDS PHARMACEUTICALS Contents * Breakdown of case study (Background) * The analyzing method * Model * Analyses of the case study (By method of comparison) * Projects * Product development * Production * operation * Marketing * Analysis of the projects (summary): * Question 1 * Question 2 * Question 3 Case study Breakdown of case study Jennifer Childs is the CEO of a mid-sized global pharmaceutical company that has offices and manufacturing plants in 8 countries. The company is moving in to new markets moving to a globalized company trend. The pharmaceutical company is experiencing and highly profitable year with $ 2 000 000 above projected profit margin. The focus is to use above profit for reinvestment into the company The CEO Jennifer Childs meets with 3 managers of the company to task them to present projects that focus to achieve the mission and vision of the company. The request for personal was given verbally Mission statement (themes) * Reduce cost * increased profit The analyzing method Used is the method where a scenario is established where by the preferred effective and efficient model for success to the requirements is established. This preferred model then is used to compare it to the case study and highlight where problems and issues exists, where by the case study is analyzed and core problems is highlighted Model: The model is based on effective,......

Words: 10213 - Pages: 41

Free Essay

Case Study of Healthy Child

...Case Study Abstract The purpose of this assignment was to perform a case study of a healthy child. Developmental considerations and data analysis were used to formulate and prioritize three nursing diagnoses. A complete health history interview was performed on a 17-year-old female. A genogram was developed to help determine potential genetic predispositions. J.K.M. is a 17-year-old female born on May 9, 1994. The first part of the interview was done with her mother present. Her mother was then asked to leave to continue to interview. As a child she had normal childhood illnesses without complications. All of her immunizations are up to date. She had no injuries or illnesses requiring hospitalization. She started menstruating at the age of 12. She is still menstruating and has normal 3-5 day periods while on Nuva-ring and her cycle is every 28 days. She has started dating and has been sexually active off and on since the age of 16. Both her parents and one sister are alive. There is a history of alcoholism and depression on both sides of her parent’s family. Her parents are divorced. She lives with her mother and sister and states they all get along very well except for the occasional disagreement. She does not see or communicate with her father. She denies any drug or alcohol use. She states that she is usually happy but she is concerned about the depression and alcoholism that runs in her family. She has no suicidal ideation and has never been......

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Establishing Good Study Habits of a Child

...Services on Study Attitudes, Study Habits and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students Abid Hussain Ch.* Abstract The substantive aim of the study was to examine the effect of guidance services on students’ study attitudes, study habits and academic achievement. An experimental study was devised for the purpose. A guidance programme for secondary school students was developed by the researcher. An experiment was conducted to explore the effectiveness of guidance services in terms of improvement in students’ study attitudes, study habits and academic achievement. Ten null hypotheses were tested to explore the effect of guidance services on students’ study habits, study attitudes and academic achievement in five subjects. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study indicated that the guidance services have significant effect on the students’ study attitude, study habits and academic achievement Introduction The quality of a nation depends upon the quality of its citizens. The quality of citizens depends on the quality of their education and quality of education besides other factors depends upon study habits and study attitude of the learners. Quality of education is reflected through academic achievement which is a function of study habits and study attitude of the students. Thus to enhance the quality of education, it is necessary to improve the study habits and study attitudes of the students. To improve......

Words: 11555 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay

Child Study

...Maloy Chapter 11 Discussion Question #5 To what extent would you be willing to contact parents of low- achieving students when you become a teacher? Do you think this should be part of the classroom teacher’s responsibilities? As a teacher it will be my job to create an equal learning experience to every child in my classroom. I will need to make modifications and exceptions for students who preform under his or her peers. These modifications may include extra time for assignments, extra help in specific subjects either in class or after class or even modifying the assignments to a level in which they understand. If and when I see that these modifications are not helping the student progress, I will then know it problem outside the classroom that is causing this child to struggle. I believe that it is my responsibility to report to higher authorities that a child is consistently doing poorly. For example, a principal should be notified. At this point it is also important to have a meeting with the child’s parents to inform them of their child’s problem. This meeting will allow the principal and myself to talk to the parents about the reasons why a child is doing poorly. We can determine if there is a problem going on in the home, in the classroom or if the problem originates from the lack of parental support. This information can be used to determine ways to help this student in the classroom and at home. It does not stop here. Throughout the school year I...

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Critically Evaluate the Relationship Between Applying the Law and Social Work Values in a Child Protection Case Study in Northern Ireland Case Study.

...Critically evaluate the relationship between applying the law and social work values in a child protection case study in Northern Ireland case study. Social work is a value-based profession, and one of the core capabilities, at all career levels, is recognising, and where appropriate addressing, personal and professional values and prejudices. It is not uncommon, for the law to be seen as a critical component in developing provision and strengthening professional practice. According to the College of Social Work, in social work professional practice we work with some of the most disadvantaged and marginalised individuals, families and communities, often at the most difficult points in their lives. When parents do need help, they still want to be in control and indeed in the vast majority of families they should be it is important that a balance between intervention and assistance is maintained. (2009 NIRFPS) Since the late 1980’s there has been an increasing awareness of the impact of oppression and discrimination on clients and communities (Thompson, 2001). In 1997 Thompsons Theory called the PCS model recognises oppression and discrimination from a Personal, Cultural and Structural perspective. In the Code of Ethics of Social Work it is stated, respect for human rights, commitment to promoting social justice and professional integrity are at the core of social work practice throughout the world, but in actual practice of implementing the law there is a stark......

