Premium Essay

Communication Theory Analysis: Functional Group Theory

In: Social Issues

Submitted By PRbelle
Words 1766
Pages 8
“A Communication Event Analysis: Functional Group Theory within a Fundraising Committee”

Sometimes problem-solving can be more successfully executed when there is more than one brain working towards a solution. By working within a group, one can also have the ability to see possible perils that personal biases could have otherwise delayed.
The Functional Group Communications Theory can mainly be correlated to researchers,
Dennis Gouran and Randy Hirokawa. Gouran and Hirokawa suggest that there are influences that correspond with the origination of the theory: John Dewey’s reflective thinking study,
Robert Bales’ Interaction Process explorations, and research on Vigilant Decision Making completed by Irving Janis ( (Salazar). Hirokawa addresses valuable resolutions, and Gouran discusses applicable decisions. This theory demonstrates the insight of collaborative communication (Hirokawa). The Functional Theory of Effective group decision making is not essentially effected by what communication behaviors are being implemented, but more so the degree in which the correspondents are communicatively addressing matters (Littlejohn). In 1983, Hirokawa and
Gouran developed four functions, termed “functional requisites” that a group should do to make an effective decision (Salazar). The first of these is to analyze the problem, once the problem has been identified then goals should be set, once goals are presented then the group should identify alternative. Lastly, the group should evaluate the positive and negative consequences (Griffin).
The communications event analysis proves that the Functional Group Perspective Theory is orthodox in accordance with the occurrence that groups have a tendency to stick to an exact four step pattern. The groups do not necessarily input their own personal thoughts, but rather process ideas and…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Communication Theories

...CLC Communication and Human Relations Theories Ann Mary Abels Grand Canyon University: EDA 575 November 11, 2012 Effective communication has always been a big issue in our school. After completing all the required readings and additional research, I came to the realization that the problem lies with the communication methods used by my administrator. Her attitude, example, and beliefs have set the tone of how the entire school community collaborates and works together. “Leaders are increasingly important as creators of culture, decision makers, and change agents. These roles require the use of communication to develop shared meanings, search and use information effectively, and create and communicate, visions to enhance an organization’s future and guide it through eras of change” Witherspoon (1996, 204). One of the communication theories utilized by the administrator and the district is mechanistic, meaning that communication is just the broadcasting of information from one group, who is the sender, to the second group who receives it (Scudder, 2008). There is no discussion or opportunity for the receiver of the information to make comments, suggestions or objections to the communication received. The expectation is that you follow directions and adhere to any deadlines given. This occurs often and is a common communication theory used by the administration, instructional supervisors, curriculum department, board of education, and the teachers’......

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Symbolic Interaction, Functional Analysis, and Conflict Theory of Elie Wiesels’s Night

...1 Symbolic Interaction, Functional Analysis, and Conflict Theory of Elie Wiesels’s Night Introduction 2 Symbolic Interaction, Functional Analysis, and Conflict Theory of Elie Wiesels’s “Night” Elie Wiesel’s Night begins in Sighet, Transylvania, 1941 when he was a teenager. He begins talking about a life before his world, along with his family, was torn apart. His family was Jewish, and he wanted to study Cabbala. He was very much involved in his faith and wanted to further pursue it by studying Cabbala, but his father would not let him. “There are no Cabbalists in Sighet.” (pg 4). He was very close with his shtibl, Moishe the Beadle, who later was taken by Hungarian Police and expelled from Sighet because he was a foreign Jew. Once they were taken over by the Gestapo, the babies were used as target practice and the adults were shot. Moishe managed to escape because he was shot in his leg and was able to get back to Sighet to tell Elie what happened. He also tried to tell everyone in town what had happened to him and the rest of the foreign Jews, but no one believed him and he was branded insane. 1944 was when the town of Sighet was split into two ghettos, and no one could leave the town. Shortly after that, the Hungarian police told everyone in town to turn in their valuables (gold, jewelry, etc.) because they were going to the first concentration camp, Auschwitz. This is where Elie and his father were separated from his mother and sisters, and never heard from......

