Free Essay

Classical Order

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sosarah
Words 1181
Pages 5
20th Century Design

1. Examples of megalithic and geoglyphic sites from around the world.

* Machu Picchu

A city built in 15th century on top of a mountain in southern Peru for the Inca civilization.

URL * Matt, N 2008, Top ten historical sites in the world, Nomadic Matt’s Travel Site, viewed 6 September 2012, * Machu Picchu Facts 2008,, viewed 7 September 2012, * Jarus, O 2012, Machu Picchu: Facts & History, Live Science, viewed 7 September 2012,

* Tikal

It is located in Guatemala and was an important city of the Maya inhabited in the 900 – 300 BC. Tikal comprises of 5 step pyramids, a paved plaza and 3 acropolises holding tomb chambers.

URL * Gill, N.S 2012, Tikal,, viewed 7 September 2012, * Villatoro, M.K 2011, 7 Facts about Tikal, Travel Experta – Central America Travel Expert, viewed 7 September 2012, * Matt, N 2008, Top ten historical sites in the world, Nomadic Matt’s Travel Site, viewed 6 September 2012,

* Moai Statues

About 887 Moai statues carved from the hard stone of the Rano Raraku volcano between the years 1250 and 1500. All of them are located in Easter Island.

URL * The Last Secret of the Moai 2010, Kuriositas, viewed 8 September 2012, * Matt, N 2008, Top ten historical sites in the world, Nomadic Matt’s Travel Site, viewed 6 September 2012, * Easter Island Facts 2010, Magic Planet Productions viewed 8 September 2012,

2. My name in Egyptian Hieroglyphics.

The symbols mean:

S – Fold of cloth
A – Vulture (Eagle)
R – Mouth
A – Vulture (Eagle)
H – Twisted Flax

Millmore, M 1997, Ancient Egyptian Hieroglypic Writing, EYELID PRODUCTIONS, viewed 6 September 2012,

3. Origin of cuneiform writing.

Cuneiform was the world first written language created in Mesopotamia by the Sumerians about 3000 B.C.E. The term cuneiform comes from the word cuneus in Latin for ‘wedge’ as the writing style denoting the wedge-shaped. In the beginning, they drew simple pictures by carving the clay. All the pictures were related more directly to daily life such as head, fish, bird and sun. However, this earlier system had many limitations and was very complicated especially to represent combinations of idea. Eventually, the Sumerian scribes started combining symbols and signs to express different meanings. For example, by combining the signs for mountain and woman, the scribe could represent the slave women because slave women were obtained from the mountain. The scribes found that by carving the clay with a pointed tip will cause chips and detachment of clay fragments. Thus, continuous cleaning was required while carving on the tablets. To avoid this mishap, they implement a stylus which they began to impress straight marks. As a result, curves were replaced with straight marks. All the pictures and signs were altered and became abstract symbols. At last, the figures lost their realism and were unrecognizable.
Carboni, G 2006, The history of writing, Fun Science Gallery, viewed 9 September 2012,
T.N & T.D.H 1998, The Evolution of Cuneiform, History & Thought of Western Man Rich East High School, viewed 9 September 2012,
Hirst, K.K 2012, Cuneiform Texts and The Writing of History,, viewed 9 September 2012, 4. A piece of Buddhist design.

The Golden Pavilion is one of the famous Buddhist Japanese temple located in Kyoto, Japan. Initially, the pavilion was served as a retirement villa for Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. After he died, it was converted into a Zen temple by his son in accordance with his wishes. The temple stands 42 feet high with 3 stories. Each floor having different architectural style and representing different aspect. The first floor named Ho-sui-in was constructed in the Shinden style used as a palace. There are two statues of the Shaka Buddha and Yoshimitsu stored in the first floor. The second floor is named Cho-on-do was built with Bukke style, the style of the Samurai commonly used for Samurai residential. This floor is surrounded by Kannon Bodhisattva (Buddist statue) and Four Heavenly Kings statues. At the top of the temple, the small upper floor was constructed based on the architecture found in Chinese Zen temples. It was used for tea ceremonies and meetings with friends. Based on the style and architectural features, it certainly adds great value to the temple as well as the site also consists of historical objects of the Buddha. The reason I chose this piece of Buddhist building is because of the location which is truly breathtaking. The building was built overlooking a large pond surrounded by beautiful garden and scenery. Besides that, I love how the building was perfectly structured. Each floor possesses own meaning and responsibilities which show that the shogun was an organised person. Last but not least, the building symbolises wealth, prosperity and peace as the second and third floor are covered entirely both inside and outside by gold leaf.

