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Communicable Diseases

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Communicable Disease Paper
University Of Phoenix

Communicable Disease Paper
In the following paper a communicable disease will be identified. In addition, the disease and the efforts to control it, the environmental factors related to this disease will be described. Also an explanation of lifestyles, socioeconomics status, and disease management will be explained. Gaps and how this might link to other resources to meet needs that are not locally available, recommendation to expand the communities programs if there are gaps will be provided. In conclusion, what is the public health department doing in reducing the threats of this disease, and data findings, evidence-based intervention, and a plan to ensure quality health will be explained. A communicable disease is an infectious disease that can be transmitted from an infected person to another, which is also called a contagious disease. Communicable diseases can be spread very easy and be can range anywhere from a cold to anthrax. Awareness about communicable disease is going to be the biggest way in preventing many diseases that exist now.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis, which is a dangerous disease that can damage a woman’s reproductive system and can ultimately lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or even infertility. The symptoms that chlamydia present is known as a “silent” disease because they are rather vague and in some cases there are no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they usually appear 1 to 3 weeks after it has been expose. The damage that may come from chlamydia is irreversible and cannot be corrected. For men that are infected with this disease, it features a discharge from their penis or a burning sensation when urinating. In some cases, men might have a itching and burning sensation around the opening of the penis. In 2009, 1,244,180 infections were reported to CDC from fifty states and the District of Columbia (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). This makes chlamydia the most frequently reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States. The ages groups that are infected with this disease can be anywhere from fourteen years of age all the way up to thirty-nine years old. Women seem to get the infections are when their sexual partners are not tested and treated for the disease. This can make for more complications for the female reproductive system (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
Chlamydia in women can become very dangerous if not treated. If untreated, chlamydia infection can cause reproductive and other health problems with short term and long-term consequences (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Infectious of a woman’s reproductive system may include vagina, cervix, fallopian tubes and endometrium. Untreated can result in Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is a spectrum of clinical disorders involving infection and inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or adjacent peritoneum. PID and upper genital tract infection can result in fibrosis, scarring, and loss tubal functions. This disease can cause infertility. PID leads to observing of the fallopian tubes, which can lead to tubal pregnancies (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
Many women with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) of the fallopian tubes are more likely to have ectopic pregnancies. Babies are infected unintentionally. There are more than 180,000 infants that are born with eye infections or pneumonia. Chlamydia can cause eye infections, which can cause blindness (Planned Parenthood, 2011). In both men and women the majority of infections are asymptomatic. When symptoms occur the infections can manifest as cervicitis in women and urethritis in both. In men, this causes epididymitis, which is not to be an important cause of a long-term abnormal condition (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
There are ten to fifteen percent of untreated chlamydia infections that resulted in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and also so lead to infertility. Many cases sometimes lead to tubal infertility infections but not diagnosed as PID. There are approximately 750,000 PID cases that are diagnosed every year in the United States. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) has multiple etiologies, and the burden of chlamydia in relations to PID is hard to determine. In 2002, reported 7.4 of married women ranging from fifteen to forty-four years were infertile, which is a major public health issue. In the United States, chlamydia is the leading cause of tubal infertility.
There are many different efforts use to control chlamydia. Being this disease can be known as the “silent” infection, symptoms are very rare. According to the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011 (CDC) and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), and other professional medical associations recommends annual chlamydia screenings for sexually active teens and other adolescence that might be at risk for the infection. Individuals, that are 25 years and older that have multiple sex partners and don’t use contraception. Women who are at risk because of their age and sexual activity should go for screening once a year. Pregnant women should go for screenings as well because there is a higher risk that their unborn child will become infected with chlamydia at birth (Center For Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). National screenings where not enough to recommend routine chlamydia screenings for men because of many factors, including impact, cost- effectiveness and feasibility in preventing any abnormality in women. However, correctional facilities should be considered in male screening when resources permit and screenings does not interrupt chlamydia-screening efforts in women. Men partners of women that are infected with chlamydia have the highest prevalence of infections and should top priority for screenings and treatments efforts among men (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
In conclusion, there are several initiatives in expanding chlamydia screenings. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Kaiser Family Foundations, Planned Parenthood Federation of America and MTV Networks sponsors a campaign known as (Get Yourself Tested). Their goals is to increase awareness among teens and adolescence, speaking about Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) prevention, promoting sexual health and testing. This campaign will include public announcements, videos and sexually transmitted disease testing services that can be located via websites or mobile phones and tips to generate communication about sexually transmitted disease testing’s (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

References
PubmebMed Health. (2011). Chlamydia. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nim.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002321 Center For Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/default.htm
Planned Parenthood. (2011). Chlamydia. Retrieved from http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/stds-hiv-safer-sex/chlamydia-4266.htm

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