Premium Essay

Chinese Exclusion Act


Submitted By yiling
Words 837
Pages 4
Introduction The Chinese Exclusion Act was a law of United States that passed by president President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. It was established based on the revision of Burlinggame Treaty of 1868 made in 1880 .The Chinese Exclusion Act is the first immigration law of United States for a specific ethnic group. It marks a major turning point of the American foreign policy over immigration. This act prohibited Chinese workers into United States and deprives the American citizenship from Chinese immigrants for ten years .The amendment of 1884 further enhanced the requirements that allow earlier arrival immigrants to leave and return the U.S. Then, the Chinese Exclusion Act was extended by Scott Act that mainly written by William Lawrence Scott of Pennsylvania, prohibiting Chinese from returning again after leaving the United States. In 1892, the Geary Act that written by Thomas J.Geary was passed, which extended the Chinese Exclusion Act for a decade. In 1902, the exclusion act was made permanent. It required Chinese resident to register and obtain a proof of residence. The Chinese Exclusion Act was finally repealed by the Magnuson Act on December 17, 1943. The Magnuson Act set the immigration quota to 105 every year for Chinese immigrants.( “ Exclusion“,Library of Congress.)
American had a series of changes in the attitude upon Chinese. The Chinese Exclusion Act is one of the most severe restrictions of immigration in American History. The unique historical background and complex domestic environments are the basis of resulting Chinese Exclusion Act. In 1848, gold was discovered in California, which caused the California Gold Rush. The development of mining needed large labor force. At the same time, China suffered from the bad economy and the serious natural disasters. The Gold Rush attracted the Chinese worker to

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Chinese Exclusion Act

...Chinese Exclusion Act The exclusion act was law made to limit the Chinese movements in America. It started out with limitations with how many Chinese were allowed to enter the U.S., but in 1984 additional rules were added limiting anyone that was Chinese descended to leave or enter the United States, no matter where they were born. In 1992 the law was renewed for another ten years adding rules that Chinese couldn’t testify in court. They had to have passports otherwise if they were caught without one they would face being deported.1 After the California Gold Rush started two years later, China’s condition seemed to worsen. The people of China had faced poverty caused by wars such as the Opium War and the T'aip'ing Rebellion. This made the men of China flee to the safety of American soil in hopes of starting a brighter future for their family and their native lands, even though of the rough conditions the Chinese workers they still managed to make small businesses for themselves making them more alienated from the whites “Perfect life style”. 1 This still didn’t stop the Chinese though. They continued working hard and started lives for themselves and businesses. Chinese men spread everywhere working at railroads and coalmines. Both jobs paid very little, but Chinese still took the jobs. Railroad managers seemed pleased by this fact and paid the same wages to the whites making them angrier and soon they started to protest. Soon there were more Chinese workers then there...

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Chinese Exclusion Act

...Hammel, a respected historian for the American Historical Society, states that the Chinese Exclusion Act was necessary for this country, although I disagree. The Chinese Exclusion act was a very racist document, only excluding one race from America. Many people however, believed it was best. White Americans claimed the Chinese were stealing jobs from them and they wanted all whites to die. This however, was not the case. Chinese immigrants moved to America for the promise jobs and opportunity. They wanted money to support their families back home, and to find a better life then what they had in...

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act

...How did the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act influence Chinese Immigrants life for almost twenty years until now? American’s protests to Chinese immigration took numerous forms, and for the most part originated from financial and social pressures, and additionally ethnic separation. Most Chinese workers who went to the United States did as such keeping in mind the end goal of migrate to USA was to send money to China to help their families. non-Chinese immigrants felt that Chinese migrants were taking they employments, which prompted non-Chinese to loathe about Chinese workers. Moreover, as with most immigrant societies, a lot of Chinese settled in their own neighborhoods, and stories spread of Chinatowns as spots where extensive quantities of...

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Asian American

... A. The Indian Removal Act of 1830- sign by A.J -relocate to Oklahoma Represent one The Indian removal act will place a dense and white civilized population in large tracts of country now occupied by a few They re not unique Burlingame Treaty 1868 allowed 1. China to open up economic opportunities with US merchants in China In return, the US welcomed Chinese to migrate freely to the US continent The US doesn’t realize the US California as US resident Chinese Migration and movement Motives and Mean Number of Chinese migrants to us 1851-1900: increasing In 19th is cheaper to travel Born and reared under different governments and speaking different tongues we nevertheless meet here in California as brothers. You stand among us in all respects as equals Filial Piety Foot binding is kind of painful dress Transcontinental Railroad: Chinese migratory patterns Produced a network of remittances where by young men sent monies home to their parent Initially encouraged the men to be sojourners, temporary residents rather than settlers Later produced a disproportionate gendered ration, which meant the by 1890, for every 26 Chinese men there was one Chinese women Finally the massive in-migration of Chinese male labor produced the transcontinental railroad route After we got Chinamen to work, we took the more intelligent of the wither laborers and made foremen of them. They got a start by controlling Chinese labor on our railroad. Chinese labor entered the US for...

