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UP School of Economics Discussion Papers

Discussion Paper No. 2012-06

March 2012

Whose child is it anyway? Differential parental investments in education and children under kinship care in the Philippines by Joseph J. Capuno and Xylee Javier

School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City

UPSE Discussion Papers are preliminary versions circulated privately to elicit critical comments. They are protected by Republic Act No. 8293 and are not for quotation or reprinting without prior approval.

Whose child is it anyway? Differential parental investments in education and children under kinship care in the Philippines
Joseph J. Capunoa, and Xylee Javierb a,b School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines

Abstract While education is universally held to enhance a child human development, policies must still contend with parental biases. Here, we investigate if school attendance of young household members aged 6-12 years old varies with their kinship ties to the household heads in the Philippines. Applying probit regression techniques on a dataset culled from the five rounds of the Annual Poverty Indicators Survey, we find that the probability of attending school of the head's own child is about 2.9-percentage points greater that that other relatives in the same age group, controlling for income and other factors. However, there are no differences in the likelihood of school attendance between the head's own grandchildren and other relatives. Thus, policies should target children under kinship care since household heads are unlikely to treat them like their own, even if they can afford to send these children to school.

Running title: Parental investments in the education of children and other kin



Corresponding author. Email: jjcapuno@gmail.com. The authors acknowledges…...

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