Comparison and Contrast Between “Young Goodman Brown” and “the Lottery”

In: English and Literature

Submitted By allidance72
Words 646
Pages 3
SHORT STORY ESSAY

Comparison and Contrast between “Young Goodman Brown” and “The Lottery”

“Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson, the two writers uses symbolism, characterization, and conflict to illustrate the hidden dark side of mankind in normal people. The characters in the stories struggle with the conflict between good and evil. To stress the theme of both stories, symbols are applied as a tool for the development of the story. Hawthorne applies objects and names to intensify the theme and Jackson uses names to bring out his theme. Young Goodman Brown sees the conflict with evil and society. The protagonists of this story deals with Satan on a personal level. He lets the evil take over his faith and beliefs, and also realizes some important people in his life can portrait evil. As he says, “My faith is gone!” cried he, after one stupefied moment. “There is no good on earth; and sin is but a name (Hawthorne, 1835). He loses faith in the many people he once looked up to, after witnessing his wife and townspeople perform a sacrifice in the dead of night. The experience distorts his view of good in people, and leaves him feeling uneasy and abandoned. In the Lottery, they also had the conflict of good and evil in society. In an annual lottery, together, friends and family would draw a piece of paper for the black box until one of them picks the paper with the black dot. Tessie Hutchinson gets the paper with the black dot and, at that moment, she saw that this was evil and unfair. She challenges the unfairness of the evil ritual, but like Brown questioning his people, she is not successful because even her own son grabs small stones and Satan takes…...

Similar Documents

Young Goodman Brown

...Young Goodman Brown Young Goodman Brown embarks on a spiritual journey as he leaves his wife faith behind, she prays for him to be safe. Goodman Brown feels bad for leaving his wife in such a short notice but he insists for he must go to save his faith from evil. They have only been married a few months but he loved his wife dearly. The road that Brown had taken was dark and very lifeless there was not a sole insight. Brown started to image things his mind was playing tricks on him, he constantly kept looking behind him to see if anyone was following him. Brown said to himself “What if the Devil himself be at my very elbow”. As Young Goodman Brown approaches an old tree there was a man seating down by the tree, it was Goodman’s companion he has been waiting for Goodman so they can continue their journey through the woods. The traveler was about Goodman’s height and almost the same in size they also had some resemblance to each other. The traveler walked with a staff that resembled a big black snake. Goodman Brown companion is a friend of the family and fought in Kings Phillips War with Goodman’s grandfather. Brown states he never heard of such tales and told his traveling companion that “we are people of prayer and of good works” says Brown. As they continued on into the forest the run into an old women that Goodman recognizes her name was Goody Cloyse. She was a well respected woman from the village. Brown didn’t want Goody to see him with his companion so brown cut......

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Young Goodman Brown

...Introduction "Young Goodman Brown" tells the tale of a young Puritan man drawn into a covenant with the Devil. Brown's illusions about the goodness of his society are crushed when he discovers that many of his fellow townspeople, including religious leaders and his wife, are attending a Black Mass. At the end of the story, it is not clear whether Brown's experience was nightmare or reality, but the results are nonetheless the same. Brown is unable to forgive the possibility of evil in his loved ones and as a result spends the rest of his life in desperate loneliness and gloom. Though a work of fiction, "Young Goodman Brown'' is widely considered to be one of the most effective literary works to address the hysteria surrounding the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Hawthorne is also remembered for helping to establish the short story as a respected form of literature and as a proponent of instilling morals and lessons into his writing. Source: Short Stories for Students, ©2012 Gale Cengage. "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorne chronicles the disturbing dream of a young Puritan man in Salem. In the dream, Goodman Brown comes face to face with evil and is forced to examine the nature of evil in man. He is disgusted by the evil he encounters, not realizing his own involvement. Through a psychoanalytic approach to analyzing the text, the reader can see that the meaning of the text lies in discovering the meaning of Goodman Brown's encounter in the woods. The story......

