Free Essay

Comp Sci as

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By coffiie
Words 1764
Pages 8
What is the format of an IP address? 1. 4 bytes 2. First 2 – network address 3. Second 2 – host address
How is an IP address associated with a device on a network? 1. IP address specifically or automatically assigned 2. Each device has own private IP address
What is the difference between a public IP address and a private IP address? 1. Public – dynamic (changes each time device connects to internet) or static (doesn’t change because used for hosting web pages or services) 2. Private – assigned on LANs (automatically or chosen by LAN administrator) and are static; able to change, but rarely.
What are a URL, IP address, and a DNS? Why are they important? 1. URL – web address typed into a browser 2. IP address – series of numbers that tells computer where to find information 3. DNS (Domain Name System) – collection of domain names; translates a URL into an IP address 4. Every URL has an IP address; IP addresses were too complicated and were shortened by URLs
What happens when a user types in the IP address of a website rather than its URL? 1. Web page at the IP address shows up on browser
Explain how a URL is used to locate a resource on the WWW and the role of the Domain Name Service 1. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the web address a user types into a browser to reach a website 2. DNS translates URL to an IP address to take user to desired site
What is streaming? Explain real-time and on-demand? 1. Streaming – method of transmitting/receiving data over a computer network (server to host) as a steady and continuous flow allowing playback to proceed while subsequent data is being received a. Real-time – broadcasting data that is happening at the moment b. On-demand – broadcasting data when the user requests it
What is the impact of bit rates on streaming? 1. Faster bit rate, better streaming 2. Bit rates go up when resolution goes up because more data is processed
How do communications systems like PSTN, dedicated lines, and cell phone networks support the internet? 1. PSTN (Public Service Telephone Network) furnishes most of internet’s long distance infrastructure 2. Dedicated lines – 3. Cell phone service providers offer broadband internet access services
Diagram illustrating hardware like networks, routers, gateways, and servers support the internet

Why would data from a database be accessed using server-side scripting? 1. Server-side scripting sends pages to the client; allows user to use data for calculations or generate reports (?)
Describe the sequence of events executed by the client computer and web server when a web page with client-side embedded code is requested and displayed by a browser 1. User requests web page from server 2. Server finds page and sends to user 3. Page is displayed on browser with any scripts running during/after page is displayed 4. **Allows user to interact with page**
Describe the sequence of events executed by the client computer and web server when a web page with server-side embedded code is requested and displayed by a browser 1. User requests web page from server 2. Script in page interpreted by server; page content is changed/created to suit the user 3. Page is displayed in its final form
What is the internet? 1. Global system of interconnected networks to link devices worldwide
What is a browser? 1. Browser that allows user to access the internet
What is cloud computing? 1. Using remote servers to store/manage data
Define hardware 1. Physical components of a computer system
Define software 1. Computer programs that provide instructions for telling the computer what to do and how
What is the difference between primary storage and secondary storage? 1. Secondary storage not directly accessible by CPU
Why do we need primary and secondary storage? 1. To directly access data from the CPU and have backup storage
What is the difference between RAM and ROM? What does RAM stand for? ROM? 1. RAM – volatile and can be edited 2. ROM – non-volatile and can only be viewed
What does volatile mean? Is RAM or ROM volatile? 1. Volatile – content can be lost after computer shut down 2. RAM is volatile
Explain the difference between SRAM and DRAM 1. SRAM doesn’t need to be constantly refreshed to retain memory unlike DRAM where contents can be lost if not refreshed
Describe the stages of the fetch-execute cycle 1. Fetch program instructions from memory 2. Decodes instruction’s actions 3. Executes action/instruction
Register transfer notation

Describe how interrupts are handled 1. Interrupt – signal telling computer to pause current task and prioritize the needed information 2. Storing all current instructions in play into a stack and when it has completed the process it will return the stack into RAM

