Free Essay

Community Preparedness and Response

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jenb1466
Words 2133
Pages 9
Community Preparedness and Response
NUR/408

Community Preparedness and Response
This paper discusses The Neighborhood - Pearson Health Science season two, episode five at the University of Phoenix student website. The examination of the actions of health care workers in response to the health concerns of key characters will be highlighted including the community hospital, senior center, school, and the Bley household. The role of the preparedness of the public health agencies, who initially responded to the community emergency, and who should monitor the effects on the community health will be assessed. Identification of how public health care teams can enhance the citizens’ preparedness for emergencies will be explored as well as suggestions to improve personal preparedness in a similar community emergent event.
The Neighborhood
The Neighborhood has a population of 64,200 including all ages from zero to over 90 years-old. An uncontrolled forest fire has been burning for over five days. As firefighters battle the fire, city officials state the community is not in any danger. However, the thick smoke is covering the town. The healthcare workers are working hard to treat people of the community with chronic lung problems (Pearson Health Science, 2009).
Hospital
The local hospital is a 362 inpatient bed facility (Pearson Health Science, 2009). The raging fire has the emergency room and local offices seeing an increase of patients suffering breathing problems from the fog of smoke over the community with many residents being admitted to the hospital. The hospital’s medical-surgical beds are full and the shortage of nurses just made the stress levels rise as the influx of patients needing beds is critical. The medical-surgical manager, Pat Richmond, has learned from an administrative meeting that mandatory overtime will be instituted. The stress of the flood of patients being admitted from the fire with respiratory issues has the nursing unit already stressed with morale low. The mandatory overtime could break an already short staffed unit. The emergency room admission demands are creating a stressful environment for the nursing staff trying to keep up with the discharges and admissions. The hospital apparently did not have an emergency plan and is presently struggling to rectify an already out of control community emergency. The hospital failed to have an emergency preparedness plan in place, which places undue stress on the staff and community. The nurses that were off could be called with a “disaster call plan” into the hospital to assist with the overwhelming situation and ease the burden of discharges and admissions throughout the hospital.
Senior Center
Karen Williams is a geriatric Registered Nurse for 30 years. At the Outpatient Senior Center, Karen is seeing the effects of the fire on the seniors who attend the center. She advises individuals to stay indoors to avoid the aggravating factors to the respiratory system because she is seeing an increase of coughs and use of oxygen. Karen’s influence with the Senior Center’s visitants can be advantageous and desirable to encourage them to stay indoors and only come out in case of an emergency. The Senior Center employees could have a disaster plan in place, which could include phone calls to the patients to encourage them to stay at home until the smoke blows over. The Senior Center could also be involved with mutual aid in the community to take needed supplies to the seniors.
School
A six-year practiced school nurse Violet Brinkworth is very busy between two schools. A teacher sends student Kelsey Young, a second grader to the nurses’ office because she has been coughing. Violet notices Kelsey has an increased rate in breathing, frequent coughing, and wheezing in her lungs. Violet calls Kelsey’s mom to come get her and suggests she get checked by her physician and that she should send an inhaler to the nurses’ office in school. Mrs. Young seemed reluctant to comply with this request. Although Violets’ action with Kelsey was appropriate, an educational opportunity to Mrs. Young was missed in regard to the importance of the inhaler in the school’s nursing office and how it could prevent a serious asthmatic incident.
Bley Household
Native Americans, Jimmy and Cecilia Bley, both over 70, have large family consisting of eight children who live in the area. Jimmy Bley has emphysema and with the smoke hovering outside he understands he should not be outside but a strong statement from his wife about the dryer being broke again tempts him to go out and get the part needed to fix the dryer. However, their daughter visits and takes Cecilia to the Laundromat to complete that task. A family emergency preparedness consisting of the large family could assist the parents with their tasks or taken them to stay with one of their children until the emergency has passed. In addition, community care teams could assist with tasks without the seniors going outdoors.
Preparedness and Improvements
The frontline of this community crisis was the local hospital emergency room. Emergency room nurses role is prioritizing and properly triaging patients. The hospital failed preparedness for this crisis. Recognizing the urgency or emergent community admissions and calling a “disaster code” would have provided more assistance in the hospital as well as the community resources. The chief improvement for this community is an emergency preparedness plan.
Responding to a disaster can be the easy part for a disaster relief worker but in “times of crisis or great uncertainty call for great skills in communication. The community needs accurate information transmitted in a timely manner. Health care personnel are the best sources for essential health information that is technical in nature” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p. 525). Organization is paramount. Stanhope and Lancaster (2012) state, “mutual aid agreements establish relationships between partners prior to the incident at the local, regional, state, and national levels and ensure seamless service” (p. 516).
