Free Essay

China & Japan

In: Business and Management

Submitted By tola87
Words 974
Pages 4
CHINA & JAPAN
The main issues primary issues that separate China and Japan is mainly the acknowledgement of the roles each country during the second Simo-Japanese war during the second war. The main bowl on contention is the Nanking massacre in which Japan invaded China and conquered and occupied Nanjing, which was then China’s capital for six weeks and the mass rape and murder that ensued by the Japanese imperialist army. At lot of the victims were buried in mass graves level of evil and China claims that 300,000 of its citizens lost their lives even though the veracity of that number is debated.1
The saying goes winners get to write history and losers get the gallows and it means the when two cultures clash the winners live to write the history of the events and war while the losers are obliterated. However, in the case of China and Japan both the winner and loser got to write the history but two different versions of it. Fast-forward to today over 70 years after the Nanjing massacre, the historical significance of this event that is being passed down to younger generations in both countries could not be more different and therein is the problem. 1
The Japanese then to glaze over this event and instead focuses on the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki which makes them looks like victims during the war. One of the official history books being used middle schools in japan refers to the massacre as the incidence, downplaying the atrocities committed during that period.1 China along with South Korea wants Japan to pass the history as it happened to its younger generation and not reduce the significance of some parts of history because it portrays them in the bad light. Japan on the other hand feels that since that time they have been an advocate of peace and do not see the significance of spotlighting a dark time in their history when in the past 60 years they have done their very best to change and distance themselves from the country they used to be.
In line with the aftermath of Simo-Japanese war, is the Yasukuni Shrine in Japan, which they used to honor those that died serving Japan. However, some the warcrime generals that were executed after the Simo-Japanese war ended are also honored there and the fact the Japan’s current prime minister Shinzo Abe has been going to visit the shrine one a year to honor Japan’s falling heroes.2 The question is he is not invariably honoring the war crimes general as well? Is he honoring them for the atrocities they help commit? Another issue is the China has sought to block Japan’s bid for a permanent seat on the United Nations’ security council.3
There have been several anti-Japanese protests in China over the years. Although, the Chinese government has not organized these protests, they have not done anything to stop them or to disperse to crowd as shown in the video. Also there is the question of patriotic education style of China, which continues to increase anti-Japanese sentiments. If Germany was the main aggressor in both World Wars and the world has forgiven Germany and moved on from it, why can’t China move on? As it seems to me that China keeps fanning the flame and the government seems to be easily slighted by actions of the Japanese government.
Political climate definitely affect international business and for two important economies there are definitely issues at hand that hinder business between both countries. The main issue is the growing mutual distrust between the citizens of both countries. According to Pew Research, just 1 in 20 Japanese “have a favorable attitude toward China” and “anti-Japan sentiment is quite strong in China, where 90 percent of the public has an unfavorable opinion of Japan.” 2
For example, in January 20, 2008, ten people in Japan fell ill due to food-poisoining after eating Chinese manufactured dumpling that were imported by a Japanese affiliate. 4 The dumplings in Japan were tested and they were found contain traces of pesticide and the product was promptly recalled by the Japanese affiliate and an apology was issued. However, the Chinese government also conducted their investigation on the manufacturing plant in China where the dumplings came from and stated that they found no traces of the pesticides during the course of their own investigations.4 So the question was, did Japan intentionally taint the dumplings in order to cast China in a bad light?
Both countries economies benefit from the other. Japan is one of China’s biggest trade partners and visa versa. I think a way to overcome this is by partnerships or affiliations. It would be an easier way to market a service or product to either countries when the face of the company being shown to them is home-grown and once a company can establish strong consumer loyalty to the product or service they are offering then it is easier for them to citizens to accept the product for what it is rather the company behind it. Even though a few people might boycott the product/service, if it a efficient and effective compared to alternatives then businesses still have a very good opportunity of either country.

REFERENCES
1. Wang, Z. (n.d.). History Education: The Source of Conflict Between China and Japan. The Diplomat. 23 Apr. 2014.

2. Sorkin, A. R. (n.d.). Anxiety Rising Over Relations Between Japan and China. DealBook Anxiety Rising Over Relations Between Japan and China Comments. 27 Jan. 2014.

