Free Essay

Clean Energy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By tirsopina
Words 368
Pages 2
Government corruption; economic restraints; limitations of raw materials, and irreprehensible fiscal policies are just a few of the ingredients, that lead to corporations exhibiting inefficiencies’ in their supply chain. Defined as the sequence of processes involved in the production and distribution of a commodity; when simplified: one link leads to another creating a causal-effect relationship between the parties in that supply chain. Pepsi-Cola Venezuela, PepsiCo’s Venezuelan distributer faces challenges redefining their supply chain. This paper will shed light on the current challenges in PepsiCo’s production of water, and how the aforementioned ingredients are affecting the distribution channels for bottled water. The issues affecting PepsiCo’s supply chain pertaining to bottled water mainly derive from the effects of the materials needed to produce the packaging for bottled water, or lack thereof.

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is the main material for the production of plastic water bottles. In Venezuela, PepsiCo relies on its only supplier AMCOR to provide these PET bottles for their daily water bottle packaging. However, the supply of PET bottles coming from AMCOR is strongly controlled by the Venezuelan Government and this has altered PepsiCo’s production. The shortage in supply of the PET bottles can be linked to the availability of raw materials, which has decreased over the years as the Venezuelan Government uses petroleum to pay off its debts to other countries. Thus, a less amount of petroleum is left to cater to the production of PET.

All forms of plastic containers are derivatives from oil: polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene, they are all generated from a diverse technique of density while prepared. Density creates the texture, solidity and appearance. Production of plastics fluctuates with the life cycle of oil, being penalized during price peaks as well as during recession or extraction from regions. This fluctuation brought players to all markets of plastic containers-pre-producers. Mostly, the bottles aren’t delivered on their final size. Generally beverage companies buy tubes and mold them right before injecting the content, in order to optimize the space occupation in the plant. One can imagine the significance these plastics on the producing water hence, PepsiCo as engaged in executing inventory management strategies to pursue alternatives of reaching its consumer base.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Oil to Clean Energy

...ask? The simple answer is that they are stubborn. Oil companies still see a profit to be made and seem to write off the pollution of machines and burden of the gas prices on every day citizens of the United States and the rest of the world. What am I proposing? Big oil companies have either nothing to lose or everything to lose depending on whether or not they choose to reinvent themselves to support alternative energy or stubbornly decline alternative energy to further pursue Earth's dwindling oil supply. Let's take a look at how oil businesses think and what drives their way of thinking. The supply of oil and natural gas is on the decline, especially for American oil companies. The land in the United States is not abundant with oil. In fact, between 80 and 90 percent of the world's known oil supply is controlled by countries like Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. In 2006, Russia gained rights to the biggest oil field ever discovered -- Shtokton. Shtokton is located deep under and ice cap in the Bering Sea. " Shtokman alone contains sufficient energy to power all...

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Clean Energy Markets: Jobs and Opportunities

...Brief: Clean Energy Markets: Jobs and Opportunities April 2010 Update [Type text] In Brief: Clean Energy Markets: Jobs and Opportunities Executive Summary This brief discusses how investment in clean energy technologies will generate economic growth and create new jobs in the United States and around the globe. The United States stands to benefit from the expansion of global clean energy markets, but only if it moves quickly to support domestic demand for and production of clean energy technologies through well-designed policy that enhances the competitiveness of U.S. firms. Clean energy markets are already substantial in scope and growing fast. Between 2004 and 2007, global investments in renewable energy more than doubled. Forecasts of investment totals over the next few decades vary according to assumptions made regarding the nature of future global climate agreements. Annual investments in global renewable energy markets could reach $106-$230 billion a year in 2020 and as much as $424 billion a year in 2030 (in year 2000 dollars). Over the next decade, assuming strong global action on climate change, cumulative global investment totals for clean power generation technologies could reach nearly $2.2 trillion. Recognizing the potential of these markets, China, Europe, and other nations are moving to cultivate their own clean energy industries and position them to gain large market shares in the decades ahead. In 2009, China invested more money in clean energy......

