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Cognitive Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By sunshine12403
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Cognitive psychology is the study of the mind. To be more specific, it is the study of how one thinks, remembers, learns, and perceives; the mental processes. It shows us how a group of people can view the same object and yet form different conclusions on what the object is.
Cognitive is one of the newer fields of psychology. It is only 50 years old (Willingham, 2007). It was finalized as its own branch in response to the lack of information provided from previous branches psychology. No other branch truly dealt with how and why a person thought or was able to learn and remember. Two keys components of the workings of the human mind. Granted these two key components helped open the door for cognitive psychology, several key milestones helped get cognitive psychology’s feet through the door. These key milestones include the missteps of behaviorism, information processing and the computer metaphor, artificial intelligence, and neuroscience.
The Missteps of Behaviorism Behaviorism came into the world of psychology and appeared to the solution for it all. The key was to study the actions of a person. The mind was of no consequence. For quite a few years, there were not any doubts about behaviorism. Behaviorism had a good run but it could not answer questions about a human’s mind. After all, to behaviorists the mind was not important. Behaviorists believed that everything they learned from experiments on animals, applied to humans. Questions were now being asked about how humans learned language. Animals could not speak, so how were behaviorists to answer this question. Behaviorists tried to apply the reward concept to language but that did not explain how humans were able to form complex sentences for the first time and why humans were able to continue forming different sentences. Behaviorism also started to lose its position because it could not account for a...

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