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

10 Good Study Habits to Help Your Child Succeed in the New School Year

...the A’?” While having effective study skills may be overlooked on the academic journey, we’ve seen this be the tipping point in making good students into great students. Here are 10 good study habits for your tween or teen to help set him or her up for a productive school year. 1. Get Organized. Between homework, tests and extracurricular activities, it’s all too easy for things to slip through the cracks. A planner can help your child keep everything organized and students should write down assignments, appointments and to-do lists. Ask him or her to review items in the planner at both the beginning and end of the day to stay on track. 2. Know the Expectations. Students shouldn’t have any surprises when it come to how and what they will be graded on. By middle school and high school, most teachers will provide a course outline or syllabus, which can serve as a guide for the semester. If expectations aren’t clear, don’t wait until a bad report card comes in the mail. Your student should feel comfortable approaching teachers with questions about grading and assignments at any time. If this is not the case, it may be time for you as a parent to step in. 3. Designate a Study Area. Yes, studying at the local coffee shop may seem like a good idea but not if there are constantly people interrupting or other disruptions. Even at home, studying in front of the TV won’t be the best use of your son or daughter’s time. Help your child by providing a quiet,......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Child Development Case Study Analysis

...Trish Franks Homeostasis – An Analogy There are many ways in which the body has for homeostasis in regulating the body’s temperature. If our body temperature drops below normal, it has to work hard to bring our body temperature back to normal. Negative feedback is a homeostatic mechanism that causes a decrease to the original function to stabilize the system (Ireland, 2012). Thermoregulation is the homeostatic process that allows the body to maintain a healthy body temperature. The receptors monitor our body's temperature, and when it falls below normal, the negative feedback system is activated. Your skin senses the cold conditions and nerve impulses are sent from the receptors in your skin to the brain that say, it's cold. The processing center that controls the body's temperature is known as the hypothalamus. The information is then passed to the control center or integrator which prompts changes to the effectors to keep our body temperature normal. The muscles and sweat glands are the effectors (BBC, 2013). Body makes adjustments automatically in an attempt to stay at a normal temperature. Our body is to the control center sends nerve impulses to the skin which will decrease heat loss from the body surface. The hairs on the skin trap more heat than they are standing up rather than laying down. Our body then produces will goose bumps which are hair follicles tightening to make your hair standup to insulate your body. If that does not work your body will......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

No Child Left Behind

... Running head: NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND 1 No Child Left Behind Deanna Nick ENG 122: English Composition II Allison Boldt February 01, 2015 NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND 2 No Child Left Behind In 2002 the No Child Left Behind Act was passed in order to ensure quality education for all students in the public schools of the United States. As a piece of both egalitarian and neo-liberal legislation, its aim was to bring quantitative progress to all school-age youth, especially those in lower-achieving schools. No Child Left Behind Act was to achieve this goal by testing students' proficiency in three subjects: math, reading, and science. Through this standardized testing the government would hold schools accountable for the progress of their students. However, the result has been far from the progress intended. As a result of No Child Left Behind, class time is spent teaching to the test, and the social sciences are being ignored. Not only does the drop in social studies education present a risk for the students in high-stakes testing schools, but it also widens the inequality gap between students and presents a threat to the communities around them; for this reason parents, students, teachers and community members should push for increased emphasis on engaging social studies education in schools. Social Studies and the Test While math, reading, and science are tested by every school in the country, social studies is not. It is easy to test math skills on a......

Words: 3917 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay


...| Psychology 223 | Ethical Accountability and Child-friendliness | | Tara Macklin 16870409 | 4/16/2014 | | This essay will be focusing on the research study titled “Monsters in the Dark and Other Scary things: Pre-schoolers self- report” by Loxton and it will evaluate whether this study was conducted in a child-friendly and ethically accountable way. Research is the gathering and forming of collections of information focused on a particular topic or task and with regards to psychology, qualitative research is found to be the most useful and accurate as it tries to find a deeper understanding of the person’s inner most emotions and experiences. Research ethics “are guidelines researchers have to follow to protect the rights of humans participating in research” (Louw & Louw. 2007: 43) and serve the purpose of protecting the rights of participants in any research and consists of a number of guidelines in which researchers have to adhere to. This essay will evaluate this study according to the guidelines provided by the Psychological Society of South Africa which ensures that all the rights of participants participating in research are protected. Research and tests conducted using humans need to be consistent for the group of people in which are being used, such as different cultures or nationalities as well as being “valid, reliable and normed.” (Louw & Louw. 2007: 43) The research ethics committee of South Africa defines its role as “to......

Words: 2694 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Family Issues

...Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science Major: Child, Youth, & Family Studies Under the Supervision of Professor Soo-Young Hong Lincoln, Nebraska November, 2012 FAMILY ENVIRONMENT AND SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT AS PREDICTORS FOR PHYSICAL AGGRESSION IN LOW-INCOME CHILDREN Xiaoyu Li, M.S. University of Nebraska, 2012 Adviser: Soo-Young Hong The purpose of the current study was to examine the unique and collective contributions of child’s own characteristics, their family environment and school environment to the development of child physical aggression at Grade 5. This study was based on Bronfenbrenner’s Process-Person-Context-Time model (Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 2006). Children’s gender and their aggression at age 3 were included as person characteristics. Family environment (primary caregiver’s ethnicity, maternal education, home warmth, physical punishment, exposure to violence, family conflict, and parentchild dysfunctional interaction) and early child care experience measured by whether the child was in child care at both age 3 and age 4 were included in the microsystem of the bioecological model. Percentage of free or reduced lunch at school level was conceptualized as the exosystem factor in the bioecological model. The current study used the data from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (EHSREP). Participants of this study were 690 children (340 girls), followed longitudinally from age 3 to Grade 5,......

Words: 9400 - Pages: 38