Free Essay

Comprehension

In: English and Literature

Submitted By rabia11
Words 594
Pages 3
Elements of Anarchism and Imperial Surveillance in the given text:
Anarchism:
1. These groups included several influential religious groups that were fighting for their rights against strong governments in several Muslim countries. The Muslim Brotherhood was up against Nasser in Egypt, while Masjumi and Jamaat-e-Islami were up against Sukarno and Bhutto respectively, in Indonesia and Pakistan. There was also Osama Bin Laden, who along with his friends was going head to head with Najibullah in Afghanistan.
2. The CIA and British Intelligence made sure that the opposition who managed to dispose of the Shah could not do it once again, and they created another vacuum. This vacuum was filled by clerics who now rule Iran.
3. He stood up against the campus disorder in the 1960s and openly opposed the United States when he had to. He was for the Vietnam War, but spoke critically of the post cold war mobilization of the American empire; his lead to several outbursts against him from patriotic Americans.
These excerpts are taken from the provided text (after paraphrasing). Elements of ‘Anarchism’ can be observed here.

Imperial Surveillance:
1. When the Soviet Union finally broke down, the west became busy with some vital changes that they thought needed to be made. The United States made sure that NATO was enlarged, including more and more countries. This meant Russia got secluded from all these countries, leaving it on its own. The US had its interests properly safeguarded while Russia was still figuring things out.
2. The control of European powers and protecting the US imperial legacy are one of NATOs basic aims. The budget spent on defence by the US is more than China, India, Russia, Germany and France combined. With a total of $267.2 billion spent on defence, the US is definitely an example of strong imperialism.
3. These methods help the US to remain the dominant force in the world, and protecting its allies gives the US an upper hand. For example Japans trade surpluses and dollar reserves help maintain the dollar as the most used global currency, all this is made possible because the United States have an upper hand over Japan when it comes to protecting them.
These excerpts are taken from the provided text (after paraphrasing). Elements of’ Imperial surveillance’ can be observed here.

Examples of Anarchism from another source:
We are absolutely the slaves of these laws. But in such slavery there is no humiliation, or, rather, it is not slavery at all. For slavery supposes an external master, a legislator outside of him whom he commands, while these laws are not outside of us; they are inherent in us; they constitute our being, our whole being, physically, intellectually, and morally; we live, we breathe, we act, we think, we wish only through these laws. Without them we are nothing, we are not. Whence, then, could we derive the power and the wish to rebel against them? (Bakunin, n.d.)

Example of Imperial Surveillance from another source:
McDonald’s work deals with topics surrounding the issue of the surveillance of the countryside under Soviet rule. Her three main topics of exploration are: the characteristics of those in rural policing and administrative positions, the reports on local areas that actually reached policymakers in Moscow, and the developing relationship between peasants and policymakers in response to surveillance reports. (Anon., 2011)

References
Anon., 2011. revolutionary russia. [Online]
Available at: http://sites.bu.edu/revolutionaryrussia/student-research/emmalee-ortega/
Bakunin, M., n.d. panarchy. [Online]
Available at: http://www.panarchy.org/bakunin/authority.1871.html

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