The World Health Organization (WHO) states “Emergency preparedness is a programme of long-term activities whose goals are to strengthen the overall capacity and capability of a country or a community to manage efficiently all types of emergencies and bring about an orderly transition from relief through recovery, and back to sustained development. It requires that emergency plans be developed, personnel at all levels and in all sectors be trained, and communities at risk be educated, and that these measures be monitored and evaluated regularly (n.p.). It is essential to communities not only to have a strategic disaster plan in place but have simulation drills for a disaster before a disaster strikes.
Developing an emergency preparedness plan for the community and allowing state and federal assistance to step in would have alleviated the stress on the only local community hospital. For example, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (2011) states, “after a tornado demolished a hospital in Joplin, Mo., the state’s disaster medical assistance team and hospital staff set up a mobile medical unit at the hospital site” (para. 3). Mobilizing a triage and emergency mobile command center at the hospital would have been ideal if mutual aid agreements were in the community’s emergency preparedness plan.
The public health agencies that would join in community emergency response include the local health department, hospitals, emergency medical services, fire departments, police departments, and the local American Red Cross chapter. State agencies that would assist in a crisis would include State Police agencies, State Health Officer, Public Health Officer, and State Offices for Emergency Management. On a federal level of emergency management and preparedness, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (2011) states “protection and National Preparedness (PNP) is responsible for the coordination of preparedness and protection related activities throughout FEMA, including grants, planning, training, exercises, individual and community preparedness, assessments, lessons learned, continuity of government and national capital region coordination (para.). FEMA is a national organization that supports the citizens and first responders to create, maintain, and improve the capability to protect against, prepare, respond, recover, and mitigate all disasters. FEMA has more than 7382 employees working all over the United States (FEMA, 2011). Many agencies have the ability to allocate and supply manpower, volunteers, equipment, supplies, and financial support. Another core support in a disaster is the American Red Cross. “Red Cross disaster relief focuses on meeting people's immediate emergency needs caused by disaster. When disaster threatens or strikes, the Red Cross provides shelter, food, health, and emotional health service to address basic human needs and assist individuals and families in resuming their normal daily activities independently” (American Red Cross, 2011).
Care Teams
Public health team coordination in this community with mutual aid efforts could have checked on the community’s most at risk population, like the Bley household in “The Neighborhood” scenario. Many communities are taking the initiative for emergency preparedness by forming citizen councils and corps to assist in an emergency. They are identifying local partners like the police, firefighters, and hospitals, building a preparedness team, setting goals, and participating in mock drills. According to FEMA at ready.gov (2012) “the Citizen Corps effort is coordinated at the local level by Citizen Corps Councils or similar coordinating bodies, which bring together community leaders to plan for emergencies before they happen. The local leaders who serve on the Citizen Corps Councils should reflect all sectors of the whole community to ensure every stakeholder has a seat at the table. Citizen Corps Council members participate in developing community emergency plans, conduct localized outreach and education to the public, offer training and participation in exercises, encourage volunteerism, and in the event of a disaster, form an integral part of the response” (para. 2).
Personal Emergency Preparedness
Education of the area and the potential of natural disasters such as mud slides, wildfires, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis that could occur would be a first step. Creating a family emergency preparedness plan would be a practical and sensible step. Being prepared and understanding what to do during an emergency can reduce fear, anxiety and losses that disasters create. There are state, federal, and international websites on family preparedness that one could investigate. The New Jersey Office of Emergency Management (n.d.) outlines the following steps for family preparedness: [Create a disaster plan by meeting with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather, and earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibilities and work together as a team. Pick two places to meet and everyone must know the address and phone numbers. Discuss what to do in an evacuation. Plan how to take care of your pets. Practice and maintain your plan. Have emergency kits ready with a three-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day) and food that won't spoil, one change of clothing and footwear per person, and one blanket or sleeping bag per person, first aid kit that includes your family's prescription medications, emergency tools including a battery-powered radio, flashlight and plenty of extra batteries, an extra set of car keys and a credit card, cash or traveler's checks, sanitation supplies and keep important documents in an easy to reach container with you. Make sure you have two escape routes mapped out. Listen for emergency communication about the disaster] (para.). One should also have fire extinguishers at hand in case use is required.
Conclusion
Natural and man-made disasters can occur at anytime and anywhere. Being prepared for a disaster is essential for every citizen. In The Neighborhood community, the raging forest fire creating smoke which filled the air was producing respiratory issues in the community overloaded the only resource in the community, the hospital. If this community had a preparedness plan then safe and rapid assistance to the citizens in need of attention would have been taken care of directly. Educating communities and having citizens involved in emergency preparedness, forming citizen corps, and jointly working with other public health agencies will improve and alleviate confusion and anxiety when a disaster strikes.

