Free Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kellywhite
Words 2744
Pages 11
Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper
Kelly M. White
NUR/408
August 10, 2015
Amy Reagan

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response
The terms “preparedness” and“readiness” can be used interchangeably. Preparedness is defined as the existence of plans, procedures, policies, training, and equipment necessary at the Local, State, and Federal level to maximize the ability to prevent, respond to, and recover from major events (Katz, 2013). Emergency preparedness is essential in assisting with disasters and emergent issues that happen around the world. Media coverage of disasters across the globe occur in real time with an intensity level that makes one believe that natural or manmade disasters happen more frequently. Disasters, in all forms, is a part of life and how we deal with these events depends on how well we are prepared. It is of the utmost importance that all of the population be aware of what to do and who to contact when an event is about to happen or while it is unfolding. A community’s ability to recover and be self-reliant after a disaster also depends on how well the community prepares for and responds to these emergencies. This paper will discuss and examine how the resources and people of the chosen neighborhood responded to the emergency at hand, a forest fire ravaging for more than 5 days (Neighborhood 2.0-News).
The Neighborhood
There is an uncontained forest fire that has been burning for more than 5 days in a forest west of the Neighborhood. The fire has spread and destroyed several acres of land, and with every day that the fire continues, it causes irreversible damage. Fire fighters are trying to control the wildfire but, the early arrival of the windy season makes this task more difficult. In fact, it causes the fire to be less predictable and helps it to spread rapidly. City officials have stressed that the citizens are not in any direct danger and will be notified if there is any chance that the fire’s direction will shift toward town. Due to the poor air quality secondary to smoke, officials have also urged the citizens to stay inside unless it is absolutely necessary, particularly those with chronic respiratory conditions. Officials have warned residents that the haze should be regarded as a risk but not life-threatening (Neighborhood 2.0 News).
The Hospital Meanwhile, firefighters battle the blaze, healthcare workers battle to keep patients breathing. James Gordon, MD., Neighborhood Hospital Emergency Department physician, states “the smoky air conditions affect everyone, but especially those with pre- existing problems, such as chronic lung conditions” (Neighborhood 2.0 News). The number of patients seen in the ED and local physician offices has increased due to the effects of the smoke. With too many patients, the hospital was not able to accommodate everyone and many patients had to be discharged from the hospital units to make room for new admissions. The emergent situation, at hand, is causing an increase in stress and anxiety levels, not to mention a decrease in the morale of the health care team at the hospital. Pat, Nurse Manager of one of the units in the hospital is frustrated because the emergency department keeps calling for beds even though there are no beds readily available. The staff members are doing everything within their limitations to make sure accommodations are made. Zainah, one of the staff members, finds herself admitting new patients just as soon as other patients are discharged and or transferred. In an effort to ensure there is enough staff during this trying time, administration has decided to institute mandatory overtime at the hospital beginning with the next pay period, a decision that adds to the frustration of the already frustrated staff (Neighborhood 2.0 News).
The Senior Center
Neighborhood Senior Center Nursing Clinic, like every other organization in the community, is experiencing the effects from the forest fire. One of the employees of the center, Mr. Jackson (just getting over pneumonia), has been advised to stay home instead of coming out in the smoky air conditions. Karen, a seasoned nurse at the senior center, has seen an increase in the amount of oxygen needed by the seniors during this week. Nurse Karen has educated and advised them to adhere to the recommendations of the city officials by avoiding respiratory irritants and stay inside unless it is absolutely necessary to be outside (Neighborhood 2.0 News).
The Middle School
The middle school in the neighborhood has an annual Science Fair scheduled for this weekend. The annual science fair usually draws a crowd and has over 50 participating children from the school. The children get to showcase their projects and compete for prizes. The available prizes include gift certificates and the chance to enter their projects into higher-level regional, statewide, or nationwide science fairs. With the conditions of the air quality at this time, it has not been determined whether or not the science fair will go on or be canceled. Kelsey Young, a primary school student, who suffers from asthma, is experiencing changes in her breathing. She notifies the School Nurse (Violet-suffers from asthma and allergies) of her difficulties, who in turn suggests to Kelsey’s mother that Kelsey be taken to her doctor. Violet also encourages Kelsey’s mother to send her inhaler to school so in times like these the inhaler is readily available. Violet notices that Kelsey’s mother is reluctant to receive this information at this time. She decides to wait a few days and present the information with a different approach, which in turn is received well and a plan is developed for Kelsey with the help of her mother (Neighborhood 2.0 News).
