Premium Essay

Coca Cola Communication Critique

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Cherry2888
Words 2463
Pages 10
Marketing is considered to be one of the most important aspects of a successful business practice and its importance is further increasing caused by competition becoming more intense in all industries globally. However, it has to be noted that “marketing is not the same as marketing research or planning. Neither it is the same thing as selling, nor it is a synonym for the marketing concept. Marketing as it is conceived by business authorities today is a broad function of business composed of many elements” (Kumar, 2001, p.1). Therefore, all elements of marketing need to be perfected in order for the company to be successful in a long-term perspective.
This article represents a critical analysis of marketing communications materials used by Coca-Cola Company a global beverage manufacturer and retailer based in Georgia, United States. The Coca-Cola Company comprises many brands and products, and this paper focuses on marketing communication materials associated with one of its core products, the Coca-Cola drink.
The article starts with description and analysis of various types of media employed in order to promote the Coca-Cola, followed by the identification of objectives of Coca-Cola campaign. Then, extensive analysis of images and words used in Coca-Cola campaign is undertaking in order to ensure a greater scope for the current research. Moreover, attempts are made to analyse the appeal of Coca-Cola marketing messages, as well as, assessments are provided at what extent Coca-Cola marketing campaigns were achieving their objectives. Types of Media used to Promote Coca-Cola
Media can be defined as a “facilitating institution who suggest appropriate message within the operative constraints of space” (Tyagi and Kumar, 2004, p.341) and is considered to be one of the most effective advertisement methods among marketing practitioners. Spurgeon (2008) divides media...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Imc Strategy Assessment

...Strategy 2 1.2 Message Effectiveness Critique 2 1.3 Proposed Message Strategy Adjustment 3 2.0 Channel Review 4 2.1 Channel Integration Grid 4 2.2 Channel Effectiveness Critique 5 2.3 Proposed Channel Strategy Adjustments 5 3.0 Target Segmentation 6 3.1 Geographic Segmentation 6 3.2 Demographic Segmentation 6 3.3 Psychographic Segmentation 6 3.4 Behaviouristic Segmentation 7 3.5 Benefit Segmentation 7 3.6 Target Market Description Statement 7 4.0 Competitor Profile 9 4.1 Competitive Framework 9 4.2 Competitor Analysis – Offerings and Communication 9 4.3 Completive Advantage 10 5 Campaign Development 11 5.1 Competitive Consumer Benefit Statement 11 5.2 Message Strategy Statement 11 5.3 Message Strategy Approach 11 6.0 Media Strategy and Testing 12 6.1 Company Contacts 12 6.2 Customer Contacts 12 6.3 Intrinsic Contacts 12 6.4 Unexpected Contact 13 7.0 Reference 14 1.0 Message Review 1.1 Current Message Strategy Coca-Cola Company, the giant in world-wild beverages market, mainly uses the concept planned messages. More details, they use the advertising and public relationship spread their brand image, as well as the related information. In 2011, they built strong momentum toward their 2020 goal of doubling their business over the course of this decade. Since then, “Inspire creativity, passion, optimism and fun” is their main tagline (Coca-Cola, 2011.). In addition, they did......

Words: 2681 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Business Assignment

...Message Review 2 1.1 Current Message Strategy 2 1.2 Message Effectiveness Critique 2 1.3 Proposed Message Strategy Adjustment 3 2.0 Channel Review 4 2.1 Channel Integration Grid 4 2.2 Channel Effectiveness Critique 5 2.3 Proposed Channel Strategy Adjustments 5 3.0 Target Segmentation 6 3.1 Geographic Segmentation 6 3.2 Demographic Segmentation 6 3.3 Psychographic Segmentation 6 3.4 Behaviouristic Segmentation 7 3.5 Benefit Segmentation 7 3.6 Target Market Description Statement 7 4.0 Competitor Profile 9 4.1 Competitive Framework 9 4.2 Competitor Analysis – Offerings and Communication 9 4.3 Completive Advantage 10 5 Campaign Development 11 5.1 Competitive Consumer Benefit Statement 11 5.2 Message Strategy Statement 11 5.3 Message Strategy Approach 11 6.0 Media Strategy and Testing 12 6.1 Company Contacts 12 6.2 Customer Contacts 12 6.3 Intrinsic Contacts 12 6.4 Unexpected Contact 13 7.0 Reference 14 1.0 Message Review 1.1 Current Message Strategy Coca-Cola Company, the giant in world-wild beverages market, mainly uses the concept planned messages. More details, they use the advertising and public relationship spread their brand image, as well as the related information. In 2011, they built strong momentum toward their 2020 goal of doubling their business over the course of this decade. Since then, “Inspire creativity, passion, optimism and fun” is their main tagline (Coca-Cola, 2011.). In addition, they did many activities to help coordinated......

