Free Essay

Compassion Fatigue Brochure

In: Social Issues

Submitted By shanwow35
Words 2121
Pages 9
A Tool to Help Heath Care Professionals Cope
A Tool to Help Heath Care Professionals Cope
Compassion Fatigue
Compassion Fatigue

What is Compassion Fatigue?
Caring too much can hurt. When caregivers focus on others without practicing self-care, destructive behaviors can surface. Apathy, isolation, bottled up emotions and substance abuse head a long list of symptoms associated with the secondary traumatic stress disorder now labeled: Compassion Fatigue. This used to be labeled as burnout and is a deep physical, emotional and spiritual exhaustion, which can include feeling actual pain. Caregivers such as nurses and physicians as well as families may become less empathetic and unable to give their all to their patients. Learning to recognize the signs and symptoms is the first step towards combatting this problem.
Some Key Points * Compassion fatigue is a form of burnout that manifests itself as physical, emotional and spiritual exhaustion * To prevent or recover from compassion fatigue, take time for self-reflection, identify what's important and live in a way that reflects it * To sustain yourself at work, develop “principles of practice” — guidelines of personal integrity that articulate the parameters of your personal values. Commit to live and work within these principles.
What is Compassion Fatigue?
Caring too much can hurt. When caregivers focus on others without practicing self-care, destructive behaviors can surface. Apathy, isolation, bottled up emotions and substance abuse head a long list of symptoms associated with the secondary traumatic stress disorder now labeled: Compassion Fatigue. This used to be labeled as burnout and is a deep physical, emotional and spiritual exhaustion, which can include feeling actual pain. Caregivers such as nurses and physicians as well as families may become less empathetic and unable to give their all to their patients. Learning to recognize the signs and symptoms is the first step towards combatting this problem.
Some Key Points * Compassion fatigue is a form of burnout that manifests itself as physical, emotional and spiritual exhaustion * To prevent or recover from compassion fatigue, take time for self-reflection, identify what's important and live in a way that reflects it * To sustain yourself at work, develop “principles of practice” — guidelines of personal integrity that articulate the parameters of your personal values. Commit to live and work within these principles.
Studies confirm that nurses and other health care providers are placed under incredible emotional and physical strain due to the demands of their professions. Compassion Fatigue symptoms are normal displays of chronic stress resulting from the care giving work we choose to do.
Studies confirm that nurses and other health care providers are placed under incredible emotional and physical strain due to the demands of their professions. Compassion Fatigue symptoms are normal displays of chronic stress resulting from the care giving work we choose to do.

Being able to take care of patients and families requires that we take care of ourselves first. A strong identification with helpless, suffering, or traumatized people or animals is possibly the motive. “It is common for such people to hail from a tradition of what Gentry labels: other-directed care giving. Simply put, these are people who were taught at an early age to care for the needs of others before caring for their own needs. Authentic, ongoing self-care practices are absent from their lives”, (compassionfatigue.org). The day-in-and-day-out caring of our patients, our parent, spouses and children can cause the caregivers to neglect themselves. This can lead to negative thoughts and feelings that may be brought upon those we care for. It is our nature to put others before ourselves. We neglect our nutrition, our break times at work, exercise, quality time with loved ones, vacations and most importantly, our sleep. While we try to fit work and play into every day, more often than not, we are beleaguered by emotional and physical exhaustion. A study of 22 Hospices revealed that 78% of those nurses were at moderate to high risk of compassion fatigue, while 26% were in the high-risk category, (Abendroth & Flannery, 2006). Trauma, anxiety and excessive empathy were the determinants of this study and some of the causes of this type of burn-out. This fatigue leads to depression, exhaustion and inefficient work habits as well as a disconnect from our patients.
Being able to take care of patients and families requires that we take care of ourselves first. A strong identification with helpless, suffering, or traumatized people or animals is possibly the motive. “It is common for such people to hail from a tradition of what Gentry labels: other-directed care giving. Simply put, these are people who were taught at an early age to care for the needs of others before caring for their own needs. Authentic, ongoing self-care practices are absent from their lives”, (compassionfatigue.org). The day-in-and-day-out caring of our patients, our parent, spouses and children can cause the caregivers to neglect themselves. This can lead to negative thoughts and feelings that may be brought upon those we care for. It is our nature to put others before ourselves. We neglect our nutrition, our break times at work, exercise, quality time with loved ones, vacations and most importantly, our sleep. While we try to fit work and play into every day, more often than not, we are beleaguered by emotional and physical exhaustion. A study of 22 Hospices revealed that 78% of those nurses were at moderate to high risk of compassion fatigue, while 26% were in the high-risk category, (Abendroth & Flannery, 2006). Trauma, anxiety and excessive empathy were the determinants of this study and some of the causes of this type of burn-out. This fatigue leads to depression, exhaustion and inefficient work habits as well as a disconnect from our patients.
What Causes Compassion Fatigue?
What Causes Compassion Fatigue?