Touropia 2011, 10 Most Famous Temples in Asia,, viewed 9 September 2012,
Dunn, J.J.C 2007, The Golden Pavilion,, viewed 9 September 2012, 2012, Golden Pavilion, viewed 9 September 2012, 2012, Kinkakuji (Golden Pavilion), viewed 9 September 2012,

5. A designed Chinese cultural artifact.

Chinese Guardian Lion in the Forbidden City, Beijing

This Chinese Guardian Lion as known as ‘Foo Dog’ is typically seen all over China. It is well known as a powerful mythic protector from the Han Dynasty (206 BCE) until the end of empire in 1911 which stood in front of Chinese Imperial temples, government offices, palaces and the wealthy. The lions are traditionally made from decorative stone that are expensive such as marbles, bronze or iron. Instead of being the protector, the lions symbolize of a family’s wealth or social status. In different dynasty, the appearance of the face of the lions and features in the decorative items were slightly changed.

Yayasilver 2012, Imperial Guardian Lion “Fu Dog”,, viewed 9 September 2012,
Crenshaw, R 2009, Foo Dog History, Island Beer Club of Coronado, viewed 9 September 2012, 2012, Foo Dogs are Ancient Guardians, viewed 9 September 2012,

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Matthew J. Ryan Legislative Office Building

...Jameka Womack Feb 20, 2014 Penn State: Harrisburg ART H 100 Classical Architecture Critique Paper #1 The Matthew J. Ryan Legislative Office Building. The Building I choose to use for my paper was the Matthew J. Ryan Legislative Office Building. I visited this building on Sunday, February 23, 2014 at 5:05 pm. The Matthew J. Ryan Legislative Office Building, the oldest building in the Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex. It was built in 1894 as the Executive, Library & Museum Building to the design of Philadelphia architect John T. Windrim in the Renaissance and Neo-Classical Revival styles that would serve as a template for the rest of the complex. It was originally built to house the State Library and the Commonwealth's cherished Civil War battle flags as well as the offices of three Governors who served between 1894 and 1906. The present Capitol Building accommodated the office of the Governors after that, and the building became known as the Library and Museum Building. After the current State Library was built in 1931, it served as the Pennsylvania State Museum until the present Museum and State Archives complex was built in 1964. Restored in the mid 1990's, the Old Museum Building, also known as the Capitol Annex, was renamed after Matthew Ryan, the......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Pantheon vs Parteon

...the antiquities came after the end of the longest civilizations. Where the Greeks had to reinvent themselves; from the surviving fragments of classical antiquity; Egypt. Where the Romans preserved and imitated the ideals of the Greeks. Thus came the building of two great structures. The Greek Parthenon and the Roman Pantheon. With their similarities and their differences in both designs. Both the Parthenon and Pantheon were originally designed as temples. The Pantheon borrowed much of its exterior from the Greek temples one of them being the Parthenon. Both had eight columns to support the pediment. Both were used as religious worship to their Roman Gods and the Greek Goddess Athena. While both illustrate geometric precision, they are stylistically different. The Parthenon is a Doric style temple made from marble, with a limestone base. Consisting of one rectangular floor and its eight Doric columns in front and back. The Doric wasn’t only a column but a order. The Doric order with a series of triglphs and metopes on the entabutus of the upper levels. While the Pantheon was built using several materials such as marble, granite, concrete, and brick had two circular rooms with a hemispherical dome above, supported by massive granite Corinthian style columns. Thus the two most important great pertinent events during the classical era were the Romans and the Greeks, who were thought of as equals. Greeks represented culture and social status, and Roman citizenship......

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Facility Planning

...Facilities Planning Lecture 7-8: Layout Planning Algorithmic Approaches Quadratic Assignment Problem    Departments are to be assigned to predetermined locations (sites) in the floor plan. Each department is treated as a unit square, so that any department can be assigned to any site. This is a quadratic assignment problem, since the “cost” of assigning a department to a particular location depends on the locations of the other departments. Dr. Erkan Bayraktar 2 11.07.2010 ...  Mathematical Formulation 11.07.2010 Dr. Erkan Bayraktar 3 Quadratic Assignment Problem  Optimal solution procedures are difficult to solve for realistic size problems. Therefore, two types of heuristic procedures are considered.   Construction Procedure Improvement Procedures 11.07.2010 Dr. Erkan Bayraktar 4 Evaluation of Facility Designs  Which layout is best?   Is layout A better than Layout B? Several Common Methods for Block Layouts  Distance Based Scoring  Requires flow and distance Requires subjective AEIOU relationships Many methods available Weighted factor scoring  Adjacency Based Scoring   Multi-Objective Scoring   11.07.2010 Dr. Erkan Bayraktar 5 Distance Based Scoring  Volume-Distance product  Distance usually measured rectilinearly, between centroids    Assumes that the material flow system has already been specified Assumes that the variable flow cost...

