Comparison and Contrast Between “Young Goodman Brown” and “the Lottery”

In: English and Literature

Submitted By allidance72
Words 646
Pages 3
SHORT STORY ESSAY

Comparison and Contrast between “Young Goodman Brown” and “The Lottery”




“Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson, the two writers uses symbolism, characterization, and conflict to illustrate the hidden dark side of mankind in normal people. The characters in the stories struggle with the conflict between good and evil. To stress the theme of both stories, symbols are applied as a tool for the development of the story. Hawthorne applies objects and names to intensify the theme and Jackson uses names to bring out his theme.
Young Goodman Brown sees the conflict with evil and society. The protagonists of this story deals with Satan on a personal level. He lets the evil take over his faith and beliefs, and also realizes some important people in his life can portrait evil. As he says, “My faith is gone!” cried he, after one stupefied moment. “There is no good on earth; and sin is but a name (Hawthorne, 1835). He loses faith in the many people he once looked up to, after witnessing his wife and townspeople perform a sacrifice in the dead of night. The experience distorts his view of good in people, and leaves him feeling uneasy and abandoned. In the Lottery, they also had the conflict of good and evil in society. In an annual lottery, together, friends and family would draw a piece of paper for the black box until one of them picks the paper with the black dot. Tessie Hutchinson gets the paper with the black dot and, at that moment, she saw that this was evil and unfair. She challenges the unfairness of the evil ritual, but like Brown questioning his people, she is not successful because even her own son grabs small stones and Satan takes…...

Similar Documents

Young Goodman Brown

...A Deeper Look into the Soul of Young Goodman Brown Young Goodman Brown is a very well developed character for appearing in a short story making him a round and dynamic character. He is a young, white man living in Puritan times in Salem, North Carolina during the Salem Witch Trials. Although he falls from grace at the end of the story, Brown is a very religious man. He is very trusting of others, and he is very much in love with his young wife, Faith. As author Arthur E. Robinson points out, “Young Goodman Brown” is clearly ironic in its continued stress upon the protagonist’s title. Similarly the name Faith, given to Brown’s wife, is played upon in such statements as “Faith kept me back a while” and “My Faith is gone.” Nor is it coincidence that Brown and his wife are subjects of a common irony.” She is what keeps him held to his beliefs for so long through the woods. Throughout the story he is led to believe that the innocent and peaceful world around him is full of lies and deceit. The stranger in the woods leads him astray from the Christian roots of his family. It is said that the devil comes to people is many forms. In this case, he comes to Brown in the familiar form of his father. This misleading disguise made the words he spoke much easier to believe although Brown knew that the man he walked with was not his father. In the beginning, Brown believed strongly in the goodness of those in his community such as Goody Cloyse and Deacon Gookin until the “devil...

Words: 1166 - Pages: 5

Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery

...Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery Symbolism Use In: "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Lottery" The authors, Shirley Jackson and Nathaniel Hawthorne, both frequently use symbols within their stories "The Lottery" and "Young Goodman Brown." Symbols are utilized as an enhancement tool to stress the theme of each story. Hawthorne uses names and objects to enhance the theme, and Jackson mainly utilizes names to stress the theme, although she does have one object as a symbol of great importance to the theme. The stories both contain symbols describing evil. The majority of Hawthorne's symbols describe religion (both good and evil), but Jackson’s symbols reflect the evil nature within society as a whole. There exists a symbolic act in each story. The short stories both share the use of symbols, but the symbols are used to express different thoughts in ones mind while reading them. The stories "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Lottery" both use names as symbols. Hawthorne uses the names Young Goodman Brown and Faith to portray nice, descent people. The name Faith alone implies a faithful and Christian individual as stated "And Faith, as the wife was aptly named," (211). Jackson uses the name Mr Graves throughout her story; he is the coordinator of the lottery. She needs not give any explanation to the name, as it speaks for itself (a symbol of death). Various other names are used as symbols within each story; however, these mentioned are the most significant names to the theme. The...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Young Goodman Brown