Compassion Fatigue not only leaves us physical, emotionally and spiritually drained; it can impact the work environment, which creates additional stress on co-workers as well. In addition to apathy, illness and perhaps a loss of compassion for our patients, it creates problems for the organization such as:

* High absenteeism * Changes in co-worker relations * Outbreaks of aggressive behaviors among staff * Inability to complete assignments * Lack of flexibility * Negativism towards management * Strong reluctance to change * Lack of a vision for the future *
Compassion Fatigue not only leaves us physical, emotionally and spiritually drained; it can impact the work environment, which creates additional stress on co-workers as well. In addition to apathy, illness and perhaps a loss of compassion for our patients, it creates problems for the organization such as:

* High absenteeism * Changes in co-worker relations * Outbreaks of aggressive behaviors among staff * Inability to complete assignments * Lack of flexibility * Negativism towards management * Strong reluctance to change * Lack of a vision for the future *
Signs of Compassion Fatigue * Excessive blaming * Bottled up emotions * Isolation from others * Complaints from others * Excessive complaints about administrative functions * Substance abuse * Compulsive behaviors such as overeating, overspending, gambling or sexual addictions * Poor self-care (hygiene, appearance * Chronic physical illness such as frequent colds or gastric problems * Sad, apathetic, no longer finds joy in any activities * Difficulty concentrating * Mentally, physically and spiritually drained * Preoccupied * In denial about problems
(compassionfatigue.org)
Signs of Compassion Fatigue * Excessive blaming * Bottled up emotions * Isolation from others * Complaints from others * Excessive complaints about administrative functions * Substance abuse * Compulsive behaviors such as overeating, overspending, gambling or sexual addictions * Poor self-care (hygiene, appearance * Chronic physical illness such as frequent colds or gastric problems * Sad, apathetic, no longer finds joy in any activities * Difficulty concentrating * Mentally, physically and spiritually drained * Preoccupied * In denial about problems
(compassionfatigue.org)

If you answered “YES” to 4 or more questions, you may be suffering from Compassion Fatigue. For a more comprehensive survey, go to www.cpp-db.com.
Compassion Fatigue takes its toll on our colleagues, patients and personal relationships as well as our selves. Lack of time is our enemy as we try to accomplish multiple tasks such as eating and charting, answering phone call during breaks, or not taking breaks at all. The following are suggestions for reducing Compassion Fatigue: * Know that this is normal and find someone to talk to * Eat properly and exercise * Take time off if possible * Get enough sleep * Take time to go to church, talk to a spiritual leader, meditate, etc… * Perform activities that are important to you * Find interests other than medicine * Ask yourself what gives your life joy and meaning * Identify your values and find priorities
Do NOT:
Blame others, look for a new job, get a divorce or have an affair, self-medicate, work harder or longer, neglect yourself, your interests or your spiritual needs
If you answered “YES” to 4 or more questions, you may be suffering from Compassion Fatigue. For a more comprehensive survey, go to www.cpp-db.com.
Compassion Fatigue takes its toll on our colleagues, patients and personal relationships as well as our selves. Lack of time is our enemy as we try to accomplish multiple tasks such as eating and charting, answering phone call during breaks, or not taking breaks at all. The following are suggestions for reducing Compassion Fatigue: * Know that this is normal and find someone to talk to * Eat properly and exercise * Take time off if possible * Get enough sleep * Take time to go to church, talk to a spiritual leader, meditate, etc… * Perform activities that are important to you * Find interests other than medicine * Ask yourself what gives your life joy and meaning * Identify your values and find priorities
Do NOT:
Blame others, look for a new job, get a divorce or have an affair, self-medicate, work harder or longer, neglect yourself, your interests or your spiritual needs Personal concerns commonly intrude on my professional role. | | | | | | No | My colleagues seem to lack understanding. | | | | | | No | I find even small changes enormously draining. | | | | | | No | I can't seem to recover quickly after association with trauma. | | | | | | No | Association with trauma affects me very deeply. | | | | | | No | My patients' stress affects me deeply. | | | | | | No | I have lost my sense of hopefulness. | | | | | | No | I feel vulnerable all the time. (www.aafp.org) | | | | | | No | I feel overwhelmed by unfinished personal business. | | | | | | No |