Words: 16812 - Pages: 68

Premium Essay

Accounting Information System

...Sales order, billing and AR department |Sales order |Billing |AR Department | |The function of the sales order department |The sales order department sends the copy |The sales department sends the sales order | |is to takes the order from customer and |of a sales order to the billing department.|to receivable department and it then entry | |places it into a specific format. | |it to the account receivable subsidiary | | | |ledger. | |This department stores information such as |When it receives the shipping notice and |As payment suggestions are received, they | |the name of customer, address, a/c no, |the stock release document, then it starts |are noted down to the customer’s account in| |quantities, and units of each product, |preparing the sales invoice. |the account receivable subsidiary ledger. | |discount, etc. | | | |Sometimes, it also helps in determining the|The sales invoice is the bill of the | | |possible shipping date. |customer which charges them for shipping | ...

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Supply Chain Analyst

...Chain of delays. Work in cooperation with Customer Service, Freight Forwarders and Expeditors for shipment/delivery of material. • Review forecast for Catalysts and Chemicals and advise Inventory Replenisher of PO’s that need to be entered immediately. • Driving continuous improvement in on Logistics for the various modes of transportation: Truck, LTL, Rail, Ocean, and Air Freight. File claims with carriers. • Compile Special Instructions, develop lead-time requirements and material reference #’s from Customers and enter into Customer Master and Item Master. • Monitors and trained warehouses on Shipping/Receiving Processes. • Maintained Business Continuity Plan. 11/2009 – 05/2011 Ascend Performance Materials Order Management Analyst - Chemicals Houston, TX • Served as the...

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Human Factors - Business Technology

...Business Technology – How has it improved or not improved business needs Alicia N.Swann University of Phoenix TEC/401 – Human Factors in Technology Tynia Landry September 12, 2011 Abstract This research paper will discuss how the ever changing technology has or has not helped out the business needs within my company. The discussion will be on the computers, to printers, to ordering supplies, and even how employees sign in and out for payroll purposes. Business Technology – How has it improved or not improved business needs Computers The technology division at my place of employment is currently looking at ways to replace our current computers with energy efficient computers. In the past employees were asked to shut the computers down completely, however, that didn’t work for numerous reasons. The idea was brought up to replace our existing computers with energy efficient computers but still the computer must perform with high performance as the computers we currently have. As an administrative assistant it is sort of a benefit because assistants are the first line of employees who receive the newest or latest upgrades, however, it can also be a downfall. Many times with the new software it simply does not meet county expectations. When the expectations do not meet the standards it often times holds up the administrative work progress. This is due to the removal of the software that was installed, or the software didn’t work correctly, some computers we...

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...= 648,000 pounds/week (weekly production capacity) 6 x 8 = 48, 48 x 60 = 2880 minutes (weekly time capacity) * Hence, the total capacity of contracts should be less than or equal to the weekly capacity and also should satisfy the time limit capacity. * It is known that blending capacity is 22,000 pounds/ hour and needs 40 minutes set-up time. Depending on this, process time for all contracts is presented in Table I: Contract | Quantity per order/pounds | Time for 1 order/minutes | Time for total orders/minutes | A | 8,000 | (8,000/22,000)x60+40=61.6 | 61.6x24=1466 | B | 16,000 | (16,000/22,000)x60+40=83.6 | 83.6x18=1504.8 | C | 24,000 | (24,000/22,000)x60+40=105.4 | 105.4x15=1581 | D | 18,000 | (18,000/22,000)x60+40=89.09 | 89.09x10=890.9 | S* | 24,000 | (24,000/22,000)x60+40=105.4 | - | Table I Time calculation for each contract *Assuming the highest order limit for the contract S * Table II shows the weekly total orders by contracts: Contract | Quantity per order/pounds | Weekly total orders /pounds | A | 8,000 | 8,000x24=192,000 | B | 16,000 | 16,000x18=288,000...