...1. Consider the significance of the names of the title character and his wife. How are the names symbolic? Young Goodman Brown and his wife Faith, have both symbolic names. Brown's name symbolizes youth and the good nature of humankind. Brown character is a "young man" in the story, and his youth suggests that he is still naive and innocent and he can easily be corrupted by the evil in the world. Faith's name, as Hawthorne wrote, "Faith, as the wife was aptly named", commend that Brown's wife symbolizes the hope and the innocence found in a young wife. Brown's faith in the goodness in life is symbolized through his marriage to Faith. Faith symbolize, hope and the absolute confidence in the goodness in the world, the honest and truthful belief in something. 2. List what you think each of these symbols stands for: the woods (setting), the time of day, Faith's pink ribbons, the Traveler's staff. The woods can be Brown's own mind, a place created by his subconscious, dark as the forest, where he questions his truths, his love for faith, and his beliefs on human kind. It is simply fascinating, how the forest closes behind him, taking from him the option of going back to his beliefs, once he had become unsure about them. The forest can also be the place, not where he questions but face the truth. We all tend to try to embellish the world around us, so that it meets our needs. Brown may find himself in a conflict between the idealized world he once idealized, and the...

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Compare & Contrast "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Child by Tiger"

...Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” and Thomas Wolfe’s “The Child by Tiger” show many similarities in each stories structure. Even though they were written in different time periods as well as different cultures, there is a unity in their conflicts, themes, and author’s purpose. Good and evil both exist in the world. Humans are good natured, but occasionally, evil is known to show up. Experiencing something tragic for the first time can be confusing and traumatizing. Two stories that illustrate young men dealing with evil are Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” and Thomas Wolfe’s “The Child by Tiger.” The protagonists of each story, Brown and Spangler, deal with the evils of this world but in different ways. Brown lets the evil take over his faith and beliefs while Spangler comes to an understanding that human beings can be both good and evil. "Young Goodman Brown," is a short-story of tragedy and personal loss. Hawthorne reveals the power of betrayal and the unsurmountable fear of evil. In this case, the source of these is the very foundation of a young man's faith. "Young Goodman Brown" is both memorable and perplexing because it is partially the story of Hawthorne's own self-discovery and a strong condemnation of the rigid fundamentalist system of belief that forms the core values of America to this very day. Unlike Washington Irving's earlier thriller, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," where the terror is ghostly and headless, Hawthorne unveils the murky...

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Young Goodman Brown

...Young Goodman Brown Young Goodman Brown embarks on a spiritual journey as he leaves his wife faith behind, she prays for him to be safe. Goodman Brown feels bad for leaving his wife in such a short notice but he insists for he must go to save his faith from evil. They have only been married a few months but he loved his wife dearly. The road that Brown had taken was dark and very lifeless there was not a sole insight. Brown started to image things his mind was playing tricks on him, he constantly kept looking behind him to see if anyone was following him. Brown said to himself “What if the Devil himself be at my very elbow”. As Young Goodman Brown approaches an old tree there was a man seating down by the tree, it was Goodman’s companion he has been waiting for Goodman so they can continue their journey through the woods. The traveler was about Goodman’s height and almost the same in size they also had some resemblance to each other. The traveler walked with a staff that resembled a big black snake. Goodman Brown companion is a friend of the family and fought in Kings Phillips War with Goodman’s grandfather. Brown states he never heard of such tales and told his traveling companion that “we are people of prayer and of good works” says Brown. As they continued on into the forest the run into an old women that Goodman recognizes her name was Goody Cloyse. She was a well respected woman from the village. Brown didn’t want Goody to see him with his companion so brown cut...