Personal concerns commonly intrude on my professional role. | | | | | | No | My colleagues seem to lack understanding. | | | | | | No | I find even small changes enormously draining. | | | | | | No | I can't seem to recover quickly after association with trauma. | | | | | | No | Association with trauma affects me very deeply. | | | | | | No | My patients' stress affects me deeply. | | | | | | No | I have lost my sense of hopefulness. | | | | | | No | I feel vulnerable all the time. (www.aafp.org) | | | | | | No | I feel overwhelmed by unfinished personal business. | | | | | | No |

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

YES NO

Are YOU Burned Out?
Are YOU Burned Out?

Shanlyn Jonas
HLT 310V
September 15, 2011
Shanlyn Jonas
HLT 310V
September 15, 2011
References

Abendroth, M. & Flannery, J. (2006). Predicting the risk of compassion fatigue. Journal of Palliative and Hospice Nursing, 8(6), 346-348.

NA, (2010). Compassion fatigue project. Retrieved from www.compassionfatigue.org

Pfifferling, J. & Gilley, K. (2000, April 7). Overcoming compassion fatigue. Retrieved from www.aafb.org

References

Abendroth, M. & Flannery, J. (2006). Predicting the risk of compassion fatigue. Journal of Palliative and Hospice Nursing, 8(6), 346-348.

NA, (2010). Compassion fatigue project. Retrieved from www.compassionfatigue.org

Pfifferling, J. & Gilley, K. (2000, April 7). Overcoming compassion fatigue. Retrieved from www.aafb.org

* Center for Professional Well-Being- www.pwb.org * Professional Renewal Center- www.prckansas.org * Institute for the Study of Health and Illness' Detoxifying Death workshop series- http://ishiprograms.org * American Academy of Family Physicians- www.aafp.org * Compassion Fatigue Awareness Project- www.compassionfatigue.org
Other Resources: * Your company’s Human Resource Office or Employee Health For CHW Employees this is the Employee Assistance Program- 1-800-324-4327 * Your pastor, clergy person, church nurse or spiritual advisor * Any counselor or psychiatric professional or support group specializing in Compassion Fatigue * Online blogs * Center for Professional Well-Being- www.pwb.org * Professional Renewal Center- www.prckansas.org * Institute for the Study of Health and Illness' Detoxifying Death workshop series- http://ishiprograms.org * American Academy of Family Physicians- www.aafp.org * Compassion Fatigue Awareness Project- www.compassionfatigue.org
Other Resources: * Your company’s Human Resource Office or Employee Health For CHW Employees this is the Employee Assistance Program- 1-800-324-4327 * Your pastor, clergy person, church nurse or spiritual advisor * Any counselor or psychiatric professional or support group specializing in Compassion Fatigue * Online blogs
If You Need Help:
If You Need Help:

