Premium Essay

Comment on How Urbanization Can Lead to Variations in the Quality of Life in a Number of Different Cities

In: Other Topics

Submitted By lottie97
Words 332
Pages 2
Comment on how urbanization can lead to variations in the quality of life in a number of different cities.

Urbanization is not an instant process, it takes place over many years as a population slowly grows, or movement from rural settlements to urban cities and towns occurs more often. Urbanization is defined as “an increase in a countries proportion of population that lives in towns and cities”. Urbanization can be a very slow process for some areas, such as LEDC’s, however countries that are more developed anyway can go through the process a lot faster as they have resources such as money to fund projects leading to an urban area being built.

An example of a city that has very varied quality of life is Mumbai in India. Mumbai is a megacity that has a thriving economic scene, being home to some of the world’s most expensive property, to Bollywood and many large business centers. In contrast however within Mumbai lies a square mile area which is home to over 1 million people, living in illegal shacks, on waste land. This area, Dharavi, has terrible conditions. People have to go to the toilet in the street, which provides extremely unsanitary consitions, especially for the children that play in the same streets, as doctors deal with around 4000 cases of diphtheria and typhoid each day. The clean water is rationed, for 2 hours per day at 5.30am. This is not a pleasant place, yet there is more and more people moving here due to the pull of the general city, as there are few jobs in rural areas, and more to offer in the cities, however just not enough houses.
Within just this one city there is a huge compromise in some peoples life quality, however considering the conditions of those living in the Dharavi slum, 85% do in fact have a job.

Comment on how urbanization can lead to variations in the quality of life in a number of different…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Company Visit

...Company visit/ guest lecture | Highlite Kerkrade | Subject and relation to marketing, finance or law in week … and lesson | A company trip to Highlite was arranged by the course coordinator Mauk Wilbers. | | Summary of company visit/ guest lecture (between 240-280 words). Study the company website. Do research and find a competitor, client and supplier for this company. Give your comment on the relation with these 3 parties. Think in terms of opportunities and threats (external analysis) and Porter’s framework. Describe the three questions you prepared for the company visit or guest lecture concerning export, law, finance and/or supply chain management and logistics, the analysis and the answers. | When we went to Highlite Kerkrade we were taken in by the vice president Patrick Hervelle, who has been working at the company for sixteen years. The company was started in 1994 with an earlier version created in 1993 in Huls. When they first started they were only hired for bands and provided their sound equipment but that quickly escalated. Highlite is the main importer and wholesaler of audio and lighting for the entertainment and architectural industry; they are a ‘one stop solution’. Right now they have 141 fulltime employees with 28 across Europe and on the road. They have a yearly turnover of 40-45 million euros; they import 30 million from China and export their product to over 70 countries and have more than 4000 customers worldwide. They have started their......

Words: 1881 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Teacher's Guide

...main features of the Earth’s surface ................................................. 25 Chapter 6: Asia—our region of the world .......................... 29 Chapter 7: Pakistan—our homeland.................................. 34 Chapter 8: Pakistan—economic activities ......................... 40 Introduction to the series Explore is a new, up-to-date geography series for secondary classes 6–8. The series covers all the geographical topics and learning competencies from the Pakistan National Curriculum for Geography. Guided by the structure of the Curriculum, from Book 1 to Book 3 the focus gradually switches from local (including the geography of Pakistan) to global (world issues such as forest clearances, population and big city growth, and globalization). However, this is done not by simply following the exact sequence of the written curriculum, but by identifying and developing particular topics and themes in context with the world around us, in order to make the learning process more student-friendly and relevant. Explore consists of three components: the Students’ Books, Workbooks, and the Teachers’ Guides. Together, the three books and their components provide a comprehensive introduction to geography for secondary classes. They meet all the main Aims outlined in the Introduction to the National Curriculum for Geography. AIMS * * * * To create an understanding of the Earth as a planet within the solar system—Book 1 To familiarize......