Words: 728 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sales Order Process

...SALES ORDER PROCESS The sales order process was documented to allow for the smooth flow of sales orders through to invoices and deliveries. It is meant to act as a guide for employees when executing this system. The goal is to set standards and alleviate or minimise errors. This is intended to give additional confidence to everyone involved in this process and to enhance the customer experience in every transaction with the company. The Sales Manager would be closest to this process. To achieve the desired goals and objectives, he should strive to accomplish sales targets with the least amount of cost, time and resources involved. Having a documented system will raise efficiency providing that the system is operating well and everyone has the knowledge and skills to use it. Every system will need to be upgraded using proven techniques of continuous improvement to make the system more efficient. A system is known as a group of parts, events, or processes that are interdependent and connected together in a distinct form. The point is bringing together each part through systems thinking so that the whole organisation survives and thrives. Undoubtedly a lot can go wrong with a system and therefore we must consider a few things. Here are some that are applicable: * Connections between departments across the organisation * Asking the five whys (Grubb, 2008)to find the root of a problem * Patterns of behaviour * Use a systematic six step process to......

Words: 1166 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Acknowledgement First of all I want to thank God for guiding us the right path in doing this thesis. And to our COMPRO3 Instructor Sir. Jessie. And to my teammates for making this system possible. 1.0 Introduction Lot of things flash into our thoughts when we hear the word technology someone say it is a term that entails for being progressive but other’s won’t. Nowadays we couldn’t live without our gadgets . Because technology we can make our work easier and faster than before. Technology was one of the best invention of all the time . 1.1 Background of the Study PC World is located at Quezon City, Manila. The Pc World opens at exactly 8am to 8pm Monday to Saturday. The nature of their business are selling computer parts like Flashdrive , Motherboard , Mouse , Videocard , Memory etc. Manual Transaction are visible in PC World. It is one of the newest PC store in town. It built by Mr. Richard Galvez 1.2 Statement of the Problem -The following statements are the current problems in the PC World. 1.2.1 General Problem The current manual system gives a slower , Inaccurate and unreliable data -Problem arises on Pc world since they’re using manual on all of their transaction resulting to slow service 1.2.2 Specific Problem Manual transaction makes the processing and validating of the inventory a time consuming task. -Supplies being delivered by the Supplier was counted and processed manually,And the Supplies that are being added...

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Meditech Case Study - Answers

...Meditech case Q1. What are Meditech’s Problems in introducing new products? In manufacturing ALL products? New products face forecasting problems. So in the beginning, as they can see in the data (graph of Weekly Net Order for New Products) of previous years, the demand in the first few weeks is booming. They should adjust their production numbers to the higher demand, until it will ease after week 4-6. In the weeks after the introduction peak the business should keep production on a constant level without having too much inventory but still enough to keep a 1 2/3 weeks of demand. There is a lot of data available but it is scattered over different systems in different areas of the organization. Therefore the data is practically useless. No routine way to see incoming demand for a new product. Configuring one universal data sheet was difficult because of the use of different time spans in different systems. A week’s notice before production change is too long. Q2. What is driving these problems, both systemically and organizationally? The business is decentralized, which means that there different areas work with different standards and system. Therefore they cannot quickly respond to each other. Problems are recognized too late. Problems are known, but because of the different systems that are used, this information is not properly communicated throughout the different departments of the business which results in slow response to problems (i.e.......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hershey V Solae all its products which are sold throughout Canada. • Every year, both companies negotiated contracts to decide the quantity to be sold and bought in that year. • For the year 2006, both companies negotiated the contract in January 2006 and reached a consensus that Hershey will purchase up to 250,000 pounds of soy lecithin at US$ 1.2565 per pound. • In June 2006, Hershey placed an order of 40,000 pounds of soy Lecithin with Solae. • Solae immediately sent an order confirmation to Hershey with the delivery scheduled for September 2006 at Smith Falls, Ontario. • Solae modified the order confirmation before sending it out and did not include a forum selection clause. • In September 2006. Hershey received its scheduled order with invoice containing the terms of sale and the forum selection clause. • The forums selection clause on the invoice provided the courts of Delaware with elusive jurisdiction in case of any disputes arising under the contract between Solae and Hershey. • In October 2006, after distributing over two million units of its product, Hershey discovered that the last order of soy lecithin was contaminated with salmonella. • Thereafter, Hershey had to recall a lot of its products and this resulted in temporary shutdown of its Smith Falls plant and a launch of a full-fledged investigation by the Canadian government. • Hershey then held Solae responsible for its losses and refused to pay or accept delivery of any further consignments. • In response,......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case 1 Internal Audit

