Premium Essay

Civil War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By babygirl520
Words 1849
Pages 8
The American Civil War was one of the bloodiest wars in American History, it marked

one of the most permanent changes in US history. The war began on April 12, 1861 and ended

on April 18, 1865, lasting a little over four years. It was fought between the Northern states,

Union states, and the Southern states, Confederate states. It all started because of some

differences between the states, such as; the idea of slavery, state rights, tariffs, and trade. The war

began when Confederate forces bombarded Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay, South Carolina,

which was being controlled by the Union. There were approximately six thousand battles and

engagements fought during the war. The bloodiest battle during the Civil War was Gettysburg,

with 51,000 casualties. There were not even half as many casualties in Shiloh, which had almost

twenty-four thousand casualties. Vicksburg had the least amount of casualties, with almost

twenty thousand casualties. Southern states started to secede from the Union even before the war.

There were a total of eleven states that seceded, those states were; South Carolina, Mississippi,

Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and lastly

Tennessee. Though these states didn’t secede at the same time, it was still a big deal because at

the time secession wasn’t legal, but it also hadn’t been ruled illegal yet. It was ruled illegal after

the war. Many families and their homes were destroyed across the nation, north and south.

During the Civil War, about three million men went sent to war and between 640,000 and

700,000 soldiers were killed. Over 260,000 of the those soldiers were Confederate soldiers and

over 360,000 were Union soldiers, which was two percent of the US population at the time. Men

weren’t the only ones fighting in the war,...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Civil War

...Civil War Paper Jennifer Ayala HIS/115 October 21, 2012 Kathy Buhe Civil War Paper The mid-19th century is a historic period in the history of the United States, one that shaped the nation we now know. In the year 1861, the tension that had long been brewing between the north and south exploded and led the nation to war. The catalyst was Abraham Lincoln’s victory in the presidential election. As an anti-slavery Republican, the southern states feared his agenda and chose to secede from the Union. The Confederate States of America was formed and the refusal of said states to rejoin the Union led to a Civil War, neighbor against neighbor, each fighting for what they believed to be right. The four years of the war were costly, both in monetary value and lives lost; and the effects were long lasting, shaping the nation into what it would become and stand for, even over a century later. The Civil War, often referred to as The War Between the States, lasted four years, from 1861-1865, and shaped the nation of America into what it currently is. Historian Shelby Foote spent a great deal of time researching this monumental period of American history to pen her famous civil war narrative. Foote believed that the Civil War defined the nation and that to understand the character of America, it is important to study this war. What I believe Foote meant was that the nation was at a crossroads. It was deeply divided and no longer could it continue on as such. Either the nation would...

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Civil War

...Civil War When comparing the American Civil War to many of the United States’ other wars, some key differences can be observed. One standout quality to the Civil War was the sluggish buildup towards war, which contrasts to the overnight decision that American officials made to join World War II after the Pearl Harbor attack. This brings up the question, “what caused the slow start to the Civil War and who is the most to blame?” The answer to the first question is easiest – slavery. There is no doubt that the differing opinions on slavery between the north and the south were the major sources of conflict. The latter question, however, is much more controversial and problematic to solve. For more than a century, historians have been bickering over who can be blamed most for the Civil War. Though many would say Abraham Lincoln is this person, his role in the start to the Civil War just appears to be the final straw in the buildup of tensions that happened over many years. The person who can be blamed most was reportedly referenced by Abraham Lincoln himself as, “the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war.” This woman is Harriet Beecher Stowe. Through the use of her powerful novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe became the greatest catalyst to the start of the American Civil War. One myth about the north that most people assume to be true is that the north was predominately against slavery. Even though the north was known for its industry in......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Civil War

...Channel Encarnacion HIST 102 10/27/14 Civil War Debate Was the Civil War Inevitable? Was the Civil War Avoidable? In The Irrepressible Conflict by Kenneth M. Stampp he does not argue that the Civil War was inevitable. He does observe, however, that it is hard to see how the country could have avoided some sort of showdown on slavery. Conflict was “irrepressible” in the sense that “the issues dividing the North and South were genuine and substantial and that conflict between them was a natural and logical result.” The civil war was inevitable given the circumstances under which it came. The three main causes: infringement on civil liberties, violation on states' rights, and the collapse of the two-party system made the conflict between North and South almost impossible to resolve. The war was going to happen one way or another. The south originally disagreed with Lincoln’s laws. The North and the South had very diverse views over slavery. The country couldn’t have been integrated if they didn’t come to a compromise. With the north wanting a strong federal government and the south with the contrary wants, the country couldn’t have agreed to go one way or the other. The war had to happen in order for a winner to take control and make the executive decisions. The country would have been splitting with every new state union, leaving the country with a very dissimilar outcome than what is today. The explosion of the American Civil War was caused by a vast number of......

