Premium Essay

Cj Topic Questions

In: Historical Events

Submitted By anna43092
Words 3401
Pages 14
The theme of this book is individual-rights verses public-order, specifically; the rights guaranteed by the constitution to criminal suspects and law abiding citizens need to be upheld and defended. On the public-order side of things, the needs of communities to be protected from unlawful and/or harmful behavior must be recognized as well. These two sides have opposing groups: individual-rights advocates and public-order advocates. Individual-rights advocates focus on just that. They make sure the rights of citizens and suspects are both upheld (like the right to a speedy trial and bail). Public-order advocates are there to make sure that the public (communities) are also protected from unacceptable behavior... Describe the American experience with crime during the last half century. What noteworthy criminal incidents or activities can you identify during that time, and what social and economic conditions might have produced them?
The American experience with crime during the last half century has been especially influential in shaping the criminal justice system of today. Although crime waves have come and gone, some events during the past century stand out as especially significant, including a spurt of widespread organized criminal activity associated with the Prohibition years of the early twentieth century; the substantial increase in “traditional” crimes during the 1960s and 1970s; the threat to the American way of life represented by illicit drugs around the same time; and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (Dworkin, 2005).,
The American experience with crime during the last half century has been the main reason for the way our courts, law enforcement, and the criminal justice system operates the way that it does today. There have been many crime waves and other events that have played a key role in shaping the system as it is today. Some of...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Retreat in the Canadian Criminal Justice System

...A Retreat in the CJS 1 A Retreat in the Criminal Justice System Stephanie Karam ENG1100BB Karenza Sutton-Bennett November 25, 2014 A Retreat in the CJS 2 Abstract In contemporary culture, an emphasis on a “tough on crime” criminal justice system has been a topic of debate amongst all citizens. In this paper, a comparison of statistical evidence and treatment rates will be discussed. The purpose is to stipulate evidence of declining crime rates, and alternative sanctions to the crime bill c-10. In addition, a consultation of rehabilitation methods and apprehension of why there is a disproportionality of Aboriginal people in the Criminal Justice System will be explored. The data discovered suggests that the legislation was enacted for political reasoning, without the consideration of underlying causes of criminal activity. Furthermore, rehabilitation treatments have shown to lower recidivism, and are used to stress the importance on investigating the root cause of criminal behaviour. Finally, the restorative justice model is adopted to promote the sense of moral wrong in the individual’s crime. A Retreat in the CJS 3 In recent years, the Canadian government has been working on implementing a stricter justice system. The omnibus crime bill C-10, was enacted in order to achieve this measure. The act consists of a concept in which includes harsher sentencing, mandatory minimums and a zero tolerance policy. This legislation attempts to put victims first, instead of defending......

Words: 2549 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Assignment

...the Week 3 Outline of the Final Lab Report and ensure that you are providing all of the necessary information and proper format for the assignment. Before you begin, please note the following important information: Carefully review the Final Lab Report instructions before you begin this assignment The Final Lab Report should cover all 3 experiments from your Week Two Lab As you plan your final paper, think about how you can combine these laboratories to tell a fact-based story about water quality. For example, consider how your experiments can be linked to issues at water treatment plants or the amount of bottled water people purchase. For further help see the Sample Final Lab Report for an example of a final product on a different topic. You may simply replace the text following the bold terms with the appropriate outline information to complete this assignment. Make sure to pay close attention to the information called for and provide all necessary material. Title Introduction Body Paragraph #1 - Background: The outline of the introduction should describe the background of water quality and related issues using cited examples. You should include scholarly sources in this section to help explain why water quality research is important to society. When outlining this section, make sure to at least list relevant resources in APA format that will be used in the final paper to develop the background for your experiment. Body Paragraph # 2 -......

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Egwgklwghlh

...A2 Sociology ASSESSMENT PACK 2015-16 A2 Level Sociology Student Tracking Sheet | |Current Grade |Target Grade |Lates |Attendance | |September | | | | | |November | | | | | |January | | | | | |March | | | | | |May | | | | | | |Families |Education | |UMS | | | |Grade | | | | |Handed in on |Mark |Grade |What is the target for my next piece of work? |Above/ On/ Under Target | |Assessment/Homework ......

