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Civil War

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The Civil War marked a critical time in American history which left behind deep wounds of a divided nation which took years of healing. Although we have come a long way, the infected idealology that existed then still manifest itself in the form of overt and covert racism. One major turning point during the period immediately after the war was termed Reconstruction. In 1865, many Confederate soldiers returned to a devastated South whose farms, factories, railroads, bridges, and entire infrastructure had been destroyed. Immediate rebuilding started with the physical rebuilding progressing quickly. Yet, the rebuilding of southern society proved to be a harder task. Rebel states had to be integrated back into the nation and four million newly freed black slaves had to be integrated into southern society (Schultz, 2012).
Reconstruction in the South is considered to be the time period from 1865 to 1877 following the war. In 1863, shortly after issuing the Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln issued the Ten Percent Plan. This plan allowed southern states the right to establish a new government if one-tenth of its’ prewar voters took an oath of loyalty and supported the emancipation of the slaves. This was needed to abolish slavery and allow the state back into the union with full privileges. Lincoln was attempting to drain the Confederacy and shorten the war by making this action seem easy (Schultz, 2012).
Lincoln along with republicans such as Charles Summer and Thaddeus Stevens also felt that emancipation should guarantee equal civil and political rights of freedman promoting equality of all citizens (States, Reconstruction Under Abraham Lincoln, 2012). Yes, Lincoln wanted freed slaves to have opportunities to purchase land, receive an education, vote, and receive all the civil liberties of a regular citizen. In an attempt to mitigate...

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