Words: 10639 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Piecing Together a Clean Energy Solution

...Piecing Together a Clean Energy Solution Scientists almost unanimously agree on the facts behind climate change. Global warming and increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide are presently occurring phenomena, with the largest culprit being modern society’s burning of fossil fuels. The opinions and claims emerging from Congress and the White House are much less straight forward. Alongside vocal pushes to replace traditional energy sources with non-carbon sources, opponents to climate change policy have voiced concerns about efficacy and economic costs of proposed legislation. These climate policy opponents form a large enough coalition in Congress to block legislation, shifting the responsibility to handle climate change to the states. State level policies like renewable portfolio standards and financial incentives to invest in clean energy do more to combat climate change than if advocates had continued to pursue federal level legislation. However, the patchwork implementation of climate policies at the state level causes varying levels of action among states, making it difficult to ensure continued emissions reductions for the future. A majority of scientists also predict catastrophic future effects if the world maintains its current trajectory of fossil fuel usage. The resultant “dangerous anthropogenic interference” from carbon emissions could cause a variety of phenomena like rising sea levels and frequent natural disasters which would have massive social and......

Words: 1575 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Clean Energy

...How to make Jerk Chicken There is many ways to make jerk chicken. Jerk Chicken is a Jamaican dish that has become known worldwide. Over the years people have changed the way it is made to make it more convenient to their needs. Today I’m going to share with you the four easy steps to make it right in your own homes. Follow these four easy steps and in no time you will be eating Jerk Chicken like my native Jamaicans. Step one: you’re going to need the main ingredient, the chicken which is the most important part of the dish. Most people like to make jerk chicken with the breast of the chicken but the best part of the chicken to use is the tie area. Step two: the ingredients. One chopped onion, half a cup of chopped green onions, half a teaspoon dried of thyme, one teaspoon of salt, two teaspoons of sugar, one teaspoon of ground allspice, half a teaspoon of cinnamon, half a teaspoon of nutmeg, one teaspoon of black pepper, one habanero (very hot) or jalapeno (more mild). Make sure their chopped fine, two tablespoons of soy sauce, one tablespoon cider of vinegar, and last but not least one tablespoon of vegetable oil. Step two: combine all the ingredients in a food processor; make sure all ingredients are properly processed until a smooth puree is formed. Then put the chicken in a large bowl, and pour over the marinade. Mix the chicken with your hands making sure every piece is properly coated completely, covered and marinated over night in a refrigerator. Step three: after...

Words: 486 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Display Board Case Study

...detergent display board is: it’s a freshman student’s first time to buy laundry detergent, and he/she has no idea of which brand to choose. At this scene we show them our laundry display board to help them make decisions. And we record their process of making decisions and analysis the attributes they value most. This is the Laundry Detergent Display Board. | Brand A | Brand B | Brand C | Brand D | Price | 11.99 | 11.99 | 17.99 | 11.99 | Scent | Clean Breeze | Lavenders | Clean Breeze | Lavenders | Liquid/Powder | Liquid | Powder | Liquid | Powder | Inclusion of Fabric-Softener | Yes | No | Yes | No | Part 2 Responses and interpretations At this part, each of our 4 group members interprets the 6 responses and we recorded their order to uncover the information. Can’s interpretation of 6 responses Response 1: Male The most important attribute: Scent- Clean Breeze: Brand A C The next important attribute: Liquid- Brand A Interpretation: Scent is the most important attribute to him, and after he optimize with “Clean Breeze”, he looks for the information of whether detergent of two remaining brands is liquid or not. After seeing Brand A is liquid, he chooses A. Which shows Liquid is the next most important attribute to him, and he just need to optimize with the Liquid. Response 2: Female The most important attribute: Scent- Lavenders: Brand B D The next important attribute: Liquid- Brand D Interpretation: Scent is the most important attribute to......