Words: 9631 - Pages: 39

Free Essay

To End

...29 November 2015 Submit : News Photos Just In Debate Topic Latest News Articles Local News Blog Posts Pictures Reviews Recipes New to merinews? merinews | India's largest citizen journalism based news platform WORLD INDIA SPORTS BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY ENTERTAINMENT LIFESTYLE REVIEWS INTERVIEWS LOCAL Sign In | Register Submit News Events Jobs Columnists Just In Videos Classifieds Discount Coupons Compare and Buy Interview: Alok Dixit, Founder of an NGO 'Stop Acid Attack' Bolla Alekhya08 August, 2014 Google + WhatsApp 0 5.0/5 12345 An estimated 1,000 women are attacked with acid every year in India by men who are angry because their advances were refused. The cheap toilet cleaning liquid, easily available at any grocery store, is prominently being used as a weapon of violence against women. These gruesome attacks are followed by lifelong trauma for the victim. Not only are they scarred physically but also emotionally as a distorted physical appearance makes them outcasts in the society. Life brings you to a helpless situation after such an attack. In Focus At such a bizarre time when no one is with acid attack victims, an NGO Stop Acid Attack (SAA) promises to be with them and helps the victims to fight with the......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hinduism Worldview

...Top of Form Search Bottom of Form * Home Page » * Religion Topics Hinduism Worldview In: Religion Topics Hinduism Worldview Hinduism Worldview 1. The Question of Origin. The beliefs of a Hindu can be very confusing with the question of origin because they believe in so many different God’s and there are so many different sects. What unifies the sects though is the worship of Braham. It would be my guess that they believe that Brahma, the creator God, Is what brought them into existence. 2. The Question of Identity. To a Hindu all forms of living beings are a manifestation of God. They do not see themselves above animals or even plants. They belief that because animals and plants give them sources of food that they should be worshipped. 3. The Question of Meaning/Purpose. There are 4 goals in life for a Hindu. To have pleasure, wealth, harmony, and liberation. The first two consume each person because it causes suffering. The other two fulfill them. The concept of Salvation is to overcome the evil desires (pleasure and wealth) and achieve the last two to become moksha (the release of the evil). 4. The Question of Morality. Like the previous question they strive to be moksha. They have to release all the evil doings and wrongs to get there. They live through practices, yoga, and correcting living, dharma. Once they achieve these then they have a more desirable reincarnation. 5. The Question of Destiny. Hindus believe in reincarnation which is where after the......

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Concept Analysis: Healthcare Quality of Life

...Concept Analysis: Healthcare Related Quality of Life Tarren Evans, RN BSN APSU/RODP NURS 5000 March 21, 2015 Quality of Life Concept Introduction The phrase  “health care related quality of life” (HRQOL) or “quality of life” (QOL) is often used in healthcare.  The perceptions of the meaning can vary depending on who is explaining it. The reason for this selected topic is to research other disciplines and see if indeed significant variations in the meaning exist.  The purpose of this concept analysis is to define, research, and analyze if the dissimilarities improve or hinder a patient’s plan of care.  This paper will examine the significance of a concept to advance understanding (McEwen, 2014).   Literature Review Can quality of life be defined to have a uniformed definition?  The first known research on quality of life was published in 1957 that surveyed mental health adults in the USA.  The Oxford English Dictionary (2010) defines QOL as “the standard of health, comfort, and happiness experienced by an individual or group”.  There are several influences that can alter the definition of QOL.  The acronym “HRQOL” is a narrowed term when characteristics relating to an individual’s health status are likely to be affected (Sandau, 2014). The literature review discussed some domains that render the effects on the perception of this concept.  A collaborative study done by doctors and nurse practitioners discussed that physical, social, emotional, cognitive, and......

Words: 2657 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Cjs/221 Week 1

...Crime is predominantly an intra-racial event involving victims and offenders of the same race. Group discussion, Week 1, CJS/221 2/29/2016 Beaux David Lee During a quiet evening at home with friends, I put out the question of crime and race. Race is not unnoticed in my group as I am part of an inter-racial couple, my wife being black and myself white. We talk about race issues daily, and it is an open dialog with friends and family. The topic of crime is also talked about since we both are in Criminal justice programs but in two different colleges. The feeling that crime is mostly same race has to do opportunity, as we all agree. We as humans live in our comfort zones, with familiarity. Violent crimes tend to be done to people we personally know. This would convey the issue of same race. It is universal on the thought that violent acts are done within a community and familiarity in that community. This is also believed to be why crime is steady in the same race. Hispanics and blacks have harder times getting jobs, and thus cause friction. The feeling of neglect and loathsome can cause a desperate need and thinking. The fact that the lower class can’t afford lawyers and often use the public defenders mean they accept the fact they will not get out free or easily. We as a human look onto our own race as a safety, for example, a black woman would not worry as much seeing a black male coming into a store. She wouldn’t think twice about talking with him or......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Communication with Various Groups Paper