Reference
American Red Cross. 2011. What We Do. Retrieved from http://www.redcross.org/what-we-do/disaster-relief Federal Emergency Management Agency. 2011. Emergency Preparedness. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/
Pearson Health Science. 2009. The Neighborhood. Retrieved from http://pearsonneighborhood.ecollege.com/re/A_PSH.real?47=6100510
Ready.gov. 2012. Citizen Corp. Retrieved from http://www.ready.gov/build-team
Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2012). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (8th ed). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier
The New Jersey Office of Emergency Management. N.D. Emergency Family Plan. Retrieved from http://www.state.nj.us/njoem/preparedness_fampln.html
World Health Organization. 2012. Emergency Preparedness. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hac/techguidance/preparedness/en/index.html U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. 2011. Mobile Hospital. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2011pres/07/20110701a.html

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness Response

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response In addition to a population of approximately 64, 200 residents, the Neighborhood Community is situated near a forest and along the river bank. This community is currently experiencing a forest fire that has lasted for the past five days while destroying huge acres of land and is nearing its town. The efforts to fight the fire are characterized by the battles of firefighters to control the forest fire, health care workers trying to keep patients breathing, and city officials asking citizens to stay indoors. The forest fire in Neighborhood Community is an example of the need for a community to effectively to prepare and respond to emergencies. Summary of the Events As a community located near a forest and along the river bank, Neighborhood community is hugely affected by the dangerous forest fire destroying several acres of land. The smoky condition of the air from the forest fire is affecting residents with pre-existing lung problems suffering the most. As health care professionals are doing all they can to help keep patients breathing, the firefighters are fighting to gain control of the forest fire. The residents are urged to stay indoors by the city officials unless it is associated with the winds blowing the smoke toward the town. Moreover, these officials have also notified the residents that they will inform them of a new plan if the fire advances toward the town. Some of the major areas that are affected by this...

