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Running head: COMPARISON PAPER

Comparison Paper
Epidemiology: Global and Public Health
NUR408
October 11, 2009

Comparison Paper Public and community health nursing are specialty areas that have been and will continue to be practiced and each having a specific area of focus. Research has indicated that many individuals tend to see each entity as one and have a misconception that public and community nursing is one in the same (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). The misconception is just that, a misconception. In the reading to follow, each area will discussed and one will be able to see the similarities and differences, the history and development and the role that is expected from each area of expertise. Although each specialty works within its main area of focus, the two also work closely together for the good of the individuals within the public and community sectors. Community and public health nurses strive to improve the health status of individuals, families, and populations. History and Development Public health and community health nursing has been in circulation for more than 120 years. Lillian Wald is known for being the established leader in this specialty. The goal of public health nursing has been to develop strategies to respond to prevailing public health problems. One of the earliest traditions of public health in America was similar to the British law known as the, Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 (Stanhope & Lancaster). This law guaranteed medical care for the poor, blind and lame within their county of residency. In the late 1800s, Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster began visiting the poor in New York and this establishment later became known as the Henry Street Settlement. The Henry Street Settlement in the late 1800s is now known as Community Health Nursing. Today many agencies continue to provide home care to the ill and dying....

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