Free Essay

Clash of the Titans

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Eilyn
Words 1327
Pages 6
How the Democratic Republic of Google is testing China's appetite for democracy itself.

Published Jan 15, 2010
Google's decision to defy Beijing's rules censoring the Internet could be seen as an isolated event—one company pulling out of China for a set of specific reasons. Certainly many other firms are acting that way, hoping to continue their pursuit of profits in the fastest-growing market in the world. But in fact Google's decision reflects important and expanding strains within China, and in its relations with the rest of the world.
"China places unique limits on information," Google CEO Eric Schmidt pointed out to me last week. It is the only major country with an elaborate, formal system of censorship that all information-oriented companies must accept. That's why in China, if you type the words "Tiananmen Square" or "Dalai Lama" into Google (or Baidu, the country's leading search engine), you will find mostly blocked sites. At the same time, China has been busily developing the world's most elaborate apparatus devoted to cyber-spying and cyberattacks. Chinese hacking has ramped up over the past few years, directed not only at human-rights organizations, but, importantly, at foreign businesses and governments. Many, if not most, such attacks originate from China; former National Security Agency director William Studeman has called them the "biggest single problem" facing the U.S. national-security establishment.
Great powers spy on each other, but China's efforts appear to be unusually intense. They are also new. U.S. officials who have served in the People's Republic say that only a decade ago, they didn't need to sweep the U.S. Embassy in Beijing for bugs because the Chinese government would never spy on America so blatantly, for fear of the loss of face it would suffer if discovered.
The most significant shift that might be taking place in Beijing right now is an increasing disregard for its relationship with Washington and the West in general. During the 1980s and 1990s, Beijing's strategy of modernization produced a simple foreign policy: be nice to the West, particularly the Americans. The Chinese government needed the United States as a source of capital, as a market for its exports, as a provider of technology and know-how, and as a political ally to achieve China's goals, such as membership in the World Trade Organization. From Deng Xiaoping to Jiang Zemin, China's leaders followed that path and kept their eyes on the prize.
But over the past few years, China has been changing. Many within the ruling elite seem to believe that they no longer need the United States as much as they once did. How else to explain Chinese behavior toward U.S. officials and businessmen? At Copenhagen, China displayed an unprecedented level of disregard for the United States and other Western countries. Here is the former National Security Council official and seasoned China scholar Kenneth Lieberthal's analysis of that event and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's negotiating strategy:
"Chinese diplomacy at this meeting overall was somewhat puzzling. Second-level Chinese officials showed up at critical meetings of heads of state on Friday afternoon—the kind of clumsy tactic that Beijing is usually far too smart to employ. The open dissent at the Friday-evening meeting—including having one member of Wen's delegation shout and wag his finger at President Obama—suggests that Wen had lost control over his own negotiating team. (Wen told the translator not to translate this official's initial outburst and then simply ignored him the second time he raised his voice.) Was Wen going beyond the limits of his negotiating authority? Were members of his negotiating team protecting their personal flanks back in Beijing?"
Whatever the explanation, Beijing's behavior was novel. The Chinese government is usually obsessed with protocol, and would never before have treated a head of state like Obama, who outranks Wen, so cavalierly.
Times are changing, and perhaps Beijing is reflecting these changes. Over the past decade, China's own internal market has grown; its exports to non-Western countries are now significant; it has vast capital surpluses of its own. All this might be making China less willing to accommodate itself to Western ideas, companies, and governments. Western business leaders report that the Chinese government now frankly admits it wants to develop local champions and will not give Western companies unfettered access to the Chinese market.
In this sense, China does not resemble other small East Asian countries like Singapore or South Korea, which maintained an outward orientation even as they grew more advanced. Because of its size, China appears to be fixated on its internal dynamics and less focused outward as it moves up the economic ladder. China's cultural tendencies toward solipsism and a Leninist political system that feels threatened by some global trends only add to this growing parochialism.
Another recent shift has been the renewed centrality of the state. Yasheng Huang, a scholar at MIT, notes that during the 1980s and early 1990s, China's growth was mostly led by the rural, private sector. More recently it has been driven by the urban, public sector. This has empowered the state in the economy, a phenomenon that has accelerated over the past year as China spent 12.3 percent of GDP on its fiscal stimulus.
Whether Beijing's actions—toward Google, other Western companies and countries, and the Obama administration—are part of a new strategy remains to be seen. There are voices in China, often called "the new right," that advocate a more muscular, aggressive approach for Beijing. But China's leadership might also be divided, uncertain, and confused. Its actions might be the result of tactics and blunders, not strategy. (This is often the case with governments, and we on the outside mistake confusion for conspiracy.) Beijing confronts a set of new challenges abroad and at home, not the least of which is a looming succession struggle within the Communist Party.
Will China's new attitude cost it in economic terms? Perhaps. Certainly many scholars, like Carnegie's Minxin Pei, argue that the tensions between China's authoritarian regime and its economic ambitions are growing as the economy and society modernize. Schmidt argues that limiting information and communications cannot produce the kind of economic growth, creativity, and productivity that China seeks in the long run. But whether or not that is true, one thing is becoming clear: while the Internet is changing China, China is also changing the Internet. And while globalization has shaped China, China is also shaping globalization.
We have assumed, perhaps too easily, that China's rise would be accompanied by a process of modernization within that country that would make Beijing easier and easier to deal with. And in many ways that has proved true. But now we must confront a prospect that I have worried and written about—that China's rise will reinforce Chinese nationalism and a sense of uniqueness and actually make the country less likely to easily integrate into the global system.
The world transitioned seamlessly from British to American global hegemony largely because the two countries had very similar conceptions of global order and values. Both were seafaring, free-trading countries, with a High Protestant mission and a sense of shared universal values. As China's voice rises in the councils of the world, we will notice that it speaks in a very different language than the Anglo-American dialect. And this might prove to worry many countries beyond the United States and Britain. As countries like India and Japan and Australia and Indonesia think about a world in which Chinese values will shape the rules and routines of international life, they will find themselves discomfited. If China truly wants to be a world power, it will have to show that it has an outward orientation, open to the currents of modernity that are sweeping the world. How Beijing chooses to respond to Google will be a good test of its desire and ability to be a global leader.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Google Versus Microsoft: Clash of the Technology Titans

