Premium Essay

Collaborative Planning

In: Business and Management

Submitted By billsnwork
Words 1587
Pages 7

Collaborative Planning,
Forecasting, and
Research Paper
Tuomas Toiviainen & Jeffrey Hansen

What is CPFR? ............................................................................................................................................... 3
What are the typical tasks performed under CPFR?..................................................................................... 4
What are the benefits of CPFR for retailers? ................................................................................................ 5
What are the benefits of CPFR for manufacturers? ..................................................................................... 6
What are the challenges for CPFR?............................................................................................................... 7
What are the next steps for CPFR? ............................................................................................................... 7

Page 2 of 8

Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR) is a tool used to enhance the supply chain that should optimally yield in lower inventories, logistic costs and create efficiency in the whole supply chain to all participants. CPFR uses cooperative management in sharing key information about the supply chain between suppliers and retailers (sellers and buyers) who work together to satisfy the needs of the end customer. The origins of the model date back to 1995 initiated by Wal-Mart, Cambridge
University and software and strategy firm Benchmarking Partners, after which it was introduced to
Voluntary Interindustry Commerce Standards Committee (VICS) to be the international standard. Today over 300 companies have implemented the model and numerous case studies show inventory…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Developing collaborative competencies within supply chains It is a new approach to understand the collaboration within supply chains via the concept of collaborative competencies. The article suggestions are based on 2 different case studies. Key words: collaborative competencies, inter-organisational collaboration, integrated supply chain, collaborative culture, team-building. Introduction: SC = partnership of organisations sharing a common goal to deliver a set of goods or services to the end customers. The collaboration concerns many processes at 3 levels: strategic / tactical / operational. Use of Information Technology = basis for achieving collaborative relationships as we are evolving in a context of ever changing… The collaborative way is very important to be able to compete with others and has obtained more and more interest over the past decades (from professionals and academic communities). Long-term partnerships with suppliers and distributors efficient and responsive SC deliver exceptional value to the customers. BUT collaboration is hard to achieve and implies many issues… Issues related with the collaborative SC: * The amplification of the demand uncertainty in the SC = Bullwhip effect is the most frequent consequence of absence of collaboration among the SC members. * Absence of reliable demand information: demand forecast need to be done by all the partners = crucial to share information. * 2 levels of analysis of the SC:......

Words: 1330 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Chapter 8 E-Supply Chain, Collaborative Commerce, and Intrabusiness Ec

...Chapter 8 E-Supply Chain, Collaborative Commerce, and Intrabusiness EC Learning Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define e-supply chain and describe its characteristics and components. 2. List supply chain problems and their causes. 3. List solutions to supply chain problems provided by EC. 4. Define c-commerce and list its major types. 5. Describe collaborative planning and Collaboration, Planning, Forecasting and Replenishing (CPFR), and list their benefits. 6. Define intrabusiness EC and describe its major activities. 7. Discuss integration along the supply chain. 8. Understand corporate portals and their types and roles. 9. Describe e-collaboration tools such as workflow and groupware. Content How General Motors Is Collaborating Online 1. E-Supply Chains 2. Supply Chain Problems and Solutions 3. Collaborative Commerce 4. Collaborative Planning, CPFR, and Collaborative Design 5. Internal Supply Chain Solutions, Intrabusiness, and B2E 6. Integration Along the Supply Chain 7. Corporate (Enterprise) Portals 8. Collaboration-Enabling Tools: From Workflow to Groupware Managerial Issues Real-World Case: Portal Speeds Product R&D at Amway Appendix 8a: Intranets Answers to Pause/Break Section Review Questions Section 8.1 Review Questions 1. Define the e-supply chain and list its three major parts. A supply chain that is managed electronically, usually using Web......

Words: 3293 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Sharing Deman Signals overview of collaborative demand planning. This article focuses on this practice particularly when information is shared in the downstream supply chain between a manufacturer and a retailer. We show how a manufacturing supply chain needs to be aligned with the retail supply chain in order to create value for the trading partners and for the end consumer. Through the analysis of three case studies we attempt to identify which practices allow efficient collaborative demand planning. Regarding the findings, different types of demand signals are identified through the planning process and allow us to highlight some breaking points that prevent the alignment and optimization of the retail chain. Research implications are the identification of four steps in the demand planning process that will help managers to better understand which actions should be taken to improve their collaboration practices. The originality of this article lies in the fact that it goes beyond historical demand figure analysis and focuses instead on information sharing about demand signals within supply chains as one of the keys to responding to retail demand with greater agility. Introduction One of the main challenges that firms have to face within the current environment is to increase customer satisfaction, service, and competitiveness at a worldwide level. The retail supply chain plays an important role in achieving this goal because it includes the consumer in the supply chain planning process.......