The Bley Household
Jimmy and Cecelia Bley, residents of the Neighborhood, are experiencing inconveniences due to the blazing forest fire. Jimmy, who suffers with COPD but still smokes, has decided to follow the advice of city officials and stay indoors unless absolutely necessary. Their dryer has broken, yet again, but Jimmy refuses to go out and get the parts needed to repair the dryer until the quality of the air allows him to do so without exacerbating his COPD. Cecelia, on the other hand, is in good health except her osteoarthritis. She is very much frustrated that her dryer is broken and she can’t complete her laundry like she likes. Her daughter comes and picks up Cecelia and takes her home with her to do the laundry. Cecelia has to talk herself through her own frustration with Jimmy. She reminds herself to be patient and forgiving, remembering he has significant limitations, and show understanding that even though Jimmy denies having difficulty at this time, he is having more and more difficulty breathing when he exerts himself. Cecelia has stopped nagging Jimmy and allows him to do things in his timing. Jimmy understands his limitations and thought he won’t quit smoking, he still tries to accomplish what needs to be taken care of in a timely manner (Neighborhood 2.0 News).
Actions of the Health Care Workers
The role of the public health care team in emergency preparedness includes knowing the basic concepts in emergency preparedness and management. These concepts include risk assessment, mitigation, preparedness, and response and recovery. For preparedness in wildfire situations, a system known as Incident Management System (IMS), also known as “Firescope” was developed to address difficulties managing California wildfires during the 1970s, and was identified as a high priority in 2004, in the National Framework for Health Emergency Management.IMS has since been widely adopted by many North American emergency and disaster response agencies to include most Canadian police, fire and emergency medical services (EMS) first responders (Christian, Kollek & Schwartz, 2005).
The Neighborhood public health care teams are responsible to know who their supporting organizations and resources are and work together to develop a plan in the event of a disaster, have a chain of command and teams already in place so everyone already knows what their role and responsibility is during a disaster, and when to implement the plans already developed or change plans as needed during the disaster. The role of the public health care team in The Neighborhood 2.0 is to assess, plan, implement and evaluate the process of delivering the care needed during the disaster. There were several nurses from different sites that initially responded to the neighborhood emergency. The nurses made sure that the clients that were before them received care according to their individual needs and based on priority.
The emergency room nurses, worked with other members of the healthcare team to respond quickly and assess the needs of the patients arriving in the emergency department. Upon evaluation, patients were dispersed to the proper departments for care if not discharged with proper instructions for self-care. The nurses on the units in the hospital worked relentlessly to provide the care needed for patients staying, being admitted and to discharge patients in a timely manner so beds could be made available to clients coming in through the ER or transferring from other units within the hospital. The nurses in the community senior center and schools, made assessments and provided treatment with in their scope of practice, while educating, encouraging, and suggesting that clients seek medical assistance from their doctors or local hospital.
While the focus was on the hospital, senior center, and school nurses, these are not the only types of nurses that should monitor the effects of this emergency on the community health. All nurses should be monitoring the effects of an emergency and disaster because emergencies and disasters affect everyone with all types of conditions. Home health nurses, mental health nurses, and department of health nurses are just a few of the other types of nurses that should monitor the effects of this emergency on the community for obvious reasons. The home health nurse can go to the home of their clients and ensure that the members of the household has enough food, water and medications. The mental health nurses can monitor their client to ensure that their condition is not exacerbated to a condition of despair. The department of health nurses can treat the clients that seek medical treatment from the department of health (DOH), provide them with the proper resources needed to get through this emergency situation and or direct them to the proper agency that can help them.
Public Health Agencies