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Civil War

...Decisions can be difficult that they cause war, division of one’s family, and arguing. The civil war started because of a disagreement. Something as little as bringing the first slave to America caused a war. The north and south argued and disagreed. They made the choice to start a war. Border states played a huge part in the war. There were few border states. They were Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri. They all had choices in the part they would play in the war. Even though those states weren’t many, they had dire choices that would effect the outcome of the war. These choices could make or break the nation. Lincoln understood this. He knew it would make a difference who these border states chose. The border states had a huge decision it would effect the outcome of a war. The states had hard choices. Delaware quickly decided to stay with the Union. It must have been an easy decision because it was quick. Maryland didn’t have much of a choice. It was a easy decision because Union troops would have attacked Maryland if it decided to be Southern. So it became northern. Kentucky was a vital ingredient to the war. Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky. That could have made them favor him. Kentucky took time deciding what side to be on. The North didn’t push but when Confederate forces marched straight through Kentucky the decision was made. The Union! Missouri was also important. General John Charles Fremont was ordered by Abe Lincoln to secure Missouri for the......

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Civil War

...A war is a state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties. Every war has its reasons weather it be a good and acceptable reason or a bad reason. If people are going to be killed and the country itself be damaged because of the war, people will want to hear a reason. Some wars are inevitable and some are not. It all depends on its cause. The American Civil War is thought to be an inevitable war. Many are convinced that there was no other way to solve the tension between the North and the South. The difference in thinking of slavery of both sides was one of the reasons for the build up of the tension between the two sides but it was not the only reason as some may think. Economical differences and political differences also led to the tension between the two sided which resulted in a war. The war was considered inevitable because the South would not give up slavery, and the North would not let the South separate from the Union. The part slavery had on the Civil War cannot be ignored but it should not be responsible for the main cause. It was the difference in the North and the South that slavery created which led to the war. Slavery led to economic differences. In the South, slavery became a way of life. It was a large part of their society. Because they were farmers, they needed many workers to plant and gather. The South thought that if slavery was to be abolished, than their economy would fall because there would be no workers....

Words: 876 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Civil War

...The Civil War Past civil wars during 1861 and 1865 have claimed the lives of many individuals who fought for freedom and against. Team B will express views of four wars through each member’s diversified backgrounds. The Battle of Shiloh, The Battle of Stones River both fought in Tennessee, and The Battle of Bull Run in Virginia as well as The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. According to "Africans In America" (1998), “On April 18, 1865, the Civil War ended with the surrender of the Confederate army. 617,000 Americans had died in the war, approximately the same number as in all of America's other wars combined” (Para. 18). In fact, theses wars with others have seemed to position a lasting stance on freedom for Americans no matter what color individuals appeared. Team B’s review of the civil wars may express what is unknown to some individuals, and what others family member fought for years ago. Even though civil wars caused death, if changes had not happen many Americans may still be slaves. Civil war was needed to stop the opposing thoughts of diversity in America. Because, of the foundation set in America for everyone, which appeared to outcast some chosen groups normally in the southern states. North and south states viewed certain individuals as unequal to other humans rendering freedom to those entities. Why the South lost the Civil War “If the Southern generals like Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were so brilliant, and if the South lost fewer men......

Words: 1501 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Civil War

...the civil war was undoubtedly inevitable, and despite the consequences and casualties America suffered as a result of it, it ultimately managed to unite the country as a whole into one.. The main causes for it were infringement on civil liberties, infringement on states rights, and the collapse of a two party system. Another cause of it was the north and south had different ideas regarding what a Government looks like. Much like the rest of Europe, the north’s economy was more industrial, with factories, railroads and shipyards while the south’s was agricultural with slavery playing a major part in; the north had their own ideal of a government in which slavery would be abolished, the south’s ideal involved slavery which would naturally cause tension between the two. The South favored an agricultural system, while the North was centered around a city life. it meant that the North’s economy grew through people of different ethnics and backgrounds working together, while the South had a fixed social order. Both sides did their best in trying to reconcile with each other but different events such as the fugitive slave act, bleeding kansas, and the dred scott decision only managed to pull them further apart; although they did create different compromises which managed to quell the tension for a little while but ultimately failed to unite them in the long term. Slavery was a major factor in the early to late 1900’s as well as the precursor towards the impending civil war,as......