Words: 7657 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay


...Framework of Collaborative Teaching Consist ofa team of individuals who work together to achieve a common goal. Usually, a team includes a general education teacher and a special education teacher, and perhaps other related professionals. Dependingon a child IEPin the general curriculumand how often the student with special needs participates For effective collaboration to take place,high levels of trust, cooperation, and mutual respect must be present in a shared decision making process (GCU Lecture, 2013; Gargiulo, 2012) Framework of Co-Teaching Requires "collaborative effort of two equally-licensed professionals” generally a special education teacher and regular education teacher The team teaches in the general education setting, Teaching the general education curriculum. Together teachers instruct, plan, assess, and manage behaviors within the classroom for all students, yet the general education teacher is responsible for content and the special education teacher is responsible for instructional strategies. Co-teachers should have effective communication skills, trust, elasticity, and shared planning. (GCU Lecture, 2013; Webster, 2011) Collaborative Teaching Methods The Five Step Process when working with special needs students: 1. Team reviews the standards that the curriculum requires. 2. They then discuss the specific needs and possiblemodifications for the student with special needs, and set goals or targets for that student. 3. The team...

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...competitive advantage in their industry by increasing profits, and balance their supply and demand. Forecasting with Suppliers: Lawrence et al. (2009: p. 98 - 99) stated that lack of information sharing triggers firms to optimize own supply chain operations and performance to effectively match supply with demand by collaborating with their suppliers especially for the case of short life-cycle products. Lawrence et al. (2009, p. 99) supports the view of Aviv & Zhao (2002) that through collaborative forecasting, supply chain will improve and most likely achieve the benefits of increasing responsiveness, risk reduction, and lower inventory costs, hence, increase profitability and business performance. Småros (2004) classified two categories of forecasting collaboration; modeling based research, wherein, retailers and suppliers share downstream demand or inventory information, and the other category is empirical research focusing on one collaboration model such as CPFR (Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment) process supported by VICS (Voluntary Interindustry Commerce Standards). The CPFR model is composing of nine steps model (VICS, 2002): 1. Developing Collaboration Arrangement. 2. Creating Joint Business Plan. 3. Creating Sales Forecast. 4. Identifying Exceptions for Sales Forecast. 5. Resolving/Collaborating on Exception Items. 6. Creating Order Forecast. 7. Identifying Exceptions for Order Forecast. 8.......

Words: 1113 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Supply Chain Management

...1. Question Supply Chain Resources definition are Materials, People, Information, Money or any other such resources that must be managed for profitable business operations. Define and describe brief information of the resources defined. Supply chain management (SCM) is the management of the flow of goods. It includes the movement and storage of raw materials, work-in-process inventory, and finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption. Interconnected or interlinked networks, channels and node businesses are involved in the provision of products and services required by end customers in a supply chain.  Supply chain management has been defined as the "design, planning, execution, control, and monitoring of supply chain activities with the objective of creating net value, building a competitive infrastructure, leveraging worldwide logistics, synchronizing supply with demand and measuring performance globally. SCM draws heavily from the areas of operations management, logistics, procurement, and information technology, and strives for an integrated approach. Commonly accepted definitions of supply chain management include: • The management of upstream and downstream value-added flows of materials, final goods, and related information among suppliers, company, resellers, and final consumers. • The systematic, strategic coordination of traditional business functions and tactics across all business functions within a......