Words: 2465 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Group Theory

...Nikki Yuschak Research   Week 2 Group Theory Nikki Yuschak Research   Week 2 Group Theory Some ways in which training programs use teams to facilitate training materials are in medicine or nursing, as a method of reducing human error. It’s a teamwork protocol that uses a lecture, several role plays and guided discussions for feedback and error management techniques to increase teamwork behaviors during trauma resuscitation (Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2013). Teachers are teaming together in New York once a month from different schools that allows the teachers to learn continuously from one another to support learning. They focus mainly on improving math instruction across all grade levels. The teachers are not only bettering themselves in education but it has a great impact on their students as well (Journal of Staff Development, 2013). To build an effective team, leaders must build their relationships of trust and loyalty. They should consider each employees ideas as valuable and be sensitive to their feelings. Effective teams resolve minor conflicts together and be creative together. Team members should share information, after all the more ideas the better. Everyone should be clear when communicating. The team leader should pay close attention to the way team members work with each other and help improve those relationships by establishing team goals and setting ground rules (www.ucsf.edu by Suasan Fahny). Some ways to......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Communication Theory

...Chapter 1: Introduction to Communication Theory What is communication; ● ● ● “The process by which people interactively create, sustain and manage meaning” (D&Z, p 2), It is how we plan, control, manage, persuade, understand, lead, love, and so on, Competent communication: both effective (achieving goal) and appropriate (follow social expectation). What is theory; Theory is about what we know and how we know it. ● Theories provide an abstract understanding of the communication process (Miller, 2002), ● A lens through see the world, which highlights some things (and ignores others!) (D&Z, 3), ● A systematic summary about the nature of the communication process. There are 3 types of theories: 1. Commonsense theory -Created by an individuals own personal experience, -Useful to us and are often a basis for our decisions about how to communicate, -These theory’s are not supported by research. 2. Working theory -Generalizations made in particular professions about the best techniques doing something, -Practical and more systematic than commonsense theory. 3. Scholarly theory -The theory has undergone systematic research, -Provides more thorough accurate and abstract explanations for communication, -They are often more complex and difficult to understand. Evaluating theory; These are some criteria for evaluating the usefulness of the theory. Not good or bad. What to look for Accuracy Has the research supported that the theory works the way it says it does? Look at the......

Words: 8415 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Communication Theories

...Synopsis of Communication Theories: Constructivism, Organizations, & Accommodation Josh Garcia Central Michigan University Synopsis of Communication Theories: Constructivism, Organizations, & Accommodation Throughout this course, several theories of communication were covered. Being able to communicate effectively is a critical component in the development of establishing meaningful relationships among people and places, as well as the exchange of information. In order to establish effective communication skills, it is necessary to analyze the system of ideas that have been designed among several scholars. However, this paper is specifically focused on the discussion of three theories, which were found to have relevant viewpoints. Throughout this paper, the theory of constructivism, the critical theory of communication in organizations (CTCO), and communication accommodation theory (CAT) were examined. Constructivism Theory Constructivism is a communication theory, which is focused on the identification of individual differences among people’s ability to communicate effectively in social situations (Griffin, 2012). Jesse Delia is credited for the development of constructivism theory. Delia’s theory of constructivism implies there is a difference between people who are interpersonally successful, opposed to those who are not. Delia’s theory of constructivism is focused on being able to better understand the differences among individuals who communicate more......

Words: 2777 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Communication Theories

...Mass Communication and Theories Jenny Wunderlich Comm 309 November 3, 2014 Introduction Within Mass Communications, there are multiple theories that are presented. Two of the theories are the Cultivation Theory, and The Agenda-Setting Theory. I enjoy this area because these theories lie under media effects. Media effects expands our behavior whether its positive or negative, and has a huge impact on how people become. The media has become a huge part of society and how people live today. There are many forms of media, but these theories specifically talk mainly about television. People start at such a young age watching television and it affects how they are raised and how they percieve life. Theory 1 The first theory is the Cultivation Theory. This theory is a social theory which examines the long-term effects of television. The primary concept this theory is that the more time that people spend absuing television, the more likely they are to conform to the ideas they are watching. This causes a misconception of reality and what is important. For example, when someone is watching a ton of violence, they are more likely to contribute to that lifestyle than one who didn't watch that. In our textbook, it states, “According to Gerbner, violence is one of the major staples of the TV world” (pg. 366). He is concerned that this changes people's beliefs which then alters their behavior and how they act and approach things. There is something called Institutional Process Analysis,......

