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Colonialism and Resistance: A Historical Presective

4th Reaction Paper

Zilpha D. Malaay



Ang akdang ito sa kabuuan ay may kinalaman sa mga Badgsamoro o groupo/ mamamayang Moro o kaya naman ay mga Pilipinong Muslim. Ipinakikita ng may akda kung ano ang papel nila sa lipunang Pilipino noon at kung paano sila nakipaglaban sa pang-aapi ng mga dayuhang mananakop sa loob raw ng halos apat na dekada. Inilahad dito ang apat na dekada ng pagpapahirap ng dayuhan sa kanila at ang hindi nila natinag na damdamin sa paglaya. Sila ang mga mukha na hindi nabigyang pansin sa kasaysayan na layunin marahil na mapansin sa pagsulat ng akda o kabuuang libro ng The Moro Readers.

Noong pre-kolonyal na panahon pa lamang raw sa bansa, malaki na ang impluwensyang pulitikal ng mga Pilipinong Islam. Marami sa mga grupong islam ang namumuno sa mga sultanato sa maraming lugar, hindi lamang sa Pilipinas kundi maging sa Brunei, na nagpahirap sa pananakop ng español. Ilan sa mga sultanato ay ang sultanato sa sulu sa pinamunan ni Raja Baginda at ang naging unang sultanato ay sharif abubakar. Sa Central Mindanao naman si Raja Kabunsuan at si Sultan Kudarat sa Maguindana. Malaki ang kinalaman ngpagpapakasal sa iba't ibang pangkat o grupong etniko sa pagpapalawak ng impluwensyang pulitikal at teritoryo na ginawa ng mga nabanggit. Maging sa ekonomiya, sinabing noon pa man ay aktibo ng kabilang sa East Asian maritime trade o ang Sulu Zone. Bagamat magkakaiba ng pinamamahalaan ang mga sultanato, nagkakaisa sila sa pakikipaglaban sa kanilang kaaway.

Ang pakikipaglaban ng mga Moro sa Kolonyalismo ay hinati ng mga kolonyalista at mga elite bilang tatlong proseso ng kolonyalismo sa mga Moro ayon kay Teopisto Guingona. Una ay ang halos 3 dekada ng Moro-Spanish War, ang ikalawa ay ang paglaban sa amerika at ang huli ay panahon mula 1914 hanggang sa kolonyalismo ng Japanese. Pero…...

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