Premium Essay

Classification of Dangerous Goods in the Shipping Industry

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sheldonwilson
Words 2787
Pages 12
Abstract

This project was done in an effort to elaborate of the use of containers for the stowage of dangerous goods as well as the impacts it has. As well as how the International conventions, International Policies and Protocol for transporting dangerous goods are taking into consideration. Throughout this assignment, the main conventions will be examined and focused on such as MARPOL and SOLAS as well as policies established that deals with the transportation al Dangerous cargo that was established and enforced by the IMO (International Maritime Organization). There is also a list of dangerous goods and their classification that are mentioned by the UN (United Nation). Also giving the different classification of dangerous goods as well as what they are sub-divided into

Classification of Dangerous Goods in the Shipping Industry

The use of containers to aid in the transportation of dangerous goods has had a significant impact on the supply in many ways. A container can be defined as a portable or stationary hold, usually spaced in a rectangular form, which is used to store and container any item, good or commodity.
While exploring different ways in which containers being used for DG’s impact, we will have to explore the different classification under which DG’s are placed as stated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Table 1: Classification of Dangerous Goods (IMO) | Class 1: | Explosives | Class 2: | Gases | Class 3: | Flammable liquids | Class 4: | Flammable solids | Class 5: | Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides | Class 6: | Toxic and infectious substances | Class 7: | Radioactive material | Class 8: | Corrosive substances | Class 9: | Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles |

After examining the goods, they are classified in different classes, then subdivided into a number of different…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Eurasia International : Total Quality Management in Shipping Industry

...CASE STUDY: “SOLUTION” EURASIA INTERNATIONAL: TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN THE SHIPPING INDUSTRY SYNOPSIS: This Case gives an account of how a ship management company was able to set itself apart from competitors and from its clients’ own in-house technical and crew-management capabilities by embracing a culture of continuous improvement and by implementing Total Quality Management systems. The shipping industry was not alone in having regulation imposed upon it, but its distinctly international nature made ship managers, as cost-cutting practitioners, particularly open to criticism. A ship management company’s very existence hinged upon its ability to convince ship-owners that it would preserve their valuable assets and maximize revenue-earning potential – demonstrating that its collective skills were superior and more cost-effective. As a result, an effective quality assurance system that continuously improved the organization’s human and business systems could enhance efficiency and also have a significant marketing impact. ANALYSIS: 1. With the changes taking place in the shipping industry, what were the ship-owners’ motivations for outsourcing vessel and crew management to third-party ship managers? With the rise in outsourcing arrangements, management structures have become more explicit. In the highly competitive international shipping industry, ship-owners were continually seeking ways to keep their costs down and their business performance ahead of the......

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Shipping Industry

...SHIPPING TRENDS Capt. S. Pullat BA, MCIT, MCIArb, FICS AUMNI Shipping Consultants In the midst of technological developments, its application and futuristics, the Customers seem to be relegated to the back seat. Beware, if one does not treat them like a King or at least a la Prince, they could be King makers, and any case has a decisive role to play in all our endeavours for success. For, if we are driven by technology alone –as predominantly this forum is- we must ensure that it is affordable, safe, has redundancy and environmentally and user friendly as well. Technology per se does not solve problems, it enables problem solving and must be proactive too so that obsolescence can be planned and replacement provided for. Perhaps there is a lot to learn from the Computer industry, software sector in particular, as to how upgradation or newgradation is to be effected frequently. A cyclical and capital-intensive industry such as shipping has been slow to change and innovate, so much so it is driven by regulators and not industry itself. Such hindsight methodology has considerable time lag before ushering in corrective measures and in the interim the industry’s image and perception has suffered in the eyes of users and the public at large. Handful are the cases where ships are built to higher specifications than the bare minimum that Class calls for. A major operator recently citing experience criticised the need to shell out huge sums to overcome the cost saving nexus...