Why does a computer system require and operating system? 1. OS allows computer to run and execute programs and enables hardware to software communication 2. Stored in hard drive
What are the key management tasks carried out by the operating system? 1. Manage hardware resources 2. User and machine interface 3. System data security 4. Utility software
What is an operating system? 1. Set of software designed to give an environment in which application software can be executed 2. Software that supports a computer’s basic functions
Give two examples of utility software and explain what they do 1. Utility software- analyze/maintain a computer 2. Anti-virus – scan for computer viruses 3. Backup software – creates copies for backup
Why is utility software needed? 1. Used to configure, optimize, or maintain the system
What are the benefits to a developer of software constructed using library files including Dynamic Link Library Files? 1. Use pre-written code for easier creation 2. Change made to one file in a DLL applies everywhere; software using the DLL file doesn’t have to be changed
How does a programmer use routines from a library? 1. By invoking it through a function call
Why is software need to translate an assembly language program? 1. Change its mnemonics to machine code for proper execution
Why is a compiler needed to translate a high-level language program? 1. Translate it into machine language for proper execution
What are the differences between compilation and interpretation? 1. Compiler– translates whole program into object code that can be stored and re-used 2. Interpreter – translates and executes program line by line (no further use)

What are the advantages and drawbacks of using an interpreter vs compiler? 1. Compiler a. Adv – easily distributed final object file, no need for compiler software after file production, no risk of changing original source code b. Dis – final object file only produced when all errors have been fixed 2. Interpreter c. Adv – can attempt to run program anytime, easier debugging d. Dis – slow program execution, interpreter software always has to be present in memory for every program run, no final object file produced
What is a drawing list? 1. Set of commands to define vector image
What is a vector image? 1. Image drawn using math that can be easily scaled
What is a bitmap image? 1. Collection of bits that form an image, bits hold the color value of the pixels image
What are the pros and cons of vector and bitmap images? 1. Vector a. Pro – easier to scale; file size doesn’t change and no distortion b. Con – cannot represent most photographs 2. Bitmap c. Pro – can represent a wider range of images d. Con – takes up more storage and file size does change and distort
What is color depth? 1. Number of bits used to represent the color of a single pixel 2. Affects color range and clarity
Properties needed for a rectangle 1. Top left corner coordinates 2. Length and width 3. Fill, color, stroke-width
Why is it difficult to save analogue sound waves in digital format? 1. Conversion from continuous to discrete results in a loss of quality

What does a DAC do? 1. Digital to Analogue Converter 2. Converts sound files into sound coming out of speaker
How do sound waves going into a microphone get stored in the computer? 1. Analogue sound wave picked up by microphone 2. Sent to ADC 3. ADC converts electrical signals into digital values to be stored in binary
What is sampling resolution? 1. Sampling resolution – number of bits assigned to each sample
How does the size of the sampling resolution affect the range of volumes? 1. Higher sampling rate, higher range of volumes
What is GOP? How does it compress data? 1. GOP – Group of Pictures reduces spatial and temporal redundancy 2. Spatial redundancy – registering differences between parts of a single frame; intraframe compression 3. Temporal redundancy – registering differences between frames; interframe compression
Name the two types of compression techniques used for sound files 1. Lossless – doesn’t lose accuracy; bigger files, sounds like original; FLAC 2. Lossy – loses file accuracy; smaller files, lower range of volumes; MP3
What is the frame rate of a video stream? 1. Number of still pictures per unit time of video
What is the difference between interlacing and progressive encoding? 1. Interlacing – horizontal scan lines of complete frame are split into odd and even lines (dis – line doubling) 2. Progressive – each refresh period updates all of scan lines of each frame in sequence (better)
What are the components of the CPU and what do they do? 1. ALU – performs simple arithmetic and logical operations 2. CU – manages various computer components (reads/interprets instructions from memory and transforms them into signals to activate other computer parts and calls upon the ALU to perform calculations) 3. Registers – hold information
What is the decoder and where is it? 1. Logic circuit that takes binary representation of instruction and initiates execution of the right instruction 2. In CPU
What is the relationship between assembly language and machine code? 1. Assembly language is an easy to read interpretation of machine code 2. One-to-one matching with machine code and each binary instruction in machine code can be written in assembly
What are the 5 different modes of addressing used in the processor? 1. Indirect – address of the data is held in an intermediate location to be looked up and used to locate the data itself 2. Indexed – final address for data determined by adding value of index register to address used in instruction 3. Relative – address in instruction is distance from current instruction 4. Direct – address of data location is in instruction 5. Immediate – data to be used is in instruction itself

