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Commercial Enzyme

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Submitted By ahmad846
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Microorganisms are referred as predominant source of commercial enzyme (Wiwapat et al., 2002, Kvesitadze, Kvesitadze 1990, Kutateladze et al., 2009). Due to diverse spectrum of applications enzyme production now became a multi-billion dollar business (Bhat, 2000). The market of the technical enzymes showed great diversity both in terms of the applications as well as the consumption. It has been evaluated that global sale of enzymes was $1.7–2 billion in 2005 which is expected to grow in the forthcoming years exponentially with the increase of industrialization. Typically, pectinases shares a huge market value up to $75 million (Godfrey and West, 1996). Pectinases is one of the hydrolytic enzymes that have diverse degree of applications in biotechnological industry. Pectinase is one of the 20 enzymes that have been globally marketed. Pectinase catalyzing the degradation of pectin containing compounds are of huge industrial significance (Spanga et al., 1995). Pectinases are now considered to be central part of complex processing of juice in food industry and removal of sizing agents in textile industries (Kashyap et al., 2001). They cause a drastic increase in filtration efficacy of juices and increase yield by aiding in clarification. (Joslyn et al., 1952) (Brawman 1981). They are also used as wood preservative (Fogarty 1973) and in liquefaction, maceration and extraction of vegetable tissues (Charley 1969 and Bohdziewiez and Bodzek 1994). Different extraction procedures like extraction of oils, pigments and flavors also employ the help of the pectinases (Castilho et al., 1999). They also got their role in tea and coffee fermentations (Taragano et al., 1997) and novel applications in the production of oligogalacturonides as useful food components (Hang and Dornenburg 2000).
Pectinases used synthetic and natural pectic substances as substrates. Pectic substances...

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