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Communication Theory

...Communication theory In many workplaces today organizations have consolidated jobs where one person no longer has just one responsibility, the concept of organizations have changed from individual to team and groups. Communication is an extremely important factor for teams and group to work effectively together. When there is poor communication within the team, the success of the whole is affected because team and groups work collaboratively together to achieve goals if one area does not achieve the whole does not achieve. Team leaders, managers and supervisor are leaders of communication, they work firsthand with the team or groups showing how effective lines of communication not only make their team stronger but also lead to success. Fellow Coworkers Gender and Cultural differences affect communication between coworkers in different ways. Within my organization there is not much diversity, there are mostly females and staff culture is African American with an exception of a male from India. Language is not the cultural difference in communication; it is the way respect is shown. In the Indian culture man and female do not walk side by side the male walk ahead of the female or if he or she are approaching each other the male walk on the other side of the hallway as a sign of respect. The gender communication with other coworkers is only a slight difference; male coworkers go straight to the point where female coworkers will take the long road to arrive at the same......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Theories of Communication

...programmes ensured its popularity and it cut across all lines and attracted large numbers of viewers who tuned in regularly to watch. The problem arose when it was noticed that such entertaining programmes were upping their popularity by introducing elements like sex and violence to grab more eyeballs. The alternative to these programmes were boring educational programmes that lacked attractive elements. The programmes focused on simply reproducing textual knowledge without taking care as to how such information was presented or packaged. People therefore had just two types of programmes to choose from and there was a feeling that the power of television was not being utilized for greater good. Entertainment education is therefore a communication strategy and a process by which media messages are planned and created with an aim to entertain and educate audiences so that they can live a happy, safe and value-filled life. These programmes first capture the attention of the masses by entertaining them and then educate them in a manner which is easily understood. Entertainment education programmes incorporate the best elements of entertainment and educational programmes to attract viewers with quality shows. These programmes are escapist in nature and introduce a new world to the people watching. The viewers were attracted to stories of people like them who meet with various challenges and solve them. People became emotionally and intellectually invested in the lives of the......

Words: 7381 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Theories of Communication

...Michael Argyle’s (1972) Communication Cycle. This communication theory is a two way process which happens when two individuals are having a conversation. Effective communication is when people check each other’s understanding. For example two physiotherapist having a discussion about a patient’s treatment in a local hospital. There are six stages in Argyle’s communication cycle, of which all have been used in the interaction between both of the health care professionals. The first stage of Argyle’s communication cycle is the thought process. This is when the idea occurs. This was displayed when physiotherapist A had to come up with ideas for the treatment of the new patient. The next stage is the medium or channel stage. This is when the message is coded. The initial sender, which was physiotherapist A, had to think in what way he was going to display the ideas he thought about. He had to determine what verbal and nonverbal commination would be appropriate to use. The third stage of this theory is the interpretation process. This is when the message is sent. For example Physiotherapist A used spoken language to communicate and explain his ideas about the treatment. He also used gestures to help his colleague understand what he was explaining. The next stage is the conversion stage. This is when the message is received. This was displayed by physiotherapist B when he used non-verbal communication such as nodding his head up and down and using eye contact to indicate that......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Communication Theory

...Lee Dorf – Communication Theory – Unit 2 Hye-Jin Paek, B. H. (2011). Roles of interpersonal and media socialization agents in adolescent self-reported health literacy: a health socialization perspective. Health Education Research , 26 (1), 131-149. The program was implemented by faculty from the Departments of Advertising, Public Relations and Retailing, at Michigan State University and University of Georgia. The survey was conducted among seventh-grade students in three rural and urban public school districts in Georgia: Clayton (urban), Worth (rural) and Sylvester (rural). This was an IRB approved study, that required obtained parental consent prior to enrolling the adolescent subject in the study. The purpose of this study was to examine the social aspect of health literacy education, particularly in the young adult population. The authors proposed a health socialization model to increase the exposure of the adolescent population to health literacy. They define health literacy as, “the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.” One of the three hypotheses presented in the paper focuses on the comparison of interpersonal socialization to media effects on health literacy, suggesting that interpersonal effects can exceed those of media on the teens in the target population...

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Communication Theory

...Communication Theory: A Brief Examination September 8, 2008 Communications Theory: A Brief Examination Communication theory can be loosely defined as the theory of the communication of information from point A to point B. Communication is studied by scholars in depth and is broken up into semiotics, media effects, and message production however the aspects of communications that have the greatest affect in everyday life are interpersonal (how an individual processes information), intrapersonal (the interactions and influence that two individuals have on each other), and group (how dynamics happen among individuals). In this document, I shall use a team at my workplace of which I am a part. Upper management at my workplace recognized the need to assemble a group for a specialty project that had to be completed in 30 working days or less. Several things should have been considered before selecting employees to be on this team. It would have been conducive to the team as well as the project’s outcome if upper management would have selected employees who shared the same work ethics, were goal oriented, and had good people skills. Instead, the selection process was completely random. Two people from each of the twelve work groups were sent an electronic communication at 9:17 am on a Monday morning stating that they had been selected for a special project and report to the Pelican conference room immediately. Chaos is the only word that can be used to......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Theories of Communication

