Premium Essay

Comparison and Contrast of Management Styles

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lawrenceejohnson
Words 389
Pages 2
A comparison and contrast of four organizational models

This paper is a comparison and contrast of four organizational models. The Four models of organizations are autocratic, paternalistic, supportive and collegial. I will refer to the aforementioned models as Models I through IV respectively.
In an autocratic style of model, the superiors do not take into consideration the ideas and suggestions of the subordinates. The managers, leaders and superiors have the sole responsibility of making decisions without bothering much about the subordinates. The employees are totally dependent on their bosses and do not have the liberty to make decisions on their own. The subordinates in such a style of working simply adhere to the guidelines and policies formulated by their bosses. They do not have a say in management’s decisions. Whatever the superiors feel is right for the organization eventually becomes the company’s policies. Employees lack motivation in autocratic style of working.
In a paternalistic style of model, the leaders decide what is best for the employees as well as the organization. Policies are devised to benefit the employees and the organization. The suggestions and feedback of the subordinates are taken into consideration before deciding something. In such a style of working, employees feel attached and loyal towards their organization. Employees stay motivated and enjoy their work rather than treating it as a burden.

Each model will be describe the framework that organized behavior commonly follows. The autocratic framework works based on a leader or team of leaders that instructs the rest of the people or employees to follow a specific set of rules. The employees follow the leader to survive within the framework. The custodial model operates on economic resources; managers employ a custodial model to motivate a group of workers to work toward...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Wrtg101 Writing Assignment 2 Comparison-Contrast

...wrtg101 Writing Assignment 2 Comparison-Contrast Click Link Below To Buy: Writing Assignment #2: Comparison-Contrast Analysis Writing assignment #2 will be an essay in which you compare and contrast two objects, concepts, or ideas. You are encouraged to use your field of study to help in generating a topic for this essay. Some sample topics are listed below: If you are majoring in one of the Sciences programs in our SCIP unit, you might be majoring in one of the following: environmental management, biotechnology, laboratory management, social science, gerontology, psychology, or political science You might write a comparison-contrast essay on one of the following: green and non-green buildings two processes in building sustainable communities two countries’ approaches to a particular environmental issue archaeal viruses and bacterial viruses two gene lists in a particular animal community descriptive and prescriptive discriminant analysis in the social sciences two views of a particular field of study in the social sciences two methods of performance appraisal for an employee gender differences in a particular psychological phenomenon two frailty models two cultures’ methods or attitudes toward caring for the elderly If you are majoring in one of the disciplines in our Computer Information Systems and Technology (CITE) unit, you might be majoring......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Comparison and Contrast of Trait-Based, Situational, and Transformational Leadership Theories

...COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF TRAIT-BASED, SITUATIONAL, AND TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORIES 1 Comparison and Contrast of Trait-Based, Situational, and Transformational Leadership Theories Ciprian Patrulescu Electronic copy available at: COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF TRAIT-BASED, SITUATIONAL, AND TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORIES 2 Abstract This research paper compares and contrasts several leadership theories, the evolution of the theories, and future research implications. The leadership theories discussed in the paper include the trait-based, situational, and transformational leadership theories. Trait-based theories represented the earliest attempts to quantitatively study leaders and leadership effectiveness by focusing on the innate skills and traits of the person. Situational theories expanded to explore the influence of different situations on leadership. Lastly, transformational leadership theories further expanded on the role of the leader in motivating followers through inspiration. Electronic copy available at: COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF TRAIT-BASED, SITUATIONAL, AND TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORIES 3 Comparison and Contrast of Trait-based, Situational, and Transformational Leadership Theories There are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have tried to define leadership (Stogdill, 1974). The definition of leadership by Weathersby......