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Young Goodman Brown

...In the story Young Goodman Brown, the two major characters are Young Goodman Brown and Faith, who are married. They have been married for three months now and they seem to be in love. Faith is Goodman Brown’s soul –mate. She is getting used to being married and enjoying life. Her life seems to be going her way most of the time and she is just getting her life stated. Goodman Brown treats her like she is his world. He adores her and loves her innocence, purity, and young side of her. Young Goodman Brown is not exactly a hero. I believe he is trying to find himself in the story but I would not consider him to be a hero. Why you may ask? Well he sided with evil. He took the chance of disobeying the people he cared about and went against his religion. But, in some ways the way he found out who the people around him (his loved ones and his close friends) were. The truth was unveiled but only he could see it and by doing this he was a hero. He was a hero because he saw the truth and kept it as a burden in his life. He was forever changed. He was a hero for accepting the truth and moving on. One symbol in the story was the ‘traveler’s staff’. It was in some ways a serpent coming to tempt Young Goodman Brown. It showed that he was not strong enough to refuse the temptations of the devil. The serpent is used in many other stories to symbolize evil, such as Adam and Eve or even the Disney story of Aladdin. As you can see the serpent is used as a symbol of evil or the devil. Also...

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Comparison of the Young Goodman Brown and the Rocking-Horse Wimmer

...Setting and Symbolism in The Young Goodman Brown and The Rocking-Horse Winner The battle between good and evil is as old as Satan’s rebellion against God and his being cast from heaven with his fellow fallen angels that the Bible tells about in the Book of Revelation chapter 12, verses 7-12. Writers of fiction have been using this struggle for just about that long. The short stories The Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and D.H. Lawrence’s The Rocking-Horse Winner illustrate the battle between good and evil with elements of symbol and setting. Drawn from the author’s Puritan background1, The Young Goodman Brown begins as the protagonist is embarking from his New England village home in the last light of the day, on a journey in the night. Hawthorne gives the first hint of the darkness as the setting for evil in Goodman’s farewell admonition to his newlywed wife Faith, when he instructs her to say her prayers and go to bed at dusk, the time when the light is gone and darkness reigns. The atmosphere at the beginning is clean and pure. The wind has a gentle, innocent feel as it plays with the pink ribbon on Faith’s cap. As Goodman’s journey continues the setting becomes progressively darker, and increasingly evil, as he travels through the haunted forest. At the end of his trip the darkness is dispelled by light in a clearing. It is not the good light of the setting sun, it is lit with an evil illumination from the fires of Hell. The setting is very different in......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Analysis on Young Goodman Brown

...Analysis on “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne There has been much speculation and analysis on Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown.” Each and every one has their own opinions about what Hawthorne really meant about this short story, but of course you can tell by their accreditation which source is more likely to be accurate. In “Young Goodman Brown”, the main character, Goodman Brown, experiences a life changing revelation at the beginning of this short story. The experience is a walk through the woods, something that he states his father and father’s father embarked on. This particular journey shapes his life and changes him forever. What is particularly peculiar about this journey is that it goes through the woods at night. And during this time period if you were caught in the woods at night you were considered a Satan worshiper, doing the Devil’s brood, or practicing witchcraft, which meant all the same things during this era. We know Young Goodman Brown is a Puritan based on his belief system, so this experience isn’t one he is looking forward to, but he knows he has to do it. Kind of like getting a shot, you know you have to do it, and it’s good for you, but you are hesitant about doing it. So along the journey he meets with a man that looks similar to him, but older. The man is kind of dark and shady, and he carries a staff that looks like a serpent. So the symbolism there represents that this man is the Devil. Throughout the duration of his......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Fiction Essay - Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery

...Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” reveals that different literary elements, such as tone and setting, are used to convey the characters’ arrival at dark, sinister places. II. INTRODUCTION III. SHIRLEY JACKSON’S “THE LOTTERY” A. Setting the tone: Peaceful and relaxing B. Irony: Even though the mood is relaxing, there is a premonition of something bad to come C. Ending: The ending is implied IV. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE’S “YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN” D. Setting the tone: feeling of something evil to come E. Symbolism i. Faith – the wife and commitment to Jesus ii. Venture in to the forest – Journey of life iii. Traveler’s staff – Satan in the Garden of Eden F. Ending: Was it real or was it a dream? V. CONCLUSION A thorough analysis of Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” reveals that different literary elements, such as tone and setting, are used to convey the characters’ arrival at dark, sinister places. Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” are two short stories that use completely opposite ways to get to the same destination: a dark, sinister place. Both stories are very dark, and almost morbid, but one story keeps the reader oblivious to the tragic event that is being set up, while the other story lays it out very plainly and clearly for the reader to feel from the start. In “The Lottery,”......

Words: 1051 - Pages: 5

Young Goodman Brown

...Good Men “My love and my faith”, replied young Goodman Brown, “of all nights in the year, this one night must I tarry away from thee” (Hawthorne 158). Hawthorne gives a very small and at first unnoticed hint in one of the very first sentences. Although undersized, the hint is showing a bigger picture, and underlines how the rest of his story will unfold. Since the story is filled with so much controversy surrounding Faith, and the loss of the one thing a man needs most, it’s a very effectively utilized allegory. Deception, corruption, and sheer hate cause complete and utter destruction, which is what Young Goodman Brown found himself bound by. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s story is not just another problematic tale that gets your mind ruminating. With all of the detailed symbols and metaphors used by Hawthorne, it takes time to see that his story has significant ties to several Biblical narratives. It embodies the chronicles of mans fall, and his separation from God and faith. This story bleeds symbolism, even the most clear cut things like Young Goodman Brown’s name has a meaning behind it. Hawthorne didn’t just use any old name, he put meaning behind it. Young Goodman Brown symbolizes youth and good nature. Brown is a young man throughout the story, and his youth suggests that he has yet to be corrupted by the world and is still innocent. Browns wife Faith undoubtedly symbolizes actual faith in God; just as God is with us, during Browns journey in the forest she was with him.......

Words: 2279 - Pages: 10

Young Goodman Brown

...Abstract Young Goodman Brown portrays a common disaster a young Christian experiences when he/she allows him/her self to stray from the familiar paths prescribed by the Bible and other mature Christians. The journey of Goodman Brown parallels many who have attempted to walk the Christian path and somehow strayed into dangerous territory. The story is about a young man named Goodman Brown who goes on an errand of evil intent taken place in the darkness of a forest. Upon arriving, brown encounters another traveler who is revealed to be the devil. The devil employs cunning tactics that compel the young Christian to abandon his faith and returns to live out the rest of his life without hope and in despair. Being aware of some of the tactics the devil uses to deceive young believers would help others to stick to the familiar paths. The story contains elements of some tactics the devil uses to deceive young, and sometimes even old, Christians. It does not help that the character in the story, Brown, is somewhat enticed by the devil’s suggestions or illusions (the text does not disclose whether or not the people that where encountered on the journey were the actually people themselves). Browns curiosity of evil is likened to any person’s sinful curiosities and each person must choose to either take the advice from others that some sinful behavior leads to destruction or there are some who find that they must experience sin for themselves. Two factors......

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

Young Goodman Brown

...ENC 1102 Final Exam Essay Years from today the piece “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne will most likely still be clear in my mind. This story is about one Puritan man who struggles internally with reality vs. imaginary and good vs. evil in an era and society that was so religious-oriented. It makes you wonder about hypocrisy that still goes on today. It’s no wonder “Young Goodman Brown” is considered a classic and with good reason too. The story contained symbolism, irony, and allusion. Its main theme could still be applied to issues in the modern day world. “Young Goodman Brown” takes place in a New England town during the 17th Century, a time when Puritan beliefs where still very much in practice. In the beginning of the story Brown is already burdened with guilt at the fact that he has lied to his wife, “Faith”, about going to a secret meeting in the woods. Faith, is not just a name, but is symbolic for what Brown is struggling to hold on to throughout the story. Her pink ribbon signifies innocence which can still be spared and she pleads him to stay. It’s ironic that Brown constantly tells himself he’ll turn back yet he never does. Brown is tempted and stunned by the sight of supposedly “pure” and well respected members of his town and of the church. Let’s not forget the mysterious old man that guides Brown through the woods. If you can remember Brown recalls seeing a snake that turns into a walking cane. I guess you could say this is a biblical allusion......