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

American Industrialization and Reform in the 19th Century

...Nghi Bui Professor Kern History 1302 - 5055 Feb 2nd, 2015 Industrialization and reform (1870 – 1916) After the Civil War, the United States owned an abundant amount of natural resource, an expanding market for manufactured goods, a growing supply of labor and availabilities of capital for investment. In addition, the federal government vigorously promoted industrial development which stimulated the American economy to change dramatically from the Gilded Age to the Progressive Era. However, the progress of the industrialization affected every aspect of the American society in either positive or negative way. As the nation moved to the west, the United States was transformed by vast changes in technology and a large amount of natural resources which stimulated new industries. Particularly, steel came to be used in the expanding new railroads which contributed in linking the nation and created a national wide market. By the 1890s, there were five transcontinental railroads transported the raw material from the West to the Eastern markets and carried manufactured goods to the West (Foner 596). Though, the government was not able to deal problems formed by the industrial revolution. Both parties came under control of powerful political managers with close ties to business interests. Republicans intensely supported a high tariff to protect America industry. During the 1870s, Republicans established a financial system based on reducing federal spending, which helped to repay...

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Why Did Chinese Immigrate to the United States?

...Why did Chinese immigrate to the United States? After civil war had settled down, many immigrants came to America to live from many countries such as Germany, Ireland, and England. There are as many as 12 million immigrants at this time. Regarding Chinese immigration, they immigrated to the United States from 1849 to 1882. Between this period, America had California Gold Rush, which is one of the reasons Chinese people immigrated. Because the Chinese Exclusion Act was taken into practice, no more Chinese people could immigrate to the United States after 1882. Chinese immigration is the divergent point for Chinese’ lives who lived in America. The main reason Chinese immigrants came to America after Civil War was for work. As a consequence, most of the Chinese immigrants were single men. Especially in California, Chinese people arrived. There is the promise of gold in California during 1850s. It was called California gold rush. After they gained money in America, they usually went back to their country. Chinese immigrants began doing their own business such as running restaurant and laundries. In addition, they started their agricultural laborers. Even though the hard work such as transcontinental railroad construction that connects the coast to coast did not give them good pay, they just work for money. There were two large rail road companies in the United States at this time: Central Pacific and Union Pacific. They began competing as soon as congress took the Pacific Railroad...

Words: 1053 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...A Scholarly Review of “The Very Recklessness of Statesmanship: Explanations of Chinese Exclusion” Passed in 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was the apex of more than thirty years of advancing racism. Anti-Chinese sentiment began with the great migration from China during the California gold rush. White miners and prospectors began imposing taxes and laws that inhibited the Chinese from successfully panning for gold in the rivers. Soon enough, Chinese immigrants began to occupy other jobs and partially created more competition in the job market. Originally, the only law passed was the fifteen passenger law, but the Chinese Exclusion Act was much worse. By 1882 the Chinese were hated enough to be banned from immigrating; the Chinese Exclusion Act, initially only a ten year policy, was extended indefinitely, and made permanent in 1902. Naturally, the Chinese felt aggrieved, but for the most part remained calm and quiet. The Act would not be repealed until 1943 when China would be a strong ally against Japan. The article, “The Very Recklessness of Statesmanship: Explanations of Chinese Exclusion”, is exactly what it sounds like—an argument for why Chinese Exclusion was acceptable. From a modern 2012 viewpoint, most would say that Chinese Exclusion was a terrible part of history (and of course it was) but reading the article from a scholarly viewpoint, it is not so wrong to say that the author had the right idea. Also, one must look for any bias commentary, which there...

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Prostitution: The 1898 Chinese Exclusion Act

...In Chinese culture women are not equal to men. Wives or concubines in the traditional Chinese family are equally acceptable. Consequently, prostitution is just a paid form of being a concubine that adds to the economic wealth of the family. Prostitution is seen as a way a girl could be useful to the family, whereas otherwise she would be seen as a burden. The 1898 Chinese Exclusion Act, specifically prohibited Chinese skilled/unskilled labor, but there was a loophole, which created a very profitable trade business. If not for this loophole, the Chinese culture would cease to exist in America. On the one hand white European Americans did not want the population of single Chinese men to mingle and marry white European American women, nor...

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Chinese immigrants believed they were going to find their American Dream when they risked everything to come to the United States instead they faced many hardships, Chinese immigration can be divided into three periods: 1849=1882, 1882-1965, and to present. With hard work and dedication they earned a good living but they faced many problems like The Chinese Exclusion Act, Anti-Chinese and many more problems. The First step of doing the project is picking your topic, One way to pick a is to look on the list provided to you by your teacher and narrow down the choices to a few that interest you and also interest your audience. After the topic is picked start searching for information, use note cards to write down the most important information on the note cards. Siteing the sources is a important thing to do when doing research so your teacher can check to see if your information is valid, When getting your information from some a source is if a reliable, reputable author or group of authors, ask your self these questions. Does it have a date and publisher? So you can see if the publisher is reliable. Is the source valid? You have to be able to find similar information in others sources, Also make sure you copied down the information correctly so there is no confusion when presenting the information, if I could change anything it would be to use my time wisely. What I learned from this project is that the early Chinese immigrants had a profound effect on America Socially, Politically...