...GOOGLE VERSUS MICROSOFT: CLASH OF THE TECHNOLOGY TITANS The growth and advancement in technology has continued to create competitions among its users. This case study between Google and Microsoft, two of the most prominent companies clearly illustrates this fact. The struggle continues to increase and fierce too as each day passes by. While Google has dominated the internet, Microsoft has dominated the desktop. Comparing the business strategies and business models of Google and Microsoft, one can clearly see the sharp dichotomy and why this conflict will shape our technological future. “Google began as one Search Company among many. But the effectiveness of its PageRank search algorithm and online advertising services, along with its ability to attract the best and brightest minds in the industry, have catapulted Google to global prominence. The company’s extensive infrastructure allows them to offer the fastest search speeds and a variety of Web-based products” (cf Lauderion MIS Pg 253). Google simply put has pioneered cloud computing. Microsoft on other hand, through its Windows operating system and office desktop productivity applications which are used by millions of people has achieved unimaginable success. Basically, Google is a multinational public cloud computing, internet search and advertising technologies corporation. Google hosts and develops a number of internet-based service and product, and generates profits primarily from advertising through its Ad Words...

Words: 1159 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

A True Hero Myth

...Life in the USA anthology, Linda Seger explains in her article “Creating the Myth”, myths are stories of a protagonist character, who is the hero that goes on a journey to seek a solution to an issue. From one culture to the next, these stories are universally known within different contexts. In the modern American culture, heroes define the action movie genre. The 2010 version of the film, Clash of the Titans reiterates a well-known Greek character, Perseus. Perseus, who is half man-half god, goes on a hero’s quest to save humanity and the heavenly Gods from the evilness of Hades and his Underworld minions. The structure of this movie creates a connection between the viewer and the hero through the phases of the mythical and archetypal characters and this allows for a successful cinematic experience. The hero myth according to Seger shows a change within a hero through the process of phases. The starting phase is seeing the hero as an ordinary being, much like us. By seeing him or her this way we can relate to the world that they are starting in. In the beginning of Clash of the Titans the viewers are aware of Perseus’ real lineage, but Perseus was entombed with his dead biological mother and cast out to sea. Perseus was found alive and grows up as a...