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Young Goodman Brown

... begins with Goodman Brown leaving his wife, Faith for an overnight errand. She begs him not to go, but he does so anyway. Faith is the only symbol of hope in the story. She is a symbolic of love, as in the love between man and woman, and also the love, faith and devotion he has in God. In essence, by leaving Faith in the beginning of the story, he is leaving his faith in God and good. Faith is introduced in the beginning of the story as the devoted wife who warns her husband to stay with her because of a dream that she has. http://www.sparknotes.com/short-stories/young-goodman-brown/ http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/nhawthorne/bl-nhaw-goodman.htm http://voices.yahoo.com/symbolism-human-nature-nathaniel-hawthornes-30790.html http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/virtualit/fiction/criticaldefine/psychessay.pdf http://www.enotes.com/young-goodman-brown...

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Young Goodman Brown

...In the story Young Goodman Brown, the two major characters are Young Goodman Brown and Faith, who are married. They have been married for three months now and they seem to be in love. Faith is Goodman Brown’s soul –mate. She is getting used to being married and enjoying life. Her life seems to be going her way most of the time and she is just getting her life stated. Goodman Brown treats her like she is his world. He adores her and loves her innocence, purity, and young side of her. Young Goodman Brown is not exactly a hero. I believe he is trying to find himself in the story but I would not consider him to be a hero. Why you may ask? Well he sided with evil. He took the chance of disobeying the people he cared about and went against his religion. But, in some ways the way he found out who the people around him (his loved ones and his close friends) were. The truth was unveiled but only he could see it and by doing this he was a hero. He was a hero because he saw the truth and kept it as a burden in his life. He was forever changed. He was a hero for accepting the truth and moving on. One symbol in the story was the ‘traveler’s staff’. It was in some ways a serpent coming to tempt Young Goodman Brown. It showed that he was not strong enough to refuse the temptations of the devil. The serpent is used in many other stories to symbolize evil, such as Adam and Eve or even the Disney story of Aladdin. As you can see the serpent is used as a symbol of evil or the devil. Also......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Young Goodman Brown

...Angela Hibbard April 28, 2013 English-231 Analytical Essay #2 Interpretations of Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne’s story of Young Goodman Brown is a story of an impressionable and curious young man who ventured into the forest in Salem, Massachusetts to witness the witches Sabbath. Brown leaves his young bride Faith against her wishes to go on this journey, feeling some guilt as he walked away from her, “Poor little Faith!” thought he, for his heart smote him. “What a wretch am I, to leave her on such an errand!” (Hawthorne 606). Once in the forest Brown meets the Devil. As Brown and the Devil continue their walk through the woods the Devil tells him stories of his own Father and Grandfather walking this same dark path that Young Goodman Brown has taken. “Good goodman Brown! I have been as well acquainted with your family as with ever a one among the Puritans; that’s no trifle to say” (Hawthorne 607). Goodman Brown enters the woods and has many ghostly and confusing experiences that changed his life forever. Brown wasn’t sure when he awoke in the woods if his experience was a dream or if it really happened however; the events that he witnessed changed his life forever. “Be it so if you will. But alas! It was a dream of evil omen for the young goodman Brown. A stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not a desperate man, did he become, from the night of that fearful dream”. (Hawthorne 614). Michael Tritt wrote his interpretation of the...

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Fiction Essay - Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery

... the name Hutchinson is called, his wife, Mrs. Hutchinson says “Get up there, Bill.” The people near her laughed.” (Jackson, 1948) Overall, we see that “The Lottery” is casual about the sinister, and the monstrous is accepted as normal. This is a story that finishes in your head, rather than on paper. It doesn’t get more ironic than that. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” quickly involves the reader with dialogue between Goodman Brown and his wife Faith. The reader does not know what his trip is about, why it must be done, or what the story holds. Maybe it is all symbolic of the story of life. But “with excellent resolve for the future,” as many good intentions have, Goodman justifies his departure towards a purpose the reader is warned as “evil.” In contrast to Jackson’s “The Lottery,” the tone and feeling of darkness is set almost immediately. Hawthorne’s style makes it easy for his readers to join the world of this story. The reader may actually begin to care about Goodman and then accompanies him even as he is joined on his journey by the strange and unsettling “grave” man. Hawthorne also uses a lot of symbolism in his story. For example, Faith, the name of his wife, represents the love of his life and also his commitment to Jesus. Additionally, the symbolism of his journey into the forest can represent the journey of life. This symbolism builds with the motif of “deep into the forest,” which represents chaos, danger, and the unconscious mind...