Words: 2392 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Engl 227 All 7 Weeks Discussions Product Description Week 1 DQ 1 - Process-Oriented Writing Week 1 DQ 2 - Formatting Business Messages Week 2 DQ 1 - Positive and Neutral Messages Week 2 DQ 2- Electronic Communication Week 3 DQ 1 – Negative Messages Week 3 DQ 2 – Collaborative Writing Week 4 DQ 1 – Diversity Issues in Professional Writing Week 4 DQ 2 -Report Writing Week 5 DQ 1 - Persuasive Messages Week 5 Dq 2 - Visual Aids Week 6 DQ 1 - Planning Formal Reports Week 6 DQ 2 - Formatting Formal Reports Week 7 DQ 1 - Adapting Reports for an Audience Week 7 DQ 2 - Review of Professional Writing Standards Week 8 DQ - Looking Ahead ENGL 227 All 7 Weeks Discussions Purchase here Product Description Week 1 DQ 1 - Process-Oriented Writing Week 1 DQ 2 - Formatting Business Messages Week 2 DQ 1 - Positive and Neutral Messages Week 2 DQ 2- Electronic Communication Week 3 DQ 1 – Negative Messages Week 3 DQ 2 – Collaborative Writing Week 4 DQ 1 – Diversity Issues in Professional Writing Week 4 DQ 2 -Report Writing Week 5 DQ 1 - Persuasive Messages Week 5 Dq 2 - Visual Aids Week 6 DQ 1 - Planning Formal Reports Week 6 DQ 2 - Formatting Formal Reports Week 7 DQ 1 - Adapting Reports for an Audience Week 7 DQ 2 - Review of Professional Writing Standards Week 8 DQ - Looking Ahead ENGL 227 All 7 Weeks Discussions Purchase......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Group Leadership and Conflict Summary constructive and destructive depending on the situation. The collaborative groups utilize conflicts as an opportunity to provide innovative solution for an issue. The leadership capability of the group leader can develop a strategy to avoid destructive conflicts in a group. The conflicts can be broadly categorized into five groups based on two dimensions which are concern for own goals and concern for group goals. When group members give low priority for own goals and low priority for group goals then it can be referred as avoidance style of the members. When an individual in group gives high priority for group goals and low priority for own goals then it can be treated as accommodation style. When a team member gives little priority for both own goals and group goals then it is compromise style. When an individual gives high preference for own goals and low priority for group goals then it can be stated as competition style. The collaboration conflict style provides variety of solutions that will achieve both the individual goals of group members and the goals of the group. Instead of disagreeing over who is right or wrong, the collaborative group search for creative solutions that please everyone’s interests and needs. The leaders should create an environment so that members can collaborate with each other while working together in a group. The group leader should have the capability to develop collaborative skills among the group members. The high performance groups......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Collaborative Writing

...Collaborative Writing What is collaborative authoring or writing? One definition is: activities involved in the production of a document by more than one author, then pre-draft discussions and arguments as well as post-draft analyses and debates are collaborative components. [1] Based on this definition, the collaborative authoring process includes the writing activity as well as group dynamics. Another definition is "...any piece of writing, published or unpublished, ascribed or anonymous, to which more than one person has contributed, whether or not they grasped a pen, tapped a keyboard, or shuffled a mouse." [61] This definition alludes to the complexity of identifying and acknowledging contributions and their contributors. With collaborative authoring, there is a meshing of the complexity of (technical) writing along with the challenges of collaboration. Given that writing is a complex , open-ended task, there are many ways of stating meaning. With multiple authors, this adds to the complexity. The acts of collaboration and writing as they relate to collaborative authoring include: establishing an agenda or goal of the collaboration effort, identifying writing tasks and dividing those tasks among group members, tracking individual idea generation, defining rules for document management, identifying roles for group members, communicating ideas, and managing conflict. Collaborative authoring, therefore, requires effective communication between members of the writing......

Words: 1440 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

How Significant Is the Supply Chain Becoming in the Development of an Operations Strategy

...learned from 2004 Indonesia Tsunami and 2008 Sichuan earthquake, our organization would like to take more initiative role on fast response to the emergency situation. An internal financial and administrative option for FAST action in emergencies guideline was introduced to the organization whereas FAST stands for Flexible, Appropriate, Simple and Transparent. If the regular procurement modality is not feasible under emergency situation, FAST action can be applied to support the programme implementation by waiving the competitive tender process, changing the process of contract review committees, establishing temporary offices etc.. To better facilitate the FAST action, supply section joint with operation, HR, finance, IT, project planning section to develop a contingency plan as follows * Identify a list of regular emergency supplies and get it endorsed by the government counterparts * Establish Long Term Arrangement (LTA) for procurement of emergency supplies and request the LTA holder to guarantee a minimal stock of supplies. * Identify the most potential disaster area locally and establish LTA with local hotels and car leasing agencies. * Purchase necessary field support tool kits for staff like anti- altitude sickness pills, potable oxygen bags, outdoor tents and mats, sleeping bags etc… * Restructure the staff and appoint an Emergency Office for each programme. * Conducting necessary field support and psychological orientations to......

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Material management department is typically responsible for directing the supply chain. Material management is an umbrella department that has many other functions (e.g., central store, laundry and linen operations, and sterile processing). The core purpose of material management is to direct and control the movements of goods in an efficient manner through a hospital system (Langabeer, 2008). This material management proposal document will elaborate on the role materials management plays within a hospital and the role of operations managers in this process. This document will further identify possible constraints a hospital may experience in its supply chain, the potential effects and justification on implementing a new collaborative planning process, and provide suggestions on how to manage a hospital supplied during a disaster. Role of Materials and Operations Management The role of materials and operations management plays within a hospital system is vital to the success of any health care organization. According to Langabeer (2008) material management controls significant resources and have total expenditures, or spending at 50% of a hospital budget. Materials management not only directs and controls the supply chain of a health care organization it is responsible for managing the flow of goods throughout the hospital and carry out supply and resource logistics. Materials management has numerous meanings and some hospitals view material management as an umbrella......