There are public health agencies on every level with different types of responsibilities but each has a common goal to ensure an optimal level of health of the public. Some of the public health agencies that could have been of assistance with the Neighborhood 2.0 Forest Fire, to help reduce some of the stress and frustration of the health care teams, are the local DOH, state DOH, the American Red Cross Association, the Community Emergency Response Team (CERT), and the National Emergency Response Team (NERT).
The local department of health, as stated earlier in this paper, could have provided clients with proper resources needed or directed them to the proper agency. The state DOH, could have provided additional resources (ie; medications) as necessary and staff to the local DOH during this emergency. The American Red Cross, a nonprofit organization, helps people after a disaster by providing needed resources immediately such as, food and water, clothing, and shelter (American Red Cross, n.d). There is a division of FEMA called the Community Emergency Response Team (CERT). CERT assists in training people to be better prepared to respond to community emergencies by educating the community members on what to expect in an emergency and their role and responsibility in an emergency. This training improves the community’s response to emergencies which is helpful for the first responders. CERT also provides critical support by assisting victims of emergencies immediately and organizing volunteers at the emergency site (FEMA, 2015). The National Emergency Response Team (NERT), is a response team that is a volunteer-driven organization. Hundreds of Americans volunteer for this organization to help others during times of emergencies when they are in need. NERT develops and implements the disaster response services and educational programs that coordinate publicly available resources during a crisis situation (National Emergency Response Team, 2009).
With the assistance of CERT and NERT, the levels of frustration and stress that the health care team at the Neighborhood Community Hospital experienced, would not have been so high. These agencies would have been able to assist with staffing needs by finding volunteers from a range of any needed background, to include additional doctors and nurses. CERT and NERT would have been able to assist with finding other facilities to accommodate the medical needs of the community and ensure the patients were transported accordingly.
Collectively, all the public health agencies mentioned could help and enhance public preparedness by educating the community on how to prepare for different emergency situations, the supplies that will be needed, the resources available with telephone numbers and radio stations to tune into.
In the Bley household, Mrs. Bley and her daughter could have made sure Mr. Bley had a face mask on hand just in case the situation became worse and he needed to wear it. The public health care teams could have assessed the Bley household to see if there was a need for an oxygen tank or and provided it temporarily, at no charge to the client. With Mr. Bley being unable to go out of the house due to poor air quality during these times, it is essential that public health agencies provide education regarding self-care, proper nutrition and cessation of smoking. It is also important that Mrs. Bley be educated regarding the care her husband needs and the numbers she can call in an emergency.
Conclusion
Emergencies and disasters can happen at any moment and it is always when it is least expected. Although some events are uncontrollable, we have the ability to predict risk factors and prepare for potential emergencies. Communities have various resources that can be used in the wide range of possible emergency events. The Public health sector is essential in performing theirs roles in emergency preparedness and disaster mediation. In the event of forest fires, residents with poor health and existing respiratory conditions stand a greater chance of exacerbations of their conditions. Ensuring that there is an emergency preparedness and disaster plan in place is the responsibility of the entire community. First, residents are responsible to ensure that their own households are ready for potential emergencies with can goods, water, batteries, flashlights, resources numbers and anything else that they deem essential for immediate assistance. Second, the community officials and their designated agencies are responsible to develop a plan that can be employed when disaster strikes. Next it is the responsibility of state and national officials to ensure there is an updated Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Plan in place that is appropriate to be implemented in any given emergent situation that may take place.
Education on all levels to all personnel of the public health sector, as well as to the members of the community, is essential to carrying out the developed plan. Providing training and conducting mock drills is in no way close to what will be experienced during a real emergency and disaster but, it does allow participants the opportunity to get a feel for what they will need to do I and when the time comes. It is through knowledge, preparation, and collaboration between community, state, and national levels of public health organizations that lives can be saved and property loss minimized when disaster strikes. A community’s ability to recover fast depends on the proactive planning by public health organizations when assisting the community.