Words: 6280 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and Contrast Paper Ray Sweeney CMJ 306 October 4, 2012 Don Crist Abstract In the following paper, this author will compare and contrast the communication lessons learned in the assigned reading and movie. This author will discuss the successes and failures that can be created by effective communication or the lack thereof. Compare and Contrast Paper Effective communication is key to successful leadership. According to Schroeder and Lombardo (2006), there are ten principles for effective communication. They are; know your objectives, choose your language, consider your environment, rehearse, know your spoken and unspoken message, role play, feedback, hypocrisy, don’t over communicate and listen (p. 99). All of the were used by President Lincoln (Phillips 1993). A leader must be able to use all of the above steps in order to communicate an effective message and get the end results he or she wants. President Lincoln was a very effective communicator and felt that his communication style was key to his successes. Lincoln could talk to anyone using humor and witty stories, which he used as persuasive tools (p. 399). In comparison to Mandela in the movie Invictus (2009), Lincoln used his persuasive, yet honest communication style to win the election in 1860. Mandela was elected as President in 1990 after being incarcerated for 26 years and pledged an oath to unite the people of South Africa. Lincoln’s style was a bit different......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Table of Contents Introduction 3 Task 1 3 Task 1.1: The comparison and contrast of organisational structures and cultures of Newton, Chambers and Co and Hi-Gen Power Limited 3 Task 1.2: The relationship between structure and culture that can impact on business performance of Newton, Chambers and Co 4 Task 1.3: The factors of influencing individual behaviour in Newton, Chambers and Co 5 Task 2 6 Task 2.1: The comparison of effective leadership styles within Newton, Chambers and Co and Hi-Gen Power Limited 6 Task 2.2: The way of management functions, managerial roles and management authorities will under plain the practice of management in this company 7 Task 2.3: The evaluation of different approaches of management used by Newton, Chambers and Co and Hi-Gen Power Limited 7 Task 3 9 Task 3.1: The impacts of having different leadership styles on organisational motivation in the periods of change in Newton, Chambers and Co 9 Task 3.2: The comparison of the application of two different motivational theories within my work place 9 Task 3.3: The usefulness of these motivational theories for managers in Newton, Chambers and Co 10 Task 4 11 Task 4.1: The nature of groups and group behaviour within Newton, Chambers and Co and Hi-Gen Power Limited 11 Task 4.2: The factors for promoting the development of an effective team work within Newton, Chambers and Co and Hi-Gen Power Limited 11 Task 4.3: The impact of technology on team functioning in Newton,......

Words: 3567 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Mutiny on the Bounty

...Leadership Comparison and Contrast Mutiny on the Bounty Brenau University Dana Nelms September 2, 2015 Abstract Noted as the most notable munity in the history of navigation, Mutiny on the Bounty descripts the voyages of Captain Bligh and subsequent mutiny of this crew. In 1787, William Bligh was appointed the captain of the Bounty. The mission of the trip was to travel to Tahiti to obtain breadfruit trees for transplanting in the West Indies for the purpose of producing food for the slaves owned by the English nobility. There where multiple reasons for the mutiny, however the main cause was the leadership style of Captain Bligh. He was viewed as a tyrant on the ship, acting more of a dictator than a leader. The second-in-command, Fletcher Christian had a participative or facilitator type leadership style that caused conflict. The different styles often caused strife among the two men, ultimately leading to the munity. (The Bounty 1984) This paper discusses the comparison and contract of Captain Bligh and Fletcher Christian leadership styles. The Leaders The two main characters of the voyage are Captain Bligh and his second –in-command, Fletcher Christian. The trip to the Tahiti was one of difficulty in regards to overcrowding, lack of food or water; also what the crew considers the tranny of Captain Bligh. The stay on the island was beneficial to the crew as they enjoyed the tropics and became friendly with the natives, especially with the women. Upon......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


... Section Two: Leadership Styles (Between 300 – 400 words) (E.R. 3.2) b. Compare and contrast two different leadership styles - Bring out the differences in the attributes and skills that are required for each leadership style - Elaborate on any four differences - Explain their significance for effective leadership in organizations Transactional Leadership These exchanges involve four dimensions: |[pic] |Contingent Rewards: Transactional leaders link the goal to rewards, clarify expectations, provide necessary resources, set mutually agreed | | |upon goals, and provide various kinds of rewards for successful performance. They set SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, | | |and timely) goals for their subordinates. | |[pic] |Active Management by Exception: Transactional leaders actively monitor the work of their subordinates, watch for deviations from rules and | | |standards and taking corrective action to prevent mistakes. | |[pic] |Passive Management by Exception: Transactional leaders intervene only when standards are not met or when the performance is not as per the | | |expectations. They may even use punishment as a response to unacceptable performance. | |[pic]......

Words: 1660 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...1978). Leadership style is the approach of directing people under your management to work at their full competence by implementing plans and being a motivational leader. A leadership style is less based on one’s personal benefits and is leaning more towards the organization’s need and the needs of people working under a leader. Achieving organizational goals and influencing people to work along a certain motive has now become the revised meaning of leadership (House et al., 2004; Rosette and Tost, 2010; Caldwell and Dixon, 2010). The major types of leadership styles were researched by a psychologist Kurt Lewin in 1939 and he introduced the variations of style as a result of a school children study. The autocratic style was referred as an abode of rules and discipline to be followed under a strict management in contrast to the democratic system and the laissez-faire style of leadership. The paternalistic leadership category was later added in parallel to the Western originated styles. It is necessary to keep an awareness of the most suitable management styles today in order to flourish as a skilled leader. To understand the cultural diversity and similarities of two different leadership styles, a comparison between the Laissez-faire method and the Paternalistic criteria of leadership has been constructed inclusive of the advantages and disadvantages of both the styles. Leadership Style Definition Paternalistic A type of fatherly managerial style typically......

