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Cholesterol Brochure

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Submitted By jessicawildes31
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Time to take action:

Everyone can work on lowering their LDL cholesterol and raising their HDL. So how can we do this? (Merck, 2013)

1. Lifestyle: The biggest change you can make is through lifestyle. Eating healthy is very important. Stay away from saturated fats and refined sugars. Become a member in a gym or find a running buddy. An increase in physical activity also helps decrease weight.

2. Medications: It may be necessary to take medication to lower your cholesterol. Statins, such as Simvastatin, are often prescribed for high LDL.

3. Procedural Approach: If cholesterol is advanced, such as severe hyperlipidemia, the MD may decide to remove LDL by extracorporeal plasma exchange. This is only done when there is limited or no response to medications.

4. Future Therapies: As research continues, so does the search for better options. Studies are being conducted pertaining to gene therapy, as well as the injection of monoclonal antibodies which would lower LDL significantly.
Time to take action:

Everyone can work on lowering their LDL cholesterol and raising their HDL. So how can we do this? (Merck, 2013)

5. Lifestyle: The biggest change you can make is through lifestyle. Eating healthy is very important. Stay away from saturated fats and refined sugars. Become a member in a gym or find a running buddy. An increase in physical activity also helps decrease weight.

6. Medications: It may be necessary to take medication to lower your cholesterol. Statins, such as Simvastatin, are often prescribed for high LDL.

7. Procedural Approach: If cholesterol is advanced, such as severe hyperlipidemia, the MD may decide to remove LDL by extracorporeal plasma exchange. This is only done when there is limited or no response to medications.

8. Future Therapies: As research continues, so does the search for better options. Studies are being conducted pertaining to gene therapy, as well as the injection of monoclonal antibodies which would lower LDL significantly.
Who Should I Go To For More Information:

1. The American Heart Association

2. Community Education Classes at your local hospital

3. Center for Disease Control

4. Set up an appointment to see an endocrinologist or cardiologist
Who Should I Go To For More Information:

5. The American Heart Association

6. Community Education Classes at your local hospital

7. Center for Disease Control

8. Set up an appointment to see an endocrinologist or cardiologist
High Cholesterol

What’s the Big Deal?
High Cholesterol

What’s the Big Deal?
References

P881_Heart360_Cholesterol_Guide. (2014, January 1). Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://www.ksw-gtg.com/heart360/guide/#/16/

CDC. High Cholesterol. (2014, February 28). Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/cholesterol/

Dyslipidemia. (2013, September 1). Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine_and_metabolic_disorders/lipid_disorders/dyslipidemia.html?qt=dyslipidemia&alt=sh

Cholesterol test. (2014, November 12). Retrieved February 9, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cholesterol-test/basics/definition/prc-20013282

General measures to reduce cholesterol levels. (2013, August 13). Retrieved February 9, 2015, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0058546/
References

P881_Heart360_Cholesterol_Guide. (2014, January 1). Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://www.ksw-gtg.com/heart360/guide/#/16/

CDC. High Cholesterol. (2014, February 28). Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/cholesterol/

Dyslipidemia. (2013, September 1). Retrieved January 21, 2015, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine_and_metabolic_disorders/lipid_disorders/dyslipidemia.html?qt=dyslipidemia&alt=sh

Cholesterol test. (2014, November 12). Retrieved February 9, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cholesterol-test/basics/definition/prc-20013282

General measures to reduce cholesterol levels. (2013, August 13). Retrieved February 9, 2015, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0058546/

What tests are available?

* Fasting Lipid Profile: This is used to diagnose high cholesterol. It measures the amount in the blood stream as well as risk of plaque build-up. (MayoClinic, 2014)

* Lp(a) levels: Used in patients with premature cardiac disease to determine whether or not to use drug therapy. (Merck, 2013)

* Measuring fasting glucose, liver enzymes, and urinary protein - This is completed following a significant change in the lipid profile. (Merck, 2013)

* Home Testing: Similar to a glucose meter, you are able to prick your finger to obtain cholesterol levels. (Merck, 2013)
What tests are available?

* Fasting Lipid Profile: This is used to diagnose high cholesterol. It measures the amount in the blood stream as well as risk of plaque build-up. (MayoClinic, 2014)

* Lp(a) levels: Used in patients with premature cardiac disease to determine whether or not to use drug therapy. (Merck, 2013)

* Measuring fasting glucose, liver enzymes, and urinary protein - This is completed following a significant change in the lipid profile. (Merck, 2013)

* Home Testing: Similar to a glucose meter, you are able to prick your finger to obtain cholesterol levels. (Merck, 2013)
What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a fat, waxy substance that is found within the blood stream. (AHA, 2014)

It is produced by the liver and is essential in developing cells, communication between cells and building the outer membrane of cells. (AHA, 2014)

Cholesterol is also found in the foods we eat, specifically in food products that come from animals (i.e. meat, cheese and butter)

Two types of cholesterol are:

1 - LDL: low density lipoprotein This is “bad” cholesterol and if not kept at an appropriate level, leads to heart conditions and other systemic problems
2 - HDL: high density lipoprotein This is the “good” cholesterol. It helps prevent fatty and plaque build-up in the arteries. (AHA, 2014)
What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a fat, waxy substance that is found within the blood stream. (AHA, 2014)

It is produced by the liver and is essential in developing cells, communication between cells and building the outer membrane of cells. (AHA, 2014)

Cholesterol is also found in the foods we eat, specifically in food products that come from animals (i.e. meat, cheese and butter)

Two types of cholesterol are:

1 - LDL: low density lipoprotein This is “bad” cholesterol and if not kept at an appropriate level, leads to heart conditions and other systemic problems
2 - HDL: high density lipoprotein This is the “good” cholesterol. It helps prevent fatty and plaque build-up in the arteries. (AHA, 2014)
Can you say yes to any of these risk factors?

Though there are no specific signs or symptoms of cholesterol, it can cause heart disease and stroke if not treated. According to the CDC, these are two leading causes of death in the US. (PubMed, 2013)

Risk factors that are associated with cholesterol include:

* family history * age and gender * cigarette smokers * excessive saturated fat diet * inactivity and obesity * diabetes mellitus

Lab work should be drawn if you can say yes to any of these risk factors.
Can you say yes to any of these risk factors?

Though there are no specific signs or symptoms of cholesterol, it can cause heart disease and stroke if not treated. According to the CDC, these are two leading causes of death in the US. (PubMed, 2013)

Risk factors that are associated with cholesterol include:

* family history * age and gender * cigarette smokers * excessive saturated fat diet * inactivity and obesity * diabetes mellitus

Lab work should be drawn if you can say yes to any of these risk factors. What do the numbers mean?

To help decrease the risk of heart disease, it is important to keep LDL cholesterol less than 130. The higher the LDL levels, the higher your risk for heart disease becomes. (CDC, 2014)

HDL cholesterol is very helpful, so the higher the levels the better. Your MD will educate on ways to bring HDL cholesterol up if it is less than 40. (CDC, 2014)

What do the numbers mean?

To help decrease the risk of heart disease, it is important to keep LDL cholesterol less than 130. The higher the LDL levels, the higher your risk for heart disease becomes. (CDC, 2014)

HDL cholesterol is very helpful, so the higher the levels the better. Your MD will educate on ways to bring HDL cholesterol up if it is less than 40. (CDC, 2014)

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