Words: 2509 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response

...Emergency preparedness is the ability of individuals, organizations, and communities to respond to public health emergencies, such as natural disasters, bad weather, bioterrorism, outbreak of diseases, accidents casualties, and chemical or radiation emergencies. The most indigenous role of the federal, state or local government is to protect and prevent citizens from injury or potential harm, which involves helping people to prepare and respond to emergency situation, including people with disabilities. To plan and respond to community emergency require involvement of everybody in the community, including people with disabilities in identifying needs in evaluating operational management. The issues identified with people of disabilities include notification, evacuation, transportation, sheltering, access to information, medication, refrigeration, backup power, and to mobility devices or service animals en route to shelter. Emergency preparedness is pertinent for every community because it could be a life-threatening situation. Summary of the event that took place at the Neighborhood community as read under the course materials section in the newspaper articles and scenarios in the Pearson Health Science Neighborhood in season two, episode five from University of Phoenix student website. The Neighborhood has a population of 64,200, localized close to a forest and beside the bank of a river. The community has been experiencing fire out-break for five days and had caused......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper In this paper the subjects to discuss are newspaper articles and scenarios given in season two, episode five of Pearson Health Science Neighborhood in the course materials section of University of Phoenix student Website. A fire began in the Neighborhood community and the residents developed respiratory problems related to the smoke. The fire is not contained even after five days (Pearson health science, 2011). The community needs an emergency preparedness and response plan. Local, state, and national public health agencies such as the Red Cross, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and local and state EMS should have participated in this emergency situation. Summary of event Neighborhood is a community located near a forest and along the bank of the river with a population of 64, 200 residents. A forest fire has been raging for five days and is nearing the town of Neighborhood, destroying numerous acres of land. Firefighters are battling to obtain control of the forest fire, whereas the health care workers are battling to keep the patients breathing. The seniors are coming to the senior center clinic with breathing problems, and the hospital is overcrowded with patients with breathing issues. The hospital has shortage of staffs and the quality of care is law. The city officials are urging the citizens to stay indoors and not to go out unless it is necessary because winds are blowing the smoke toward the......

Words: 1943 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper NUR/408 April 2, 2012 University of Phoenix Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Firefighters cannot contain a forest fire that has been blazing for five days. The risk of the fire is not life-threaten but citizens are encouraged to remain indoors unless necessary to leave home because of the smoky winds. The smoke from the fire is affecting many of the residents in the community, especially those with preexisting lung diseases. The local hospital is full and the emergency room is over crowed. Patients are in need of beds in the hospital. The entire staff is stressed and pressed to discharge patients quickly to make room for patients holding in the emergency room. In addition nursing staff is required to work overtime to meet the needs of the community. Next, the Neighborhood Senior Nursing Clinic has seen more seniors than usual this week because of the smoky winds. Many of the seniors have needed to use their oxygen more often than usual this week. The seniors have been advised by the nurse Karen at the Neighborhood Senior Nursing Clinic to stay indoors to avoid respiratory irritants. Unfortunately, there had been an increase in seniors coming to the clinic in the past couple of years related to lack of extracurricular activities available to seniors in the community. After that a second grade student at the neighborhood school was sent to the school nurse because of difficulty breathing. She was......

Words: 1912 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Assessment on Disaster Preparedness

...RESEARCH PROPOSAL I. Research Title: ASSESSMENT OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN 8 SELECTED BARANGAYS OF DAGUPAN CITY II. Name of Proponent/ Institution: PIMSAT Colleges III. Address: Bolosan District, Dagupan City, Pangasinan 2400 a. Name and Designation of Faculty/ Researcher Rodrigo P. de Vera, Jr., Ed.D.- Research Leader Members: Rosita Carvajal 3/E Armado Deleňa 2/M Eduardo Poblete Oliver Quinto b. Name of Institution: PIMSAT Colleges c. Name of Head of Institution: Atty. Rebene Carrera IV. Contact Information: 09086548323/ rodrigo_dvjr@yahoo.com.ph V. Background of the Study Dagupan City is a major urban center in Northern Luzon. It is a sub-regional center for trade and commerce, finance, education and health services of Region 1 (www.facebook.com/ddagupandream?fref=ts). With a population of 161, 375, it is located along the seacoast and at the eastern margin on the delta of Agno River (Dagupan City Disaster Coordinating Council, 2011). It has a total land area of 4008 hectares with 31 barangays. It lies one meter above sea level and Pantal River flows through the city. This poor elevation of the City makes it more vulnerable to flooding. This geological characteristic of Dagupan is the reason why the City is the catch basin of flood waters from the neighboring towns as there are seven......