Words: 2602 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Bago Tribe Term Paper

...I have wondered before if I will have the chance to see the real beauty of life that I can’t find here in the busy city. But at last, after almost two hours of travel, I have seen what I am looking for; the clean river, the cold breeze, the leafy trees and the welcoming smiles of the Bago tribe, such an amazing treasures behind the mountains. Maybe it is the treasure in the end of every rainbow I see. For the pot of gold lie in the hearts of the tribe, their culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of the people. Despite of the developing municipality of Suyo, their culture remained; it is not damaged by the changes. They made sure that their culture will not die by letting the children learn in mind and heart their wonderful culture. The smiles in faces of the children showed that they really love what they are learning. It is soothing to the ears to hear their angelic voices; their ethnic dances made me forget the contemporary dances and how they beat their bamboo instruments made me feel the magic of nature. Even if I cannot understand what they are singing, I felt that they sing to show how proud they are to be part of the Bago tribe and to be thankful of all the blessings that God had given them. They gave thanks that day through a ritual, and a pig was butchered that I think is a sign of their respect and belief to the Lord. Every song they have sung reflected how they live their life in the past and now. I am amazed how they used bamboo cylinders as water......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Oca 10

...Sean Pack BUS 101 OCA Donatos Pizza 1. We decided to use a total of 3 employees for cooks in the kitchen at Donatos. The number of 3 would not only help us with making orders, but also with the clean duties after the rush hours. In the year or so, HR will extend our cook employees to 4 per shift for better efficiency. 2. As a Pizza/ Fast Food chain, yes we do compete for employees. We feel that the atmosphere, our salaries and benefits, interest our potential employees more than our competition. 3. After a year of being with us, we sit down with the other managers and grade an employee’s performance on a scale of 1-10. The next day we call in the employee, and let him know how he/she did last year, and how he/she can do better in the coming year. 4. First we look internally. If there isn’t an employee that fits the criteria for that particular position, we check our other stores that are close by. If all else fails, then we advertise employment. 5. Yes. Donatos wants every piece of diversity it can muster. We believe that different people bring different ideas that can help this company grow and be more successful. We do not discriminate against any race, background, or family history. Everyone has a fair chance to be a part of the Donatos family. 6. We would sit down with that employee, and try to understand his reasoning, if we can’t come to an agreement; he/she would be moved to either a different dept. of a new store......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Summer Vacation

...thought triggered me to ask myself, “What would be my ideal summer vacation looks like?” To start my visualization, I would like to spend it in a place afar from the noisy streets of the city. A place where the only sounds I can hear are the chirping of the birds, the waves crashing on the shore and the laughter of my family. In that place, the trees are dancing gracefully and flowers are waving gently with the wind. In the distance, the shore is filled with sand so white, crystal clear water and with porpoises on the sea side. On the top of the hill resides our home, a small bungalow type but filled with so much contentment and joy. Inside of it are simple things to suffice our needs. Upon entering the entrance door, you will see the clean and tidy living room, with a window on the right that offers a beautiful sight of the blue ocean. Beside our home, there stood a tall and old narra tree that gives us shade during the day. Flowers of different kinds and varieties grows around the yard abundantly. Then, I can see the endless sky above with shiny shimmering stars blinking at night and in the water, it seems the unreachable stars are within my grasp. In a distance, I can see the fire keeps burning from the bonfire we have made, and beside it, sitting my loved ones with a happy face. Generally, my summer vacation would be an ideal one, even though I may not have those picturesque sceneries, what matters most will be the tranquility I have when I am with my...

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Wesfarmers Coal Division

...potential buyers (global market) • Large number of potential competitors.   World Coal Institute estimates that recoverable coal reserves are in more than 70 countries and supply will last approximately 155 years (World Coal Institute: 2007). • Large number of current competitors. Each competitor sells a perfect substitute for Wesfarmers coal. • There is no price regulation in the coal industry.  According to Earl and Wakeley (2005: 227), these characteristics would make Wesfarmers a price-taking firm which has no control of the price it charges for coal.   It has to accept the price determined by market forces. This report will address the challenges facing Wesfarmers from the perspective of growth and diversity and implementation of clean coal technology.   The report will also attempt to provide potential solutions. Figure A: Wesfarmers coal interests and overall coal type distribution. Source: Australian Coal...