Words: 15071 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

Management

...connection, the Centre organizes the Lahore School’s Annual Conference on the Management of the Pakistan Economy. The proceedings of which are published in a special issue of the Lahore Journal of Economics. The CREB Working Paper Series has been started to bring to a wider audience, the research being done at the Centre. It is hoped that these Papers will promote discussion on the subject and contribute to a better understanding of economic and business processes and development issues in Pakistan. Any comments and feedback on these Papers will be appreciated. i Abstract Analysis of economic development in Pakistan has traditionally followed a "top-down" approach. This approach—that it is the federation as a whole rather than the federating units that matter— is so ingrained that even after 60 years of Pakistan's existence the authorities do not produce official statistics of provincial GDPs, investment, and savings. The importance of examining the differential growth of provinces can hardly be exaggerated—a main reason for the breakup of Pakistan in 1971 was the issue of income disparity between West and East Pakistan. A dearth of existing literature on regional issues on the one hand, coupled with stark differences across provinces on the other, motivates this study. The development of provinces has to be studied, and measures to accelerate the growth of lagging regions identified. This paper has tried to provide a framework for thinking about the development of......

Words: 21956 - Pages: 88

Premium Essay

Building Services Engineers Perceptions of Climate Change:

...Hong Kong” and “building services engineering in Hong Kong” and (2) their perceptions towards the perceptions and actions from different groups were measured. In summary, no respondent disagreed with the occurrence of the global climate change but they appeared to be generally not showing strong feelings or opinions towards the climate change issues and their perceptions on different bodies. They may have limited knowledge about the Kyoto Protocol. Developers in Hong Kong were perceived to be the party which did not perceive climate change as a problem and did not take action to mitigate the impacts brought by climate change. Lastly respondents showed different points of view on whether building services engineering has an adverse impact on climate change. Some might be focusing on the actual impact while some might thought the engineers were mitigating the impact on climate change. DECLARATION I declare that this dissertation represents my own work, except where due acknowledgement is made, and that it has not been previously included in a thesis, dissertation or report submitted to the University of Hong Kong or to any other institution for a degree, diploma or other qualifications. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The author gratefully thanks his supervisor Prof. Richard Walker for his valuable advice, especially on the research method and his comments on my work. The author would also like to thank all the classmates who were studying with me in my first degree on BEng in......

Words: 21144 - Pages: 85

Premium Essay

Decoupling Report

...ECONOMIC GROWTH Acknowledgements Editor: International Resource Panel Working Group on Decoupling Lead authors: Marina Fischer-Kowalski, Institute of Social Ecology Vienna, Alpen-Adria University, Austria, with the support of the Lebensministerium, Austria and Mark Swilling, Sustainability Institute, School of Public Leadership, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa Contributing authors: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker (Chairperson of the Decoupling Working Group), Yong Ren, Yuichi Moriguchi, Wendy Crane, Fridolin Krausmann, Nina Eisenmenger, Stefan Giljum, Peter Hennicke, Rene Kemp, Paty Romero Lankao, Anna Bella Siriban Manalang, Sebastian Sewerin Jeff McNeely provided editorial support for the full report and summary brochure. The report went through several rounds of peer-review coordinated in an efficient and constructive way by Jeff McNeely together with the International Resource Panel Secretariat. Valuable comments were received from several anonymous reviewers in this process. The preparation of this report also benefited from discussions with many colleagues at various meetings. Special thanks go to Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker and Ashok Khosla as Co-Chairs of the International Resource Panel, the members of the International Resource Panel and its Steering Committee for their dedication and commitment. Janet Salem, UNEP, provided valuable input and comments; the International Resource Panel’s Secretariat coordinated the preparation of this report.......