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Fatigue

...Combating Burnout and Compassion Fatigue: Care Givers and Pr0 0 0 0Share x Download PresentationCommentsYour comment has been successfully placed! You already posted comment on this presentation. Comments are disabled! Comment deleted successfully Added: 07-04-2010 Views: 8684Add to Favorites Feature This! Innappropiate Please Login to flag this presentation! Your inappropriate request is sent successfully! Failed to send your inappropiate request! Please login to send a feature request! Your feature quest has been sent successfuly! Error while send your feature request! Favorited Successfully! Favorite Failed! Already Added! Login To Add! Cannot favorite your own presentation! Description:Burnout and compassion fatigue definitions, signs, symptoms, strategies to recognize, prevent and overcome them from a physical, emotional and spiritual perspective. This is for health care workers, and care takers of sick family members. There are speaker notes for this presentation too. If you would like a copy please email me here or at my email address located on the first slide. ChannelsSports / Games Education / Career Fashion / Beauty Graphics / Design News / Politics Tagshealth care care takers burn out compassion fatigue nursing stress emergency self care respite care. Combating Burnout and Compassion Fatigue: Care Givers and Pr - Transcript Combating......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Compassion Fatigue

...helping people in distress; it is an extreme state of tension and preoccupation with the suffering of those being helped to the degree that it is traumatizing for the helper. (Chapman 2007). Definition • Compassion : Sorrow for the suffering or trouble of others accompanied by the urge to help. • Fatigue : is physical and or mental exhaustion. Causes of Compassion Fatigue • Someone highly task and goal oriented. • • • • • A perfectionist. An individual who tends to be overly critical but cannot stand criticism. An inability to allow personal satisfaction. High personal expectations and exaggerated expectations of others. Someone whose work and "productive" activity is overvalued and provides the major source of self-esteem and pleasure (Dwyer, 2006) Symptoms of Compassion Fatigue • • • • Physical indications Psychological indication Spiritual indication Performance indication (Funk, J.R. n.d). Warning Signs of Compassion Fatigue • Exhaustion. • • • Detachment Depression. Disorientation • • • • • Change of work style Boredom and cynicism A sense of omnipotence Feelings of Being Unappreciated. Increased impatience and irritability (Funk, J.R. n.d). Physical needs of the caregiver • • • Diet Sleep Fighting Fatigue • • Exercise Relaxation (Chapman, 2007). Emotional needs of the caregiver • • • A true friend Laughing/ happiness Emotional Support • Personal satisfaction (Chapman,......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Compassion Fatigue

...Week 5 1) Considering that burnout has been related to the amount and type of work done along with the type of work that you do or hope to do, are you at risk for burnout? Why? No, I do not believe that I am a candidate for burnout. I work with children and they change every year and there is never a dull moment so it doesn’t become monotone, boring, and repitious, which all is a clear description of burnout. 2) Describe some of the effects that secondary traumatic stress can have on professional capability. This can have detrimental effects on individuals, both professionally and personally, including a decrease in productivity, the inability to focus, and the development of new feelings of incompetency and self doubt. 3) Review the factors that contribute and explain burnout on page 89. Have you ever experienced these in your professional experience? I can honestly say that I believe everyone over some period of time experiences those symptoms or something similar to those symptoms. It is just a part of having a steady career that has to do with a repetitious field. How you handle the day to day or how you chose to see your daily career may make or break the fine line between a rut and burnout. Week 6 1) Describe some of the ways humor helps relieve stress related to trauma (physiologic and therapeutic.) I’ve independently read that laughing releases endorphins that help you calm and relieve stress. I have also learned that......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Nursing

...Burn Out * To be burn out: * A state of emotional exhaustion caused by the stresses of one’s job, responsibilities, work environment or lack of support. * Compassion Fatigue Syndrome: * A physical, emotional and spiritual fatigue or exhaustion that takes over a person and causes a decline in their ability to experience joy or feel and care for others. * Phases of Compassion Fatigue: * Idealist Phase: A. Motivated by idealism B. Ready to serve & problem solve C. Desires to contribute & make a difference D. Volunteers to help E. Full of energy & enthusiasm * Irritability Phase A. Cuts corners B. Avoid client contact C. Mock peers & client D. Underestimates own efforts at wellness E. Loss concentration & focus F. Distance oneself from others * Withdrawal Phase A. Loses patience with clients B. Become defensive C. Neglects self & others D. Chronically fatigued E. Loses hope F. Views oneself as a victim & isolates oneself * Zombie Phase A. Views others as ignorant or incompetent B. Loses, patience, sense of humor & zest for life C. Dislike others D. Becomes easily enraged Signs and Symptoms of Compassion Fatigue Work Related * Avoidance or dread of working with certain patients * Reduced ability to feel empathy towards patients or families * Frequent use......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Assignment