Words: 2153 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Economy for Next Generation - Shared Model of Business

...44 CLASH OF GENERATIONS- ECONOMY OF FUTURE Clash of Generations- Economy of Future Titans vs Olympians Mythology, History and Folklores have innumerable tales about the revolutionary clashes in ideologies, tumultuous transitioning of control, usurping power, tectonic economic shifts and a period of unrest and clamor during the cusp. The wax of Digital Native and wane of Generation X/ Baby Boomers heralds for another “Clash of Titans”. The Titans are finding a desperate way out of the byzantine financial models, spiraling debts, vagaries of stock markets and socio- economic crisis so that the posterity gets a better world to dwell in. And, at the same time there is an uneasy stir amongst the Olympians about the world that will be soon bequeathed to them. A view into the Crystal ball The future looks bleak if not dark for the future generation. Some of the jittery statistics are: 1) The average debt on every individual/ Country will go down to further abysmal levels because of financial imbalance (OECD Economic outlook 2012, pp.191) 2) Energy prices will soar up because of the drying oil pool and ever increasing demand from developing nations. (Barkindo. M 2006) 3) Housing Prices will double by 2025 because of urbanization and inflation ( CEBR 2005) 4) Economic model for Government and welfare structures might crumble due to a dwindling beneficiary/contributor ratio (DeVoe. J.E. et al 2005) Definitely these numbers don’t augur well for the Marshall’s “Demand......

Words: 2304 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Merchandizing

...Task 1 How I could be a better fit in Merchandizing Having worked in the Analytics domain, I have done Market Basket Analysis for a project of mine where I had presented to my client on store layout and which SKUs must be kept together and where they must be placed, so that they have high sales together Moreover this role requires good people skills and I have been able to exhibit it during my work experience in TVS Logistics, where I had to be in constant touch with Suppliers on components. Though not a big plus, I feel, being from TN I would be able to connect better with people here and with the language being quite similar, I wouldn’t get lost in translation Also having worked in the Logistics I understand the importance of inventory and predicting the demand These qualities, I believe, would make me an asset in the Mad Com Task 2 Products already being provided by MadCom – Laptops, calculator, Bank loans, Business suits, T-Shirts, Sweat shirts, posters New Products – The survey was conducted among 43 people with representation of people from different regions of the country Product 1 a) Product Name/ Type – Blankets b) Rational behind suggestion – Many students have to travel down to Kunnamangalam for blankets which is time consuming c) Target Segment – Incoming batch d) Promotion/ Sales strategy - With Kozhikode have a predominantly chillier climate, many students would want to lie under a warm, cozy blanket. Could be promoted as a......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Perseus

...For other meanings, see Perseus (disambiguation). Perseus | | Abode | Argos | Symbol | Medusa's head | Consort | Andromeda | Parents | Zeus and Danae | Children | Perses, Heleus | Mount | Pegasus | Topics in Greek mythology | Gods * Primordial gods and Titans * Zeus and the Olympians * Pan and the nymphs * Apollo and Dionysus * Sea-gods and Earth-gods | Heroes * Heracles and his Labors * Achilles and the Trojan War * Odysseus and the Odyssey * Jason and the Argonauts * Perseus and Medusa/Gorgon * Pirithous and the Centauromachy * Oedipus and Thebes * Orpheus and the Orphic Mysteries * Theseus and the Minotaur * Triptolemus and the Eleusinian Mysteries | Related * Satyrs, centaurs and dragons * Religion in Ancient Greece | Greek mythology portal | Perseus (Greek: Περσεύς), the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynastyof Danaans there, was the first of the heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the Greek hero who killed the Gorgon Medusa, and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster sent by Poseidon in retribution for QueenCassiopeia declaring that her daughter, Andromeda, was more beautiful than the Nereids. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Etymology * 2 Origin at Argos * 3 Overcoming the Gorgon * 4 Marriage to Andromeda * 5 The oracle fulfilled * 6 King of Mycenae *......