...Communicating with Various Groups Paper Angelica De La Cruz Eileen Carlin CJS/205 Composition for Communication in the Criminal Justice System October 12, 2015 The definition of communication varies when it comes to the situation. Communication can be derived from a conversation amongst one another or communication can lead to an interview (for a job, a case, or to obtain information). “Human communication is the way in which humans exchange meaningful ideas with one another” (Justak, 2014). Communication is the first instrument that humans used in their process to socialize, interact with others can be defined as the process of sending information, to convince others to understand our point of view and build relations. What is the purpose of communication? We communicate to know each other, to find out about others emotions, to change information, to convince others to understand our point of view. This isn’t only about spoken words that come out of someone’s mouth it is also about communication with the interaction of their bodies and/or gestures. In this paper I will talk about a child’s memory and a senior’s memory about their favorite childhood memory. In speaking to my daughter about her childhood memory I noticed how excited she looked as she was explaining this memory; as if she was living in the moment at the time of our conversation/interview. Though the memory didn’t seem as exciting to me as it did to her, her favorite memory was taking a trip to......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Tendency and Coincidence Evidence

...TENDENCY AND COINCIDENCE EVIDENCE IN CRIMINAL CASES (Parts of this paper are a repetition of a paper I prepared for the Legal Aid conference last year and which was published in Bar News Criminal Law Special Edition.) Ian Barker QC 1. I have practised law from a time beyond which the memory of man runneth not. At least, that is how it feels. During those years I managed, I think, to develop a slippery hold on fundamentals of the law of evidence, from the myriad cases on the subject. I was recently heartened to read something written by Sir James Stephen in about 1886 in the Introduction to his Digest of the Law of Evidence1. Speaking of the difficulty in finding concise guidance to the law of evidence he said: No such work, so far as I know, exists; for all the existing books on the Law of Evidence are written on the usual model of English law-books, which, as a general rule, aim at being collections more or less complete of all the authorities upon a given subject to which a judge would listen in an argument in court. Such works often become, under the hands of successive editors, the repositories of an extraordinary amount of research, but they seem to me to have the effect of making the attainment by direct study of a real knowledge of the law, or of any branch of it as a whole, almost impossible. The enormous mass of detail and illustration which they contain, and the habit into which their writers naturally fall, of introducing into them everything which has any...

Words: 10456 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Form

...OFFICIAL CATALOG This Catalog contains information, policies, procedures, regulations and requirements that were correct at the time of publication and are subject to the terms and conditions of the Enrollment Agreement entered into between the Student and ECPI University. In keeping with the educational mission of the University, the information, policies, procedures, regulations and requirements contained herein are continually being reviewed, changed and updated. Consequently, this document cannot be considered binding. Students are responsible for keeping informed of official policies and meeting all relevant requirements. When required changes to the Catalog occur, they will be communicated through catalog inserts and other means until a revised edition of the Catalog is published. The policies in this Catalog have been approved under the authority of the ECPI University Board of Trustees and, therefore, constitute official University policy. Students should become familiar with the policies in this Catalog. These policies outline both student rights and student responsibilities. The University reserves the right and authority at any time to alter any or all of the statements contained herein, to modify the requirements for admission and graduation, to change or discontinue programs of study, to amend any regulation or policy affecting the student body, to increase tuition and fees, to deny admission, to revoke an offer of admission and to dismiss from......

Words: 149595 - Pages: 599

Premium Essay

Operation Decision

...Question $20.00Assume you have been hired as a managing consultant by a company to offer some advice that will help it make a decision * From Economics: General-Economics * Closed, but you can still post tutorials * Due on Jul. 18, 2012 * Asked on Jul. 15, 2012 at 10:26:38AM Asked by : jboogie01 Rating :No Rating Questions Asked: 4 Tutorials Posted: 0 Message Me Q: I need help with this paper ECO 550 Attachments: Assignment 1.docx (15K) Tutorial $40.00 Your ECO 550 Assignment has arrived (Original Work) * This tutorial was purchased 1 time and rated No Rating by students like you. * Posted on Jul 15, 2012 at 2:54:56PM Posted by : dakannibal Rating (114):B Questions Asked: 0 Tutorials Posted: 1150, Blog Posts: 7, Earned: $6,367.87 Message Me A: Assume you have been hired as a managing consultant by a company to offer some advice that will help it make a decison as to whether it should shout down completely or continue its operations. It currently uses 100 workers to produce 6,000 units of output per month working 20 hours per month. The daily wage per worker is $70, and the price of the firm's output is $32. The cost of other variable inputs is $2,000 per day. You are told that the firm's fixed cost is "high enough" so that the firm's total cost exceed its total revenue. The marginal cost of the last unit is $30.   As the newly hired managing consultant of a 'firm' employer, the aim of focus will point......