...client. According to me, at that time nursing care is valuing others, concern for the patient’s well-being and empathy towards others. During my first two years of nursing, I developed the concept of delivering compassionate care towards the client. Conducting this self-reflection has allowed me to express all my feelings, emotions and experiences in hospital and class time. What I learn through my class teachings is much same as one of my previous learning during my BSN program. The difference is only self-awareness about the care towards patients. This course provides a wide opportunity to develop mastery in skills of nursing which help us to learn modern nursing with feelings of compassion and trust. For me compassion and trust are two words which are very closely co related. For me, Compassion is about providing whole care which exhibits empathy, sympathy, trust, respect and self-esteem, but moreover, it is how the patient feels about the care they receive. Compassionate care is reflection of the client’s feelings...

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Trauma

...Tsunami – Natural Disaster – Effects on the Survivor Tsunami is a sea waves that is caused by an underwater earthquake. The water quickly move under water until it reaches land with waves reaching 50 feet or higher resulting in individuals losing their family members, home, money or business from the tsunami. People who encounter a Tsunami event struggle with psychological problems days and weeks after the traumatic event such as depression and different levels of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Survivors constantly experience feelings of anxiousness and stress because of the fear of danger from another tsunami. Murdered Child – Personal Trauma causing Crisis - Effects on the Survivor The murder of a child can be devastating especially when it’s your own. The hurt and pain can be compound when the death is determined by a heartless human being. Parents and the family faces complicated issues such as trying to understand “why” someone would want to kill their child who they love and will miss. Coping with the “miss” is the challenging part. A parent of a murdered child handles grief differently. Some parents try to continue normalcy while others have extreme difficulty coping with the lost such as obsessive thinking, suicide, anger, fears and anxiety. The hard part is grieving; however; everyone grief’s differently must. Effects on First Responders First Responders are vulnerable to stress and trauma as they are exposed to events every day in their work......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Pyc4802 Tutorial Letter

...PYC4802/101/0/2015 Tutorial letter 101/0/2015 Psychopathology PYC4802 Year module Department of Psychology IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This tutorial letter contains important information about your module. CONTENTS Page 1. INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 3 1.1 Turorial material ....................................................................................................... 4 2. PURPOSE OF AND OUTCOMES FOR THE MODULE ......................................... 4 2.1 Purpose ................................................................................................................... 4 2.2 Outcomes ................................................................................................................ 4 3. LECTURER(S) AND CONTACT DETAILS ............................................................ 6 3.1 Lecturer(s) ............................................................................................................... 6 3.2 Department .............................................................................................................. 7 3.3 University ................................................................................................................. 7 4. MODULE-RELATED RESOURCES ....................................................................... 7 4.1 Prescribed book.....

Words: 20674 - Pages: 83

Premium Essay

Mcgraw-Hill - Marketing Demystified

...Marketing DeMystified A Self-Teaching Guide Donna Anselmo New York Chicago San Francisco Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan New Delhi San Juan Seoul Singapore Sydney Toronto Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. ISBN: 978-0-07-173718-0 MHID: 0-07-173718-9 The material in this eBook also appears in the print version of this title: ISBN: 978-0-07-171391-7, MHID: 0-07-171391-3. All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps. McGraw-Hill eBooks are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs. To contact a representative please e-mail us at bulksales@mcgraw-hill.com. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that neither the author nor the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal,...