Words: 2863 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Liam Nelson Bio

...Liam Neeson was born on June 7, 1952 in Ballymena, Northern Ireland, UK, to Katherine (Brown), a cook, and Bernard Neeson, a school caretaker. Liam worked as a forklift operator for Guinness, truck driver, assistant architect and an amateur boxer. He had originally sought a career as a teacher by attending St Mary's Teaching College, Newcastle. However, in 1976, Neeson joined the Belfast Lyric Players' Theater and made his professional acting debut in the play "The Risen People". After two years, Neeson moved to Dublin's Abbey Theater where he performed the classics. It was here that he was spotted by director John Boorman and was cast in the film Excalibur (1981) as Sir Gawain, his first high-profile film role. Throughout the 1980s Neeson appeared in a handful of films and UK TV series - including The Bounty (1984), A Woman of Substance (1984), The Mission (1986), and Duet for One (1986) - but it wasn't until he moved to Hollywood to pursue larger roles that he began to get noticed. His turn as a mute homeless man in Suspect (1987) garnered good reviews, as did supporting parts in The Good Mother (1988) and High Spirits (1988) - though he also starred in the best-to-be-forgotten Satisfaction (1988), which also featured a then-unknown Julia Roberts - but leading man status eluded him until the cult favorite Darkman (1990), directed by Sam Raimi. From there Neeson starred in Under Suspicion (1991) and Ethan Frome (1993), was hailed for his performance in Woody Allen's......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Remember the Titans

...Remember the Titans Jessica Valentine SOC 318 Sociology of Sport Dr. Marnie Carroll May 18, 2015 Remember the Titans Our general public has truly and still right up 'til today managed a large number of issues that significantly separates societies, organizations, associations and all the more essentially individuals. Sports can in a flash be put in this classification when matters identified with isolation, race and ethnicity are interrelated. I have chosen the film "Remember the Titans" to examine the effects of the previously stated as they relate to sports all through this paper. In 2000, Remember the Titans was an American sports film focused upon fanciful African American football mentor Herman Boone who was depicted by super star Denzel Washington. This motion picture was not just one of the top rated and enthralling films of its year, however offered groups of onlookers a complete representation of mutual activities and leads in the lives of individuals like themselves. Using our text to break down and thoroughly describe the movie in regards to realistic conflict theory, cultural theory and racism all of which plays into the factor of sociology of sport. Prejudice is the amazing conviction that races have unmistakable attributes and inherited variables, and, likewise, certain races are better than others. The realistic conflict theory suggests that contentions between two distinct gatherings will emit as the gatherings contend over the same constrained assets...

Words: 3237 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Remember the Titans

...Jamie Velez Elizabeth Hughes Paul Way EDUC 268 Remember the Titans - Five Step Analysis Plot Summary In April of 1971, the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling that ended all stateimposed segregation in public schools. This was the same year that T. C. Williams High School located in Alexander Virginia was integrated. This is the setting for the movie Remember the Titans, staring Denzel Washington who portrays Herman Boone the head coach of the Titans. Herman Boone is brought in as an assistant coach to join the all white coaching staff. When Herman Boone is appointed head coach over a wining white coach he is reluctant to accept because the same things had happened to him when a white coach had been appointed over him in South Carolina. He finally accepts the head coach position when he sees that the black residents see him as a symbol of pride and respect that is lacking in their community. The movie starts with a riot after a white storeowner kills a black teenager. This incident underscores the racial tensions that exist as a result of the desegregation of the high school. Coach Boone has to overcome the racism within the team, the coaching staff, and the community to build a winning racially mixed football team. Leader Description In the movie we have four primary leaders: · Herman Boone, the black head coach · Bill Yoast, the white assistant coach · Gerry Bertier, the white unofficial leader of the White athletes · Julius Campbell, the black......

Words: 2318 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Comparison Of The Titans And Perseus

...In Clash of the Titans there were similarities between the movie and the book. The book starts off as Perseus the main character is thrown off of a boat as a baby and it goes through his life and he kills his grandfather King Acrisuis in a discus throwing competition. According the movie Perseus was thrown overboard and he was destined to be a warrior since he was the son of Zeus and he went through and killed the Kraken that was going to destroy Athens. There are similarities in the book and movie, in the book Perseus was thrown overboard off a ship into the sea. The movie shows that he was thrown off the boat into the sea and steered toward land by Zeus. He also used divine intervention to kill Medusa he went and chopped her head off...