...learn policies and procedures. * An order will come into Pizza Inc. it will be written down on pre-numbered pads. The date, time of call, name, address, phone number, type of crust, and toppings requested are all taken down. If mistakes are made the pre-numbered order form will be thrown out and a new sheet will be used. * After the order is taken the employee will then calculate the pricing using hand calculators and give the customer a price and then record it on the order form. * Shift manager then check every order to make sure that the information is complete prior to processing the order. * The orders are then made using instructions that have the proper quantity of ingredients for each pizza. * Oven temperatures are monitored closely to make sure pizza is cooked correctly. Cook time is monitored using a centrally located wall clock. Cooking guidelines are posted for each pizza to tell what to do if the pizza is overcooked. * After the pizza is done an employee will cut, box and hand labeled for delivery. * Deliveries are assigned to the next driver based on first in first out method. The benchmark delivery time is 25 minutes from the time the order was placed. * The manager checks the inventory on hand at the end of each shift. B. Ten business risks for Pizza Inc. * Order forms after the call may get lost or thrown away. * High, Probable, Order will be never get processed. *......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


... Market Research By doing market research we can better understand the preferences of the customers. Afterwards we can make improvements in our system accordingly. * Production Planning Production Planning would be done efficiently as recorded order in the device would let the company arrange sufficient raw material and other necessary items for the manufacturing of jeans. * Raw Material Logistics Raw material logistics would be the same both for pull based (Personal Pair system) and push based strategy of the company. * Production Production would be according to the order. There won’t be wastage of raw material. * Factory Warehousing It will get removed because the order would be recorded and then transmitted by modem to CCTC and from it will be directly transmitted to the factory. * Shipping It will remain the same because the company will have to ship the order to its destination whether it’s in push or pull based strategy. * Distribution Warehouses The warehouses would be of no use in this system because of the order transmission to CCTC then to the factory. * Retail Outlets Currently PPS is operating in four retail outlets it’s attractive for customers because they can come and order the jeans according to their preferences i.e. customization. * Sales & Promotion The company would promote...

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Weekly 2 Reflection Summary Ltd

...Week l1 Reflection Summary – Week 2 Learning Team Assignment In Week 1, we learned about how technology has changed the work and home environment. We discussed how the environment has changed from 40 years ago to one year ago. From computers to phones to entering a building, technology has evolved tremendously over the years. Due to this evolution of technology companies are constantly modifying processes and procedures to keep up with the advancement of technology. Home life also changed from televisions to phone - the more advanced technology becomes the more advanced people have to become with devices. We also discussed the order of importance and we realized the order of speed, availability, accuracy and consistency is based on the individuals’ need and on the system that they are working in. Support was also suggested to be part of the benefits list because without support and they are issues in the system it would be impossible to have any of the benefits at all. We also discussed working remotely using virtual private network (VPN). The benefits of VPN and how it can assist companies with having individuals work outside of the office. Along with VPN, disaster recovery plans were also discussed and how they can benefit a company to have one in place in the case of a disaster. Our assignment last week was based on acts and how being technically advanced can have an effect of acts. Acts are created to put a “law” into place for situations that can occur...

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Study

...discusses viable solutions for the problem that arise with the current supplier of Trip Seven Screen Printing. INTRODUCTION Being in constantly communication with suppliers, meet with the payments and be transparent in what both parties need at the time of generating an order, it will allow supplier to deliver a quality product or service, and achieve the expectations of the customer. It is important to build a good relationships with suppliers. It is a characteristic that e companies should take in consideration to succeed in the market. This will allow them to get good results for their business, improve the quality of the inputs and achieve future agreements which are beneficial for the company. Proper coordination with vendors allows companies to produce a better final product or service, which will generate greater customer satisfaction and, therefore, higher sales for the business. The good relationship becomes more crucial in the case of companies that rely on a provider in specific. This can be related to the case study in which Trip Seven Screen Printing has as a unique supplier, American Apparel, even though their relation has been satisfactory for the past years, recently, issues with orders have become a problem to Trip Seven Screen Printing. It has affected the quality of their service, in the matter of delivering on time. Some the possible problems that companies could have with their suppliers are basically the following: - Delay in response to......

Words: 1511 - Pages: 7