Premium Essay

Civil Rights Essay

In: Historical Events

Submitted By bpayne3
Words 1521
Pages 7
April 27th, 2014

Political Science

American Government

Civil Rights Essay

On November 19, 1863 Abraham Lincoln made a speech known as the Gettysburg Address to multiple people to address the public. Lincoln’s comments that day, however, embraced only a brief moment in the cemetery’s dedication. Lincoln attempted to give meaning to the events at Gettysburg, indeed to the Civil War itself, by speaking about the principles for which he believed the Union stood. Lincoln states that our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the intention that all men are created equal. Then on another note goes into stating that we are now in a great Civil War which is testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so devoted, can long tolerate. He wants to make notice that we are not on a great battle-field of that war, because we have come to dedicate a portion of that field as not for war but more for a final resting place; a resting place for those who gave their lives that the nation might live.

Lincoln wants people to realize that our fathers have said that we are all men created in equal, which means we should be as a whole. In 1776, the United States was a new country with a different kind of political philosophy. It was known as “The Great Experiment” because it ventured into new ground and no one knew if such a government could survive. Lincoln testes the idea whether the united States were founded on liberty and equality could survive. What was at stake was not merely lives, or money, or government control, but the actual foundations upon which the United States was founded upon.

Making note to his speech and his audience he wants it to be clear that the words were said were merely only words and not as important as what the soldiers gave in the battle. Even though others are there to...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Civil Rights Essay

...I believe that the most significant events that led to a final resolution were the Amendments and Civil Rights Acts passed and signed by our government. Although, it was hard for proper implementation of the laws at first, I believe that they were all extremely important building blocks for the movement to finally get to where it is today. The first event that started the Civil Rights Movement was the abolishment of slavery. Ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th Amendment did just this, it restricted state power federally and outlawed involuntary servitude. What this meant is that nationwide, it was illegal to claim ownership over another person. “Although its full effect was not achieved for nearly a century, it began the process of dismantling involuntary servitude as a widespread form of labor relations” (Rutherglen, 2012). With that being said, this was the first real law of its kind, so its implementation was crudely regulated. Yes, slaves were free to now go about and live as they see fit, however, even with freedom they could not regulate their own lives, there were still no laws stating that they had to be treated fairly without prejudice. This became a big problem for African Americans because the 13th Amendment gave them a promise of freedom, yet they were still having to involuntarily submit themselves to the white man. Even though they now had their “freedom” they still could not freely choose their own path. They were not allowed...

Words: 2250 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Essay

...HIS 221 Amy Lively 11/26/12 Keeping the Faith with Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. was the first African American man to serve on the New York City Council in 1941. He also won another election in 1945 to the U.S. House of Representatives. Powell built a strong community in Harlem through his campaigns for jobs and housing for the poor, abolishing poll tax, and making lynching a federal crime. During his time in office he began a long fight against racial segregation, this being the turning point of his courageous career. On November 29, 1908 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. was born in New Haven, Connecticut. He was born to Adam Clayton Powell Sr. and Mattie Fletcher Schaffer as their second child but only son. His father served as a pastor in Philadelphia and became the head pastor at a Baptist church in New Haven. In 1908, he led the Abyssinian Baptist Church in the city of Harlem, New York. After some time in his pastoral position, Powell Sr. expanded the congregation to 10,000 people during the Great Depression. Growing up Adam C. Powell Jr. lived a fairly wealthy life. He attended Townsend Harris High School in New York. Then he went on to study at the City College of New York, and officially started his collegiate career at Colgate University. There were four other African-American students who also attended Colgate. Many times Powell passed for white, taking advantage of his appearance to escape racial attacks. The other black students were......

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Afericna American

...THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT OF 1865-1877 Frequently when one hears of the Civil Rights Movement we automatically think of the Civil Rights events that had taken place in the 1950-1970s. However, the Civil Rights Movement actually began in the 1860-1870s immediately following the Conclusion of the Civil War. After hundreds of years of enslavement of African Americans, the Civil War was fought with the intent to abolish slavery. The winning of the...

Words: 5251 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

The Relationship of Southern Jews to Blacks and the Civil Rights Movement

...Even though a large portion of white civil rights activists were Jewish, the percentage of Jews in the South that took part in the civil rights movement was significantly smaller compared to Jews in the North, because many Southern Jews were afraid to actively support the civil rights movement. For years they maintained the racial status quo among white gentiles by keeping a low profile. If they were to support desegregation they would be risking their own acceptance within the white community. Although the majority of southern Jews stayed...