...Theories of communication Theories of communication Use the following page to discuss your one to one and group interactions in relation to theories of communication. One to one interaction; My one to one interaction with the staffs at Little Rascals Day Nursery was very successful because we were able to communicate and understand each other clearly, which allowed us to carry out our roles effectively. For example, I would ask a question for a task such as getting the snacks and lunch for the children of how I am going to do it with the help of the teacher’s (staff) guidance and what precautions I would need to consider as I am carrying out this task. For us to be able to initiate this, we followed Argyle’s communication theory where I am the ‘sender’ who encodes the spoken message and the teacher (staff) as the ‘receiver’ who decodes the message and encodes it on their own to give as a feedback. This implicates an example of an effective communication because we were able to understand each other without difficulties, allowing us to successfully work efficiently. Moreover (Worthing College PowerPoint, ‘Theories of Groups’ and Neil Moonie (2005) AS Level for Edexcel Health and Social Care) the theorist Tuckman (1965) states that effective group communication is formed of four [linear] stages:1. Forming is greeting and/or adjustment, this is the introductory stage meaning there may be no clear purpose and value system so members are not committed to the......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Theories of Communication

...Theories of Communication The Communication Cycle Michael Argyle was an English Social Psychologist who researched and built on new theories about communication and interpersonal interaction. He came up with a theory about communication called the communication cycle. When Argyle was creating his theory, he wanted to focus the cycle on both verbal and non-verbal communication; he investigated communication and the types of communication i.e. verbal and non-verbal, by carrying out experimental research which helped him develop his ideas on communication and a theory that he was thinking about. The communication cycle theory shows how we can understand explain and foresee how communication is set out between people in one-to-one scenarios. Stages of the Communication cycle: The communication cycle theory shows that there are different stages when communicating with an individual i.e. how we communicate and interact with another person. The first stage of the communication cycle is when the individual has an idea in their mind; the idea that has occurred is turned into a message which is then coded. This is done by choosing words or using sign language etc., so the message can be shown or heard by another person. Once the message is coded and the right words have been chosen, so it the message can make sense, the message is sent, which can be done in many ways. For example, the message can be sent verbally i.e. through speech, either face-to-face or over the phone, the......

Words: 5128 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Communication Theory

...Communication Theory Shere'e Edwards HCS/320 September 19, 2011 Professor Kimberly Foster Communication Theory Communication theory “takes into account the processes going on within a person as well as the interactions going on around him” (Whatever Mighty, 2008). In different cultures there are certain ways people communicate, so the organization or area known set the pattern of how communication flow within the environment. Communication theory is important to the work environment for businesses to run smoothly. Communication theory also focuses on the different ways it channels from one person to another by means of telephone, mail, radio, internet, or face to face. This paper will explain how gender and cultural differences affect communications within my organization among families. In addition, how communication theory is used to ensure a successful business. In cultural developments, communication in a family has an impact on how well a person develops. For an example, an infant needs from the first time of birth the mother’s bond as a way to communicate. In ways this can be done is by means of “reaching out, cuddle, stroke, and snuggle the baby” (Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, 2006). “The baby, in turn, becomes securely attached to his parents and responds to their attention” (Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, 2006). In time as the child develops his/her language “primarily through verbal interactions with the parents” (Watch Tower Bible and Tract......

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Communication Theory

...1 Communication Theory HCS/320 March 4, 2012 COMMUNICATION THEORY 2 Communication Theory Group communication is necessary in every health care organization, and in this instance, a hospital setting. It is the effectiveness that tends to vary based on the qualities of the organization. However, every health care organization has the same goal: quality care for patients. Some of the factors that may change communication efforts are gender, age, and cultural differences. Effective communication is something that effects everyone, and is a major concern to every patient. It is the health care worker's responsibility to have the ability to communicate properly to their fellow health care workers and to patients. Differences in gender can effect the way a health care worker delivers health care information to another health care worker and how they respond to patients. Men and women are known to communicate differently. Women tend to express themselves more, verbally and non verbally. According to Du Pre´(2005), “Females tend to be more nonverbally expressive in health care situations, talk more than men, engage in more partnership-building behaviors, and reveal more personal information about themselves.” Any verbal communication issues, however, should be worked out because of the importance of transmitting correct and complete information when working in a hospital. Hospitals rely on their health......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4