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Essays

...GROUP: 1 CLASS: CDAV09A1 MEMBERS: TRẦN NHẬT DUY (LEADER) / 091C702023 NGUYỄN PHƯƠNG THẢO / 091C702116 NGUYỄN THỊ MI SƯƠNG / 091C702104 NGUYỄN THỊ LỆ THỦY / 091C702125 TRẦN PHAN HẢI VÂN / 091C702154 TRẦN NGỌC LYDA / 091C702029 |TOPIC 3: PUBLIC SPEAKING |OCTOBER 27 | | |2011 | TABLE OF CONTENT I Introduction………………………………..3 II Body • Sec 1: General statement about public speaking …........................................3 • Sec 2: The important role of public speaking, and difficulties………….....3 • Sec 3: How to prepare a good speech………………………………………......4 • Sec 4: how to improve public speaking skill………………………………8 III Conclusion…………………………..……….12 IV Reference list……………………………...13 INTRODUCTION C an you think of any memorable talk or presentation you have ever attended? It is sad to know that most of the presentations are easy to forget, especially when the main reason behind the presentation was to communicate something to you. Therefore, it is important......

Words: 4298 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Operation Research & Methods

...Operational Research Models and Methods in CIM1 Abstract : Many models and methods of Operational Research can be adapted for industrial applications. In this chapter, we show on one hand the main problems of a manufacturing system and, on the other hand, how they can be ranged in a hierarchical order, derived from a CIM architecture (from the strategic decisions to the production constraints). Then, we present an Operational Research tool for solving each of these problems. 1 Introduction Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS) are nowadays installed in the mechanical industry, especially in car factories. However, the market constraints impose to always improve the production system and the whole production organization. The concepts developed by Taylor and applied at the beginning by Ford are progressively abandoned and replaced by the Just-In-Time concept and the Computer Integrated Manufacturing philosophy (CIM). One of the aims of the CIM philosophy is to provide an integrated information system which avoids the rigid separations between the different functionalities of a complete production system. With such integrated information systems, the loss of time on one hand between the customer order and the part delivery, on the other hand between the product design and its manufacture will be drastically reduced. To understand the complete production system, it is relatively easy to find in the scientific literature excellent general books explaining the different......

Words: 5165 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Secusity Objective Components

...Security Objective Components Hope Washington CJS/250 Introduction to Security 03/10/2013 John Adams Security Objective Components throughout I will give a basic explanation regarding what security measures I would have implemented into violent scenarios where churches along with its followers had fell victim to the violent attacks of individuals who shot, burned and planted devastating bombs that had taking the lives of many and ruined the lives of those who survived. I believe the component that deserves the most attention overall in the listed environment's would be that of the physical security feature. The components that I consider less pertinent for these particular environments during a vulnerability assessment would be personnel security, information security, and interdepartmental dependencies. My reasoning for removing personnel security from the list is due to the minimal likelihood events like these would occur on a regular basis and pose a risk. Hiring security personnel or a law enforcement officer to monitor-guard a church during service is unrealistic and extremely cost-effective. Moreover, churches maintain the majority of their order of operation with the assistance of donations from members of the church and normally these funds help pay for utilities, food, and in some cases, the salaries of priests, pastors and other religious leaders. Implementing an information security feature into these environments would also prove in effective and non-cost...

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hollow Avowals

...HOLLOW AVOWALS OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION – TIME FOR AN AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL BILL OF RIGHTS? JULIE CASSIDY* Unlike the constitutions of many nations, such as the United States of America and the Republic of South Africa, the constitutions of the Australian States and Territories and the Commonwealth Constitution Act 1901 (UK) contain no bill of rights. Australia is the only western democracy without a federal bill of rights. The debate regarding the need for a bill of rights necessitates an understanding of what human rights the people of Australia already enjoy. If sufficient protection can be found in existing sources, does Australia really need a federal bill of rights? Opponents of a bill of rights state that we have sufficient protection from arbitrary government intervention in our personal affairs and thus a bill of rights is unnecessary. There are a number of potential sources of human rights in Australia that might provide the suggested existing protection, including the common law, specific domestic legislation, international law and constitutional law. Each of these sources of human rights has, however, important limitations. The focus of this article is on the inadequacy of the Australian constitutions as a source of purported protection. This in turn suggests that an alternative source of rights is needed – a federal bill of rights? In the course of this analysis the author makes suggestions for reform; specifically how a federal bill of rights may address the......

Words: 21777 - Pages: 88