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Community Assessment

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Community Analysis
Purple Group
January 21, 2013

Community Analysis: COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT AND ANALYSIS

New Hyde Park Community.
New Hyde Park is a merged region of North Hempstead, situated in Nassau County, Long Island, New York. It has a land area of eighty-six square miles and zero square miles of water. It was a unique and historic settlement, of the ancient times. The first settlers were Dutch and English, followed by Irish polish and Germans. In 1990, Jewish families began settling in. Although the settlement began in 1624, George Clark a former Secretory of the Province gave the name Hyde Park after his wife, Ann Hyde. (New Hyde Park, New York, 2012).The village formerly a farmland experienced rapid growth and development in 1930and was turned into and a village with several home. The Geopolitical communities are designed by natural or human made boundaries (Maurer and Smith, 2009). It holds community safer for the residents and the governing body. The New Hyde Park community is bordered by human made boundaries. The eastern and western borders are Herrick’s Road and the Eleventh Avenue respectively. Stewart Manor Road in Garden City borders the south. Northern Boulevard in Manhasset Hills borders the north. Presently Jericho Turnpike divides it into two sections north and south with 86 square miles of land and zero squares of water. Geopolitical communities within this a few luxury gated communities. Political communities and low enforcement jurisdictions.
The weather of the community fluctuates according to the seasons. The usual temperature throughout winter stays within 25 to 42 degrees Fahrenheit. In the summer, it hikes up, and ranges between at 68 to 85 Fahrenheit. Natural disasters like flood, blizzards, snowstorms, heavy rains hurricanes, power outrage, water shortage common here. In the light of the latest census available (2010), there are 9523, residents. Households and families numbered 3290 and 2596 respectively. This communities’ population is multicultural with White dominating to be 64%, Asians 26%, African Americans 1%, and Hispanic 9%.
The families in this community belong to median income families and Health and Hygiene is highly valued in this communities. As mentioned in the history a high wave of Jewish Migration, since 1900, a non- profit private hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center is the hospital located in Hyde Park community. It is an acute care hospital with a very high standard and has many sister hospitals in Long Island. Two high rated high schools belong to this community. There are three elementary schools in for the community. There are two New Hyde Park Memorial High School and Herrick’s High School. A newly built Public library with great resource books and internet access is an outstanding landmark in the village. During natural disasters, this Library roofs the community’s need. For instance, many of us spend the day at the library after sandy and power outrage. This community also has huge village hall for the public gathering.
Fire department and police department renders excellent service. The wasted disposal and pest control department maintains healthy and hygienic environment. There are community parks, swimming clubs, sports clubs, and many other establishments providing amenities to support the physical and leisure activities of the residents. The community has a big golf club for the golf fans. In addition to this, there are seasonal community fairs and other community events that provide an occasion for community interaction.
Churches and religious communities play a great role in this community nearly every other street has place for worship. Majority of them are Christians/ Catholics in different denominations. Three temples noted for other worshipers.
New Hyde Park belongs to Nassau County, and as per the Nassau county nine percent of adult diabetes, obesity is the leading health issue reported in this county. 22% is seen in preschool children and 20 % in adult. (New Hyde Park, New York (2012). The main cause obesity is assumed as sedentary life style especially in the winter.
Allergy is a challenge this community with the change of the season the allergy diagnosis. Quite a few broadcasting circulated in peer-reviewed papers have reliably determined that unconventional allergy tests fail to appropriately classify and distinguish among allergic and non-allergic individuals. There are no obstacles recognized for the development and growth of the community apart from that of ambulance arrival. This is perhaps in line for the inexact explanation of the precise place the ambulance needs to reach (Robinson, T (2012).

FUNCTIONAL HEALTH PATTERNS (FHP) OF NEW HYDE PARK

Value/ Belief Pattern
The New Hyde Park community is a community that values camaraderie and practices western medicine. The New Hyde Park community has 29 churches, 33 religious organizations, and three temples available. The residents of the community provide charity and care for one another, and believe in the idea of setting aside differences and joining as a municipal group. The community places a great importance on education and health promotion because they provide various resources of health information through school related programs. Health Perception/ Management
“Overall, the county had significantly higher levels of cholesterol screening in the past five years and significantly lowers levels of asthma than New York State and the nation. While Hempstead Village/ Uniondale had the 2nd highest level of diabetes, residents reported comparatively low levels of important measures of quality of care, such as Hemoglobin A1C testing. Overall, 7.7% of Nassau County residents had been told – at some time – that they had at least one of the cardiovascular conditions (stroke, angina, or a heart attack).” (Nassau County Department of Health, 2007 pgs. 1-49). New Hyde Park is a close-knit community consumed of mostly married families who values education and their health. The crime rate is low therefore; they have adequate prevention programs available. Many of the residents are insured so, they receive most of their referrals from their private doctors or they can utilize their health department. “There are about seven hospitals in the Nassau and Suffolk communities in Long Island, New York. Many of the residents can have annual visits to local clinics for any health related issues. For low-income residents who cannot afford medical care they can only rely on charity care. Under the Hill Burton act of Long Island some hospitals and medical facilities received funds for construction and modernization, and in return, they were entitled to provide care and medical attention to people who could not afford it. This allowed many of the local medical centers to provide services to all the residents of the community.” (Gilfords, 2005)