Words: 2899 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Black Music and the Civil Rights Movement

...Jones DISC 1313 December 4, 2015 Music and The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s All forms of Black music, from jazz to rock and roll, played an important part in the Civil Rights Movement. The songs were sung for multiple purposes and played a critical role in inspiring, activating, and giving voice to the people involved. The evolution of music during the early 1950’s and 1960’s in the Black freedom struggle reflects the evolution of the Civil Rights Movement itself. The progressive thought of the 1950s nurtured new ideas and cultures including the Civil Rights Movement and the fast spread of rock and roll. One such cultural revival occurred after the end of World War II during a time of change, prosperity and restoration.  The “Puritan dicta” outlined by Baldwin represents the American ideology before the Second World War. As the first settlers of this nation, the Puritans set the mold for many common American ideologies.  In the Puritan view white represented good and black represented evil, including Africans and their culture.  After the war, Baldwin states that the former puritanical views of whites will be challenged.  Musicians such as Elvis Presley were the first to issue this challenge to white society.  Early rockers like Elvis would pave the way for social commentary in music that would add much fire to the Civil Rights Movement....

Words: 4492 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Southern Black Women

...Yvonne Davis Frear’s essay “African American women in Texas Civil Rights Movement highlights the contributions of African American women in Texas such as Lula B. White, Juanita Craft, Christia Adair, Barbara Jordan and other women. The essay strengthened the theme of the book their contributions of African American women was...

Words: 616 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

En 209 Civil Disobedience Critical Essay

...Lloyd Wyse Melissa Hull EN 209-014 April 18, 2012 Critical Essay: Civil Disobedience Civil disobedience is the active refusal to comply with certain laws or demands of a government, such as paying fines or taxes. Although it is not necessarily on-violent, it has classically been attributed to nonviolent resistance. The etymological origin of the term is from Henry David Thoreau’s essay Resistance to Government, written in 1849, which was eventually renamed to Essay on Civil Disobedience. Since its republication in 1866, Thoreau’s essay has inspired many important activists over the course of history. Its messages have resonated within countless people unsatisfied or disgusted with the law of the land; one of the most prominent lessons it teaches is that an unjust government can only be corrected by the defiance of its people. As long as there is an imperfect government, there will be a need for civil disobedience. Citizens of nations from all over the globe still read and learn from Civil Disobedience because even in modern times a perfect government does not exist. In Civil Disobedience, Thoreau prompts the reader to take direct action against injustice. He argues that the government is a representative of corruption and injustice that, like a machine, fuels the enabling of its wrongdoings through enforcement of law. He states that an individual’s silent compliance with the law is essentially the same as cooperation with injustices that the lawmaker commits....

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Abraham Lincoln

...Juan Garner December 6, 2012 Book Review The book, “Abraham Lincoln and the second American Revolution” is mainly focused at the Civil War and how Lincoln was involved in most of the changes that happen during the War, For example the political and social issues, and the slaves that were liberated in the south. In this book McPherson tells us that president Lincoln was a conservative and a revolutionary. The War made Lincoln very popular because of his leadership ability and strategy. He is the most important president who fought to keep young stay whole. James McPherson best known for his prize winning book “Battle cry of Freedom,” which was the New York Times Book Review called one of top history writing. It is an account of the Civil War, which McPherson gathered in a sweep of events, which accounts the political, social, and culture aspects during the Civil War. In Abraham Lincoln and the Second Revolution, McPherson takes a different style of writing by offering a series of engaging essays on Lincoln and the Civil War that have rarely been discussed in such depth. McPherson displays his insight prose as he thoroughly examines the critical- themes of American history. He examines the President’s role as commander- in -chief of the Union forces explaining how Lincoln forged a national military strategy for victory....

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ideal Society Through Thoreau’s and Emerson’s Eyes

...In Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay “Self Reliance” and Henry David Thoreau’s essay “Civil Disobedience”, both composure thinkers speak about being individual and what changes need to be made in society. Ralph Waldo Emerson and his follower, Henry David Thoreau, both individualists, attacked the religious, political, and cultural values of American society in order to make people aware that they are more important than everything, including government and society. According to Emerson, society is an obstruction against the individuality of its members, “Society is a joint-stock company, in which the members agree, for the better securing of his bread to each shareholder, to surrender the liberty and culture of the eater. The virtue in most requests is conformity”. The solution, for Emerson, is self-reliance, meaning that man is only responsible for his own life and he should not be too enveloped in society. The other principles are individualism and freedom, which was expressed in Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience”; “I think that we should be men first, and subjects afterward. It is not desirable to cultivate a respect for the law, so much as for the right. The only obligation, which I have a right to assume, is to do at any...

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Fight Against Social Injustice

...Thoreau wrote his essay “Civil Disobedience” to express his views on the role of government. Thoreau also expressed his ideas about what men should do to stand up to a government that sought to suppress its citizens. King started reading Thoreau during his school years and adopted his non-violent ways of protest. He molded his actions around Thoreau’s essay and fought for equal rights for the African American community. Both authors sought peaceful means to protest against things they deemed social injustices. In Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” and King’s “Letters from a Birmingham Jail” they present the problems with current societies and a peaceful way to bring those problems to the forefront. Thoreau and King both show their selflessness when they sacrificed their personal freedom for an issue. Thoreau was thrown in jail for not paying a poll tax. He refused to pay the tax because; he did not support slavery and the Mexican America war. Although Thoreau’s views in “Civil Disobedience” were his own and he was not trying to push them on anyone, they obviously had a profound impact on Martin Luther King. Writer Michael Mink of Investors Business Daily said this about King, “He was fascinated by the idea of refusing to cooperate with an evil system, he was so deeply moved that he reread the work several times. King became convinced that noncooperation with evil is as much a moral obligation as is cooperation with good” (Pa 1)....

