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China

In: Historical Events

Submitted By krazzieman
Words 667
Pages 3
Leonard Bilal Blacklock
AC0325687
World Civilizations I (HS150)
Lesson 6
Assignment 6
03/04/2015

Sui Dynasty (589 – 618 CE) was a short lived Imperial Chinese dynasty, preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties. It unified China for the first time after nearly four centuries of north-south division. It was followed by the Tang Dynasty. Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the capital was Chang’an. His reign saw the reunification of Southern and Northern China and the construction of the Grand Canal, connecting the Yellow and Yangtze River for easy trading. The canal was used to carry rice and other agricultural products. Wendi was the first emperor to build a centralized government, created legal codes (social security); Buddhism was also spread and encouraged throughout the empire, uniting varied peoples and cultures of China.(Refer to pages 277; Wikipedia,2015).
The Sui dynasty which reunified China after nearly four centuries of political fragmentation during which the north and south had developed in different ways, played a part far more important than its short span would suggest. In the same way that the Qin rulers of the 3rd century BC had unified China after the Zhanguo (Warring States) period, so the Sui brought China together again and set up many institutions that were to be adopted by their successors, the Tang. Like the Qin, however, the Sui overstrained their resources and fell. And also as in the case of the Qin, traditional history has judged the Sui somewhat unfairly, stressing the harshness of the Sui regime and the megalomania of its second emperor and giving too little credit for its many positive achievements.

Tang Dynasty (618 – 907); was the ruling years for the Tang Dynasty add on to the Sui foundations. Two capitals were made Changan and Luoyang. The Tang Dynasty witnessed a flowering of Chinese culture, creativity and sculpture. One reason for this explosion of culture was the influence of Buddhism, which affected art, literature, and philosophy, as well as religion and politics. Monasteries sprang up throughout China, and as under the Sui, Buddhist monks served as advisers at the Tang imperial court. Taizhong ruled 636 to 649 most admired emperors. (Wikipedia, 2015).
The arts flourished during the Tang Dynasty. It was during this time that poetry became an integral part of the Chinese culture. Poetry was a required study for those who wished to pass the civil service exams. Talented poets were well-respected and often recited their poetry as entertainment at parties. Some of the great poets in Chinese history lived during this time such as Li Bai, Du Fu, Li Po, and Wang Wei.

While the Tang Dynasty is most famous for its poetry, other arts also became popular during this time. Many forms of literature were written including short stories, encyclopedias, and histories. Also painting was very popular and the era produced famous painters such as Wu Daozi, Wang Wei (also a famous poet), and Zhou Fang.

Song Dynasty (960-1279), it succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, and was followed by the Yang Dynasty. It was the first government in world history it issue banknotes or paper money, and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also saw the first known use of gunpowder, as well as first discernment of true north using a compass. In the Tang and Song dynasties China began more trading. They exported tea, silk, porcelain, and many unique items. They used canals and the ocean to trade with nearby countries, and their economy grew. Eventually they created a banking system, to improved trade. In the earlier Sui dynasty they mostly grew rice, and traded less. (Wikipedia, 2015).

All three dynasties were Buddhist. This religion allows people to escape suffering and achieve peace. Temples were made everywhere in the land so that the religion would spread faster.

References

Refer to pages 277-280

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sui_Dynasty

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_dynasty

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tang

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