References
American Red Cross. (n.d.). Retrieved from: https://www.redcross.org/donate/index.jsp?donateStep=2&scode=RSG00000E01 7&itemld=prod10001&subcode=paiddonationsbrand&gclid=CMWVuMHXmbY CFQexnQodbhsAuw
Christian, M. D., Kollek, D., & Schwartz, B. (2005). Emergency preparedness: What every health care worker needs to know. CJEM : Journal of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians, 7(5), 330-7. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/195787013?accountid=458
FEMA, Community Emergency Response Teams. (2015). Retrieved from: http:www.fema.gov/community-emergency-response-teams
Katz, R. (2013). Essential of Public Health Preparedness [University of Phoenix Custom Edition eBook]. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
National Emergency Response Team. (2009). Welcome to NERT. Retrieved from http://www.nert-usa.org/

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper In this paper the subjects to discuss are newspaper articles and scenarios given in season two, episode five of Pearson Health Science Neighborhood in the course materials section of University of Phoenix student Website. A fire began in the Neighborhood community and the residents developed respiratory problems related to the smoke. The fire is not contained even after five days (Pearson health science, 2011). The community needs an emergency preparedness and response plan. Local, state, and national public health agencies such as the Red Cross, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and local and state EMS should have participated in this emergency situation. Summary of event Neighborhood is a community located near a forest and along the bank of the river with a population of 64, 200 residents. A forest fire has been raging for five days and is nearing the town of Neighborhood, destroying numerous acres of land. Firefighters are battling to obtain control of the forest fire, whereas the health care workers are battling to keep the patients breathing. The seniors are coming to the senior center clinic with breathing problems, and the hospital is overcrowded with patients with breathing issues. The hospital has shortage of staffs and the quality of care is law. The city officials are urging the citizens to stay indoors and not to go out unless it is necessary because winds are blowing the smoke toward the......

Words: 1943 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper NUR/408 April 2, 2012 University of Phoenix Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Firefighters cannot contain a forest fire that has been blazing for five days. The risk of the fire is not life-threaten but citizens are encouraged to remain indoors unless necessary to leave home because of the smoky winds. The smoke from the fire is affecting many of the residents in the community, especially those with preexisting lung diseases. The local hospital is full and the emergency room is over crowed. Patients are in need of beds in the hospital. The entire staff is stressed and pressed to discharge patients quickly to make room for patients holding in the emergency room. In addition nursing staff is required to work overtime to meet the needs of the community. Next, the Neighborhood Senior Nursing Clinic has seen more seniors than usual this week because of the smoky winds. Many of the seniors have needed to use their oxygen more often than usual this week. The seniors have been advised by the nurse Karen at the Neighborhood Senior Nursing Clinic to stay indoors to avoid respiratory irritants. Unfortunately, there had been an increase in seniors coming to the clinic in the past couple of years related to lack of extracurricular activities available to seniors in the community. After that a second grade student at the neighborhood school was sent to the school nurse because of difficulty breathing. She was......

Words: 1912 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness Response

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response In addition to a population of approximately 64, 200 residents, the Neighborhood Community is situated near a forest and along the river bank. This community is currently experiencing a forest fire that has lasted for the past five days while destroying huge acres of land and is nearing its town. The efforts to fight the fire are characterized by the battles of firefighters to control the forest fire, health care workers trying to keep patients breathing, and city officials asking citizens to stay indoors. The forest fire in Neighborhood Community is an example of the need for a community to effectively to prepare and respond to emergencies. Summary of the Events As a community located near a forest and along the river bank, Neighborhood community is hugely affected by the dangerous forest fire destroying several acres of land. The smoky condition of the air from the forest fire is affecting residents with pre-existing lung problems suffering the most. As health care professionals are doing all they can to help keep patients breathing, the firefighters are fighting to gain control of the forest fire. The residents are urged to stay indoors by the city officials unless it is associated with the winds blowing the smoke toward the town. Moreover, these officials have also notified the residents that they will inform them of a new plan if the fire advances toward the town. Some of the major areas that are affected by this...

Words: 2509 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response

...Emergency preparedness is the ability of individuals, organizations, and communities to respond to public health emergencies, such as natural disasters, bad weather, bioterrorism, outbreak of diseases, accidents casualties, and chemical or radiation emergencies. The most indigenous role of the federal, state or local government is to protect and prevent citizens from injury or potential harm, which involves helping people to prepare and respond to emergency situation, including people with disabilities. To plan and respond to community emergency require involvement of everybody in the community, including people with disabilities in identifying needs in evaluating operational management. The issues identified with people of disabilities include notification, evacuation, transportation, sheltering, access to information, medication, refrigeration, backup power, and to mobility devices or service animals en route to shelter. Emergency preparedness is pertinent for every community because it could be a life-threatening situation. Summary of the event that took place at the Neighborhood community as read under the course materials section in the newspaper articles and scenarios in the Pearson Health Science Neighborhood in season two, episode five from University of Phoenix student website. The Neighborhood has a population of 64,200, localized close to a forest and beside the bank of a river. The community has been experiencing fire out-break for five days and had caused......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Community Preparedness and Response