Words: 2690 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case Analysis: Coca-Cola Co

...1. Situation Analysis Case Background Created in 1886 by Dr. John Pemberton, Coca-Cola has gone through many changes, some good and some bad, but in the end has become the worldwide leader in its industry (Graham, 2011). The company boasts a lineup of approximately 500 different drinks, including soft drinks, teas, coffees, juices, and waters. Soft drinks are their “cash cow” with around two billion cans and bottles sold each day (Graham, 2011). The syrup originally was designed as a "cure-all tonic" and contained coca leaves (Davis, 2004). Two years after creating the mixture, and just before he died, Dr. Pemberton sold the rights to the beverage to Asa Candler. Due to increasing demand Joseph Biedenharn started bottling Coca-Cola and bottled distribution of the soda began; within five years large scale bottling operations became available. Throughout the company's history, and even today, it has faced and overcame many challenges. Coca-Cola was, until recently, the world’s most valuable brand (Elliott, 2013), but is still the worldwide leader in the beverage industry. Through all the successes, Coca-Cola has encountered some challenges along the way. Coca-Cola has been criticized for discrimination against minority employees, poor working conditions of migrant workers, and even assassinations of trade union leaders and union-affiliated workers that provoked protests (Raman, 2007). Another emerging issue the company is facing is criticism that their products are......

Words: 5834 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Industrie Boissons Gazeuses Au Canada

...TRAVAIL 2 SUR LES MODELES DE DISTRIBUTION AU CANADA: INDUSTRIE DES BOISSONS GAZEUSES AU CANADA ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- MRK-6085 ------------------------------------------------- Politique de distribution ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Faculté des Sciences de l’Administration ------------------------------------------------- Université Laval, Québec ------------------------------------------------- Table des matières INTRODUCTION 3 I- PRESENTATION DE L’INDUSTRIE DES BOISSONS GAZEUSES AU CANADA 3 1- Présentation globale de l’industrie : chiffres clés 4 2- L’analyse PESTEL 5 3- Les acteurs du marché 8 4- Les stratégies marketing 11 II- LA CHAINE D’APPROVISIONNEMENT 15 1- La production 15 2- Le processus......

Words: 9376 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Pepsi Co

...Yuxing Tang Rebecca Watkins Mark Kapadia Shane Reigert Zihao He Dr. Robert D. Russell BA. 462 10 December 2014 Learning organization project: PepsiCo Industry analysis Market Overview PepsiCo is operating in the food and beverage industry. PepsiCo merged with Pepsi and is the parent company that owns a variety of other companies such as, Frito Lay, Quakers, and ocean spray just to name a few. Pepsi alone is considered to be in the soft drink industry. (The PBG Inc. 2013). In accordance to Kpmg LLP, PepsiCo's operations are organized into four business units: PepsiCo Americas Foods (PAF), PepsiCo Americas Beverages (PAB), PepsiCo Europe, and PepsiCo Asia, Middle East and Africa (AMEA). These four business units comprise six reportable segments: Frito-Lay North America (FLNA), Quaker Foods North America (QFNA), Latin America Foods (LAF), PAB, Europe, and AMEA. Pepsico is in 200 countries. Prior to their merger in February 2010, PepsiAmericas (PAS) and Pepsi Bottling Group (PBG), the two North American bottling units of PepsiCo, operated as the company's independent bottling subsidiaries. They were the major distributors of the finish goods. Since the merger, PAS and PBG are operating as a unit of Pepsi Beverages Company (PBC). PBC operates in the US, Canada and Mexico and encompasses approximately three-fourths of PepsiCo's North American beverage volume.(Kpmg 1). Other than producing, marketing and selling PepsiCo's global beverage brands, the PBC also......