Words: 2549 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Materials Management

...Materials Management Proposal Michelle J. Verhine OPS/HC571 April 16, 2012 Selena Townsend, MBA Materials Management Proposal Introduction In today's health care facilities the materials and operations managers are a crucial part in the successful health care facility. One major roles for both managers to understand his or her function of the whole entity of his or her hospital. Operation managers and material managers must work side-by-side to ensure that his or her medical facility runs efficiently and profitable. Also needs to understand the effects of collaborative planning process and why said process is crucial to his or her medical facility. Material managers will also have to manage the supply chain in any type of situation and prove successful. Materials and Operations Manager Duties The material managers play an important part within the health care facility. The material managers will handle over half of the health care facility bottom line. The material managers are responsible for areas throughout the hospital. The important role that a materials manager must be able to handle is control and direct the flow of the supplies from the distributors; receiving; waste; inventory, and when supplies come to medical facility. The operation managers also has an important part within the health care facility. With the operation manager he or she needs to make sure that the goals and the day-to-day operations are running smoothly. The major duty that......

Words: 959 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Chapter 6 E-Supply Chains, Collaborative Commerce, and Corporate Portals Learning Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define the e-supply chain and describe its characteristics and components. 2. List supply chain problems and their causes. 3. List solutions provided by e-commerce (EC) for supply chain problems. 4. Describe RFID supply chain applications. 5. Define c-commerce and list the major types. 6. Describe collaborative planning and collaboration, planning, forecasting, and replenishing (CPFR) and list the benefits of each. 7. Discuss integration along the supply chain. 8. Understand corporate portals and their types and roles. 9. Describe e-collaboration tools such as workflow software and groupware. 10. Describe Collaboration 2.0 technology and tools. Content Opening Case: Boeing’s Global Supply Chain for the Dreamliner 787 6.1 E-Supply Chains 6.2 Supply Chain Problems and Solutions 6.3 RFID as a Key Enabler in Supply Chain Management 6.4 Collaborative Commerce 6.5 Collaborative Planning, CPFR, APS, and PLM 6.6 Supply Chain Integration 6.7 Corporate (Enterprise) Portals 6.8 Collaboration-Enabling Environments and Tools Managerial Issues Closing Case: How Wal-Mart Uses EC in Its Supply Chain Answers to Section Review Questions Section 6.1 Review Questions 1. Define the e-supply chain and list its three major parts. It......

Words: 3758 - Pages: 16

Free Essay


...* Definitions: community, health, partnerships, capacity * The power of collaborative partnerships * Who should be involved? * How to build healthier communities: A model for community and system change * Factors affecting the work of community partnerships * Ten recommendations for promoting community health and development Most of us want the same things from our communities. We want them to be safe from violence and illness; we want neighborhoods that are alive and that work well. And we would all like to have people who care for us and whom we trust. But how do we develop a community like that? Our belief is that communities are built when people work together on things that matter to them. In this section, we'll talk about what we mean by that, and explore our idea of how we can get there from here -- what might be called our "model of change" or "theory of practice." We'll start this section with some definitions that will help ground the ideas we are trying to get across. Then, we'll look at the advantages of collaborative efforts: why we believe it makes sense for people to work together to solve problems they share. Next, we'll look at key partners in community efforts, and then, we will describe the model of change that is the focus of this section. We'll supplement that model with principles and values that we believe should influence how community efforts unfold. Finally, we'll close with some broad recommendations for working together to......

Words: 6459 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Risk Management

...RISK MANAGEMENT FOR COLLABORATIVE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT MOJGAN MOHTASHAMI is a Ph.D. candidate at the School of Management of Rutgers University and a lecturer at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). She can be reached at THOMAS MARLOWE is a professor of mathematics and computer science at Seton Hall University. He received Ph.D.s from Rutgers in 1975 and 1989. VASSILKA KIROVA received a Ph.D. in computer science from NJIT. Her areas of interest include specification and software productivity and quality. She can be reached at FADI P. DEEK is professor and dean of the College of Science and Liberal Arts at NJIT. His research interests include software engineering and learning systems. Mojgan Mohtashami, Thomas Marlowe, Vassilka Kirova, and Fadi P. Deek Collaborative software development involving multiple organizational units, often spanning national, language, and cultural boundaries, raises new challenges and risks that can derail software development projects even when traditional risk factors are being controlled. This article presents a framework that can be used to manage collaborative software development projects, based on an extended set of risk management principles. Three risk factors — trust, culture, and collaborative communication — are discussed in depth. OLLABORATIVE SOFTWARE DEVELOPment (CSD) entails multiple teams, working for multiple organizational units within the same or different companies, and no......

Words: 6555 - Pages: 27