Words: 6639 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

“National Preparedness, as a Whole Community

...Assignment 2: “National Preparedness, as a Whole Community” A look at the National Preparedness Frameworks “National Preparedness, as a Whole Community” The United States has a National Preparedness framework in which Federal State Local and Non-Governmental agencies utilize in order to safeguard the citizen Property and assets of this great nation. (Staff, FEMA, 2015)The National Preparedness framework outlines 5 key areas in which aid and support may be administered to areas affect by natural economic and man-made catastrophes. By looking at and understanding the Framework of the National Preparedness plan, one can better understand how this Nation can come together in times of great need. When to utilize this Preparedness plan and when the individual Agencies and governmental bodies may enact the measures required, even when not specifically requested. In the event of great disaster comes the will of the people to survive. It is the people who must learn from the past to mitigate for the future and prepare for the unknown. By having a National Preparedness plan and Governmental Acts, Such as the Robert T. Stafford Act. (Staff, FEMA, 2015) The Nation can prepare for events that are unavoidable. The National Preparedness plan is a Plan that enables the Community to act as a whole by utilizing a five stage system to achieve one goal. As per Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8. (Staff, DHS, 2011) The National Preparedness plan encompasses five stages to create......

Words: 1834 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Emergency Prepardness

...July 7, 2012 Emergency Preparedness and response WEEK 3 assignment questions Individual Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper | Access The Neighborhood website using the link on the student website.Read all of the community resources and character scenarios in Episode 5 of Season 2.Click Season 2 from the Season menu at the top of the course home page.Click Episode 5 from the Episode menu.Click on Neighborhood News under the Neighborhood Information menu and read the articles for this episode.Continue by reading the scenarios in all of the Health Care Settings and the Households. Write a 1,750- to 2,100-word paper about community emergency preparedness and response. Include the following in the paper: Summarize the events which took place during Episode 5. Focus on the following areas of the Neighborhood:HospitalSenior centerSchoolBley householdExamine the actions of health care workers in response to the health concerns of key characters within this episode.What was the role did the public health care teams in the Neighborhood play in their emergency preparedness?Which nurses initially responded to the emergency? What were their roles? What other types of nurses should monitor the effects of this emergency on community health?Identify other types of public health agencies (local, state, and national) that could have participated in the response to this type of emergency. How could they have assisted with the Neighborhood hospital’s situation? *......

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Kelly M. White NUR/408 August 10, 2015 Amy Reagan Community Emergency Preparedness and Response The terms “preparedness” and“readiness” can be used interchangeably. Preparedness is defined as the existence of plans, procedures, policies, training, and equipment necessary at the Local, State, and Federal level to maximize the ability to prevent, respond to, and recover from major events (Katz, 2013). Emergency preparedness is essential in assisting with disasters and emergent issues that happen around the world. Media coverage of disasters across the globe occur in real time with an intensity level that makes one believe that natural or manmade disasters happen more frequently. Disasters, in all forms, is a part of life and how we deal with these events depends on how well we are prepared. It is of the utmost importance that all of the population be aware of what to do and who to contact when an event is about to happen or while it is unfolding. A community’s ability to recover and be self-reliant after a disaster also depends on how well the community prepares for and responds to these emergencies. This paper will discuss and examine how the resources and people of the chosen neighborhood responded to the emergency at hand, a forest fire ravaging for more than 5 days (Neighborhood 2.0-News). The Neighborhood There is an uncontained forest fire that has been burning for more than 5 days in a forest west of the......