Words: 5098 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Delivering the Value of Sustainability: Corporate Perspective

...1. Introduction A paradigm shift currently indicates the global challenges that industries are facing and more companies are pressured to embrace sustainability as business conditions change. However, only recently corporations started integrating sustainability as the part of their business strategy as they came to recognize that it is an essential part in growing and establishing themselves as the leader in the competing environment. A well-executed sustainability strategy can enhance the company’s value and reinforce competitive advantage in the market while protecting the capital base. The balance of power has shifted between corporations and it is important to balance economic prosperity along with environmental and social dimensions. Sustainable business strategy represents a marked shift in traditional business practices and companies who do not adapt to the changes in these practices in order to achieve sustainable profitability will be more likely to face the brand value decline or even extinction in the future. For instance, the change represents the need to understand how all three dimensions affect each other and companies ought to consciously create new consumer preferences. However, a lot of companies still are missing guidelines to implementing a marketing strategy of sustainability as an essential part, which is at the core of ensuring organizational, social, economic and environment growth while managing overconsumption issues (White, 2011). Current......

Words: 3789 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Critique

...A Critique on Mission Statements I. Introduction Upon entering into the market, a company does not necessarily have to have a mission statement; however, most successful companies achieve their objectives and goals through operating with and being founded upon a mission statement. The mission statement’s purpose is for companies to say much more about their business scope and purpose of ‘who they are, what it does, and why it exists’. Some companies project future growth in their mission statement; however, that projection can be stated in the company’s vision statement. This paper’s mission is to list and critique the mission statements of Spring Hill College and eight S&P 500 companies being: Google, Coca Cola, Avon, Walt Disney, Target, Wels Fargo, All state and Verizon Wireless. II. Spring Hill College’s Mission Statement Spring Hill College is a Jesuit Institution founded in 1830 by Michael Portier, Mobile’s first Catholic bishop. The mission of Spring Hill College a liberal arts and Jesuit College of the south reads: “Rooted in its Catholic heritage and continuing the 450-year-old Jesuit tradition of educational excellence, Spring Hill College forms students to become responsible leaders in service to others. We offer our students a thorough preparation for professional excellence; and we strive to awaken mind and spirit to the pursuit of truth and to the ever-deepening appreciation of the beauty of creation, the dignity of life, the......

Words: 2255 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sdbfkbsdk

...McCombs School of Business Fall 2010 The University of Texas at Austin 05105 Marketing 382 Strategic Brand Management MW 8:00 – 9:15 CBA 3.130 http://courses.utexas.edu Office Hours: Professor Leigh McAlister M/W 9:30-11 and by appointment CBA 7.228 leigh.mcalister@mccombs.utexas.edu TA: Jeremy Battier By appointment jeremy.battier@mba11.mccombs.utexas.edu Required Readings Course Reading Packet (CP): Required Available in GSB Copy Center Everyone must purchase his/her own copy of the packet. Do not share copies of the packet as this is a violation of copyright. Additional readings posted on course web site (BB) (http://courses.utexas.edu) Course Objectives Some of a firm’s most valuable assets are the brands that it has invested in and developed over time. Although manufacturing processes can often be duplicated, strongly held beliefs and attitudes established in consumers’ minds cannot. This course provides students with insights into the creation of profitable brand strategies. It addresses three important questions: (1) How do you build brand equity?; (2) How can brand equity be measured?; and (3) How do you capitalize on brand equity to expand your business? Its basic objectives are to provide an understanding of: (1) Important issues in planning and evaluating brand strategies; and (2) Appropriate concepts and techniques to improve the long-term profitability of brand strategies. The......