3. Fisher, M. (n.d.). The real roots of China-Japan tensions. Washington Post. May 13. 2013.

4. Beehner, L., & Bhattacharji, P. Strained Ties between China and Japan. Council on Foreign Relations. 14 Mar. 2008.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

China and Japan

...China and Japan are geographically separated by the East China Sea, while the two countries are so close together, they are far apart when it comes to culture, values, and the economy. China and Japan have been at odds with each other since The Raping of Nanjing in 1937. “In December of 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army marched into China's capital city of Nanking and proceeded to murder 300,000 out of 600,000 civilians and soldiers in the city. The six weeks of carnage would become known as the Rape of Nanking and represented the single worst atrocity during the World War II era in either the European or Pacific theaters of war” (historyplace.com). The people of China felt like it was the war against Japanese aggression and not World War II. China felt like it was a personal attack because the Japanese were so cruel and evil. Till this day China feels like Japan has downplayed the senseless murders and rapes by calling them an “incident.” Thus, here it is over seventy years later and China and Japan have totally different stories of the event that took place. I will discuss how Japan’s lack of empathy towards China has fostered deep wounds for both countries. What are the primary issues that separate China and Japan?...

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Japan and China

...For Asia, Japan, and China are its giant, and such great incentives places China and Japan in the race of leadership in economic and political leadership against the United States of America (Calder, 2012). Japan and China has continual battling against one another as a means to prosper and gain power. However, the relationship of China and Japan in Northeast Asia continues to grow causing independent commitments to develop global and economic rewards to increase networking abilities. China and Japan’s relationship also builds complex...

Words: 1011 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

China Japan

...Primary Issues Between China and Japan According to the Council on Foreign relations, tensions between the two countries date to the humiliation of China in the Sino-Japanese War. These animosities surfaced in recurring cycles, often involving Chinese anger over Japan’s perceived lack of contrition for wartime crimes (Beehner & Bhattacharji, 2008). The history of World War II remains disputed, and China and Japan face challenges on how to move forward from the past. Growing tensions fueled when a Japanese history textbook distorted historical events surrounding the Nanjing Massacre. Further problems such as territorial and economic issues aggravated the relationship, including Japan’s close alliance with the United States, economic rivalry, trade frictions, and disputes over ownership of islands in the East China Sea. Recently a Chinese trawler collided with Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats near the Diaoyu Islands and resulted in a major diplomatic dispute between the two nations. The rivalry between the two countries continued, when China flexed its muscle to oppose a move to elevate Japan, into permanent membership on the United Nations Security Council. Chinese Government Extends Olive Branch Over the past four decades, Sino-Japan relations have made steady progress, only when both sides honored the agreement reached in the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1978....

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

China and Japan

...China and Japan are in somewhat of a battle politically and economically. There are several issues that continue to fuel the fires between the two countries and government behavior on both sides is not helping matters. The documentary suggests economic rivalry, territorial disputes, and the Japanese bid for a seat on the United Nations Security Council are behind the tensions. However, a seemingly larger issue is how World War II is remembered; there are two versions of history and each wants their version to be known as truth. (Taguchi) The documentary explains that accounts of World War II have always been conflicting and a Japanese textbook downplaying their involvement has ignited the Chinese youth. The Chinese remember World War II as “a war against Japanese aggression” and by their accounts Japan is the perpetrator, not the victim. (Taguchi) The Rape of Nanjing, by Chinese accounts, was six weeks of Japanese brutality. The Japanese murdered hundreds of thousands of Chinese and villages of women were raped. According to Oi, some Japanese deny the Rape of Nanjing, while others downplay it and say “it was a battlefield and people were killed”. (Oi) The saying “the winner gets to write history” is certainly relevant in this situation. Japan, playing the innocent, chooses to whitewash their actions and attempt to write history as they see fit....

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Japan vs China

...Incidents in China are likely to cause lasting damage to Japan’s extensive manufacturing operations. The Japanese car industry was hardest hit as mobs targeted Japanese brand vehicles, in some cases smashing them or setting them on fire. Japanese carmakers temporarily closed dealerships as a...

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

China and Japan Essay

...China and Japan Essay As oriental countries, the West often perceives China and Japan as two countries with similar politics, economics, and social norms. What many Westerners may not realize, however, is that starting in the 19th century, Japan ended its traditional isolationist policies while China sought to become isolationist, and that this distinction strongly influenced both Japan and China's political, economic, and social responses to modernization and westernization. Politically, China and Japan's reaction to Western ideas dramatically differed. When President Fillmore sent Commodore Matthew C. Perry to Japan, the ho-shogun and his advisers first resisted the visit, but finally agreed to trade with the United States upon signing the Treaty of Kanagawa in 1858. (Cohen)As a result, Western diplomats soon inundated the Land of the Rising Sun in order to persuade the nation politically, but more importantly to them, economically. The political-diplomatic, cultural-intellectual, and socio-economic relation that followed was christened the Meiji Restoration. In general, the Japanese gradually became very receptive to the concepts of democracy, liberalism, and laissez-faire, but Meiji leaders planned to remain free of Western imperialism by negotiating with Western diplomats....