...Community Preparedness and Response NUR/408 Community Preparedness and Response This paper discusses The Neighborhood - Pearson Health Science season two, episode five at the University of Phoenix student website. The examination of the actions of health care workers in response to the health concerns of key characters will be highlighted including the community hospital, senior center, school, and the Bley household. The role of the preparedness of the public health agencies, who initially responded to the community emergency, and who should monitor the effects on the community health will be assessed. Identification of how public health care teams can enhance the citizens’ preparedness for emergencies will be explored as well as suggestions to improve personal preparedness in a similar community emergent event. The Neighborhood The Neighborhood has a population of 64,200 including all ages from zero to over 90 years-old. An uncontrolled forest fire has been burning for over five days. As firefighters battle the fire, city officials state the community is not in any danger. However, the thick smoke is covering the town. The healthcare workers are working hard to treat people of the community with chronic lung problems (Pearson Health Science, 2009). Hospital The local hospital is a 362 inpatient bed facility (Pearson Health Science, 2009). The raging fire has the emergency room and local offices seeing an increase of patients suffering breathing......

Words: 2133 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Paper

...Neighborhood Community Emergency NUR408 July 8, 2013 Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Emergency preparedness is an important procedure that is needed to protecting or limiting the amount of injuries or death caused by either natural or manmade disasters of citizens in any community. The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of community emergency preparedness, and events that can occur if there is a lack of preparedness and planning. This paper will demonstrate and summarize the actions of health care workers, steps taken, and needed to reduce risk factors, the role of public health agencies, and the community’s involvement to assist with their own safety. For example, did city officials prepare the residents of the neighborhood adequately? What is required to handle a wildfire emergency? What other public health agencies could have assisted with this emergency and how would this affect the outcome of the wildfire at the neighborhood forest? Wikipedia defines (“Emergency,” n.d.) as, “A situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property or environment.” Emergency preparedness involves interventions to prevent situations from becoming worse. Identifying potential risk factors is the key for communities to devise an effective emergency plan to decrease the potential for increase injuries or death. How a community recovers from a disaster is just as important as the preparations taken to......

Words: 1887 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Disaster Preparedness

...A disaster is generally defined as an event in which illness or injuries surpass resource capabilities of a community or medical facility (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2010). Disaster preparedness is a process of ensuring that an organization has complied with the preventive measures and is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a predicted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property. Disaster preparedness can also provide rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and other services in the aftermath of the disaster, as well as have the capability and resources to continue to sustain its essential functions without being overwhelmed by the demand placed on them. The American Nursing Association is helping to ensure that disaster preparedness and response is robust in this country to be personally and professionally prepared for a disaster. Being in a prepared profession can help cope and help the communities recover from disaster better, faster and stronger (Brewer, 2010). According to the Maricopa Integrated Health System (MIHS) at Maricopa Medical Center, they have a specialized disaster preparedness plan to fit their current top three hazards. Maricopa Medical Center conducts a Hazard Vulnerability Assessment (HVA) annually. The current top three hazards K.F., Manager of Fire Safety and Disaster Preparedness, at Maricopa Medical Center has identified include: Mass Causality Incidents (trauma, burns, pandemic, etc.), Small Casualty Hazardous......

Words: 1573 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Emergency Preparedess and Response

...Running Head: Emergency Preparedness and Response Emergency Preparedness and Response Michelle Gage NURS408 Epidemiology: Global and Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Emergency preparedness is a key factor in helping with disasters and emergent issues that happen around the world. Emergency preparedness requires attention not just to specific types of hazards but also to steps that increase preparedness for any type of hazard (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). It is important that all the population be aware of what to do in an event or who to contact if they notice a particular event about to happen or happening. In the pre-event preparation stage, much training, information, and safety are critical to minimizing deaths and injuries that occur from emergencies. One type of situation that could occur and cause chaos is a neighborhood forest fire. Numerous people could respond to this event to aid in the public’s needs and to help prevent further complications or exacerbations of medical problems. In the Neighborhood News it was a focus on the forest fire that was still occurring near this town. Kate, RN was discussing how she is overwhelmed with the amount of admissions that they have on the medical unit. This was caused from the exacerbation of emphysema and asthma because of the neighborhood forest fires. The entire unit of staff were feeling tired and morale was decreased lately. Pat, nurse manager for the......

