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Children Observation

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How to Write a Child's Observation Report
By Lynn Rademacher, eHow Contributor * * * Share * * Print this article
Observing children at play helps educators to structure the classroom.
Child observation reports are created for a variety of reasons. College students who are childhood development majors will complete several observations as part of their coursework. Therapists use observation reports to determine the appropriate type of treatment for children with special needs. Child observation reports must contain specific information about the child in a clear and concise manner to be useful to those who are reviewing the report.
Other People Are Reading * How to Give Details About Children in Observations * How to Write an Observation Report
1. * 1
Record the actions of the child during the observation time. Avoid observing the child during quiet time or nap times. * 2
Collect background information on the child from thechild's caregivers. This information is important to understanding the behaviors that will be observed in the child. * Sponsored Links * Free Plagiarism Checker
Trusted by over 3 million students, faculty, & professionals worldwide. * 3
Document the physical characteristics of the child. For example, if the child has a physical disability this should be noted in the report along with how the child overcomes the disability in order to participate with his surroundings. Other areas to document include cognitive, emotional, social, spiritual and moral characteristics of the child. Not every area can be observed in every child, but it is important to document as many of them as possible when doing an observation. * 4
Include the logistics of the observation time in the report. The report should include where the observation was completed;at home, at daycare and what the setting was like. The name and age of the child must be included in the report along with the date the observation was completed. Other items to include in the report are the length of the observation, others who were present and any uncontrollable circumstances that may have had an influence on your observation. * 5
Compile the report. The report should start with a brief introduction that introduces the child to the person reading the report and why the observation was made. The introduction section is a good place to include background information regarding the child.
The following sections of the report should be divided up into the various areas that you observed the child. For example, a "Physical Abilities" section should contain any documentation about the child's ability to move about her surroundings. Emotional, social and cognitive observations should also be compiled into their own sections. Each section should be titled appropriately and included in a table of contents at the beginning of the report.
The report should end with a conclusion. The conclusion will be based on the reason why the observation was conducted in the first place. If the child was being observed to determine what type of services she needs to succeed in her surrounding, that information should be included in the conclusion. Any questions raised earlier in the report should be answered in the conclusion.

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How to Give Details About Children in Observations
By Brenna Davis, eHow Contributor * * * Share * * Print this article
It's not always easy to make accurate observations about children.
Making observations about children is an integral component of many jobs. Scientists must make careful observations when they use children as experimental subjects. Teachers may have to deliver reports to parents, principals and specialists about a child's progress. Expert witnesses, guardians ad litem and child service workers may need to make recommendations about the best interests of a particular child based upon their observations. Because a child's life can be dramatically affected by the observations adults make, it's important to ensure the observations are both accurate and relevant.
Other People Are Reading * How to Directly Observe Preschool Children * What Are Child-Centered Observations?
Things You'll Need * -------------------------------------------------
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Tape recorder
1. * 1
Define the scope of your observation. If you're performing an experiment, you'll need to record everything the child does so that you don't skew the data. If you're observing a child to determine whether or not she has a learning disability, many observations may be irrelevant. While it's important to include everything that could possibly be relevant, too much detail about irrelevant items can obscure important information. * 2
Make fact-based observations rather than opinion-based ones. For example, say, "Sarah enjoys art, music and math. She has also excelled in school and recently learned to play the violin." Don't say, "Sarah is a smart and creative child." It's also important to avoid making judgments about interactions between children. "I witnessed John bullying Jason" does not provide sufficient information about the bullying and is loaded with judgment. Instead, say, "John approached Jason and threw his books on the ground. Jason responded by crying." * Sponsored Links * Free Samples Everyday
Want Free Samples? Updated daily with all the latest free samples. * 3
Look for and document patterns. For instance, note whether a certain child asks to use the restroom every day at the same time or if a child always cries at school after she's spent the night with her dad. Behaviors that repeat themselves are important clues to achild's emotional state. * 4
Write down direct quotes from the children themselves. The words children use can provide vital information about a child's emotional and intellectual development. Further, when you write down direct quotes you will be able to revisit them later and may form different opinions than you did at the moment of observation.

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