Free Essay

China's Birth Control Policy

In: Social Issues

Submitted By yuxueying
Words 715
Pages 3
Jiangwei Wang
Dr. Werner
WRT 110
10 May 2014
China Open Up Birth Control Policy Recently years, China’s government has recognized some disadvantages that the One-child Policy resulted, so the government decided to implement a new policy. The one-child Birth Control Policy was established to limit communist China’s population growth. There are both some advantages and disadvantages between China’s old birth control policy and China’s new birth control policy. But generally, it is obvious that the new China birth control policy is adjusted more to modern society than the old China’s birth control policy. The old policy caused some social problems. It restricted economic development. And the new policy could solve some social problems which the One-child Birth Control Policy caused. The One-child Birth Control Policy caused some social problems like sex ratio imbalance and abortion. Both the new policy and the old policy have great effects on population. The One-child Birth Control Policy stipulates people that one parent can only have one child. After the Second World War, China had a population explosion which caused social problems such like food shortage and famine. To resolve this situation, China’s government decided to establish a policy to limit the population growth which is China’s birth control policy. China successfully controlled its population growth after they stipulate that policy. In 2013, the China’s government decided to implement a new birth control policy. This policy allowed couples to have a second child if one of the parents was the only child in his family. Also, the New Policy can continue to control the population growth because they only allowed a family to have two children maximum. It could solve the sex ratio imbalance problem and the disdain for female infants. In 21st century, China is facing with the Aging population. China’s government has recognized that China’s population is aging fast. To deal with an aging population, the government encourages couples to have two children instead of the one-child Birth Control Policy. The New Birth Policy aims at liberating the productive forces. The One-child Birth Control Policy has been an important problem that restricted economic development. Also, the One-child Birth Control Policy has some economics benefit too. China’s government limits population growth which raised per-capita GDP. Too much surplus labor will increase the social burden and that hinder the economic development. But, the One-child Birth Control Policy resulted in an ageing population. An ageing population causes a change in industrial structure, consumption structure, which affects the economic development of China. The New Policy has some economic benefits. In order to decrease government pressure, China’s government allowed couples to have two children so as to liberate the productive forces, which could create wealth for societies to address their needs and promote economic development. The new policy can bring more productive forces and expand domestic demand which will give a great boost to China’s economic growth. The new policy could solve some social problems which the One-child Birth Control Policy caused. Before the new policy established, Chinese parents usually preferred to have a son. The policy limited couples to have one child which resulted some social problems such like fines, sex ratio imbalance, and abortion. The traditional preference for males led to abortion, causing worries over the imbalance of sex ratio. The new policy could relieve this social pressure which caused by the One-child Birth Control Policy. If both of the parents are only children in their family, these couples are allowed to have two children of their own, which can prevent too dramatic of a population decrease. If one parent knows they will have a girl, probably they will not choose abortion because they can have a second chance to have a boy. The new policy actually balances out the proportion of men and women in the population, which can help safeguard social stability and development. In conclusion comparing the One-child Birth Control Policy with The New Policy in population growth, economics, and social effects, we can recognize that the New Policy is beneficial to the stability and progress of society and economy. It is helpful in nature protecting, and the harmony of body and mind from balancing the proportion of men and women in population.

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