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Cognitive Empathy

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This study into observational learning of social reasoning from narrative characters tested the effects of interactivity on cognitive empathy. The study took place in three fourth grade classrooms, using convenience sampling and cluster assignment. The study compared print and hypertext versions of two illustrated stories using between-subjects, posttest-only control group design. Perspective taking and fantasy identification were measured through questionnaires, and two intrapersonal empathy outcomes were measured through writing prompts. Interactivity was found to negatively affect fantasy identification and intrapersonal empathy. Thus for a reader positioned outside of a story, perceived agency may reduce identification with characters and therefore reduce their effectiveness as social models. These findings may inform the design of media to support observational learning of social reasoning.
The purpose of the study was to examine the association between affective empathy, cognitive empathy, and gender on cyber bullying among adolescents. Participants were 396 adolescents from Singapore with age ranging from 12 to 18 years. Adolescents responded to a survey with scales measuring both affective and cognitive empathy, and cyber bullying behavior. A three-step hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used with cyber bullying scores as the dependent variable. Gender was dummy coded and both affective and cognitive empathy were centered using the sample mean prior to creating interaction terms and entering them into the regression equations. The testing, probing and interpretation of interaction effects followed established statistical procedures. Results from hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated a significant three-way interaction. At low affective empathy, both boys and girls who also had low cognitive empathy had higher scores on cyber bullying...

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