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Christian Ethics Problem Chapter 6

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Christian Ethics Problem Chapter 6 1. From a Christian perspective, why did Marxist communism fail? Answer: Marx did not believe that there should be religion. This doctrine of atheism would force believers into revolt. When you truly love God, no one can change your heart. Plus, the lack of personal property and instead having commutative property is not supported by Christian doctrine. If there were no incentives to do better, no one would want to do better. We have to be selfless. If we do well, we should share our wealth with the poor. The Bible says “Each one must give as he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver” (2 Corinthians 9:6, ESV). The forced distribution of wealth antagonizes this.

2. Which is a more Christian form of government, democratic capitalism or democratic socialism? Answer: There should always be a balance of the two, mixed capitalism and some socialism. If the government is given too much power, the opportunity for sin to seep through is too great. We need the government to provide the three basic functions Adam Smith stated. There will always be humans sinning against humans on this earth. For that transgression, there should always be a process to go through. The law given to governments is backed by God, because He gave it to them. However, too much power should not be given to the people in the free market. There should always be someone stepping in on behalf of the wronged to establish justice and set basic parameters of what is acceptable and what is not.

3. What functions does government have to undertake because of fallen human nature? Answer: According to Adam Smith, a government must do a) homeland security b) public works c) protect the members of society from the other members of society (by remedial justice and commutative justice). Civil government sets rules for human behavior, and if we completely ignore them, there is an open door for activities driven by reed. We are to pay our taxes. We are to follow the law so long as it does not oppose God’s law. We are to stand against laws that are in opposition of God’s and be moved to civil action or even peaceful disobedience. There should always be commutative justice and equality. There should be restitution for damages. The government is responsible for ensuring that there is no class discrimination by providing assistance and services to the poor.

4. Should Christians concern themselves with the regulatory activities of government? If so, what areas of regulation are more significant? Answer: Yes. Without regulation, everything would be legal. As Stapleford says, the boom on pornography and gambling should be adverted with Christians lobbying for more regulation. Governments should also regulate harmful products, prescriptions, and other things. I believe that legal harmful products- like cigarettes, some prescriptions, and alcohol- should be the greatest area of regulation. There are too many people who are falling into the trap of substance dependence. None of these things help our body, and as the Bible states “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own” (1 Corinthians 6:19). We should not desecrate the temple of God by partaking in pornography or substance abuse.

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