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Tea Culture in China and Japan

...Introduction In China, there is a famous legend of “Shen Nong Tasting Hundred Plants”. Shen nong who is a famous botanist. He tasted various kinds of plants to test them as food or medicine. One day, after walking for a long time, he felt tired and thirsty, so he rested under a tree and started a fire to boil water in a pot. Suddenly some leaves fell into the pot from a nearby tree. He drunk the water and found it not only sweet and tasty, but refreshing as well. Shen Nong felt less tired, so he went on to drink all the water from the pot that was how tea is found (Liu, 2012). In Tang Dynasty, the Chinese tea and tea culture was spread to eastern countries, especially Japan. Though tea originated in China, but it was carried forward in Japan. Nowadays, tea has become a famous drink in the world. There are many types of tea in China and Japan. The main Japanese tea is Sencha, Genmaicha and so on. (Stevens, 2013). In China, the Green tea, Black tea, Oolong teas are very popular. There can be various mixtures of flowers with green tea, black tea and oolong tea (Liu, 2012). In China, tea can be used as a gift for business and etiquette. However in Japan, tea is a kind of art. Japanese tea art is famous all over the world. In my portfolio, I will compare and contrast the Chinese and Japanese tea types. The quality of tea and tea arts. As I am a tea lover, I would gain more tea knowledge about the two types of tea and its culture. 2....

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

History of Korea China and Japan

...The main countries that experienced the western influence were China, Korea and Japan. Although all three countries experienced their share of internal and external strife, China and Korea’s modernization efforts were, in comparison to Japan, unsuccessful. The reason for this was because Japan was able to fully utilize their resources and take advantage of the opportunities that they were presented with in Asia, whereas China and Korea were occupied with internal and external conflicts. Although China and Korea weren’t total failures, the Land of the Rising sun overshadowed them. China’s first experience with western imperialism is seen in the 1830’s when they had conflict with the spread of opium and the dwindling of silver within the country. China wished to stop both these events so when they confiscated supplies of opium from British traders, the British government used its newly developed military power to make their dissatisfaction known to the Chinese. This, along with other factors, led to the First Opium War (1839-1842). The result of this was the Treaty of Nanjing, which gave the British Hong Kong and allowed them to stop the trade monopoly of the Canton System. This treaty ultimately led to the Second Opium War (1858-1860), because of the reluctance of the Chinese government to abide by the terms of the treaty. This event also ended with essentially a British victory. The Treaty of Tianjin allowed westerners free...

Words: 1720 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Economic and Trade Relations of Japan and China

...The restructuring of the economy and resulting in efficiency gains have brought China to be the second largest economy in the world right behind the U.S. when it surpassed Japan in 2001. The Economic challenges that China faces include; reducing its high domestic savings rate and low domestic demand, reducing corruption and economic crimes, containing its pollution, raising standards of living, and sustaining jobs for their massive population. The government is also looking for...

Words: 1889 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Cultural Differences Between China and Japan

...Even two countries whose geographic distance is close, their cultural differences may vary a lot, for example, China and Japan. From the graph I get on the website, the biggest cultural difference between China and Japan is on uncertainty avoidance, which is the degree to which people in a country are uncomfortable with unstructured, ambiguous, unpredictable situations. The fact that China has a comparatively low score on this dimension reflects that Chinese are adaptable and entrepreneurial, and comfortable with ambiguity. On the contrary, at 92 Japan is one of the most uncertainty avoiding countries on earth. Japanese learned to prepare themselves for any uncertain situation. This goes not only for the emergency plan and precautions for sudden natural disasters but also for every other aspects of society. On long term orientation, both China and Japan have relatively high scores. This dimension describes how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future. Therefore, these two countries show an ability to adapt traditions easily to changed conditions, a strong propensity to save and invest, thriftiness, and perseverance in achieving results. Both on individualism and indulgence, China has very low scores and Japan has moderate scores....

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ikea - Case Study Expansion Into China and Japan

...“IKEA – A Long March to the Far East” Global Strategic Marketing Case Study Table of Contents 1 Introduction to the case 2 2 Critically and systematically analyse the global strategic advantages of IKEA 3 2.1 Branding , designer appeal 3 2.2 Critical mass, low cost, low price 3 2.3 Quality, green credentials 3 2.4 Global appeal, local sensitivity 3 3 What were the key challenges that IKEA faced in a) China and b) Japan? 4 3.1 Key challenges faced by IKEA in China 4 3.1.1 Cultural 4 3.1.2 Structural 4 3.2 Key challenges faced by IKEA in Japan 4 4 Critically discuss the marketing strategies used to address the challenges the company faced in China and in other markets. 6 4.1 China 6 4.2 Other markets 7 5 Discuss and justify what IKEA’s marketing strategies should be in the future in these two markets. 8 5.1 China 8 5.2 Japan 8 6 Conclusions 9 7 Bibliography 10 1 Introduction to the case From humble origins in the woods of Sweden in 1926, IKEA has developed into a major retail experience in 41 countries / territories around the world, with a current turnover of €23.1 Billion (IKEA, 2010)....

