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Cold Chain Logistics in India

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COLD CHAIN LOGISTICS- THE INDIAN PERSPECTIVE

RAKESH MEHROTRA

MANAGING DIRECTOR/CONCOR

Agricultural Sector

The Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy supports approx. half a billion people and provides employment to 52 % of the workforce. Yet the share of agriculture in our GDP has been showing a steady decline over the years. This is basically due to the fact that our agrarian economy continues to suffer from vagaries of nature on one hand and non-remunerative prices to small and marginal farmers leading to a poor subsistence level for them.

The Horticulture Sector contributes around 30 % of the GDP in agriculture and Fruits & Vegetables contribute around 60 % of the Horticulture production. India is the second largest producer of food next to China and has the potential of being the biggest if we are able to focus on Scientific Management of this sector by minimizing wastages at different stages of Food Value Chain and tapping the potential in full by exploiting the possibilities of Bio-Technology, Pre and Post Harvest Interventions and a well designed Food Value Chain with emphasis on generating Value Added Products. This requires a holistic approach and an Inclusive strategy .

Horticultural Sector

While India produces around 170 million tonnes of Fruits and Vegetables every year and is the second largest producer in the world, yet its share in Global Markets is only 2 %. The average Indian Consumes only 75 gms of fruits per day, which is only half of the minimum daily requirements. There are huge wastages and inefficiencies along the supply chain and 30 ~ 40 % of the produce gets wasted causing a loss of around Rs. 65,000 Crores per annum to the economy.

The main problems in the Indian Food Industry are :

a) Fragmented and unviable Farm Holdings. b) Low Productivity. c)...

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