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Student

...Thematic Essay Practice – Reform Movements US History/Napp Name: __________________ From the August 2004 New York States Regents/ U.S. History & Government THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task below, and a conclusion. Theme: Reform Movements Task: Some suggestions you might wish to consider include the abolitionist movement, Populist movement, Progressive movement, women’s rights movement, civil rights movement, and the labor movement. Gathering the Facts: 1- The Abolitionist Movement • “The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. • Advocating for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates who argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas and prevent its spread further west. • Radical abolitionism was partly fueled by the religious fervor of the Second Great Awakening, which prompted many people to advocate for emancipation on religious grounds....

Words: 2348 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

History Www Ii

...* Essays » * History World War Ii Through the 1970's By micahneisha33, March 2013 | 9 Pages (2,045 Words) | 402 Views | Report | ------------------------------------------------- This is a Premium essay Sign Up to access full essay * * * * * * March 3, 2013 In this paper I will go into details explains two major historical turning points that occurred during the period of World War II through the 1970’s, and the effect it had on today’s society, economy, politics and culture. In this paper I will also give two reasons why in the late 30’s Americans wanted to remain out of the European conflict. In this paper I will talk about the role women played to helped win World War II, will describes two civil rights breakthroughs, explain two ways the Vietnam War brought political awareness to a new generation of young Americans and I will talk about two programs that president Lyndon Johnson Great Society Agenda had put into effect and that are still into effect today. A turning point was in 1962, the world experienced a threat so real, so dangerous, and so deadly; that any believed Armageddon was approaching. The Cuban Missile Crisis was undoubtedly the closest the world has come to nuclear war in its entire existence. The presence of Soviet nuclear warheads on Cuban soil, less than 100 miles from the coast of Florida shocked the world. The discovery of the missiles was completely unexpected; the public's reaction was not....

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Religions of Atlanta

...The book is a composition of essays by various authors on the history, growth and impact of the selected religions present in the city of Atlanta at the time of publication in 1996. The introduction to the book was written by the editor, Gary Laderman, and includes a well written and interesting historical perspective on the origins of the city of Atlanta and the initial growth of a few of the religions present in the population from the beginning. Laderman also touches briefly on the history of African Americans and the civil rights movement in the area and mentions more than once that Atlanta was known over the early years as the “the city too busy to hate”. (Laderman 1996). He feels that this general attitude is what helped develop the face of the religious communities of Atlanta today. Laderman then introduces the twenty one essays which follow in the book as providing a broad and diverse perspective on some, not all, of the religious communities that make up Atlanta and the area around Atlanta. He states that “Instead of providing readers with authoritative account of each community, the contributors explore some of the concerns, commitments, and motivations operating in segments of these religious groups” (Laderman 1996)....

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

John Locke

...His father was a Puritan lawyer, who served as a Captain during the English civil war. Locke’s schooling began at Westminster School in 1647. He earned the title of King’s Scholar, which prepared him for the next phase of his education at the Christ Church in Oxford in 1652. He studied literature, physical science, medicine, politics, and natural philosophy. In 1656 he continued for his Master of Arts degree. In 1665 at Oxford, Locke encountered Lord Ashley, a notable statesman looking for medical treatment. After a friendship formed, Ashley invited Locke to join him in London as his personal physician. Locke agreed and left for London in 1667, where he lived for the next eight years. This was the beginning of Locke’s deep political interests, which was no surprised considering that Ashley was one of England’s most skilled politicians. While in London, Locke took a job in Government researching the relationship between trade possibilities and colonization. He worked closely with early settlers who left for the New World, helping with the drafting of the Fundamental Constitution. The principal writings by John Locke that are influential to the...

Words: 2488 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

History

...The Big Question How did Americans challenge the rigid social expectations that characterized the early Cold War period? What was the relationship between domestic changes of the 1960s and the US's changing foreign policy? Section 1: Short Answer (30 points) Write multi-sentence responses for the prompts below. Be specific and give examples from the history we have learned. A. Read the statement below and then analyze what it is saying about being a young person in the United States in the 1960’s. Use these questions to help you write a commentary of 3-5 sentences: (10 points) * What events and changes in American society does the writer refer to? * How is this document an example of the ‘youth culture’ at the time? "When we were kids the United States was the wealthiest and strongest country in the world; the only one with the atom bomb. . . . As we grew, however, our comfort was penetrated [filled] by events too troubling to dismiss [forget about]. . . . The Southern struggle against racial bigotry [racism], compelled [took] most of us from silence to activism. Second . . . the Cold War, symbolized by the presence of the Bomb, brought awareness that we ourselves, and our friends, and millions of abstract "others" . . . might die at any time."  —Port Huron Statement, Students for a Democratic Society The writer is referring to how America changed as he grew up. He grew up during a time when America was the wealthiest nation, but there was racism in the......

Words: 745 - Pages: 3