Words: 128470 - Pages: 514

Free Essay

Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli

...CONTE NTS Introduction 1 WHY YOU SHOULD VISIT CEMETERIES: Survivorship Bias 2 DOES HARVARD MAKE YOU SMARTER?: Swimmer’s Body Illusion 3 WHY YOU SEE SHAPES IN THE CLOUDS: Clustering Illusion 4 IF 50 MILLION PEOPLE SAY SOMETHING FOOLISH, IT IS STILL FOOLISH: Social Proof 5 WHY YOU SHOULD FORGET THE PAST: Sunk Cost Fallacy 6 DON’T ACCEPT FREE DRINKS: Reciprocity 7 BEWARE THE ‘SPECIAL CASE’: Confirmation Bias (Part 1) 8 MURDER YOUR DARLINGS: Confirmation Bias (Part 2) 9 DON’T BOW TO AUTHORITY: Authority Bias 10 LEAVE YOUR SUPERMODEL FRIENDS AT HOME: Contrast Effect 11 WHY WE PREFER A WRONG MAP TO NO MAP AT ALL: Availability Bias 12 WHY ‘NO PAIN, NO GAIN’ SHOULD SET ALARM BELLS RINGING: The It’llGet-Worse-Before-It-Gets-Better Fallacy 13 EVEN TRUE STORIES ARE FAIRYTALES: Story Bias 14 WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP A DIARY: Hindsight Bias 15 WHY YOU SYSTEMATICALLY OVERESTIMATE YOUR KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITIES: Overconfidence Effect 16 DON’T TAKE NEWS ANCHORS SERIOUSLY: Chauffeur Knowledge 17 YOU CONTROL LESS THAN YOU THINK: Illusion of Control 18 NEVER PAY YOUR LAWYER BY THE HOUR: Incentive Super-Response Tendency 19 THE DUBIOUS EFFICACY OF DOCTORS, CONSULTANTS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS: Regression to Mean 20 NEVER JUDGE A DECISION BY ITS OUTCOME: Outcome Bias 21 LESS IS MORE: The Paradox of Choice 22 YOU LIKE ME, YOU REALLY REALLY LIKE ME: Liking Bias 23 DON’T CLING TO THINGS: Endowment Effect 24 THE INEVITABILITY OF UNLIKELY Events: Coincidence 25 THE CALAMITY OF CONFORMITY: Groupthink 26......

Words: 75018 - Pages: 301

Premium Essay

Michigan Dl

...State of Michigan What Every Driver Must Know Ruth Johnson, Secretary of State July 2012 WEDMK November 2012.indd 1 11/1/2012 9:02:59 AM Dear Michigan Motorist: There are nearly 7 million licensed drivers and 10 million registered vehicles in Michigan, which means our highways and roads are busy places. Ensuring motorists have the skills and knowledge to drive safely and responsibly is one of the best ways to remain safe on the road. I am pleased to offer this latest edition of What Every Driver Must Know. In it, you will find information about driver’s licenses, teens and driving, common traffic rules, signs and signals, what to do in emergencies, and much more. Whether you are a novice driver or have years of experience behind the wheel, this booklet can be a helpful guide. Driving requires your full attention. Distractions such cell phones, texting, tuning the radio, and eating should be avoided when you are behind the wheel. Please make sure that you and your passengers remain safe. Obey all traffic laws, make sure everyone is buckled up or in an appropriate child safety seat, and never drink and drive. Michigan is a great state with many different opportunities for travel, recreation, and fun. Please drive safely. Sincerely, Ruth Johnson Secretary of State WEDMK November 2012.indd 2 11/1/2012 9:03:00 AM Table of Contents Introduction 6 1. Michigan Driver’s License Information 7 Michigan Residents New......

Words: 42107 - Pages: 169

Premium Essay

You Can Win

...YOU CAN WIN Winners don't do different things. They do things Differently. A STEP BY STEP TOOL FOR TOP ACHIEVERS SHIV KHERA To my mother to whom I shall remain indebted for setting the foundation on which this book is based Page 1 of 175 PREFACE Success doesn't mean the absence of failures; it means the attainment of ultimate objectives. It means winning the war, not every battle. Edwin C. Bliss You have met people who literally wander through life. They simply accept whatever fate brings them. A few may succeed by accident, but most suffer through a lifetime of frustration and unhappiness. This book is not for them. They have neither the determination to succeed nor the willingness to devote the time and effort necessary to achieve success. This book is for you. The simple fact that you are reading this book indicates you want to live a richer, more fulfilling life than you have now. This book can enable you to do that. WHAT KIND OF BOOK IS THIS? In one sense, this book is a construction manual. It describes the tools you will need for success, and offers blueprints to help you build a successful and rewarding life. In a second, sense, it is a cookbook. It lists the ingredients the principles you will need to follow to become successful and gives you the recipe for mixing them in the correct proportions. But, above all, this is a guidebook a step by step, how to book that will take you from dreaming about success to unlocking your potential for success. HOW......