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Citizenship Debate

...politically conservative section of the Wall Street Journal. Before I read the political background section of Linda Chavez, I had thought the author to be liberal. But after reading the excerpt I the beginning of the publication, I noticed that she was a Hispanic Conservative. I could tell that Linda Chavez did not expect her audience to agree with her when she stated that “Repealing birthright citizenship is a terrible idea.” Most conservatives wish to dismiss birthright citizenship, but in this passage she explains the significance of it, and what it would do to the future of the nation. 4. One example is when she explains the origins of birthright citizenship dating back to 1898 with the Chinese. She also states the first immigration restrictions on the Chinese due to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. Another example of Chavez that states upon American History is the Supreme Court Case U.S v. Wong Kim Ark. These statements support her argument by giving actual representation within early American History of a case/example involving birthright citizenship. Through her appeal to logos with these statements of American History it makes the audience evoke a much rational, cognitive response. Therefore her statements made in the story are very convincing due to a real reference from history. Style and Structure 2. I believe that the logical fallacy Chavez claims that her opponents commit is the belief that the Fourteenth Amendment was passed for the citizenship to the freed slaves...

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Industrial Revolution

...Jeremiah Warren Professor Bentley Hist. 202 September 20, 2015 Industrialization Paper Prompt: Were the benefits of industrialization worth the costs for most Americans? After reading Jonathan Rees’ book, “Industrialization and the Transformation of American Life” the ways that America changed during the industrialization period are presented clearly and strongly. The book speaks about everything that happened in that time period from immigration to business corruption. Professor Rees really knew what he was talking about in this book and he gives good information for the reader to learn about. In the first chapter, Rees speaks about the many different types of industrialization in America at the time. The first one is of course steel seeing as that was the biggest part of the industrial movement during that time period. Steel was so popular then because it made new technology that people had never seen used. It made new railroads that were durable and went further. The main founder of steel was Andrew Carnegie. He was the one who invented steel and led the way for all of the other railroad companies to start advancing their rails and stretching them across America. “Steel mills are perhaps the quintessential example of late nineteenth century industrialization because of their importance to the American economy and because of their dependence upon mechanization.” This Statement backs up everything that was previously stated. This one sentence shows how steel was...

Words: 1385 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Chinese Exclusion Act Case Study

...source? Flyers distributed by trade unions for a boycott of Chinese and Japanese-­run businesses, 1898. 2. How does the source tie into the Chinese Exclusion Act? To truly understand the connection between the Chinese exclusion Act and the expulsions of Chinese and Asian in and around Tacoma in late 19885, one must understand the economic situation between the years of 1870-1885. Recession after recession and unstable economic conditions created fear and anxiety for all concerned. The influx of highly needed Chinese workers was crucial for the completion of several of the United States railroad divisions. Many looked at Chinese cheap labor as a conflict of interest, as immigrants took away from American born citizens....

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Chinese Exclusion Act Research Paper

...The Chinese Exclusion Act There has been many intrusive stereotypes about many cultures, mainly because they were immigrants and so new to Americans. Theses stereotypes didn’t seem to validate them, but instead it invalidated them, in multiple ways. Many people still perceive different cultures with unfairness. The Chinese one of many cultures, were immigrating to America because of the gold rush. Most moved to American to boosted to financial status. There were many job opportunities for the Chinese so many more immigrants came into America, Eventually taking more and more jobs. Because they were coming to America for jobs and ultimately money, they were put into the stereotype of being greedy or selfish. Americans now felt that there weren’t enough jobs for the locals. The Chinese exclusion act was an act in order to band immigration from America. Because so many Chinese immigrants...

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

California Gold Rush Immigration History

...brought many Chinese to the United States. Many had come in the hopes of improving their economic conditions, and their arrival was initially welcomed due to labor shortages. According to information from the U.S. Census, the Chinese population increased at a dramatic pace until 1890, though they never accounted for more than .2 percent of the U.S. population through the 1800s.[2] After the Gold Rush, many Chinese people moved into the northwest territories of Oregon, Washington, and Montana in search of work, especially with the new mining opportunities and railroad expansion.[3] The Chinese workers developed a reputation for being efficient and willing to work long hours, but also for accepting less pay than white workers. This increased racial tensions in the West, as companies recruited Chinese workers in order to undercut higher-paid white workers.[2] Violent outbreaks against the Chinese...

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Chinese Immigration Research Paper

...beliefs against various groups of people. Many statues in our country’s history were built upon a pedestal of prejudice, but one of the most significant of these was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. This law made it nearly impossible for Chinese immigrants to become United States citizens. However, historical evidence shows that female Chinese immigrants faced more difficulties in the United States than did their male counterparts. Although all Chinese immigrants faced hardships in migrating to America, females were more harshly impacted by anti-immigration laws than males were due to a potent combination of racism and sexism. One of the first things that may come to mind when we think about Chinese immigration to the United States is the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, and it is not hard to see why. As the name implies, politicians created...

Words: 1277 - Pages: 6