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Climate Change Is Global Sub-Saharan Africa

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Climate change has been identified as the leading human and environmental crises of the 21st century (Tadesse, 2010). Globally, it adversely affects livelihood activities through the occurrence of diverse extreme events such as floods, cyclones, droughts, and unpredictable rainfall patterns (Urama & Ozor, 2010). Changes in temperature and rainfall patterns affect agriculture, especially in tropical regions. Consequently, rain-fed agriculture is seriously threatened resulting in imminent global food insecurity
Although the impacts of climate change is global, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is noted to be the region most vulnerable to many adverse effects of climate change because of her high dependence on rain-fed agriculture for food security, economic growth, coupled with low adaptive capacity (Kotir, 2011). In SSA, 93% of cultivated land is rain-fed (Sharma, 2011) and over 80% of the rural households derive their livelihoods from rain-fed agriculture (Gbetibouo & Mills, 2012) with about a third of the people in this region living in drought prone dry lands (Singh et al., 2009). Climate change has resulted in low crop productivity and crop …show more content…
In The Gambia, droughts caused by erratic rainfall patterns occur frequently, causing significant loss to agriculture and allied sectors (Yaffa, 2013). The impacts of climate change are significant in The Gambia since agricultural production in the country is heavily dependent on climate, water resources and soil conditions (Fafanding et al, 2011). In addition, agriculture is the largest sector of the Gambian economy; accounting for 33% of GDP and employs 75% of the labor force (NPC, 2009). Consequently, climate change has the tendency of aggravating food insecurity, unemployment and loss of livelihoods, thereby increasing The Gambia’s vulnerability to climate

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