Words: 54615 - Pages: 219

Premium Essay

Pakistan: Provincial Economic Development

...policy issues, constraints, and opportunities that confront the different provinces. The implicit attitude—that it is the federation as a whole rather than the federating units that matter—is so firmly embedded in the official mindset that, even after 65 years of Pakistan’s existence, the authorities do not produce official statistics of province-level gross domestic product (GDP), investment, savings, exports, imports, labor productivity, and other key economic indicators. 2. The Importance of a Province-Level Approach Why is a province-level approach important? The issue is not merely of academic interest. It is necessary to strengthen studies at the province level, because policies to address questions of employment, poverty, and perceived deprivation, and to improve the delivery of key services are more effective if the perspective is as close to the ground as possible. The validity of this approach is recognized by the burgeoning number of regional or state studies in India and in other parts of the world—such as China, Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, Argentina, and Nigeria among developing countries, and of course the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Italy, and several others in the developed world—where individual provinces or states can exercise a significant degree of autonomy over many economic decisions. Stimulating the convergence of economic growth between the different provinces of Pakistan is vital, because the cohesion of the......

Words: 20598 - Pages: 83

Premium Essay

Cities and Climate

...Public Disclosure Authorized 62696 Public Disclosure Authorized CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE Responding to an Urgent Agenda Daniel Hoornweg, Mila Freire, Marcus J. Lee, Perinaz Bhada-Tata, and Belinda Yuen, editors blic Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE The Urban Development Series discusses the challenge of urbanization and what it will mean for developing countries in the decades ahead. The series delves substantively into the core issues framed by the World Bank’s 2009 Urban Strategy, Systems of Cities: Harnessing Urbanization for Growth and Poverty Alleviation. Across the five domains of the Urban Strategy, the series provides a focal point for publications that seek to foster a better understanding of the core elements of the city system, pro-poor policies, city economies, urban land and housing markets, urban environments, and other issues germane to the agenda of sustainable urban development. Cities and Climate Change: Responding to an Urgent Agenda is the first title in the Urban Development Series. CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE Responding to an Urgent Agenda Daniel Hoornweg, Mila Freire, Marcus J. Lee, Perinaz Bhada-Tata, and Belinda Yuen, editors Washington, D.C. © 2011 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000 Internet: www.worldbank.org All rights reserved 1 2 3 4 14 13 12 11 This volume is a......

Words: 23444 - Pages: 94

Premium Essay

Book

...paper series. RAND working papers are intended to share researchers’ latest findings and to solicit informal peer review. They have been approved for circulation by RAND National Security Research Division but have not been formally edited or peer reviewed. Unless otherwise indicated, working papers can be quoted and cited without permission of the author, provided the source is clearly referred to as a working paper. RAND’s publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. is a registered trademark. Preface In this paper we compare the recent and likely future demographic situations in China and India and their implications. This is a background paper for the chapter, “Population Trends in China and India: Demographic Dividend or Demographic Drag?. in the RAND report, China And India, 2025: A Comparative Assessment, MG-1009OSD, by Charles Wolf, Jr., Siddhartha Dalal, Julie DaVanzo, Eric V. Larson, Alisher R. Akhmedjonov, Harun Dogo, Meilinda Huang, and Silvia Montoya, and contains some of material referenced therein. The RAND report was done under the sponsorship of the Office of Net Assessment with the objective of understanding how China and India will compare to one another in 2020-2025 with regards to demographics, economic growth, science and technology and military spending. This research was conducted within the RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy, part of International Programs at the RAND Corporation. The center aims to......

Words: 23169 - Pages: 93

Premium Essay

Quantitative Management

...inward and outward relations to global markets are considered. On this basis, a critical discussion of local economic policy options focused on cultural-products industries is offered. Contrasting examples of development initiatives in major global cities, in selected old manufacturing towns, and in the Multimedia Super Corridor of Malaysia are briefly presented. It is suggested that the growth and spread of localized production agglomerations based on cultural-products industries are leading not to cultural uniformity but to greatly increased diversity at the global level. Keywords: agglomeration; cultural economy; globalization; industrial districts; local economic development; place marketing Over the past decade or so, the industrial profile of many countries has tilted perceptibly in the direction of a new creative or cultural economy. In some countries, indeed, the cultural economy is now one of the major frontiers of expansion of output and employment. This turn of events is actually one facet of the wider resurgence of a so-called new economy generally in AUTHOR’S NOTE: This research was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant BCS-0091921. I am grateful to Walter Santagata for his insightful comments on an earlier draft of this article. URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW, Vol. 39, No. 4, March 2004 461-490 DOI: 10.1177/1078087403261256 © 2004 Sage Publications 461 462 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / March 2004 contemporary capitalism, where by the term......