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Research Paper

...Pak. J. Weed Sci. Res. 17(1): 51-63, 2011. EFFECTS OF WEED CROP COMPETITION PERIOD ON WEEDS AND YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.) Zubair1Ijlal1, Asif Tanveer1, Muhammad Ehsan Safdar2, Ahsan Aziz2, Muhammad Ashraf2, Naeem Akhtar2, Farhan A. Atif2, Asghar Ali2 and Muhammad Mudassar Maqbool3 ABSTRACT Farmers’ efforts to control Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) weeds provide low economic returns as the information regarding critical weedcrop competition period is lacking. We investigated the critical weed-crop competition period in sesame at the Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad Pakistan during summer season (July-November) 2005. Treatments were weed-crop competition periods (WCCP) of 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 weeks after emergence in addition to full season competition and full season weedy check as negative and positive controls, respectively. A gradual decrease from 6.88 to 12.40 % in seed yield was recorded with 6 weeks to full season weed-crop competition. Non significant reduction in seed yield was observed up to 5 weeks WCCP. Weed crop competition for a period of 3 weeks did not show significant decrease in straw yield, number of capsules plant-1, number of seeds capsule-1 and 1000 seed weight, whereas a significant decline in all these parameters was noted as WCCP exceeded 3 weeks. Weed density and dry weight did not increase significantly until WCCP was prolonged up to 3 and 4 weeks, respectively. This study led to conclude......

Words: 4288 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Vnu Catalog

...VINCENNES UNIVERSITY CATALOG Vol. LXIX August, 2010 No. 61 A COMPREHENSIVE TWO-YEAR COLLEGE OFFERING ASSOCIATE DEGREES IN THE LIBERAL ARTS, SCIENCES, EDUCATION, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY AND OFFERING BACCALAUREATE DEGREES IN SPECIALIZED AREAS Accreditation The North Central Association of Colleges and Schools 30 North LaSalle Street, Suite 2400, Chicago, IL 60602 (312) 263-0456 FAX 312-263-7462 Accreditation Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting American Bar Association American Board of Funeral Service Education American Health Information Management Association Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Educational Programs Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education Federal Aviation Administration Higher Education Coordinating Board of the State of Washington Indiana State Board of Nursing Joint Review Committee on Education In Radiologic Technology National Alliance of Concurrent Enrollment Partnerships National Association of Schools of Art and Design National Association of Schools of Theatre National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission Printing Industries of America, Inc. Approved for Veterans Membership The American Association of Community Colleges Aviation Technician Education Council The Council of North Central Two Year Colleges The Higher Education Transfer Alliance The National Academic Advising Association The North Central......

Words: 107322 - Pages: 430

Free Essay

Swimming Prog Neurobiol. 2011 February; 93(2): 244–269. Published online 2010 November 18.doi: 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2010.11.001 3.)Marek RejmanJ Sports Sci Med. 2013 March; 12(1): 171–181. Published online 2013 March 1. 4.)Chiung-Chi Peng, Kuan-Chou Chen, Chiu-Lan Hsieh, Robert Y. Peng PLoS One. 2012; 7(6): e37388. Published online 2012 June 27. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037388 5.) J. Chen, W. O. Friesen, T. Iwasaki J Exp Biol. 2011 February 15; 214(4): 561–574. Published online 2011 January 26. doi: 10.1242/jA.P Farrell 6.)Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2007 November 29; 362(1487): 2017–2030. Published online 2007 May 21. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2007.2111eb.048751 7.)Wen-Chang Li, Peter R MoultJ Neurosci. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 November 2 Published in final edited form as: J Neurosci. 2012 May 2; 32(18): 6220–6230. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6289-11.2012 8.)ric D. Tytell, Iman Borazjani, Fotis Sotiropoulos, T. Vernon Baker, Erik J. Anderson, George V. Lauder Integr Comp Biol. 2010 December; 50(6): 1140–1154. Published online 2010 May 24. doi: 10.1093/icb/icq057...