Nutrition/ Metabolic
The obesity rate in New Hyde Park is not high. The obesity rate in the county of Nassau, where New Hyde Park is located, is 20.9 %. The diabetes rate of adults in New Hyde Park is 8.3 %. The average population of New Hyde Park is relatively healthy and there is a low report of metabolic issues and nutritional deficiency. There are health awareness programs available to the community through hospitals in the communities as well as schools in the communities. Organic foods are available in stores. There are varieties of foods available in stores. Low-income families have been granted food stamps and senior citizens receive discounts on food. Food is relatively affordable. Water is always available. There are water fountains available at many areas. Vending machines are also available. They generally serve unhealthy snacks and drinks. However, there are some healthy snacks and drinks available. There are also many fast food restaurants available in the community. “A close examination of epidemiological data reveals burdens of disease particular to culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) migrants, as these individuals adjust to both culture and modernization gaps. Despite the increased risk of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, overweight/obesity, and cardiovascular disease, individuals from CALD groups (Dutch & English settlers) are less likely to be proactive in accessing healthcare or undertaking preventative measures to ensure optimal health outcomes” (Caperchione, Kolt & Mummery, 2009).

Cognitive/ Perceptual
The primary language in New Hyde Park is English. The majority of New Hyde Park residents have a high school education. More than a third of New Hyde Park residents have acquired a bachelor’s degree or higher degree. There are a greater percentage of New Hyde Park residents than U.S. citizens who have pursued higher education after high school. Many educational opportunities are available to those living in New Hyde Park. For those struggling with English there are English support programs available in places such as schools. In addition, there are special programs such as speech therapy available for the learning disabled in schools. There are libraries available that provide the public with access to books, computers, and the internet in the community. Community resources are funded by taxes paid by residents. Self-Perception/ Self-Concept
The majority of New Hyde Park residents is above the age of 18 but is below the age of 65. The average New Hyde Park resident is 42 years old. There is a community center known as the New Hyde Park Town Hall that organizes events and goes over community issues with the residents. The Town Hall is a community organization devoted to preserving and improving a safe, diverse, and caring community. This community of New Hyde Park has its own website available at http://vnhp.org/ Elimination
The community maintains a very clean environment. Air quality is good and there is not much air pollution. There is noise pollution from helicopters and planes flying at a low level to the nearby JFK airport. There is garbage collection 3 times a week. There are many pest control services available. Some pest control services available include Orkin Pest Control and AAA Termite and Pest Control. The facilities and schools in the community use standard precaution. The school system has incorporated the use of hand sanitizers. Most people have their clothes washed at their own homes in New Hyde Park but Laundromats are available in the community. Role and relationship The people of the community continue to maintain respectful and healthy relationships with neighbors. The children are cooperative with one another and maintain respect towards elders and higher authorities, such as teachers. Local residents aid the older residents. The local police and firefighters offer innumerable services for the community. Sexuality/Reproductive In general, the residents practice healthy sexual behaviors. More than 60% of the residents are married. The schools provide sex education in elementary and high school, and teach sex information in health classes. The community also provides maternal and child health programs. There are many programs available through the health department for preventative services, teen parenting services, emergency services, and child placement/foster care. Nassau County also has the WIC program available which provides supplemental food to pregnant and breastfeeding, and postpartum women, and infants and children up to the age 5. WIC also provides referrals for medical services and additional referrals for social services. Another program offered is from the Community Health Worker Program (CHWP) where there staff assists women in having safe pregnancies and healthy children. (Nassau County Department of Health, 2013).