Words: 1532 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Organizational Structure- Mgt/230

...structures of McDonalds, Burger King, and Wendy’s food restaurants. It will examine the comparison and contrast of the organizational structure of McDonalds with Burger King, and Wendy’s Corporations. What functions influence McDonalds, and explains how the organizational design helps determine the structure that best suits McDonalds needs, as a business. Organizational Structure Burgers are one of the most favored junk foods people like to eat from around the world. What a great idea to create a restaurant that gives the best tasting flavors, one of a kind style, and give quality ingredients to meet the demands to deliver fast-food. Many fast-food industries like McDonalds, Burger King, and Wendy’s all share one thing in common, and that is they sell burgers. But they all have different organizational structures that help make them successful. What is the comparison and contrast of the organizational structures of McDonalds with Burger King, and Wendy’s? What makes McDonalds stand out and what are the functions that influence the development of their success? The organizational structure of McDonalds has both vertical and a horizontal structure in its business. In comparison to Burger king and Wendy’s, in all of their websites, they display their menus, promotions, history, careers, and locations on their toolbar. They all give information about the corporate executives, management board, contact information, franchisee’s, and financial webcast reports that......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Scientific Management Styles with Modern Management Styles

...TOPIC# Compare and contrast scientific management styles with modern management styles Word Count: 1092 words Velko D Savov October 4, 2006 Table of Contents Introduction Management hypothesis………………………………………………....3 Defining of aims in past and present management styles…………….....3 Criticism of theories …………………………………………………..3 Similarities of theories ………………………………………………....3 Past theories applied in present days……………………………………3 Factors leading to a change……………………………………………..3 Past management theories used in present time………………………...3 Theory of past and present management styles………………………..4 Comparison of theories……………………… ………………………..4 Conclusion……………………………………………........5 Bibliography…………………………………………...........6 Velko D Savov October 4, 2006 Throughout this essay, I will be putting emphasis among the different theories from the different scientific and modern management styles. A clear comparison and distinguishment will be contrasted. It will be based upon past and present management hypothesis. Throughout the expansion of scientific management, the main aims were to achieve a developed approach were studies of work and their improvement could have been done. Past theories were strongly focused on the human......

Words: 1439 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Internet Technology, Marketing, and Security

...Financial Management Financial Management June 4, 2012 Brenda A. Pitts Professor: Dr. Andrea Banto Abstract The following research is a look at Google, a leader in internet information searching, and its comparison to another big name in Internet technology, Microsoft, which launched Bing. The contents will provide a comparison and contrast of each company’s business model and financial management including an explanation of their financial ratio analysis, which will include a comparison and identification of both company’s most recent annual report with six specific financial ratios and of three (3) primary financial-based guidelines that should be used when selecting one of these two companies to invest in. This report will, also, give an explanation of what the profitability ratios can tell about Google and Microsoft’s performance and how that information would influence investing decisions. Financial Management What are the calculation / identification of Google and Microsoft’s most recent annual report for the six (6) financial ratios listed below? Liquidity Measurement Ratio (Current Ratio) Starting with the liquidity measurement ratio, which is also know as the current ratio, shows how each company is able to take its short-term assets and pay off its short-term liabilities. Short-term assets are classified as cash, marketable securities, accounts receivable, and inventory. Short-term debts consist......

Words: 3940 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Managing Projects

...Project code: 9273 M1 Report Word limit/Words Covered: 5000/5079 Research Report Title: LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT ACROSS DIFFERENT CULTURES - HOTEL LEICESTER MARRIOTT, UK Table of Contents Introduction 1 Introduction to subject area 1 Background of the study 1 Literature Review 3 Critical evaluation of leadership theories 3 Compare and contrast of leadership style across different cultures 6 Critical evaluation of motivational theories 7 Compare and contrast motivational techniques across different cultures 8 Critical evaluation of theories for managing cultural diversity 9 Secondary research method 10 Primary research method 10 Interview 10 Findings and Discussion 11 Findings from secondary research 11 Managing diversified customers 11 Recommendations and Conclusion 13 Conclusion 13 Recommendations 13 References (Harvard Style) 17 Introduction Introduction to subject area It is a well known fact that success of the hospitality industry depends on the high quality services provided to the customer. It is the responsibility of the leaders to motivate and inspire employees to deliver a higher quality services for the success of the organization. With the increasing globalization, the leaders in the hospitality industry also come across through different challenges. Employees from diverse background...