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Babe

...topic I choose is wind energy; about is it clean cheap and practical? As people know that wind energy is totally clean and just use wind to convert energy. I will figure out what is the advantage of wind energy and how to get the clean, environmental wind energy. However, people don't know how to gain wind energy; the process of converting is clean or not. Furthermore, what kind of machine like windmill can make wind energy, that’s also a question. First, I will introduce the wind energy which has different types, and their different function. Using the official language in the google to describe it, also when and why wind energy comes out. Like talking about wind energy’s history. And I will tell the wind energy machine, how to make it and how long to make it. also, how much pollution it will have during the making time. Then, I will say something about how wind energy developed and figure some celebrity in this area and their contributions. And what they didn't do and the difficult points for them and future wind energy. The next step I will talk about the wind energy in worldwide, how it works and what range does it works, then specify to different countries, such as the U.S. and China. And the result and how wind energy works efficiently in those countries. For the detail of those information, I will use website or database in library. At last, I suppose to say that the advantage and disadvantage of the wind energy. Also, compare what wind energy can give to......

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Twister

...from Guatemala 11. Sew Dress 6. Choose Cake 2 7. Jack’s Catering Lead Time 10 6. Choose Cake 8. Rehearsal Dinner 1 7. Jack’s Catering Lead Time 18. Get Bridesmaids Gifts 9. Choose Pattern 3 10. Order and Receive Lace 8 9. Choose Pattern $25 5 11. Sew Dress 11 10. Order and Receive Lace $120/day Can be crashed 5 days. 12. Clean and Press Dresses 2 5. Fit Dress $30 1 13. Choose Invitations 3 14. Order and Receive Invitations 12 13. Choose Invitations $35 5 15. Address Invitations 4 14. Order and Receive Invitations 19. Prepare Guest List $25/day Can be crashed 2 days. 16. Take to Post Office 1 15. Address Invitations 17. Invitation Lead Time 10 16. Take to Post Office $200 8 18. Get Bridesmaids Gift 1 19. Prepare Guest List 4 20. Wedding 1 3. Decorate Church 8. Rehearsal Dinner 12. Clean and Press Dresses 17. Invitation Lead Time 2. Identify the paths, which are critical. There are 7 paths through the network. The paths and their length are as follows: PATH 1: Reserve Church (1) – Church Notice (17) – Decorate Church (3) – Wedding (1) -- length 22 days. PATH 2: Travel from Guatemala (10) – Fit Dress (2) – Clean & Press (2) – Wedding (1) -- length 15 days. PATH 3: Choose Cake (2) – Jack’s Catering (10) – Rehearsal Dinner (1) – Wedding (1) – length 14 days. PATH 4: Choose Pattern (3) –...

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Interoffice Memo

...Friday which did not get done. Some of you cleanup your desk but the common area still remain unclean. As you all know, the common area is used by all, so this coming Friday we will all try this again. In the fiscal year budget there was not much funds allocated custodial maintenance. With that being said if everyone would clean up after himself or herself it would make things a lot more easer for everyone. The targeted areas to be cleaned are as follows: 1. The copy machine area:- We should make sure that the waste baskets are empted out. Also make sure that supplies are neatly organized on the shelves. 2. The lunch room:- Counters need to be wipe down after use The refrigerator need to also be kept clean any food item left in there over the weekend should be thrown out on Monday morning. The sinks and coffee machine should also be wiped down after every use. And last but not least the office shelves should be reorganized at the end of every work day. I don’t to implement a cleaning schedule but would like for everyone to come together as a team and work together in the keeping our work area and our common area clean and making it comfortable to work in. The memo was very effective and had a professional and polite tone where I took my readers into consideration. This causes my message to be much more effective by tailoring it towards my audience to effectively reach them. The potential barriers to the successful......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Challenge Idea