Coping/stress
According to statistics, the New Hyde Park crime index is estimated to 39% lower than the average crime index. The residents in the community who are classified as under the poverty line are less than those compared to national standards. The residents cope with stress by participating in community gatherings and support groups. (New Hyde Park, 2010) CONCLUSION
New Hyde Park is a pretty small community with 9,523 people, in terms of the United States population. It is a growing community that has improved on its infrastructure since the year 1624, when the Dutch and English first settled in this area. The community is strong in their religious beliefs, with 29 churches, 33 religious organizations and three temples.
One of the most interesting things about this community is their health awareness. Even though the rate of obesity in the United States is so high, New Hyde Park residents’ obesity rate is so low, with 20.9% in Nassau, where the village is located. The health awareness program organized by the health care system is being utilized. Residents are living a healthy lifestyle with less crime rate. On average, the community needs to work on reducing their cholesterol levels to help prevent cardiovascular events. “Although the burden of CHD continues to decline, it remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States.” (Krantz, et al, 2013 pg. 19) New Hyde Park consists of a working class with private health insurance. However, just like any other community they still have families living in poverty that receives assistance from their state to aid in food, housing, and clothing.
Their education system has improved from when the community started, and continues to grow as the population increases. The community has a history of incorporation in trade. Trade system is rapidly growing. A board of trade was formed, consisting of business people and other interested citizens. The good thing about New Hyde Park is the peacefulness of the community, with virtually no history of crimes even though it is around a big and well known city, New York.
Overall, New Hyde Park is a great place to live if you want to experience the city life without all the city lights. It gives definition to the word community in which people strive to help one another and work out their differences. New Hyde Park provides the perfect atmosphere to settle down and raise a family. New Hyde Park isn’t perfect but, it makes for a great start.

References City-data. (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.city-data.com/city/New-Hyde-Park-New-York.html Caperchione, C., Kolt, G., & Mummery, W. (2009). Physical activity in culturally and linguistically diverse migrant groups to Western society: a review of barriers, enablers and experiences. Sports Medicine, 39(3), 167-177. Retrieved from: http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2010248286&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Giffords, E., Wenze, L., Weiss, D., Kass, D., & Guercia, R. (2005). Increasing access to health care: examination of hospital community benefits and free care programs. Health & Social Work, 30(3), 213-220.
Home Facts. (2012). Air Quality. Retrieved from: www.homefacts.com/airquality/New-York/Nassau-County/New-Hyde-Park.html
Krantz, M., Coronel, S., Whitley,E., Dale, R., Yost, J., Estacio,R. (2013). Effectiveness of a Community Health Worker Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Program in Public Health and Health Care Settings. American Journal of Public Health Vol. 103, No. 1 Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=s3h&AN=84683878&site=eds-live&scope=site Maurer, F. A., & Smith, C. M. (2009). Community/P.ublic health nursing practice: Health for families and populations (4th Ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier. ISBN-13: 9781455707621 Nassau County Department of Health. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.nassaucountyny.gov/agencies/Health/wic.html Nassau County Department of Health. (2007). Report on the Findings of the 2006 Nassau County Behavioral Risk Factor Survey. Retrieved fromhttp://www.nassaucountyny.gov/agencies/Health/documents/NassauBRFSSFinal.pdf
New Hyde Park. (2012). AreaVibes. Retrieved from: http://www.areavibes.com/new+hyde+park-ny/livability/
New Hyde Park community info. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.trulia.com/real_estate/New_Hyde_Park-New_York/community-info/
New Hyde Park, New York (Up graded on March 23, 2012). Retrieved on January 18,2013 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/11040 http://www.nassaulibrary.org/hillside/faqspolicies.htm Quick Facts. (2013). State and County QuickFacts. Retrieved from: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/3650397.html
Village of New Hyde Park. (2012). New Hyde Park. Retrieved from: http://vnhp.org/

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...California: Assessment of a Diverse Community California, also known as the golden state and a melting pot of the United States because of a diverse culture and a large immigrant population. To some Americans, it is a paradise and an ideal tourist destination because of sunny weather and easy access to oceans, mountains, and deserts. California integrates foods, languages, and traditions all over the world. According to, People of California 2006 census, California has an appraised population of 377,172,015 and is the thirteenth quickly-growing state. The population consists of 61.9% White American, 6% Black or African American, 10.4% Asian American, 18.4% other race, 1.7% American Indian, 2.1% mixed race, 38.5% are Hispanic or Latino, and 40.3% of the population is non-Hispanic Whites. The leading industries of California are agriculture, manufacturing, biotechnology, and tourism. In terms of politics, Californians are more liberal, especially those who live in the inland states. Based on California Political Parties there are six political parties, the American Independent, Democratic, Green, Libertarian, Peace and Freedom, and Republican. California experiences frequent and devastating wildfires. During the last decade in 2003 and 2009, California experienced devastating wildfires that affected countless lives. Thousands of families were left homeless and hundreds of lives were lost. California officials have made strict laws against unsafe practices that may cause......

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