Words: 4821 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Coke Sustainability Report

...organization that produces a comprehensive sustainability reporting framework that is widely used around the world.” This year, in 2012, The Coca-Cola Company has set out to report against the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that measure economic, environmental and social performance. We have done so within the scope of our Company’s wholly owned operations. Where we have reported information on behalf of the Coca-Cola system (The Coca-Cola Company and our bottling partners), we have flagged this information within the body of the text. For 2012, and the 2011/2012 Sustainability Report specifically, our Company has self-declared a grade B against the GRI G3.1 Guidelines. This year’s Sustainability Report has also received verification by a third-party external verification agency, FIRA Sustainability BV. Their verification is evidenced by a “+” sign next to our grade B, which reflects their verification and approval of our tracking systems. Throughout this report, you will find the KPIs that we have addressed, along with additional information regarding our most critical initiatives and programs. While we strive to continuously increase our transparency, some of the information requested in response to additional KPIs could put at risk our ability to compete and therefore are not included in the report. About This Report the coca-cola company 2011/2012 GRI Report  2  How to Use This PDF Two Ways to Navigate 1. Interactive links 2. Bookmarks Throughout this PDF,......

Words: 49808 - Pages: 200

Premium Essay

Flynn Effect

...This article is published in a peer-reviewed section of the Utrecht Law Review Four Case Studies on Corporate Social Responsibility: Do Conflicts Affect a Company’s Corporate Social Responsibility Policy? Cristina A. Cedillo Torres, Mercedes Garcia-French, Rosemarie Hordijk, Kim Nguyen, Lana Olup* 1. Introduction 1.1. Background and objectives This article will discuss the different Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues that emerged within ­ four multinationals (Apple, Canon, Coca-Cola and Walmart). There is no clear definition of CSR. In Corporate Social Responsibility, Legal and semi-legal frameworks supporting CSR Lambooy gives an r o ­ verview of several definitions of CSR.1 The European Commission defines CSR as ‘the ­ esponsibility of enterprises for their impacts on society’.2 This is the definition which is the most suitable for the c ­ ontext of the article’s research question. As this article will focus on companies from the US and Japan, the authors also provide an overview of the focus on CSR from the US and Japanese perspective. In the US there is no governmental regulation regarding CSR or business best practices. Instead, according to findings from Bennett American, companies have a marked tendency to use codes of conduct.3 The American CSR perspective could be described as following a principles-based approach, with codes of conduct that prescribe values and principles which company members as a whole should aspire to......

Words: 16555 - Pages: 67

Premium Essay

Article

...This article is published in a peer-reviewed section of the Utrecht Law Review Four Case Studies on Corporate Social Responsibility: Do Conflicts Affect a Company’s Corporate Social Responsibility Policy? Cristina A. Cedillo Torres, Mercedes Garcia-French, Rosemarie Hordijk, Kim Nguyen, Lana Olup* 1. Introduction 1.1. Background and objectives This article will discuss the different Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues that emerged within ­ four multinationals (Apple, Canon, Coca-Cola and Walmart). There is no clear definition of CSR. In Corporate Social Responsibility, Legal and semi-legal frameworks supporting CSR Lambooy gives an r o ­ verview of several definitions of CSR.1 The European Commission defines CSR as ‘the ­ esponsibility of enterprises for their impacts on society’.2 This is the definition which is the most suitable for the c ­ ontext of the article’s research question. As this article will focus on companies from the US and Japan, the authors also provide an overview of the focus on CSR from the US and Japanese perspective. In the US there is no governmental regulation regarding CSR or business best practices. Instead, according to findings from Bennett American, companies have a marked tendency to use codes of conduct.3 The American CSR perspective could be described as following a principles-based approach, with codes of conduct that prescribe values and principles which company members as a whole should aspire to......

Words: 16555 - Pages: 67

Premium Essay

Case Study

...Confirming Pages CONTENTS PREFACE xv PART 1 CHAPTER 1 GLOBAL MARKETING ENVIRONMENTS 1 Understanding Global Markets and Marketing 2 markets are becoming global 2 globalization: the world is becoming smaller 3 globalization and global marketing 4 Globalization: Opportunity or Threat? The Global Marketing Approach 6 6 global marketing and global markets 7 the cage distance framework 7 domestic and global marketing compared 8 Geographic or Spatial Distance 10 Psychic/Cultural Distance 12 The EPRG Framework 13 Developing Global Marketing Strategy 14 The Standardization versus Localization–Adaptation School 14 Levitt and the Globalization of Marketing 16 Standardization versus Mass Customization 17 Managing the Firm’s Value Chain 18 Global Value Chain Configuration 19 Integrating the Firm’s Competitive Strategy 20 Global Competition 20 a global marketing management framework Global Marketing Performance 22 Global Vision—The World Is My Oyster CASE 1-1 CASE 1-2 CHAPTER 2 21 23 A Tortuous Road Ahead for Proton of Malaysia 26 Dabur—Developing Values in an Emerging Economy Through Value Chain and Product Line 31 Assessing the Global Marketing Environment—The Global Economy and Technology 36 the global economy 37 Economic Growth and World Trade 37 Who Are the United States’ Major Customers? 38 High Tech Products Lead World Trade 40 Characteristics of High Technology Markets 42 Technology and Global...