Words: 1659 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

International Shipping

...Assignment – (Individual) Course: Diploma in Logistics Management Batch: DLM 12/41 Module: International Shipping Management ------------------------------------------------- Lecturer: Mr Eddie Tan Assignment On: What risks and perils are present in global transportation? Discuss how exporters and importers can manage these risks. Submission Date: 27th Feb 2013 Name(s) of Student: Norhazura Binti Zulkafly (Word count –1,882) Table of Content Chapter | Title | Page | 1 Introduction 3 2 Global trends and challenges in transport sector 4 3 Cargo Insurance 8 4 Transportation Perils 10 5 Managing Risks 11 6 Insurable interest 12 7 Summary 13 9 Bibliography 14 1. Introduction The global economy is going through a highly volatile period as highlighted in the Transportation Profile. Diesel and bunker fuel prices have been largely unpredictable, thanks to the wild swings in crude oil prices (peaking at nearly $150 per barrel before plummeting to less than $40 per barrel in 2008). Demand for industrial and consumer products has contracted after years of unprecedented growth, due to rising prices and a global recession, and companies have struggled to secure needed financing because of the global credit crunch. They create extreme challenges in the market for global transportation services. Just a few short years ago during the global trade boom, ports were testing......

Words: 1948 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Short Sea Shipping

...Garrett Weston Weston 1 Dr. Donna Nincic GMA 105 October 25, 2011 Short Sea Shipping As roads become more congested and trade increases, United States’ ports and businesses begin to look for alternative forms of transportation in order to move cargo off of the roads and onto the water. One solution to this issue is the implication of Short Sea Shipping. Short Sea Shipping is the act of shipping intercontinentally, using waterways such as rivers and inlets to transport people and goods from one destination to another without crossing over oceans. An example of this would be using the Mississippi River as a trade route to transport goods from Canada to the Gulf Coast. Though Short Sea Shipping has been around for centuries, today’s over-congestion of North American highway trade and travel has created a greater demand for this method of transportation. It has already proven to be a successful mean of shipping and is currently at the forefront of Europe’s transportation system. The use of this type of shipping has many benefits, including: the potential to alleviate air pollution, reduce accidents and congestion on our freeways, while also saving the shipping companies money. International trade between Asia and the United States’ West Coast ports, transiting through the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, is expected to double in volume in the next fifteen years (ESCAP 2010). These greater volumes of commercial traffic are adding to congestion and......

Words: 2732 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Assessment of the Changes in Indian Industry Environment and Their Impact in Respect of the Following Sectors: a) Telecom B) Automobile C) Shipping

...MDI, Gurgaon Strategy Management - II Assessment of the changes in Indian industry environment and their impact in respect of the following sectors: a) Telecom b) Automobile c) Shipping ARPIT JAIN: 12P189 Indian Industries The Indian economy has survived the global downturn very well. It has posted one of the highest rates of economic growth in the world despite other major industrial giants lagging behind. At the end of 2009, the Indian economy was growing at 7% a year. The strongest growth was coming from the manufacturing and construction sector and the weakest section was agriculture. The drawback of such a rapid economic expansion is a rise in inflation. The economy of India is the eleventh largest economy in the world by nominal GDP. Post independence the country went into a fast paced economic growth which was further fuelled by the free market principles started in the 1990’s which welcomed foreign investments. It has been predicted by leading Economists around the world that by 2020, India will be among the leading economies of the world. Four key industrial economic sectors are identified in India. The primary sector, largely extract raw material and they are mining and farming industries. In the secondary sector, refining, construction, and manufacturing are included. The tertiary sector deals with services and distribution of manufactured goods. India's service industry accounts for 57.2% of the country's GDP while the industrial and agricultural......

Words: 2851 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Current Trends in Maritime Shipping Today and the Latest Issues Faced by Shipping Industry

...Current trends in maritime shipping today and the latest Issues faced by shipping industry Contents Page Introduction 2 Trends • Containerization 2-3 • Green Logistics 3-4 • Intermodalism 4-6 • Freight rate 6-7 • Tanker (ship) 7-9 Issues • Piracy 10-11 • Pollution 12-13 • Bunker fuel price increase 13-14 • Shortage of container ......