Words: 2661 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Management Practice in Usa, Japan, China, Germany and Bangladesh.

...., Japan, Germany and China in the context of Bangladeshi management practices on the basis of the basic functions of management. As per the findings, management practice in Bangladesh is not being dominated by any specific country's management practice. This paper will describe what types of management practice are made in those countries with respect to socio-cultural or environmental circumstances and other legal and govt. policies. Why will we analyze and/or study Management Practices among the countries? The concept of comparative management has become more important in recent years because of the growing influence of multinational companies and global corporation. MNCs are businesses that exercise strategic control over production and marketing facilities in two or more countries. Global Corporation goes beyond MNCs by designing, making and selling goods anywhere on the planet. The world is becoming smaller. More and more firms are getting involved in international business as never before and these firms are trying to know the social, cultural and political...

Words: 3670 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

A Short Comparison of the Western Exploitation of Japan, China, India

...The Western Exploitation of Japan, China, and India History is filled with stories of one culture influencing and exploiting other cultures. Perhaps the greatest example of this is the Western exploitation of Asia. Throughout the nineteenth century various Western powers used their might to exploit the country of Japan. Japan however was not alone in this unfair treatment; China and India were also subject to Western influence. However, the way these influences took place differed in a variety of manners. While Japan and China underwent similar events, with a forced end to isolation and unequal treaties, India was completely taken over by foreign powers. Japan was ever wary of foreign influences to its culture; since the beginning of the seventeenth century the Tokugawa Shogunate had enforced a strict isolationist policy. By the mid-ninteenth century Japan had become too valuable of an economic foothold for the West to leave be. In 1853, President Millard Fillmore sent Commodore Matthew Perry to end Japanese isolationism. When the Japanese government saw the smog-belching, technologically superior, battleships pull into the Tokyo harbor they knew they had no choice but to give into any demands the Americans made. This led to the first of many unequal treaties, the Treaty of Friendship, which opened up several ports to American trade and established an American consulate. The first consul, Townsend Harris, forced even further concessions with the Harris Treaty in 1854....

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Summary of Documentations on Paper Recycling in Japan, the U.S., Europe and China

...Summary of documentations on paper recycling In Japan, the US, Europe and China Recycling benefits the environment much more than other waste management methods (Technical University of Denmark and the Danish Topic Centre on Waste and Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), 2006). With the environmental, economic and societal benefits, we can conclude that building an effective paper recycling system in China would be a good idea. This paper is a basic summary of paper recycling practices in Japan, the US and Europe. It is intended to be a reference for drawing up an appropriate and practical plan for school and office paper recycling projects in China. Paper Recycling Statistics Japan has an extraordinary reputation in paper recycling because of its refined and effective paper recycling system. While the volume of recovered paper grew in the 1980s, the paper recycling rate went through a stagnant period before the rate started to rise rapidly in 1997. Japan’s paper recycling rate reached 77.9% in 2011, but the volume was 21.5 million tons, which is less than the 22.7 million tons recycled in 2008, due to less consumption of paper(Paper recycling in Japan, 2012). According to the 2012 sustainability report of American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA), the U.S. achieved a paper recycling rate of 66.8% (about 46 million tons of paper) in 2011, which was nearly twice the 1990 rate....

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

American Involvement Related to Common Problems of China, Japan and North Korea

...AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT RELATED TO COMMON PROBLEMS OF CHINA,  JAPAN AND NORTH KOREA   This paper identifies some common issues that East Asian countries are struggling to deal  with and how they are unique in some aspects and similar in others to problems that Western  nations face.  This paper focuses on the countries of China, Japan and North Korea and look  primarily at the issues that arise from these nations’ struggle to shape their national identity on  the world stage as well as how these nations are dealing with the ever increasing force of  globalization.  This paper also looks at the role that the United States plays in shaping or dealing  with these issues, as well as how an American citizen might play a role in perpetuating or  resolving these dilemmas.  Through this work it should be made more clear what problems East  Asian nations share and reveal that they must deal with them in a way that is both uniquely  domestic but also influenced by factors that arise from the United States and other International  actors.      Common Problems in China, Japan and North Korea and American Involvement  There are two major dilemmas that are addressed in this paper that are shared by these  three nations.  The first can be identified as an issue of International Sovereignty where these  countries all have a vested interest in exerting their will in the international arena but all have  limited ways of making this happen.  ...

Words: 3441 - Pages: 14