Words: 638 - Pages: 3

Young Goodman Brown

...short story, Young Goodman Brown, as I would see it, is one of the single most noteworthy short stories ever composed. The narrative is so firmly woven, the dialog genius and subtle, and the composition are amazingly sharp. I believe that the story is a great deal more widespread. First off, there's almost little to show that Goodman Brown's adventure is particularly sexual, and I feel that Hawthorn's worries were considerably more likened to akin to hypocrisy and false desires we have, and how we accordingly deceive ourselves. The story begins in Salem town, Massachusetts during the time when the Puritans populated the little state. From that point our protagonist takes a "dreary road" into the close-by forest, landing him in the somewhere down in heart of the "haunted forest" to him. Each of the distinctive settings is essential to the importance of the story. The setting of the story, Salem, Massachusetts, is rich with history, most on a very basic level the Salem Witch Trials. The Puritans who lived there all developed so suspicious of one another that they blamed a few for their own number of witchcraft. Youthful Goodman Brown may be a psychological story in that setting may be deciphered as an impression of Goodman Brown's inner state .The dubious light cast by the time of day may be reflective of his desire to hide his own sins. The climax of the story is situated in a terrible vision in the most profound, darkest piece of the forest. Here Goodman Brown accepts he......

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

The Destructors and the Young Goodman Brown Comparison

...Title: Date of Submission: Outline a. Introduction I. Two stories for comparison are introduced. II. ‘The Destructors’ and ‘The Young Goodman Brown’ are discussed in and compared. b. The theme of conflict is chosen as the central topic to be discussed. I. Loss of innocence ingrained by corruption is demonstrated. II. Decision making is tested. c. Purpose of both stories I. Appreciation of dramatic symbols II. Influence of terror d. Unique techniques, styles and devices I. Paradox is demonstrated II. Ambiguity is discussed Introduction Graham Greene’s short story of ‘Destructors’ printed in the year 1954 involves a group of teenagers resolves to damage an old man’s shelter. This story is complicated introducing several themes and expounding possibilities. However, the major theme in this short story is that of conflict. Also, the short story of young Goodman Brown involves Nathaniel Hawthorne, who was born in the year 1804. Born in Massachusetts, he was raised by his mother who was a widow. This short story entails a journey made by Hawthorne. This route was considered wicked since it was also hidden. Relating the two stories, there are several similarities and differences present. This essay will explain the main theme present between two chosen stories of ‘The Destructors’ and ‘The Young Goodman Brown’ short stories.it will also focus on the purpose and unique techniques.......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Young Goodman Brown

...Rachel Pilkinton Mrs. Dierks English Composition 2 January 21, 2012 Dream or Reality? Nathaniel Hawthorne’s story, “Young Goodman Brown”, is set during the Salem witch hunts and trials in the Salem Village. The true evil of this time, I believe, is not the people accused of being witches, but the accusers, the “witch hunters”, and the people who murdered innocent people for heresay, are the true evil of this time. I believe the story itself is all a dream, a dream that represents an actual reality; a reality that shows what is thought to be good is actually evil. Young Goodman Brown, like his grandfather and father, hunted what they thought was evil, like witches, Indians, medicine men, shamans, etc. He believed the work he was doing was for the good. I believe this is a dream showing Goodman Brown that the work that he , his family, and his fellow towns people are and have done in the name of God, may in fact be the work of the Devil, maybe the line between good and evil is blurring a little for Young Goodman Brown: when he arrives deep in the forest, he sees all the people in his life that represents good: his revered pastor, the good ole Deacon Gookin, Goody Cloyse; the old woman that taught him his catechism( the principles of Christianity), and still to this day, his spiritual guide, he even thought he saw his dead father, his mother, and all the people he believed to be the most holiest of people gathered......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery

...Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery Symbolism Use In: "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Lottery" The authors, Shirley Jackson and Nathaniel Hawthorne, both frequently use symbols within their stories "The Lottery" and "Young Goodman Brown." Symbols are utilized as an enhancement tool to stress the theme of each story. Hawthorne uses names and objects to enhance the theme, and Jackson mainly utilizes names to stress the theme, although she does have one object as a symbol of great importance to the theme. The stories both contain symbols describing evil. The majority of Hawthorne's symbols describe religion (both good and evil), but Jackson’s symbols reflect the evil nature within society as a whole. There exists a symbolic act in each story. The short stories both share the use of symbols, but the symbols are used to express different thoughts in ones mind while reading them. The stories "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Lottery" both use names as symbols. Hawthorne uses the names Young Goodman Brown and Faith to portray nice, descent people. The name Faith alone implies a faithful and Christian individual as stated "And Faith, as the wife was aptly named," (211). Jackson uses the name Mr Graves throughout her story; he is the coordinator of the lottery. She needs not give any explanation to the name, as it speaks for itself (a symbol of death). Various other names are used as symbols within each story; however, these mentioned are the most significant names to the theme. The......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Young Goodman Brown

...of the names of the title character and his wife. How are the names symbolic? Young Goodman Brown and his wife Faith, have both symbolic names. Brown's name symbolizes youth and the good nature of humankind. Brown character is a "young man" in the story, and his youth suggests that he is still naive and innocent and he can easily be corrupted by the evil in the world. Faith's name, as Hawthorne wrote, "Faith, as the wife was aptly named", commend that Brown's wife symbolizes the hope and the innocence found in a young wife. Brown's faith in the goodness in life is symbolized through his marriage to Faith. Faith symbolize, hope and the absolute confidence in the goodness in the world, the honest and truthful belief in something. 2. List what you think each of these symbols stands for: the woods (setting), the time of day, Faith's pink ribbons, the Traveler's staff. The woods can be Brown's own mind, a place created by his subconscious, dark as the forest, where he questions his truths, his love for faith, and his beliefs on human kind. It is simply fascinating, how the forest closes behind him, taking from him the option of going back to his beliefs, once he had become unsure about them. The forest can also be the place, not where he questions but face the truth. We all tend to try to embellish the world around us, so that it meets our needs. Brown may find himself in a conflict between the idealized world he once idealized, and the world obscure and bitter as it......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Compare & Contrast "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Child by Tiger"

...Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” and Thomas Wolfe’s “The Child by Tiger” show many similarities in each stories structure. Even though they were written in different time periods as well as different cultures, there is a unity in their conflicts, themes, and author’s purpose. Good and evil both exist in the world. Humans are good natured, but occasionally, evil is known to show up. Experiencing something tragic for the first time can be confusing and traumatizing. Two stories that illustrate young men dealing with evil are Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” and Thomas Wolfe’s “The Child by Tiger.” The protagonists of each story, Brown and Spangler, deal with the evils of this world but in different ways. Brown lets the evil take over his faith and beliefs while Spangler comes to an understanding that human beings can be both good and evil. "Young Goodman Brown," is a short-story of tragedy and personal loss. Hawthorne reveals the power of betrayal and the unsurmountable fear of evil. In this case, the source of these is the very foundation of a young man's faith. "Young Goodman Brown" is both memorable and perplexing because it is partially the story of Hawthorne's own self-discovery and a strong condemnation of the rigid fundamentalist system of belief that forms the core values of America to this very day. Unlike Washington Irving's earlier thriller, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," where the terror is ghostly and headless, Hawthorne unveils the murky......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4