Words: 2744 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

What Are the Characteristics of a Population for Which a Mean/Median/Mode Would Be Appropriate? Inappropriate

...for disaster preparation and response. In total, the original chapter comprises Chapters 1, 14, 16-18. Chapter Overview Many of you are reading this manual as part of your efforts to prepare as a spiritual care professional who will be ready to respond during times of disaster. Your main role will be to provide emotional and spiritual support to those affected by disaster, but it is also critical for you to understand the context in which you will be providing this support—the bigger picture, so to speak. Disaster relief operations are complex systems having more to them than just a response mechanism. They require a significant amount of pre-planning. Disaster experts have long known that waiting until a disaster strikes to test a community’s response procedures can be disastrous. How communities respond to disaster can even induce more stress on individuals and place them at risk for developing a variety of adverse reactions and psychological consequences. This section takes the first step towards introducing you to the key elements of disaster management and response at multiple levels. The focus of this chapter is on the framework of disaster planning, preparedness, and response. In the event of a disaster in your community, you may be asked and/or may want to help. It will help you to have an understanding of the structure of the overall response so that you know how your efforts will enhance the overall operation that makes disaster response possible. Disaster......

Words: 1593 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Emergency Plan

...Emergency Preparedness Planning Guidelines Version 3, October 2006 Table of Content Foreword 4 Part 1 - Introduction to Emergency Preparedness Planning 5 CARE Approach to Emergency Preparedness 5 Measurement of Preparedness 6 Emergency Preparedness and Contingency Planning 6 Emergency Preparedness Planning Steps 8 Writing and Distributing the Plan 8 Monitoring and Updating the Plan 8 Part II – The Written Plan 10 Executive Summary 10 1. Formation of Emergency Response Team 10 2. Information Collection 11 3. Country Office Capacity Inventory 12 3.1. Country Office Organization Chart 13 3.2. Country Office Human Resources 13 3.3. Country Office Physical Resources 13 3.4. Country Office Key Staff Contact Information 13 3.5. RMU, CARE Lead Member, and CARE International Key Contacts 13 3.6. In Country Coordination Mechanisms and Contacts 13 4. Risk Analysis 13 5. Scenario Development 15 5.1. Scenario 1 16 5.1.1. Scenario Description 16 5.1.2. Impact Analysis 16 5.1.3. Identification of Risk Reduction Measures 17 5.1.4. CARE Prevention and Mitigation Measures 19 5.1.5. CARE Response Strategy 19 5.1.5.1. Criteria for Engagement 20 5.1.5.2. Partnership Analysis 20 5.1.5.3. Geographical Focus 21 5.1.5.4. Objectives of CARE Interventions 21 5.1.5.5. Trigger Indicators 21 5.1.5.6. Key Interventions/Actions 22 5.1.5.7. Entry and Exit/Transition Strategy 24 5.1.6. Local......

Words: 14772 - Pages: 60

Premium Essay

Natural Disasters

...Abstract Disasters have devastating and severe acute and long-term consequences for individuals and communities. The paper expounds on the social ramifications of disasters, while highlighting a disaster’s effects in vulnerable populations. The collaborative actions of communities, governments, public health, media, and health professionals are also depicted in the paper. Lastly, implications for Advanced Practice Nurses concerning leadership, involvement in public policy and education, and development of advanced disaster planning are illustrated. Keywords: disaster, disaster response and planning, social ramifications, advanced practice nursing. Disaster--the term itself invokes feelings of dread, despair, and devastation. Furthermore, the effects of disasters on human condition are far-reaching and unpredictable. For health care professionals, disaster preparedness and response entails an understanding of the socio-economic issues and the collective responsibilities of multiple agencies when a disaster strikes. Disasters affect individuals, families, societies, and communities, with little time for any warning or preparation.1 The collective obligations of government, communities, hospitals, and medical professionals are underscored during this trying time. Introduction What is a disaster? Calamity, catastrophe, tragedy, are just some of the words uttered when a disaster occurs. Perry and Quarantelli2 explained that disaster has several meanings......