Words: 12496 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Resume

...envy of the world. Among the marvels of modern hospitals that provoked Rosemary A. Stevens is Professor of History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. The opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the University of Pennsylvania or the Health Care Financing Administration. HEALTH CARE FINANCING REVIEW/ Winter comment from a visiting delegation from Britain in 1960 were complete air conditioning and artificial lighting systems, adjustable electric beds, carpets in private rooms, pass-through refrigerators in the kitchen, central milk kitchens, central sterile supply services, automatic X-ray processors, autoanalyzers in the laboratory, plastic bags for blood, identification bracelets for patients, pneumatic tube systems for communications and, not least, massive power plants (Hurst, 1960). In the United States, the hospital was readily compared with industrial corporations. Yet the gaps and variations in both rhetoric and service were extraordinary. To the new migrant, the vast cross-continental network of superhighways appeared to connect cities-indeed swept through, around, or over them-without stopping to recognize their problems, character, or differences. Similarly, in both the larger society and the smaller domain of health services, there were searches for a unifying common purpose, overlying conflicts and ambiguities. Great leaders defined heroic, rallying causes: John F Kennedy, Lyndon Baines Johnson,......

Words: 6904 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Moral Compass

...| Business Leadership and Human Values Seminar2 CreditsBU 131.601.F5Summer Session 2016Wednesdays 1:30-4:30pm -- June 8 – July 27 Harbor East Room 230 | Instructor Rick Milter, Ph.D. Contact Information Phone Number: 410.234.9422 milter@jhu.edu Office Hours Typically before class session or by appointment. Required Learning Materials This course is a series of thematic conversations about human values and your responsibilities as an emerging/aspiring business leader. There is no traditional textbook, but there is much reading. You are required to read The Moral Compass: Leadership for a Free World, a workbook by Lindsay Thompson available online as a PDF in Course Documents. You will find details about required learning materials in the Bibliography and Theme Briefs sections of the Syllabus. Course Description and Overview This course explores ethical leadership as a framework for enterprise value creation in a complex environment of competing economic and moral claims. Students examine the intrinsic ethical challenges of leadership and the concept of a moral compass as a foundation for responding effectively to the ethical challenges of corporate citizenship and value creation in a competitive global economy. (2 credits) Syllabus Table of Contents Page Topic 2 Bibliography & Learning Resources 6 Calendar, Seminar Structure, Theme Briefs, Content 42 Seminar Preparation Toolkit 48 Learning Objectives, Graded......

Words: 18169 - Pages: 73

Free Essay

Drroberr

...acknowledgements are due to Swiss - AIT - Vietnam Management Development Program and Swiss Government who gave me a great chance to participate in MBA study by providing financial support. My special thanks also go to the management of Altech Pte Ltd Company, especially Mr. Goh Boh Chung, for providing me helpful information and giving critical comments on this research. My thanks are also extended to the companies and organizations in Vietnam for their help and cooperation during period of my data collection in Vietnam. Thank all SAV5 members and those who have made my MBA study an unforgettable memory. To all my lovely friends, I give my sincerest appreciation for their warm encouragement, friendship and help at all times, especially their motivation during my studying time. I shall forever remain grateful to my beloved parents and my elder brother who want to see a constant progress in my life for their eternal love and enduring encouragement during my whole life. Abstract Throughout the world, communities are confronted with evidence of environmental pollution. A growing number of environmental problems are global in scope and face all communities. Developing countries, including Vietnam, therefore have to cope with the dual problems of poverty and the consequences of environmental and natural resource degradation. Development policies and strategies therefore need to be designed and implemented to both alleviate poverty......