Words: 2055 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Civil War

...Civil War Paper The Civil War was fought between Americans from the North and the South. Many factors led to the eventual conflict, but none was more important than the issue of slavery. While Northerners felt slavery was essentially against what America stood for, Southerners depended on slavery to maintain their economy. The conflict resulted in the South wanting to secede from the Union and exist as a collection of Confederate states acting as their own country. The North (Union) insisted on keeping the United States in-tact and abolishing slavery from the South. After four to five years and a collection of bloody battles, the North won the war despite having military leaders who were not as experienced as the South’s and sustaining more casualties. In the documentary The Civil War, historian Shelby Foote stated, “Any understanding of this nation has to be based…on an understanding of the Civil War . . . The Civil War defined us as what we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century. It was the crossroads of our being.” (Burns & Burns, Episode 1: the cause, 1990) What Foote was referring to in this quote was how the Civil War shaped the United States into the great power it has been known for since the end of the war. After the war ended, America began a period of tremendous growth, led......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Civil War

...David Cornejo May 24, 2011 Social Studies Period 2 Civil War Writing Prompt There were many reasons why the civil war began, but the election of 1860 was the most responsible of starting the civil war. I believe the election of 1860 started the civil war because it starts with a debate to start a war. Also people like the south didn’t like the election which leads to more emotion which also means violent people. If the election of 1860 was the start of the south being emotional, that means they will gain more emotion and will be more violent. The election of 1860 was about Abraham Lincoln being president in Washington D.C and other people such as Stephen Douglas, John Bell, and John Breckinridge. Abraham Lincoln was a republican, Stephen Douglas was Northern democrat, John Breckinridge was a Southern democrat, and John Bell was from the constitutional Union party. Southern states threaten to secede because they feared the Union would abolish slavery, which meant no more slaves for the South. In the North it was Abraham Lincoln vs. Stephen Douglas and in the South was John Bell vs. John Breckinridge. The winner was Abraham Lincoln, in December 1860 South Carolina secedes from the Union then in February 1860 Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida joined South Carolina in seceding the Union. The election of 1860 was the most responsible for the civil war and up to emotions which leads to violence. The reaction of the...

Words: 422 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Civil War

...y Abstract This paper will discuss about the civil war and how it began. It will also discuss how it ends to the civil rights era. It will show step by step of each event that surrounding the civil war. These four elements will explain the Federal Government expansion and place in context on what affect the Political, Social, and Economic, and they are Civil War, Reconstruction, Great Depression, and the Civil Right Era. In beginning of the civil war President Abraham Lincoln was elected President to the United States, and the confederates states fear that the new President was going to set the slaves free. He was elected Chief of Command on November 6, 1860. The Republican Party was on a anti-slavery platform and the southern has felt that there would be no place for them in the union. So on December 20, 1860 South Carolina seceded, and on February 1, 1861 six more states join in, and they are Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. Then states created the confederate state in America to elect Jefferson Davis in which he was the Mississippi Senator as their provisional President. On the day of the President Lincoln inaugural address that he delivered on 4th of March. He said that his duty is saving the union, and that he has no intention in setting the slaves free or repealing the fugitive slave law. The confederacy was still not satisfied by what the President said so on April 12, 1861 they started attacking Fort Sumter. Following the attacks......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Civil War

...The Civil War was by far the most significant war that America had seen thus far. This war was the separation of our so far ‘United Country’, and had it gone the other way, who knows how our society would be like today. The fact is, the South was at a disadvantage right from the get-go, before the war even started. From then on, the south was hurt not only economically at the beginning of the war, but also with man power and many other complications to come. One being that most of the population living in the South at that time was made up of slaves. They were also far behind the North with industry, technology and transporting goods which was a huge setback because the North controlled goods coming from England and other countries. When Abraham Lincoln became president, he and the Republican Party had a long list of things they wanted to accomplish right away, which included the Homestead Act, and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. The ongoing bickering and intense hatred between the North and South before the civil war was so distinct that you could cut the tension with a knife. In 1820, forty years before the Civil war, it was the beginning of a monster to come. As the country rapidly moved west into new territories, there had to be a decision made. Were the new territories going to be slave states or Free states? This argument was what fueled the fire for forty years to come. The Missouri Compromise was thought to be the ultimate fix to the slave issue. Any state......