Words: 63318 - Pages: 254

Free Essay

Student Interested in Nice Girl

...1000 Real GMAT Sentence Correction Questions 1. 1 A “calendar stick” carved centuries ago by the Winnebago tribe may provide the first evidence that the North American Indians have developed advanced full-year calendars basing them on systematic astronomical observation. (A) that the North American Indians have developed advanced full-year calendars basing them (B) of the North American Indians who have developed advanced full-year calendars and based them (C) of the development of advanced full-year calendars by North American Indians, basing them (D) of the North American Indians and their development of advanced full-year calendars based (E) that the North American Indians developed advanced full-year calendars based 2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. (A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump (B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping (C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump (D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump (E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities 3. A collection of 38 poems by Phillis Wheatley, a slave, was published in the 1770’s, the first book by a Black woman and it was only the second published by an American woman. (A) it was only the second published......

Words: 99709 - Pages: 399

Free Essay

Hard Writer

...and Other Stories Arthur Dobrin ©   2010 2   Arthur  Dobrin     CONTENTS Passing Stranger — 3 Love the One You’re With — 19 Lemon — 40 Shila — 59 Ayew’s Last Letter — 73 Girls in Paradise — 80 The Coriolis Effect — 98 The Train to Amsterdam — 121 Black Ice — 134 (E)ruction (D)isorder — 154 Coral Fish — 169 In Treasured Teapots — 179 Deep Well — 196 The Harder Right — 210 Notes — 222   THE  HARDER  RIGHT   3     Passing Stranger     A WOMAN. Perhaps that’s why. The first and still the only in the clergy association. Or maybe it is because of where she is from. No one from San Francisco had come to live here before. Occasionally an outsider moved to this town, in the northern tier of the state, but the flow is almost always in the other direction, away from, not into. And the few that do come to stay aren’t from California, a place that to this day, decades after it had long faded, is believed to be an incubator for radical lifestyles and subversive politics.   4   Arthur  Dobrin     Or perhaps her name—Ailanthus—a strange one, where here, if you are named after flora it is Rose or Violet or another sweet smelling flower that could be grown in the garden. It must be a name given to her by a hippie mother, a band given to bestowing peculiar names on their children. No one knows of a girl being named after a tree. They never heard of an......

Words: 51512 - Pages: 207

Free Essay

Manager

...Chap1 Comparing Apples and Oranges The concept of “apples and oranges” relates to the consistency of anything that is compared with something else. Whenever you make a comparison in sentence, you have to make sure the things you compare are , in fact, comparable. Than ①主语比较 1. Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West.(D-P35-9) 2.Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than does any other city in the United States. (D-p78-14) 3.The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even greater significance for the economy than do the particulars of the plan. (C-p8-6) 4. Because natural gas is composed mostly of methane, a simple hydrocarbon, vehicles powered by natural gas emit less of certain pollutants than those burning gasoline or diesel fuel. (C-p8-16) 5. The United States government employs a much larger proportion of women in trade negotiations than does any other government. (C-p22-8) 6. The pay of senior executives increased in 1990 by a larger percentage than did the wages of other salaried workers. (C-p67-5) 7. A newly developed jumbo rocket, which is expected to carry the United States into its next phase of space exploration, will be able to deliver a heavier......

Words: 31163 - Pages: 125

Free Essay

Term Paper for Social Change

...Standard 1: A school administrator is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by facilitating the development, articulation, implementation, and stewardship of a vision of learning that is shared and supported by the school community. The effective administrator: 1.1 Uses research about best professional practice. Cooperative Learning       "Cooperative learning is the instructional use of small groups so that students         work together to maximize their own and each other's learning." WHAT IS IT? Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping teammates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement. WHY USE IT? Documented results include improved academic achievement, improved behavior and attendance, increased self-confidence and motivation, and increased liking of school and classmates. Cooperative learning is also relatively easy to implement and is inexpensive. HOW DOES IT WORK? Here are some typical strategies that can be used with any subject, in almost any grade, and without a special curriculum: Group Investigations are structured to emphasize higher-order thinking skills such as analysis and evaluation. Students work to produce a group project, which they may have a......

Words: 52057 - Pages: 209