Words: 1893 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Marketing

...Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 2 ELEMENTS OF MARKETING OR MARKETING MIX (4P’S) 3 ELEMENTS OF PROMOTIONAL MIX 5 THE INFLUENCE OF SPONSORSHIP IN MARKETING 7 OLYMPICS AND UNITY 7 THE POWER OF SPONSORSHIP IN THE OLYMPIC GAMES 8 ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF THE OLYMPICS 9 MC DONALD’S SYDNEY OLYMPIC SPONSORSHIP 10 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SPONSORSHIP 11 CONCLUSION 12 Bibliography 12 INTRODUCTION The aim of this report is to deal with the relevance of sponsorship in a big sporting event like the Olympics. The elements of marketing or marketing mix, how it is interrelated and the significance of promotion in an organization will also be discussed in the report. Prior to that, it is important to understand a general idea of sponsorship. Sponsorship can be defined as a process in which an organization, company or individual offers their service, products or financial support to another organization or event for a profitable advantage. The sponsoring company creates a business rapport with the sponsored one and the event or the program must be mutually beneficial. One of the most important aspects of sponsorship is promotion. A sponsor is the key stakeholder of an event and sponsoring an event offers many responsibilities. The sponsor must keep a track on the progress of the event and it must be continuously reviewed. The marketing mix, promotional mix, advantages and disadvantages of sponsoring an event like Olympics will be discussed further in the report. ELEMENTS OF...

Words: 3731 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Apple Brand Communications Audit Analysis

...Apple Brand Communications Audit Analysis 1.Assessment of Apple’s Website: After browsing Apple's official website, I think it did quite successful with an overall sense and expression of Apple’s brand image. From my own perspective, I like Apple's official website design style, simple and sophistication. On the homepage, the advertisement in the middle catches the eye, with a big post and link to the related products. Colors are also designed to be simple and fresh on the homepage, adapting to Apple’s brand concept and making customers feel comfortable when browsing their website, which will interest customers to learn more information about this company's products and will give customers a perfect user experience. Secondly, I think Apple's official website has great usability, which classified every of its main products in the top homepage clearly, so that the major product information can be easily found and clicked on to get further detail information, such as the valuable product description and the best characteristic features of products. Design is the key of Apple’s concept, ease of use and simple of look differentiate all those “i”-products with others. In addition, Apple 's official website was also set up a product search, so that visitors can search for the information they want to get in the first place. And online customer service setting can promptly solve the customer problems for the product. Overall, everything in their website is very humanized. 2...

Words: 2056 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Commercial Law and Practice

...Critical Social Policy http://csp.sagepub.com/ Capitalist globalization, corporate social responsibility and social policy Leslie Sklair and David Miller Critical Social Policy 2010 30: 472 DOI: 10.1177/0261018310376804 The online version of this article can be found at: http://csp.sagepub.com/content/30/4/472 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com Additional services and information for Critical Social Policy can be found at: Email Alerts: http://csp.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Subscriptions: http://csp.sagepub.com/subscriptions Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Permissions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Citations: http://csp.sagepub.com/content/30/4/472.refs.html >> Version of Record - Nov 1, 2010 What is This? Downloaded from csp.sagepub.com by guest on May 2, 2012     E S L I E   S K L A I R L London School of Economics D     A V I D   M I L L E R University of Strathclyde Capitalist globalization, corporate social responsibility and social policy Abstract This article outlines how the twin crises of capitalist globalization – of class polarization and ecological unsustainability – combine to produce the need for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to attempt to bridge the gap between the rhetoric and reality of corporate conduct. The first section outlines how CSR relates to capitalist globalization and how it is integrated into the activities of the Transnational Capitalist Class (TCC). The role of CSR......

Words: 9950 - Pages: 40