Words: 4810 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Shipping Industry

...company in Portugal controlling a few plants to the top 10 rigid plastic container manufacturers in the world. Logoplaste has had tremendous growth over the past 15 years and mainly due to its extensive expansion strategies, it’s been able to maintain a CAGR (Compounded Annual Growth Rate) of 15.4%. In view of its articulate growth plans by 2010 they owned 60 plants in as many as 5 continents. Logoplaste had sales of about €300 million largely due to its large multinational clientele such as Coca-Cola, Heinz, Proctor & Gamble (P&G), Unilever etc. With the increase in acceptance of plastic throughout the world as a more safer and a durable alternative to metal, steel etc. the rigid plastic container industry was poised to grow at 5-6% annually while the overall container and packaging industry grew at just over 2%. Keeping these facts in mind it is vital that if Logoplaste wants to see continued growth and success and also wants to show similar growth rates in future it must also come up with viable strategies for growth. Starting with Logoplaste’s method of business, which advocated and practiced the “hole-in-the-wall” concept (on-site service focused towards decreasing transportation costs and increased customizability for clients) to perfection with customer centric, decentralized and “Just In Time” services to the clients. The company is known for its well-documented and drafted clauses that give prime importance to customers whilst always maintaining a win-win situation......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Shipping Industry

...Indian shipping industry growth and constraints The Indian shipping industry accounts for 95% of the Indian trade by volume and approx. 70% of Indias trade by value. This industry mainly relies on Indian exports and imports and has been severely impacted by the recession of 2008-09 as felt by the Indian industries. The main components of industry include Dry cargo which is required for the import of iron ore , coal etc ( accounting for 66% of indias shipping trade). and the wet cargo which includes crude oil etc (34.7%).The Indian shipping industry with its fleet of 1029 ships as on 2012 is the 15th largest in the world and has grown at a CAGR of 3.3% since 1970’s, but however there are plenty of new opportunities for growth as well as severe constraints facing the industry. With the liberalization of the Indian economy and during the period of economic boom, there has been an ever increasing demand for LNG to be imported in the country in order to sustain Indias fertilizer and power plants. This is followed by a need to integrate and develop multimodal logistics in order to ensure that the cargo once unloaded is delivered to the desired location in a speedy manner. This is being taken up by India by planning 16 multimodal logistic parks along Delhi to Mumbai highways and also with the Modi government’s vision of connecting all the rivers in India in order to boost up intra country trade. Another opportunity for growth for the Indian shipping industry which is primarily......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Shipping Industry

... 1. 글로벌 생산력의 공간적 변화 (1)  2/24 Global Shift in GDP (1700~1950) 1700-1820-1870-1913-1950 1. 글로벌 생산력의 공간적 변화 (2)  3/24 주요 국가의 World GDP 기여도 변화 (1AD ~ 2008) 80% 70% 60% United Kingdom Italy Germany France United States Japan India China 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1 1000 1500 1600 1700 1820 1870 1900 1913 1940 1970 2008 1. 글로벌 생산력의 공간적 변화 (3)  4/24 국가별 GDP의 상대적 차이 (자료 : World Bank, 2009) 1. 글로벌 생산력의 공간적 변화 (4)  5/24 World Merchandise Trade Surpluses and Deficits  Global Trade Triad 2. Global 무역 경로의 발달 (1) 6/24  Roman Road Network (AD 200) Atlantic Ocean Black Sea  The Silk Road and Arab Sea Route (8th to 14th century) Mediterranean Ocean 500 km 2. Global 무역 경로의 발달 (2)  7/24 지리상의 발견, 대항해 시대(15~16c) 2. Global 무역 경로의 발달 (3)  8/24 World Trade Routes (1912) 2. Global 무역 경로의 발달 (4) 9/24 2. Global 무역 경로의 발달 (5) 동북아지역 컨테이너 해운 네트워크의 변화 1996 2006 10/24 3. 기술 발달/혁신이 국제물류에 미치는 영향 (1)  11/24 콘트라티에프 파동과 기술혁신 주기 Pace of innovation Water power Textiles Iron Steam Rail Steel Electricity Chemicals Internal-combustion engine Petrochemicals Electronics Aviation Digital networks Software New Media 1st Wave 1845 2nd Wave 1900 3rd Wave 1950 4th Wave 1990 5th Wave 1785 60 years 55 years 50 years 40 years 30 years 3. 기술 발달/혁신이 국제물류에 미치는 영향 (2)  12/24 건설/토목기술 발달에 따른 공간압축 효과 (수에즈, 파나마 운하) NORTH......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Shipping Logistics