Words: 1686 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Civil War

...The True Cause of the Civil War Between the economic, political, and social quarrels that evolved throughout the 1850's, the North and the South underwent many changes that led to the start of the Civil War. The most attributing factor to this war was that of a moral dispute between two sections who both wanted different things. Slavery became the issue that spread across the nation and was disputed back and forth between the North and South sections of the country. Abolitionists were focused upon in the North and tried to get their message across to those owning slaves in the South. They expressed moral disapproval but engaged in few out-in- the-open activities. "To the extent that there was an organized antislavery movement, it centered on the concept of colonization-the effort to encourage the resettlement of American blacks in Africa or the Caribbean." (Brinkley, American History 342) Among these Abolitionists, was a famous U.S. journalist who published The Liberator and helped lead the successful Abolitionist campaign against slavery in the U.S. In his first issue of The Liberator, he boldly states his opinion on the issue of slavery: "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation....I am in earnest-I will not equivocate-I will not excuse-I will not retreat a single inch-AND I WILL BE HEARD." (www.britannica.com) The Civil War forced Garrison to choose between his pacifist beliefs and emancipation. In December 1865 he published the last issue of ...

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Civil War

... Shaw wrote many letters to his wife and his family. Most of his letters were turned into A book called the “Blue-eyed child of fortune” He died July 18, 1863 at the age of 25 General Sherman was sent through Atlanta and to end in Savannah. During this march he was to tear up railroads and destroy crops and take down buildings. This march was from September 1864 to December 1864. This was key to the union winning the Civil war. Over 165,000 soldiers participate in the largest battle in the Western Hemisphere. After three days of fighting, Lee retreats, leaving 4,000 dead Confederates. Total casualties: 23,000 Union, 28,000 Confederates The turning point for the union in the Civil war Seven states formed the Confederacy, wrote their own constitution, and planed for an independent nation The south was against abolitionist and when Lincoln was elected to office they thought he was an abolitionist that is why those states succeeded. This is a turning point because if they had never seceded there would had been no problem and the Civil war. November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln, who had declared...

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Civil War

..."American Civil War History Timelines Battle Map Pictures." American Civil War History Timelines Battle Map Pictures. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2012. <http://americancivilwar.com/>. * 17, his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are, 000 killed, and wounded. "The History Place - U.S. Civil War 1861-1865." The History Place. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/>. "American Civil War at eHistory.com." eHistory at OSU | Welcome to eHistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2012. <http://ehistory.osu.edu/uscw/index.cfm>. "American Civil War — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2012. <http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war>. "LSU Libraries Special Collections: The United States Civil War Center." LSU Libraries Special Collections: The United States Civil War Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2012. <http://www.cwc.lsu.edu/>. McPherson, James M.. Battle cry of freedom: the Civil War era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. * "Job Details | Christian Living Communities." Denver Retirement Homes | Denver Independent Living & Skilled Nursing | Christian Living Communities. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2012. <http://www.christianlivingcommunities.org/careers/job-details/?id=12-0064>. "The American Civil War Homepage." University of Tennessee: SunSITE. N.p., n.d.......

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Civil War

...The Effects of the Civil War on Americans Sophia Taylor HIS/110 November 3, 2014 Frank Bird The Effects of the Civil War on Americans The Civil War had a major effect on the United States and where we are today. Historian Shelby Foote said, Any understanding of this nation has to be based…on an understanding of the Civil War . . . The Civil War defined us as what we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century. It was the crossroads of our being. Burns, K. & Burns, R. (Writers). (1990). Episode 1: The cause (1861). In K. Burns (Producer), The Civil War. Arlington, VA: Public Broadcasting Service. What I think Foote meant in this quote was that we are free today because of the Civil War. If it had not been for the north and south fighting we would not be free today. Indivisible Union The north and the south wanted control of the states. The states wanted to relinquish control to the federal government. I think that Foote was saying that with the Civil War we were able to gain control. If it had not been for all the fighting with the north and the south we would not have came to any agreement. So one thing that had a lot to do with the Civil War was slavery. Northerners felt slavery was essentially against what America stood for, Southerners depended on slavery to maintain......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4