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...GENERAL BIOLOGY I FOR NON-SCI. MAJORS 1308/1108 CALENDAR – SPRING 2015 Week of: Lecture Chapters Lab Exercises Jan 19 Martin Luther King’s Day – No classes 21 Introduction #2 Metric Measure Jan 26 Ch. 1 Biology, Study of Life #2 Microscopy 28 Ch. 2 Basic Chemistry #3 Chem. Comp. of Cells Feb 2 Ch. 2 Properties of Water #3 Chem. Comp. of Cells/Unknown Quiz 4 Ch. 3 Organic Molecules #4 The Cells Feb 9 Lecture Exam 1 (Chs 1-3) #4 pH and Cells 11 Ch. 4 Structure and Function of Cells #4 Diffusion and Osmosis Feb 16 Ch. 5 Dynamic Activities of Cells Review 18 Ch. 5 Dynamic Activities of Cells Lab Practical 1 Feb 23 Ch. 6 Photosynthesis #5 Enzymes 25 Ch. 6 Photosynthesis #6 Photosynthesis Mar 2 Lecture Exam 2 (Chs 4-6) #7 Cellular Respiration 4 Ch. 7 Cellular Respiration Group Project Case Study Mar 9 Ch. 8 Cellular Reproduction #8 Mitosis 11 Ch. 9 Sexual Reproduction #8 Meiosis Mar 16-19 Spring Break! Mar 23 Ch. 10 Genetic Inheritance #9 Mendelian Genetics 25 Ch. 10 Genetic Inheritance #9 Mendelian Genetics Mar 30 Lecture Exam 3 (Chs 7-9) Review Apr 1 Ch. 11 Molecular Biology of Inheritance Lab Practical 2 Apr 6 Ch. 11 Molecular Biology of Inheritance #10 Human Genetics 8 Ch. 12 Regulation of Gene Activity #11 DNA Biology Apr 13 Ch. 13 Biotechnology ...

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Laboradar Dog Case Study

...Growth profiles of recent canine distemper isolates on Vero cells expressing canine signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM). J. Comp. Pathol. 133: 77– 81. Hagan, M., Vasconelos, O: Common, S. J. and Oglesbee. M. (1998). Interferon-Alpha inhibits the emergence of cellular stress response-dependent morbilivirus large plague variant. Antiviral Res. 38(3): 195-207. Blexenkrone, M. M., Sharma, B: Varsanyi, J.M., HU, A: Norrby, E and Kovamiees, J. (1992). Sequence analysis of genes encoding the Nucleocapsid and Phosphoprotein (P) of phocid distemper virus and edition of the gene transcript. J. Gen. Virol 73(4): 885-893. Abdulkadir, I. A. (1989). Infections diseases of livestock in Nigeria. An outline. University Press Limited, Ibadan, Nigeria. p. 262. Wright NG, Cornwell AJ, Thompson H and Lauder IM (1974). Canine distemper: current concepts in laboratory and clinical diagnosis. Vet. Rec. 94: 86– 92. Mortiz A, Frisk A and Baumgartner W (2000). The evaluation of diagnostic procedures for the detection of canine distemper virus infection. Eur. J. Comp. Anim. Pract. 10: 37–...