...Abstract This chapter analyses the freight rate mechanism in the shipping market. Sea transport is a derived demand where shipping demand occurs as a result of seaborne trade. The demand determinants affecting sea transport include government and political factors, the world economy, seaborne commodity trade, average haul, and transport costs. On the other hand, determinants for shipping supply are fleet size and operational efficiency. The shipping supply function shows the quantity of shipping services by sea transport carriers that would be offered at each level of the freight rate, whereas the shipping demand function shows how shippers adjust their demand requirements to changes in freight rates. In the shipping market, the supply and demand curves intersect at the equilibrium price, where both carriers and shippers have reached a mutually acceptable freight rate. Furthermore, the concept of the “shipping cycle” is introduced in this chapter. A shipping cycle starts with a shortage of ships and increases in freight rates, which in turn stimulates excessive ordering of new ships. The delivery of new ships leads to more supply in shipping capacity. The shipping cycle is a competitive process in which supply and demand interact to determine freight rates. 2.1 Demand for Sea Transport The shipping business uses the market mechanism to regulate supply and demand. Demand for freight transport is determined by demand for physical commodities in a given......

Words: 5686 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Bsh White Good Industry

...Karaosmanoğlu Assignment 1 SEGMENTATION AND POSITIONING WHITE GOODS INDUSTRY Submitted by: OSMAN ÖZEN 401111024 Table of Contents 1 White Goods Industry 3 2 Brands in White Goods Industry 3 3 Marketing Objectives 3 4 The Brands of BSH 3 5 Segmentation & Targeting & Positioning 3 5.1 Segmentation 3 5.2 Target Market 3 5.3 Positioning 3 5.3.1 BOSCH 3 5.3.2 SIEMENS 3 5.3.3 GAGGENAU 3 5.3.4 PROFİLO 3 6 References 3 White Goods Industry The home appliances sector showed a strong recovery in 2010. Driven by increasing consumer confidence and the recovery of real estate construction, the market for large domestic appliances grew by 8% bringing the market to a total of 5.4 million appliances. All major appliance categories with the exception of the solo cookers showed a significant growth. Refrigerator sales increased by 11%, dishwashers sales grew by 7% and washing machine sales increased by 8%. Oven sales was the only category which declined by 4%. Driers, which is a new growth area, increased by 19%. Large home appliances, produced in Turkey, managed to increase by 12% year-on-year reaching 18.4 million units. Roughly 75%, 13.7 million units, were exported, which reflects an increase of 9% year-on year. With this volume Turkey became the biggest white goods appliances producing country in Europe. [1] Brands in White Goods Industry The leader of white goods industry in Turkey is Arçelik and its main competitor is......

Words: 2060 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Current Trends in the Shipping Industry

...Current Trends in the Shipping Industry 1. Introduction 2. Practical Application 3. Conclusion 4. References 1. Introduction “On the high seas, majority of shipping companies are nowadays replacing the full speed ahead with slow and steady speed to maximize profit”. With the intention of cutting costs of fuel, ocean shipping companies are instructing their Captains at sea to throttle back the engines and this phenomenon is what is being called as “Slow Steaming”. In most of the cases, the vessels are taking as many as 15 days to make an Atlantic crossing that used to take just 10 days. 2. Practical Application According to Asaf Ashar, the head of the National Ports and Waterways Institute in Washington “Companies are more focused on reducing costs, not speed of delivery, and the trend will continue even after the global economy comes back." Nearly all of the world's shipping lines are using slow steaming at least part of the time, he said. I sail onboard crude oil carriers, managed by Wallem Shipmanagement and Stena Bulk, and this practice of throttling back on engine to save fuel was used in all voyages we made in 2011. One of the companies which has recently reported huge savings with this practice is the Copenhagen-based A.P. Moeller-Maersk, the world's biggest ocean cargo line. Maersk, which has a fleet bigger than the U.S. Navy, swung to a 639 million dolar profit in the first three months of the year 2010, the most recent quarter......