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leadership

...Leadership The movie Remember the Titans provides an excellent study of leadership principles and challenges in the imperfect environment typical in real life leadership scenarios. Coach Boone knew he would face a touch year of coaching/teaching his team. He pushed his team to their limits and forces good relationships between players regardless of their race, realizing to be able to forward towards a goal, everyone has to believe in and commit to a common purpose. Even though Coach Boone is a charismatic leader with a brutal, military-style approach to coaching by breaking down the players and then rebuilding them as a team. Where Yoast was more laid back and conservative and felt that Boone was pushing the players too hard. The clash between the two coaches represents what can happen when two very different leaders attempt to achieve the same goal using different approaches in the work place. Once the coaches were able to develop a positive relationship, the players were able to work together to achieve the common goal. Coach Boone used both power and authority with his position as Head Coach to get his way, the white players did not immediately accept Boone’s authority. Many of them threaten to quit the team, parents put pressure on the assistant coach staying they would move their families to another school. However Coach Boone had to use power and mind games to force the players to tolerate each other until he could help them look beyond the racial conflict. While......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Yter Erges Er

...Santiago (10-7) – Sophomore Tyler Frazier (3-1, 0.81 ERA) emerging as a top pitcher 6. Yucaipa (11-6) – T-Birds have quality wins over Corona, La Verne Bonita among others 7. Corona (14-5) – Panthers have huge two-game series against Santiago this week 8. Carter (11-4) – Junior shortstop Marcos Castanon (.429 BA, 1.191 OPS) is taking game to next level 9. Temescal Canyon (9-5) – Meat of Sunbelt League play begins this week for Titans 10. Citrus Hill (12-2) – Hawks have won 7 of 8 to take control of Mt. Pass League Others: Cajon (13-5), Kaiser (12-2), Linfield Christian (12-5), Paloma Valley (8-6), Patriot (12-5) More from Blog: HSGT Blog SOFTBALL: Inland Top 10 softball rankings, April 4 BASEBALL: Inland HS Top 10 rankings, April 4 BASEBALL: Kile Tournament openers postponed BASEBALL: Darryl Kile Memorial Tournament preview and schedule BASEBALL: Top 10 rankings, March 28 BASEBALL: Boras Classic schedule and preview BASEBALL: Tahquitz Tournament schedule and preview BASEBALL: County Clash schedules BOYS SOCCER: Desert Mirage's Zaragoza adds All-Star win to perfect season ZINK: DeWitt named football coach at Riverside Poly Join the conversation Comments are encouraged, but you...

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Erp Players in Industry

...ERP Players Comparison SAP, JD Edwards, BAAN Objective • Understand the ERP systems • Identify the major players • Evaluate SAP, J D Edwards and BAAN in terms of market share, revenue, expertise, implementation time etc ERP • Enterprise Resource Planning • ERP refers to automation and integration of a company's core business to help them focus on effectiveness & simplified success. • ERP systems track business resources—cash, raw materials, production capacity—and the status of business commitments: orders, purchase orders, and payroll Major ERP Players • • • • • • • • • • • SAP ORACLE MICROSOFT LAWSON QAD Epicor JD EDWARDS KRONOS BAAN PEOPLESOFT INFO SAP • Systems Application & Products in data processing • It was founded in 1972 by five German engineers • SAP is the world's leading provider of business software • It delivers products and services that help accelerate business innovation for their customers JD EDWARDS • On March 17, 1977 J.D. Edwards was formed, by Jack Thompson, Dan Gregery • JD Edwards is a leading provider of integrated software for distribution, human resource, finance, manufacturing & SCM • J.D Edwards emphasizes on the following three matters • Solution • Relationship • Value • It was purchased by PeopleSoft, Inc. in 2003. PeopleSoft, in turn, was purchased by Oracle Corporation in 2005, and Oracle continues to sell and support Enterprise One and World ERP software line. BAAN • Baan company was founded in Netherlands in 1978 by brothers......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Remember the Ttians