Words: 1051 - Pages: 5

Young Goodman Brown

...3/27/14 English II composition The Fall of Good Men “My love and my faith”, replied young Goodman Brown, “of all nights in the year, this one night must I tarry away from thee” (Hawthorne 158). Hawthorne gives a very small and at first unnoticed hint in one of the very first sentences. Although undersized, the hint is showing a bigger picture, and underlines how the rest of his story will unfold. Since the story is filled with so much controversy surrounding Faith, and the loss of the one thing a man needs most, it’s a very effectively utilized allegory. Deception, corruption, and sheer hate cause complete and utter destruction, which is what Young Goodman Brown found himself bound by. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s story is not just another problematic tale that gets your mind ruminating. With all of the detailed symbols and metaphors used by Hawthorne, it takes time to see that his story has significant ties to several Biblical narratives. It embodies the chronicles of mans fall, and his separation from God and faith. This story bleeds symbolism, even the most clear cut things like Young Goodman Brown’s name has a meaning behind it. Hawthorne didn’t just use any old name, he put meaning behind it. Young Goodman Brown symbolizes youth and good nature. Brown is a young man throughout the story, and his youth suggests that he has yet to be corrupted by the world and is still innocent. Browns wife Faith undoubtedly symbolizes actual faith in God; just as God is with us, during...

Words: 2279 - Pages: 10

Young Goodman Brown

...Abstract Young Goodman Brown portrays a common disaster a young Christian experiences when he/she allows him/her self to stray from the familiar paths prescribed by the Bible and other mature Christians. The journey of Goodman Brown parallels many who have attempted to walk the Christian path and somehow strayed into dangerous territory. The story is about a young man named Goodman Brown who goes on an errand of evil intent taken place in the darkness of a forest. Upon arriving, brown encounters another traveler who is revealed to be the devil. The devil employs cunning tactics that compel the young Christian to abandon his faith and returns to live out the rest of his life without hope and in despair. Being aware of some of the tactics the devil uses to deceive young believers would help others to stick to the familiar paths. The story contains elements of some tactics the devil uses to deceive young, and sometimes even old, Christians. It does not help that the character in the story, Brown, is somewhat enticed by the devil’s suggestions or illusions (the text does not disclose whether or not the people that where encountered on the journey were the actually people themselves). Browns curiosity of evil is likened to any person’s sinful curiosities and each person must choose to either take the advice from others that some sinful behavior leads to destruction or there are some who find that they must experience sin for themselves. Two factors...

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

Young Goodman Brown

...The short story, Young Goodman Brown, as I would see it, is one of the single most noteworthy short stories ever composed. The narrative is so firmly woven, the dialog genius and subtle, and the composition are amazingly sharp. I believe that the story is a great deal more widespread. First off, there's almost little to show that Goodman Brown's adventure is particularly sexual, and I feel that Hawthorn's worries were considerably more likened to akin to hypocrisy and false desires we have, and how we accordingly deceive ourselves. The story begins in Salem town, Massachusetts during the time when the Puritans populated the little state. From that point our protagonist takes a "dreary road" into the close-by forest, landing him in the somewhere down in heart of the "haunted forest" to him. Each of the distinctive settings is essential to the importance of the story. The setting of the story, Salem, Massachusetts, is rich with history, most on a very basic level the Salem Witch Trials. The Puritans who lived there all developed so suspicious of one another that they blamed a few for their own number of witchcraft. Youthful Goodman Brown may be a psychological story in that setting may be deciphered as an impression of Goodman Brown's inner state .The dubious light cast by the time of day may be reflective of his desire to hide his own sins. The climax of the story is situated in a terrible vision in the most profound, darkest piece of the forest. Here Goodman Brown accepts...

