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Chinese Culture

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Submitted By Sappling
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Chinese Culture
Susan Appling
Intro to Sociology
Feb-10-2012

Chinese culture is one of the world’s oldest and most complex. There is a large area that the culture is dominant, Eastern Asia. Customs and traditions vary between towns and cities. Visual arts, martial arts, literature, music and cuisine are all parts of the Chinese culture. There are many ethnic groups throughout the region. Many have disappeared or joined with other groups. Much of the traditional identity within the community has to do with the Family name.
Different periods of history have different names for the positions within society. Each imperial period are similar, with government and military officials ranking high in the hierarchy? Chinese society was organized into a hierarchic system of socio-economic classes known as the four occupations. This system didn’t cover all social groups while the lines between each group became blurred since the commercialization of Chinese culture. Traditionally the family has been the most important unit of society. A traditional family consists of, head of household, his sons, their wife and children, often living under one roof. In some small villages all families had the same surnames or last names and could make up an entire village. Land was the main form of wealth in traditional China. Health care was poor and nonexistent for most peasants. After the Communist revolution in 1949 the conditions improved. Private ownership of land was abolished and small families were given a small plot to farm. Even today some rural are likely to have three generations living under one roof. Urban family life is different than rural areas. In the cities families usually are smaller and consist of only parents and children. Normally both parents work and the children are left at daycare center or schools. Men are favored in the Chinese culture...

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