Words: 5625 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Google vs. Microsoft Paper

...In contrast, Microsoft is widely centered in the software support for businesses worldwide. In addition, Microsoft has successfully launched other products and services such as their search engine Bing, mobile phone, and Windows Phone software support, and social media- Skype. Google focuses on innovation practices, most recently, the addition of “Search plus your world” that will enable users to integrate their Google+ account and find friends in their social network. (Google Annual Report 2011) Google is also focusing on innovating practices to enlarge its dormant market share and incorporate “semantic search” a better way to match queries through word association, helping the site better understand the users query. Google also launched Google+ a social network comparative to Facebook. Finally, the Company recently acquired Android under its “Google Mobile”, a base of its mobile operating system. Currently the Android growth has been “impressive. Over 250 Million Android devices have been activated globally” (Google Annual Report 2012) By Contrast, Microsoft has continued to diversify its products for businesses to increase their efficiency and productivity including Windows 7, Office 2010 and Sharepoint. (Microsoft Annual Report 2011) Microsoft also recently launched “Office 365”, a subscription based offering of their cloud services and “Kinect” that increased the gaming features and Xbox 360. To stay in competition with Google, Microsoft launched “Bing” as their......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...TABLE OF CONTENT TITLE | PAGE | INTRODUCTION | 2 | THEORY X | 3 | HOW TO MOTIVATE OTHERS BY USING THEORY X | 4 | THEORY Y | 5 | HOW MOTIVATE OTHERS BY USING THEORY Y | 6 | THEORY Z | 7 | HOW TO MOTIVATE OTHERS BY USING THEORY Z | 8 | THEORY ANALYSIS, COMPARISONS & CONTRASTS | 9-10 | OPINION | 11 | REFERANCE | 12 | INTRODUCTION Employee motivation can be as individual or people who work for you. The success of your business can almost always be traced back to motivated employees. From productivity and profitability to recruiting and retention, hardworking and happy employees lead to success. Unfortunately, motivating people is far from an exact science. There's no secret formula, no set calculation, no work sheet to fill out. In fact, motivation can be as individual as the employees who work for you. One employee may be motivated only by money. Another may appreciate personal recognition for a job well done. Still another may work harder if she has equity in the business. But you can boil down employee motivation to one basic ideal which is find out what your employees want and find a way to give it to them or to enable them to earn it. Employees are essentially the most important aspect of an organization. Managers strive to motivate their employees so that they are willing to perform at their highest levels. When employees work hard, come to work regularly and continue making positive contributions to the organization, the business will be......

Words: 2296 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Mr Butt

...Division of Business | Course: HND Level 5 Business (management) | Year: 2015/16 | Student Name: | UNIT 03: Organisations and Behavior | Lecturers Name: Dr O. Shittu | Date Issued: 25th of April 2016 | Completion Date: 20th of July 2016 | Fail Pass Merit Distinction P11.1 | P21.2 | P31.3 | P41.4 | P52.1 | P62.2 | P72.3 | P82.4 | P93.1 | P103.2 | P113.3 | P123.4 | P134.1 | P144.2 | P154.3 | P164.4 | M1 | M2 | M3 | D1 | D2 | D3 | | Learning Outcomes: 1 Understand the relationship between organisational structure and culture 2 Understand different approaches to management and leadership 3 Understand ways of using motivational theories in organisations 4 Understand mechanisms for developing effective teamwork in organisations. Comments:Assessor’s Signature:______________ Referred Date:______________ | Late: Yes No | Internal Verification: Yes No | I declare that the work I am submitting for assessment contains no sections in copied in whole or part from any other source, unless it is explicitly identified by means of quotation mark or by means of wholly indented paragraphs. I declare that I have also acknowledged such quotations by providing detailed references in an approved format. I understand that unidentified and un-referenced copying both constitutes plagiarism which is an offence. I give my consent for my......

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

A Public Leader

...Public Leader Of Course public leaders are held to a different standard then your everyday manager or CEO but they all have some sort of leadership skills and traits involved in how they run their organization or company. Here we take a look at the power team of politics, Hillary and Bill Clinton. Both have held public leadership positions and were held to a certain standard. So we will take a look at the leader and their style as public administrators. Next we will compare the two styles, the effectiveness of their leadership and the impact of their genders as leaders. Then, we will take a look at their strengths and weaknesses and evaluate the effectiveness of their terms as public officials. Finally I will review my own strengths and weakness that would influence my ability to be a public leader. Public Leader Overview The transformational leadership (TL) is when leaders take their vision for the future and excite and motivate others to join in. Often times this vision is developed solely but the leader, but occasionally other levels of management and/or other organizational members. The transformational leader leads through charisma and motivation. Much like a coach, these leader encourage their followers to obtain the ultimate goal; often times through their own beliefs and personal values and strengths. Former president William “Bill” Clinton, fits in to the category of a transformational leader. During his presidency he was credited for having the ability......

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6