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

The Destructors and the Young Goodman Brown Comparison

...Name of Student: Name of Instructor: Institution: Course Title: Date of Submission: Outline a. Introduction I. Two stories for comparison are introduced. II. ‘The Destructors’ and ‘The Young Goodman Brown’ are discussed in and compared. b. The theme of conflict is chosen as the central topic to be discussed. I. Loss of innocence ingrained by corruption is demonstrated. II. Decision making is tested. c. Purpose of both stories I. Appreciation of dramatic symbols II. Influence of terror d. Unique techniques, styles and devices I. Paradox is demonstrated II. Ambiguity is discussed Introduction Graham Greene’s short story of ‘Destructors’ printed in the year 1954 involves a group of teenagers resolves to damage an old man’s shelter. This story is complicated introducing several themes and expounding possibilities. However, the major theme in this short story is that of conflict. Also, the short story of young Goodman Brown involves Nathaniel Hawthorne, who was born in the year 1804. Born in Massachusetts, he was raised by his mother who was a widow. This short story entails a journey made by Hawthorne. This route was considered wicked since it was also hidden. Relating the two stories, there are several similarities and differences present. This essay will explain the main theme present between two chosen stories of ‘The Destructors’ and ‘The Young Goodman Brown’ short stories.it will also...

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Young Goodman Brown

...Garrett Byrd Dr. Brown English-110 30 March 2015 Not Your Typical Grandmother Great characters make a story. As avid readers, we often remember our favorite stories not based on the story line, but based on the strong characters within the story. In the story “A Good Man Is Hard to Find,” written by Flannery O’Connor, the grandmother is the central character. Posed as a “know it all,” she thinks of herself as a proper lady, honest, wise, and bases her life on the past. O’Connor portrays the grandmother as a very manipulative, highbrow, selfish, ungodly old woman, unlike your typical grandmother. These are clearly uncommon characteristics of what one would consider to be a maternal grandmother. It is these characteristics which make the grandmother such a strong and memorable character in O’Connor’s “A Good Man Is Hard to Find.” As early as the second line of the story, O’Connor introduces the reader to the grandmother’s manipulation. “She wanted to visit some of her connections in east Tennessee and she was seizing at every chance to change Bailey’s mind” (O’Connor 294). From the onset, O’Connor begins to set the stage and reveal the grandmother’s manipulation skills. “Now look here, Bailey,”… “see here, read this,” and she stood with one hand on her then hip and the other rattling the newspaper at his bald head. Here this fellow that calls himself The Misfit is aloose from the Federal Pen and headed toward Florida and you read here what it says he did to...

Words: 1520 - Pages: 7

Young Goodman Brown

...Kazuki Robertson Young Goodman Brown Paul Ohler Cohort #25 On a daily basis, we are launched into new experiences that test our certain point of view's. Some go as far as to twist all our previous knowledge and leave us with nothing but doubt in our minds; This was true for Young Goodman Brown the night he left his wife Faith to wander into the woods. Some would conclude Goodman became one with the devil when his initiation took place deep in the forest but his initiation.The strong symbolism scattered throughout the story brings out it's natural good vs evil plot and even shows similarities to Adam and eve. Young Goodman Brown was a Protestant man along with the whole population of his village. He has a wife named Faith that he has been married to for a short period of 3 months. Both his Father and Grandfather were religious and contributed to the society of the village. Overall, the introduction of his character portrays Goodman as one with good morals. Slowly over the course of the short story Young Goodman Brown does not change himself but begins to question if his morals and conscience are religiously purposeful. One strong characteristic Nathaniel Hawthorne shows in Young Goodman Brown is his innocence. His name "Young Goodman Brown" is a derivative of a justly innocent man and his wife Faith is shown to be his true belief. There are a lot of symbolic objects throughout the story and one includes his wife's pink ribbon. Pink is a color of youth and innocence...

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5