Words: 2189 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Emergency Preparedness Paper-Nur408

...Community Emergency Preparedness & Response Paper NUR 408 March 25, 2013 Community Emergency Preparedness & Response Paper Media coverage of disasters across the globe come in real time and with intensity that one would believe that natural or manmade disasters happens more frequently, affecting thousands if not millions of lives. People prepare for the worst such as buying premium insurance to decrease the anxiety but still expecting the best. Disasters in all form is part of life and how we deal with these events depend on how prepared we are. A communities ability to get back on its feet and be self reliant after a disaster will be decided by how well the community prepare and responds to these emergencies. In the neighborhood we will discuss and examine how the resources and people responded to the emergency- a forest fire which have raged on for the last 5 days. We will discuss the hospital, senior center, school and the Bley household and how the emergency affected their life. We will then identify the types of public health agencies such as the local, state, and national that could be called upon to respond to emergencies. The Neighborhood The town is situated along a river and located west of a forest with a population of 64,200 of which one-third are elderly. A wildfire have started in the forest and has spread and destroyed several acres of land. The fire has been raging on for the last five days that has the community mobilizing its resources to......

Words: 1800 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Comparison Paper

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Nur 408 March 5, 2012 Sandi Wheeler Community Emergency Preparedness and Response A disaster, whether natural or man-made, generates several emotions, illnesses, and losses. When a community is confronted with a disaster, such as a forest fire, they rely on an emergency preparedness plan for structure and guidance. With this emergency situation, the community is facing the potential of an out-of-control forest fire. Officials contend the fire is currently contained; however, winds are steadily increasing putting this community at risk for disaster. This fire has already burned numerous acres and is on the fifth day of burning (The Neighborhood News, n.d.). The air in the community is now thick with pollutants and smoke which is affecting many individual’s respiratory track. The Neighborhood News, a local newspaper, recommends individuals remain indoors until conditions improve in the community (Neighborhood News, n.d.). The paper also states community members will be given notice if the burn pattern of the fire changes with the winds (Neighborhood News, n.d.). Community emergency preparedness is essential for dynamic responses in life threatening situations. One the front line of defense is the public health department for community disasters (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). “The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 addressed the need to enhance public health and health care......

Words: 2028 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Disaster Management

...Community Teaching Work Plan Community Teaching Work Plan Concepts in Community and Public Health Community Teaching Work Plan Proposed Community Teaching A disaster is described as an event that causes great damage and loss of life. The world is changing fast, more people are becoming vulnerable to disasters or are forced to cope with acts of violence, financial crises and growing uncertainty, often without adequate support from their governments. With new challenges to humanitarian coordination, concerns over standards and accountability, more capable states and National Societies exercising leadership over humanitarian response and presenting new opportunities to mobilize the collective resources of the IFRC in non-traditional ways, the IFRC must learn, adapt, innovate, and lead to ensure that we remain relevant and achieve greater impact with our humanitarian work. A disaster can be an earthquake, flood, fire, explosion, hurricane, or any event that is catastrophic to infrastructure and claims lives. Disasters affect the lives of thousands of people every year. Being prepared for a disaster can reduce fear and anxiety. Being prepared can also help to decrease the amount of losses that can occur. Individuals and families need to know what to do in the event of a disaster like a hurricane ("FEMA," “n.d”). Communities that consist of military bases face different risks related to disasters. They are at increased risk for nuclear accidents and acts of terrorism. For......