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Shipping Industry Accounting Team Case Study

...THE SHIPPING INDUSTRY ACCOUNTING TEAM Summary: Sarah (the name given by us) has been working in McKay, Sanderson, and Smith Associates a mid-sized accounting team located in Boston that is specialized in commercial accounting and audits for past five years. Her specialty is accounting practices for shipping companies, ranging from small to certain big fleets along east coast. About two months ago her company merged with another two other accounting firms which has offices in Miami, Seattle, Baton Rouge, and Los Angeles. They avoided centralizing their business around one office in Los Angeles. Instead they formed a new firm called Goldberg, Choo, and McKay Associates in order to leverage the synergies of their collective knowledge. This merges affected Sarah when she was told that she would be working with the other three members from the other two firms to become the firm’s new shipping industry accounting team, by her boss. The other members were Elias in Miami, Susan in Seattle, Brad in Los Angeles. She had earlier met Elias at a meeting in New York but not the other two. This shipping team activity involved e-mailing each other about new contracts and prospective clients. They were asked to submit the joint monthly statement reports and issues. Sarah submitted her own monthly reports which summarized the activities of her own clients. This coordination of monthly reports took much more time since different accounting documentation procedures across the three firms......

Words: 1693 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Shipping

...Exclusive Summary Shipping has been an important human activity, especially where prosperity depended primarily on international trade and interregional trade. Transportation has been one of the main factors of globalization, along with communications, international standardization, and trade liberalization. Due to a number of technological, economic, and socio-cultural forces, only limited country can keep itself fully isolated from the economic activities of other countries. Many countries have seen enormous economic growth in the recent past due to their willingness to open their borders and markets to foreign investment and trade. This increased flow of knowledge, resources, goods, and services among world’s nations is called “globalization”, formally defined as the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets. Introduction Marine transportation is an integral, if sometimes less publicly visible, part of the global economy. The marine transportation system is a network of specialized vessels, the ports they visit, and transportation infrastructure from factories to terminals to distribution centers to markets. Maritime transportation is a necessary complement to and occasional substitute for other modes of freight transportation. For many commodities and trade routes, there is no direct substitute for waterborne commerce. The Important of Maritime......

Words: 1767 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Chinese Shipping Industry Evaluation and Cosco Swot Analysis 2012

...INDUSTRY EVALUATION Industry Overview – what is it? The present development of the Chinese shipbuilding industry follows a similar pattern to what had happened earlier in Japan and Korea. Japan used its shipbuilding industry in the 1950s and 1960s to rebuild its industrial capability, while Korea saw shipbuilding as a strategic core for its economic development in the 1970s. China is now also taking that development path by taking full advantage of the demand shift towards centres of low cost production, and making full use of its low cost advantage and large domestic demand to build a solid industrial foundation. This appraisal of industry will draw on the key comparables between Korea and China, the two key players in the Shipbuilding Industry. The development of the Chinese shipbuilding industry is often compared to the development of the industry in South Korea, but the conditions for the process of development differed considerably. While, the South Korean shipbuilding industry was aimed from the outset at producing vessels for export, in contrast the economic strategy in China has initially been to develop shipyard capacity to sustain domestic economic development. In other words, the substantial construction of shipbuilding capacity in China has primarily been aimed at enabling China to be self-sufficient in sea transport. Above all, from the Chinese perspective, the supply of raw materials for domestic manufacturing, meeting the food needs of its......

Words: 3081 - Pages: 13