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Community Corrections

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Community corrections serve not only as a tool for punishing offenders to pay for their crimes; it also serves as a means for rehabilitation for offenders and preparing them to be successful in society. A community correction is the supervision of criminal offenders that reside in society instead of a criminal institution. Two main types of community corrections are probation and parole. Probation and parole may be the most common types of community correction but they are not the only ones; there is also house arrest, work release, community residential centers, nonprofit organizations, prerelease guidance centers, and partial incarceration; all of these programs play an important part in the Criminal Justice field in the United States.
Parole is a program set up for inmates who are being released from prison. Inmates have to serve a mandatory part of their sentence before they are eligible for parole; once they are eligible then they go before the parole board where it is determined if they have met the qualifications. “Parolees can have a number of different supervision statuses including active supervision, which means they are required to regularly report to a parole authority in person, by mail, or by telephone. Some parolees may be on an inactive status which means they are excluded from regularly reporting, and that could be due to a number of reasons.” Failure to follow the stipulations of parole may result in the individual going back to prison.
Probation is when an individual has committed a crime, most likely not one of seriousness, is sentenced to serve probation instead of going to jail/prison. “Probationers can have a number of different supervision statuses including active supervision, which means they are required to regularly report to a probation authority in person, by mail, or by telephone. Some probationers may be on an inactive status which means they are excluded from regularly reporting.”
Community corrections can affect society in a number of different ways both positive and negative. A positive aspect is when an individual is living at their own home it does not cost tax payers money as it does if they are incarcerated. A negative is a person tends to tell supervision what they think they want to hear in order to be in society and you never know if they are going to commit more crimes.

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