Words: 2282 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Ems Preparedness

...Emergency Preparedness and Response Esteban Guaderrama NUR Emergency Preparedness and Response Emergency preparedness is a key factor in helping with disasters and emergent issues that happen around the world. Emergency preparedness requires attention not just to specific types of hazards but also to steps that increase preparedness for any type of hazard (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). It is important that all the population be aware of what to do in an event or who to contact if they notice a particular event about to happen or happening. In the pre-event preparation stage, much training, information, and safety are critical to minimizing deaths and injuries that occur from emergencies. One type of situation that could occur and cause chaos is a neighborhood forest fire. Numerous people could respond to this event to aid in the public’s needs and to help prevent further complications or exacerbations of medical problems. In the Neighborhood News it was a focus on the forest fire that was still occurring near this town. Kate, RN was discussing how she is overwhelmed with the amount of admissions that they have on the medical unit. This was caused from the exacerbation of emphysema and asthma because of the neighborhood forest fires. The entire unit of staff were feeling tired and morale was decreased lately. Pat, nurse manager for the medical unit also commented on how the staff morale......

Words: 2195 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Emergency Preparedness

...Emergency Preparedness and Response Joy Carr NUR/408 January 10, 2012 Sandi Wheeler, R.N., MSN Emergency Preparedness and Response Public emergency preparedness and response is the ability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from emergencies, particularly those whose scale, timing, or unpredictability threatens to overwhelm routine capabilities. Preparedness involves a continuous process of planning and implementation that relies on measuring performance and taking corrective action. There are many different public agencies, from local to national, that are dedicated and devoted to this. The Neighborhood is a community that is nestled near Neighborhood River and along the Neighborhood Forest, with a population of 64,200. They are in the presence of a wildfire that is raging just west of the town border. The fire has been burning out of control for five days with the local fire departments battling to contain it. Initially, it was believed to be easily containable but with the early advent of the windy season, the fire continues to burn out of control. Community officials urge citizens that they are not in any immediate danger for evacuation but will issue alerts if they feel the fires may shift course towards the community. Public health officials are urging residents, especially those with chronic heart and lung disease, to remain inside unless......

Words: 1913 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Special Operations for Emergency Medical Personnel

...CAPABILITY OF EMERGENCY SERVICES TO REACT TO DISATERS Devon Clemons American Military University 12 February 2015 Abstract Every day throughout United States, thousands of emergency personnel respond to various types emergencies both natural and man-made. Such disasters pose significant problems for emergency managers and emergency response personnel as well as the medical facilities that treat them. At a moment’s notice, medical facilities can become overwhelmed after a disaster from people seeking medical attention. The key to success is information sharing and management among these responding organizations during and after a disaster. The idea of sharing information does not occur overnight, the plan should be implemented before any disaster occurs. Many of the issues responders face range from a lack of preparedness and training of emergency responders to a lack of communication. Disaster readiness remains uneven across the United States especially in small cities or rural areas and without significant disaster preparedness many emergency responders or emergency facilities such as hospitals or clinics remain unprepared for natural disasters. As a result, many facilities may be unprepared to accept and care for an influx of patients as a result of a terrorist attacks, chemical spills, and natural disasters. This paper will explore problems emergency responders may face during disasters due to a lack readiness and preparedness. In addition, this......

Words: 2563 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Writing Essay Fema

...Fundamentals of Emergency Management Independent Study 230.a January 14, 2010 FEMA COURSE OVERVIEW Unit 1: Course Introduction Introduction How to Complete This Course Unit 1 Objectives Course Objectives Case Study: Tornado in Barneveld, Wisconsin Your Place in the Emergency Management System Case Study: Hazardous Chemical Release Activity: Where Do I Fit? Unit 2: Overview of the Principles of Emergency Management and the Integrated Emergency Management System Introduction and Unit Overview FEMA Mission and Purpose Response Authorities History Principles of Emergency Management Recent Changes to Emergency Planning Requirements Why an Integrated Emergency Management System? Emergency Management Concepts and Terms Partners in the Coordination Network Activity: Partners in the Coordination Network Emergency Management in Local Government Activity: Where Is Emergency Management in My Community? Unit 3: Incident Management Actions Introduction and Unit Overview Introduction to the Spectrum of Incident Management Actions Prevention Preparedness Response Activity: Response Operations Recovery Mitigation Unit 4: Roles of Key Participants Introduction and Unit Overview The Role of the Local Emergency Program Manager State Emergency Management Role How the Private Sector and Voluntary Organizations Assist Emergency Managers Federal Emergency Management Role The National Response Framework Activity: Emergency......

Words: 35531 - Pages: 143