...Name Instructor Course Date Challenge idea My love for a clean environment has made me join several volunteering environmental cleanup programs as well as clubs pursuing the cause of a beautiful ecosystem. The motivation for maintaining the integrity and assuming the responsibility of taking leadership is the perfect reason that encourages me to get involved in community clean up. When I considered the challenge, the activity that came into my mind was to organize a 3-hour community clean up around our area. Through this activity, I would be able to interact with my community members directly and help the community realize the benefits that come along with a clean environment. A healthy environment does improve the physical neighborhood. Besides, it creates opportunities for individual investment, social fellowship and pride to the people in the neighborhood. It will not only create a nice place to dwell but also portrays a better landscape for professionals, prospective employers, and other community visitors by providing the best health benefits. A clean-up process begins with proper organizing and planning of the program. I can only manage through identifying key stakeholders (through stakeholder identification process) to form my committee. The 3-hour process will involve organizational representatives, businesses, and individuals who I will invite including city representatives, the city council, and the local media. Since community improvement involves private and......

Words: 629 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ur Mom

...3:45-4:10 Snack, Bathroom & Water break. 4:10-4:55 Outdoor Activity: Enforce and Explain Rules and the game of “Dodgeball” 4:55-5:00 Bathroom & Water 5:00-5:30 “Figure it out” Coloring Worksheet, “Curious Creature” Worksheet (On the back) 5:30-6:00 Free-play, Clean-up, blocks, legos, “Just Dance” and Puzzles! Tuesday 10/27/2015 2:30-2:45 Bathroom, Water, Set up Classroom for the Day. 2:45-3:15 Silent Reading. 3:15-3:45 Homework, Practice Spelling Test, Timed Reading Testing. 3:45-4:10 Snack, Bathroom, Water Break. 4:10-4:55 Art Project inside Classroom with black construction paper and chalk; Halloween Night! 4:55-5:00 Bathroom, Water. 5:00-5:30 “Our Flag” Worksheet & “After School at Jakes’s House” Worksheet. 5:30-6:00 Free-play, Clean-up, Blocks, Legos, “Just Dance” and Puzzles. Wednesday 10/28/2015 2:30-2:45 Bathroom, Water, Set up Classroom for the Day. 2:45-3:15 Silent reading 3:15-3:45 Homwork, Practice Spelling Test, Timed reading testing. 3:45-4:10 Snack, Bathroom, & Water Break. 4:10-4:55 Outdoor Activity: Kickball; Explain the rules and play! 4:55-5:00 Bathroom 5:-5:30 Science Experiement; Pepsi & Mento chemical reaction. 5:30-6:00 Bathroom, Water, Clean up, Legos, “Just Dance” and Puzzles! Thursday...

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hydraulic Fracturing

...| Hydraulic Fracturing Hydraulic fracturing is a completion process that has been proven. It allows producers to recover natural gas and oil safely. This process reduces our national carbon dioxide, reduces our reliance on foreign fuel imports, and accelerates our transition to a carbon light environment. The development of natural gas and oil is critical to America’s energy needs and economic renewal. The process of hydraulic fracturing is using water pressure under tight controls to create fractures in rock that allow oil and natural gas to escape and flow up out of the ground. While in this process “fracturing fluids” are mixed in using high pressure. This creates fissures that allow resources to move freely from rock pores where they are trapped. (Chesapeake Energy) First, the way hydraulic fracturing works is a production drill is drilled through the rock layers to intersect the coal seem that contains coal bed methane, CBN. Second, fractures are created or existing fractures are enlarged in the coal seem so that the CBM can be drawn from the well and pumped to the surface. These fractures are created or enlarged by using a thick water-based fluid which is gradually increased by rate and pressure. Third, over time the coal seam is unable to keep up with the fracturing fluid which results in high pressure causing the coal to fracture along the weaknesses within. Sand is pumped into these fractures to keep them ‘propped’ open after the pressures are released. After a...

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8