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...International Series in Quantitative Marketing Min Ding Jehoshua Eliashberg Stefan Stremersch Editors Innovation and Marketing in the Pharmaceutical Industry Emerging Practices, Research, and Policies Chapter 3 Portfolio Management in New Drug Development Min Ding, Songting Dong, Jehoshua Eliashberg, and Arun Gopalakrishnan Abstract The pharmaceutical industry leads all industries in terms of R&D spend. Portfolio management in new drug development is extremely challenging due to long drug development cycles and high probabilities of failure. In 2010, a pharmaceutical company like GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) spent over USD 6 billion in R&D expenditure and managed a total of 147 R&D projects across 13 therapeutic areas in different stages of development. There are a lot of challenges in deciding on how to allocate resources to these projects in order to achieve the maximum returns. For example, how to evaluate the value and risk of each project, how to choose new projects for both short-term cash flow and long-term development, how to decide which projects to prioritize and which projects to remove from the portfolio, how to design drug development unit and incentive schemes to maximize the likelihood of success, and so forth. This chapter reviews both practice and the state-of-the-art research and summarizes the latest insights from both industry and academia. For a manager, it provides a guide to the tools they need in portfolio management in the new drug......

Words: 16001 - Pages: 65

Free Essay

Light-Induced Rod and Cone Cell Death Andregeneration in the Adult Albino Zebrafish (Daniorerio) Retina

...Light-Induced Rod and Cone Cell Death and Regeneration in the Adult albino Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Retina Thomas S. Vihtelic and David R. Hyde Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556-0369 Received 24 January 2000; accepted 25 April 2000 ABSTRACT: Light-induced photoreceptor cell degeneration has been studied in several species, but not extensively in the teleost fish. Furthermore, the continual production of rods and cones throughout the teleost’s life may result in regeneration of lost rods and cones. We exposed adult albino zebrafish to 7 days of constant darkness, followed by 7 days of constant 8000 lux light, followed by 28 days of recovery in a 14-h light:10-h dark cycle. We characterized the resulting photoreceptor layer cell death and subsequent regeneration using immunohistochemistry and light microscopy. Within the first 24 h of constant light, the zebrafish retina exhibited widespread rod and cone cell apoptosis. High levels of cell proliferation within the inner nuclear layer (INL) were observed within the first 3 days of Light has been an effective and popular environmental method to experimentally induce photoreceptor cell degeneration. The light treatment can irreversibly cause photoreceptor cell loss through apoptosis (Shahinfar et al., 1991; Li et al., 1996). Factors such as light intensity and exposure duration, length of dark adaptation before light exposure, and ocular pigmentation influence the retinal damage in......

Words: 11863 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay


...Jason Cantara Personnel Resume SECURITY CLEARANCE: TS/SCI EDUCATION: Pursuing Bachelors of Arts with a Concentration in Information Technology/Networking (March 2012-Present) PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: AccessAgility, LLC Wireless Engineer March 2012 - Present • Prepare pre installation documentation such as equipment lists, location maps, and floor plans in preparation for site surveys and installation. • Assist in team with physical and RF site surveys for wired and wireless networks. • Use radio frequency (RF) measurement tools to measure signal coverage of access points and wireless sensors. • Document final installation information such as equipment location, network settings, and complete systems acceptance document. • Work with client to resolve any issues with implementations. • Cabling installation and termination Insight Global Fiber Optic Splicer/Tech July 2011 – Nov 2011 • Part of a four man team which identifies, labels, and maps out fiber optic, copper, and coaxial cabling. • Draw up reports for drafters/designers for future development. • Splice/ repair fiber optic and copper cabling using LC/SC/ST connections. Copper termination on wall jacks, 110 and 66 Blocks ranging from 25 – 200 pair cables. Installed and maintained LIUs in sever racks. • Experience with epoxy, hotmelt, and Unicam connections. Able to make manual and fusion splices. Intelligent Decisions Installation Tech ...