Words: 22837 - Pages: 92

Premium Essay

Something to Do with Population

...working-age people can be productively employed, India’s economic growth stands to accelerate. Theoretical and empirical literature on the effect of demographics on labor supply, savings, and economic growth underpins this effort to understand and forecast economic growth in India. Policy choices can potentiate India’s realization of economic benefits stemming from demographic change. Failure to take advantage of the opportunities inherent in demographic change can lead to economic stagnation. 1 This chapter has been prepared for The Handbook of the Indian Economy (Chetan Ghate, Ed., Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2011). An earlier version of this chapter was presented at the March 2010 India Today Conclave in New Delhi. The author is indebted to Larry Rosenberg and Marija Ozolins for valuable assistance in the preparation of this chapter, and to David Canning, Chetan Ghate, and Ajay Mahal for helpful discussions and comments. Support for this work was provided by a grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and by the Program on the Global Demography of Aging at Harvard University, funded by Award Number P30AG024409 from the National Institute on Aging. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Aging or the National Institutes of Health. 2 Introduction The world experienced dramatic population growth during the twentieth century, with the number of......

Words: 12409 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Retailing in India

...retail setups, exclusive showrooms and large format stores such as Reliance, Tata and the whole concept of shopping has altered in terms of format and consumer buying behavior, ushering in a revolution in shopping in India. These trends indicate that retailing, as an industry, has come into its own. According to a study by the Confederation of Indian Industry organized retail sales in India were a mere Rs. 135 billion in 2000 but today with over 15 million outlets, that provide employment to over 74 million people (7% of the population), the size of the retail industry stands at USD 350 billion and it is expected to grow at a compounded 30% over the next 5 years. Retailing is an important infrastructure perquisite for modernizing India and can facilitate rapid economic growth. Modernization of all retail services would enable efficient delivery of goods and value-added services to the consumer, making a higher contribution to the Gross Domestic Product. This project focuses on taking an in-depth analysis of retail scenario & consumer trends as they are emerging and identify the various retailing models that would work, in the Indian retail market. The analysis is done by looking at Global retail trends vis-à-vis the ones in India, the current state of the Indian retail industry, industry characteristics and Economic drivers of change, to understand the consumer buying behavior and what it foretells about the nature of the Industry. To predict the kind of retail models......

Words: 14895 - Pages: 60

Free Essay

Introduction to Sociolinguistic

...environmental accreditation standards. For further information on Blackwell Publishing, visit our website: www.blackwellpublishing.com AITA01 4 5/9/05, 4:36 PM Contents Preface Acknowledgments vii viii 1 Introduction Knowledge of Language – Variation – Scientific Investigation – Language and Society – Sociolinguistics and the Sociology of Language – Methodological Concerns – Overview – Further Reading Part I Languages and Communities 1 23 2 Languages, Dialects, and Varieties Language and Dialect – Regional Dialects – Social Dialects – Styles, Registers, and Beliefs – Further Reading 25 3 Pidgins and Creoles Lingua Francas – Definitions – Distribution and Characteristics – Origins – From Pidgin to Creole – Further Reading 58 4 Codes Diglossia – Bilingualism and Multilingualism – Code-Switching – Further Reading 88 5 Speech Communities Definitions – Intersecting Communities – Networks and Repertoires – Further Reading Part II Inherent Variety 119 133 6 Language Variation Regional Variation – The Linguistic Variable – Linguistic and Social Variation – Data Collection and Analysis – Further Reading 7 Some Findings and Issues An Early Study – New York City – Norwich and Reading – A Variety of Studies – Belfast – Controversies – Further Reading AITA01 135 162 5 5/9/05, 4:37 PM vi 8 Contents Change The Traditional View – Changes in Progress – The Process of Change – Further......

Words: 213157 - Pages: 853