...Remember the Titans Organization: T.C. Williams High School Football Team (Alexandria Virginia 1971) * Organizational Environment: Consisted of the school board, the coaches, the team and the community. * Org. Structure: Due to desegregation, the structural norm of an all-white high school, coaching staff and football team, soon changed when a new head coach was appointed. * Org. Culture: In the beginning, everyone was out for their own self interests. The school board was trying to sabotage Coach Boone. Both coaches were out to make a name for themselves (Boone: Up and Coming/Yoast: Hall of Fame). The team members had their own initiatives (to get their desired positions). While white members of the community were waiting for failure, the black members longed for a figurehead. The coaches, team, and the community struggled to understand and except one another.The mentality was “This is how we do things around here”, but that was all about to change. * Org. Climate: At first everyone lacked motivation to put forth the effort of trying to work together. For example: Boone took offense & Yoast took defense. The team captains weren’t showing any leadership and the community members were extremely divided. Racism and football was the backdrop for the clash of leadership styles and personal perspectives that each man had to learn and understand from each other because they all shared one common goal, to become a winning team. * Team Building: At camp when...

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Re: Greek Mythology

...day. Nyx (night) also gave birth to the three Fates, who control the course of the universe and determine the length of each person’s life on their wheel of fortune. Of the fates, Clotho spins the threads of each person’s life, Lachesis measures the length of the thread, and Atropos cuts the thread. The Fates – Francisco Goya (one of the best painters ever!) 1823 – Note the scissors in the hand of Atropos and Lachesis measuring with a magnifying glass. Who’s the fourth one? Another fate? Gaea, their mother? Part 2 – The marriage of Gaea to her son Uranus spawns the Titans Gaea, “Mother Earth,” gave birth without conceiving to the starry Heaven (Uranus), to the Mountains, and to the Sea. Then, Earth married Heaven: Gaea married her own son Uranus, and from this were born a generation of powerful gods known as the Titans, the elemental forces...

Words: 10610 - Pages: 43

Free Essay

Survivor Bb

...Survivor: All-stars (1–7): Tribe 1: Richard Hatch Colby Donaldson Jonny Fairplay Dalton Boston Rob Mariano Big Tom Buchanan Vecepia Towery Tina Wesson Colleen Haskell Deena Bennett Shii Ann Huang Tribe 2: Brian Heidik Ethan Zohn Rob Cesternino Lex van der Berghe Rupert Boneham Sandra Diaz-Twine Kathy Vavrick-O’Brien Jenna Morasca Jerri Manthey Sue Hawk Survivor: All-stars 2 (9-15) Tribe 1: Tom Westman Aras Baskauskas Yul Kwon Todd Herzog Rafe Judkins Ami Cusack Danni Boatwright Eliza Orlins Parvati Shallow Amanda Kimmel Tribe 2: Terry Deitz Ozzy Lusth Earl Cole Yau-Man Chan Chris Daugherty Cirie Fields Daniele DiLorenzo Courtney Yates Peih-Gee Law Stephenie Lagrossa Big Brother: All-stars (2–6) Will Kirby Hardy Ames-Hill Roddy Manusco/Marcellas Reynolds Jason Guy Jack Owens Jason “Jase” Wirey/Marvin Latimer James Rhine Nicole Nilson Shaffrich Danielle Reyes Jun Song Alison Irwin Jennifer “Nakomis” Dedmon Diane Henry Janelle Pierzina Big Brother: All-Stars 2 (8–12) Richard “Evel Dick” Donato Eric Stein James Zinkand Dan Gheesling Jeff Schroeder Russell Kairouz Hayden Moss Daniele Donato Sheila Kennedy Keesha Smith Libra Thompson Jordan Lloyd Britney Haynes Rachel Reilly Big Brother: Heroes vs Villains Heroes: Jason Guy Jeff Schroeder Dan Gheesling Jack Owens Marcellas Reynolds Janelle Pierzina Jennifer “Nakomis” Dedmon Diane Henry Jordan Lloyd Britney......

Words: 1731 - Pages: 7