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Comput. & Indus. Engng Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 141-148, 1985 Printed in the U.S.A. 0360-8352/85 $3.00 + .00 © 1985 Pergamon Press L td FACILITIES LAYOUT A SURVEY OF SOLUTION PROCEDURES REUVEN R. LEVARY Operations Research Center, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A. and Department of Management Sciences, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO 63108, U.S.A. and SYLVIA KALCHIK Monsanto World Headquarters, Saint Louis, MO 63167, U.S.A. (Received 26 January 1983; received for publication l June 1984) Al~traet--The main characteristics of the most-used solution procedures for the facility layout problem are summarized. The characteristics include input required, limitations, type of output obtained, and some other general characteristics. Quantitative and computer-based models will sometimes produce odd layout shapes. For this reason, optimization models and computer programs designed to plan facility layouts, based on optimizing certain objectives, can be useful only for determining some guidelines for the planners. While these models can be used for planning alternative layouts, considerations of qualitative and personnel factors should be given during the layout finalization phase. INTRODUCTION One of the tasks in layout planning is assigning relative locations to a set of facilities. The best layout plan is often the one that results in the highest overall effectiveness of transactions between the facilities. Cost considerations can be a major factor in choosing a......

Words: 3517 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Jhfa Afsds

...Articles - The messages that are entered into a newsgroup. • Thread or Threaded discussion - A post and the series of messages replying to it • Hierarchies - Category information provided in the name of the newsgroup Newsgroups are categorized according to interest. The name of the newsgroup provides the category information, going from general to specific (left to right). For example, is a newsgroup for Java programmers, in the Java section of the language category, which is part of the overall computer category • Big Eight - Usenet's original eight newsgroup categories Now, there are thousands of newsgroups in hundreds of categories, but Usenet originally divided newsgroups into one of eight major categories: comp (computers) humanities (arts and culture) misc (miscellaneous) news (news...

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Topic Name Institution   Outline Introduction 3 Sampling Methods 3 Active Sampling 4 Passive Sampling 4 Passive Samplers Applied 4 Purpose of the Study 5 Materials and Methods 5 Sampling site 5 Figure 1 6 Materials 6 Standards Applied 6 Methods and Procedures 8 Preparation of the samples and sampling 8 Analysis 8 Results and Discussion 9 Conclusion 13 References 14 Altitude and Seasonally Profiled Air Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) Determined with PDMS (TWISTER®) in Taurus Mountains, Turkey Introduction To monitor environmental pollution and its health effects, atmospheric data of persistent organic pollutants (POP) has been collected for some time to help in evaluating the cause. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) have been in focus of attention for years. In 1982, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) come forth with a thorough study on the emissions and health effects of benzo (a) pyrene and other PAHs (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1982). According to the report, the carcinogenetic effect of benzo (a) pyrene was already proven and other PAHs were suspected to have similar effects. The US EPA categorized these PAHs and selected 16 compounds that were found and monitored to prove the claims. They are were named as the sixteen EPA-PAHs. The emission sources for these compounds that were presented in the study as......

Words: 3275 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Determination of the Acidity and Peroxide Value of Vegetable Oils

...| 2012 | | | Determination of the acidity and peroxide value of vegetable oils PIEB II – MIB|MIEQ Yen Nguyen-MESG Index Abstract 3 Introduction 4 Methods and Materials 6 Results and Discussion 7 Acidity 7 Peroxide 9 Conclusion 11 References 12 Annex 14 Abstract Nowadays the quality of commercial oil is very concerned by the customers, as oxidative stability is one of the most important factors in keeping the quality of oils, fatty acids in neutral fraction, peroxide values and induction period were evaluated as stability parameters in vegetable oil, in order to detect oxidative changes during cooking, this study performed an experiment to determine the changing in acidity values and peroxide values of one vegetable oil sample in different treatment conditions. Both acidity values and peroxide values were determined using standard titration methods appropriate for each indicator. All acidity values were in range 0.7817 – 0.9138 mg KOH/kg oil and this is below the recommended maximum for acidity index, it means that the oil is accepted for consumption. However there were no significant different between samples in different temperature, this conflicts with some other studies that demonstrated the significant effect of temperature on acid value and oleic acid values. The values of peroxide were in the range of 4.14-5.87 meq/kg oil and also in the acceptable range for peroxide value. The results showed that with a small amount of BHT added......

