Computer and Technology

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By mytran
Words 967
Pages 4

See also: Global digital divide, Digital divide and Global Internet usage

Developing countries lag behind other nations in terms of ready access to the internet, though mobile access has started to bridge that gap. Access to computers, or to broadband access, remains rare for half of the world's population. For example, as of 2010, on average of only one in 130 people in Africa had a computer[2] while in North America and Europe one in every two people had access to the Internet.[3] 90% of students in Africa had never touched a computer.[4]

Local networks can provide significant access to software and information even without utilizing an internet connection, for example through use of the Wikipedia CD Selection or the eGranary Digital Library.

Focusing on Africa[edit]

Exploring the Introduction of Computer Technology in Africa[edit]

Africa presents a unique cultural climate for the introduction of computer technology not only because of its diverse population, varied geography and multifaceted issues but also because of it singular challenges. Africa is composed of 53 countries many gaining independence since 1950 containing 75 unique ethnic groups and approximately 700 million people. It has been colonized and hence influenced strongly by the European’s from France, Portugal, Britain, Spain, Italy and Belgium except for the countries of Ethiopia and Liberia. Martin & O’Meara [5] describe Africa’s diversity and some of the issues that is presents: ethnicity; geography; rural/urban life styles; family life (class levels); access to developed world products, education; and media.

Despite this somewhat overwhelming diversity in Africa, the need for self-determination by Africans as fought for example by the Nigerian’s five Ogoni clans during the 1990s over oil rights is paramount. The “bare necessities of life – water…...