Words: 2807 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Comparison Paper

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Nur 408 March 5, 2012 Sandi Wheeler Community Emergency Preparedness and Response A disaster, whether natural or man-made, generates several emotions, illnesses, and losses. When a community is confronted with a disaster, such as a forest fire, they rely on an emergency preparedness plan for structure and guidance. With this emergency situation, the community is facing the potential of an out-of-control forest fire. Officials contend the fire is currently contained; however, winds are steadily increasing putting this community at risk for disaster. This fire has already burned numerous acres and is on the fifth day of burning (The Neighborhood News, n.d.). The air in the community is now thick with pollutants and smoke which is affecting many individual’s respiratory track. The Neighborhood News, a local newspaper, recommends individuals remain indoors until conditions improve in the community (Neighborhood News, n.d.). The paper also states community members will be given notice if the burn pattern of the fire changes with the winds (Neighborhood News, n.d.). Community emergency preparedness is essential for dynamic responses in life threatening situations. One the front line of defense is the public health department for community disasters (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). “The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 addressed the need to enhance public health and health care......

Words: 2028 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Community Emergency Paper

...Neighborhood Community Emergency NUR408 July 8, 2013 Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Emergency preparedness is an important procedure that is needed to protecting or limiting the amount of injuries or death caused by either natural or manmade disasters of citizens in any community. The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of community emergency preparedness, and events that can occur if there is a lack of preparedness and planning. This paper will demonstrate and summarize the actions of health care workers, steps taken, and needed to reduce risk factors, the role of public health agencies, and the community’s involvement to assist with their own safety. For example, did city officials prepare the residents of the neighborhood adequately? What is required to handle a wildfire emergency? What other public health agencies could have assisted with this emergency and how would this affect the outcome of the wildfire at the neighborhood forest? Wikipedia defines (“Emergency,” n.d.) as, “A situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property or environment.” Emergency preparedness involves interventions to prevent situations from becoming worse. Identifying potential risk factors is the key for communities to devise an effective emergency plan to decrease the potential for increase injuries or death. How a community recovers from a disaster is just as important as the preparations taken to......

Words: 1887 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Emergency Preparedness

...Emergency Preparedness and Response Joy Carr NUR/408 January 10, 2012 Sandi Wheeler, R.N., MSN Emergency Preparedness and Response Public emergency preparedness and response is the ability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from emergencies, particularly those whose scale, timing, or unpredictability threatens to overwhelm routine capabilities. Preparedness involves a continuous process of planning and implementation that relies on measuring performance and taking corrective action. There are many different public agencies, from local to national, that are dedicated and devoted to this. The Neighborhood is a community that is nestled near Neighborhood River and along the Neighborhood Forest, with a population of 64,200. They are in the presence of a wildfire that is raging just west of the town border. The fire has been burning out of control for five days with the local fire departments battling to contain it. Initially, it was believed to be easily containable but with the early advent of the windy season, the fire continues to burn out of control. Community officials urge citizens that they are not in any immediate danger for evacuation but will issue alerts if they feel the fires may shift course towards the community. Public health officials are urging residents, especially those with chronic heart and lung disease, to remain inside unless......

Words: 1913 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Emergency Preparedness Paper-Nur408

...Community Emergency Preparedness & Response Paper NUR 408 March 25, 2013 Community Emergency Preparedness & Response Paper Media coverage of disasters across the globe come in real time and with intensity that one would believe that natural or manmade disasters happens more frequently, affecting thousands if not millions of lives. People prepare for the worst such as buying premium insurance to decrease the anxiety but still expecting the best. Disasters in all form is part of life and how we deal with these events depend on how prepared we are. A communities ability to get back on its feet and be self reliant after a disaster will be decided by how well the community prepare and responds to these emergencies. In the neighborhood we will discuss and examine how the resources and people responded to the emergency- a forest fire which have raged on for the last 5 days. We will discuss the hospital, senior center, school and the Bley household and how the emergency affected their life. We will then identify the types of public health agencies such as the local, state, and national that could be called upon to respond to emergencies. The Neighborhood The town is situated along a river and located west of a forest with a population of 64,200 of which one-third are elderly. A wildfire have started in the forest and has spread and destroyed several acres of land. The fire has been raging on for the last five days that has the community mobilizing its resources to......

Words: 1800 - Pages: 8