Words: 2877 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Strategic Innovation Management in Global Industry Networks

...Asian Journal of Business Management 2(4): 110-120, 2010 ISSN: 2041-8752 © M axwell Scientific Organization, 2010 Submitted date: August 30, 2010 Accepted date: October 09, 2010 Published date: December 10, 2010 Strategic Innovation Management in Global Industry Networks: The TFT LCD Industry Guenter Boehm and 2 L.J. Fredericks Strategic Marketing, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., Yongin-449-711, South Korea 2 The Center of Poverty and Development Studies, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of M alaya, Kuala Lumpur-5060 3, M alaysia 1 1 Abs tract: This study examines the strategic innovation management of the business creation process across the technology industry value chain in the global thin-film-transistor (TFT) liquid-crystal-display (LCD) industry based on an anonymous online survey of employees in the industry value chain and outside exp erts (universities, consultants, etc.). The study confirms that technology strategy formulation and a strategic center position are key industry concerns. It also affirms the utility of the industry value chain framework to manage technological innovations transcending that of a single company, and that strategic innov ation m anag eme nt in global high technology industries incorporates a shared business creation process structure involving as many industry value chain partners as possible. Key words: Global high technology industry networks, strategic innovation manageme nt, TFT L CD industry INTRODUCTION......

Words: 7166 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Ic 555

...How IC 555 timer works? Fundamentals of IC 555 timer & its basic applications VSagar • December 16, 2011 This article was first written on 16 Dec. 2011 and now it is rewritten in simple language with more practical approach, due to huge demand from visitors. Pin-wise functioning of IC555 timer Pin-1, GROUND: It is the GROUND PIN of the IC. The negative terminal of DC power supply or battery is connected to this pin. Here note that IC555 works always on single rail power supply and NEVER on dual power supply, unlike operational amplifiers. Also note that this pin should be connected directly to ground and NOT through any resistor or capacitor. If done so, the IC will not function properly and may heat up and get damaged. This happens because all the semiconductor blocks inside the IC will be raised by certain amount of stray voltage and will damage the IC. Refer the block diagram of the IC for more details. For more details read elaborate collection of FAQ on this IC. Pin-2, TRIGGER It is known as TRIGGER PIN. As the name suggests in triggers i.e. starts the timing cycle of the IC. It is connected to the inverting input terminal of trigger comparator inside the IC. As this pin is connected to inverting input terminal, it accepts negative voltage pulse to trigger the timing cycle. So it triggers when the voltage at this pin LESS THAN 1/3 of the supply voltage (Vcc). In number of applications, the IC must be triggered by a pulse. The amplitude and minimum pulse width...

Words: 6051 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

...CHRIST UNIVERSITY Mid SEMESTER EXAMINATION JAN 2014 ( II Sem UG and VIII BHM) : Time: 9:30 to 11:30am Day & Date | 16/01/2014Thursday | 17/01/2014Friday | 18/01/2014Saturday | 20/01/2014Monday | 21/01/2014Tuesday | 22/01/2014Wednesday | II Sem -B.A Programmes HEPEPS | English | Languages/Ad. English | | Political Science | Principles of Macro Economics | Contemporary IndiaSociology | PSEngPSEcoJPEng | English | Languages/Ad .English | | BasicPsychologicalProcesses -II | Principles of Macro Economics British Literature | Foundations of SociologyJournalism | CEP | English | Languages/Ad .English | | BasicPsychologicalProcesses -II | British Literature | Software applicationFor print media & the web | TCE(Theatre Studies) | | | | Introduction toMusic & Dance –II | | | PEP | English | Languages/Add.English | | Basic PsychologicalProcess –II | British Literature | Dynamics of DanceMusic & Theatre | II Sem -B.Sc Programmes CME | English-- | 9:30 to 11:30 amLang/Ad .English | | Computer Science Data Structures & operating system | Electronics | Differential Calculus | | | 2:30 to 4:30 pmIntegral Calculus | | | | | EMSCMS | English | 9:30 to 11:30 amLang/Ad .English | Statistics ( 9:30 to 11:30 am)(Examination will be held in separate room for Stats; check the notice board) | Computer......

Words: 2645 - Pages: 11