Premium Essay

Computer Environments

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By sw135m
Words 388
Pages 2
Computer environments can offer new tools for the inter-cultural communication between nations. Use of the Internet especially can act as a powerful way for cultures to interact in novel and surprising ways. The different languages that are spoken and written by different nations will of course present problems for inter-cultural communication, but even with these difficulties much dialogue is still occurring because of email, instant messenger and chat communication tools. These technologies allow cultures who may have previously had little interaction to enter into and sustain relationships in an online environment. All cultures are not on a level playing field when it comes to accessing technology, either geographically or when it comes to training and education. Texts and other historic communication mediums have always been strongly linked to the materiality and the prosperity of the specific culture under question. While digital communicative practices and virtual environments may have changed the nature of the relationship to materiality and indeed to text itself – there is still a strong link between material wealth and the availability of digital communication tools. Humans have always acted through certain mediums as well as directly on the world, and even though the computer and the Internet may act as powerful spatial manipulation tools, they are still dependent on a material medium and thus are still subject to cultural and economic constraints. Since the start of computing there has always been a strong bias towards English and its use as a standard. This is very understandable as computing and the Internet both began in English speaking countries, however in the 21st century we need to make sure that all nations have an equal opportunity to use and develop digital products and culture equally. Questions are also raised as to whether these…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

An Overview of Computer Viruses in a Research Environment

...An Overview of Computer Viruses in a Research Environment Matt Bishop Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 03755 ABSTRACT The threat of attack by computer viruses is in reality a very small part of a much more general threat, specifically attacks aimed at subverting computer security. This paper examines computer viruses as malicious logic in a research and development environment, relates them to various models of security and integrity, and examines current research techniques aimed at controlling the threats viruses in particular, and malicious logic in general, pose to computer systems. Finally, a brief examination of the vulnerabilities of research and development systems that malicious logic and computer viruses may exploit is undertaken. 1. Introduction A computer virus is a sequence of instructions that copies itself into other programs in such a way that executing the program also executes that sequence of instructions. Rarely has something seemingly so esoteric captured the imagination of so many people; magazines from Business Week to the New England Journal of Medicine [39][48][60][72][135], books [20][22][31][40][50][67][83][90][108][124], and newspaper articles [85][91][92][94][114][128] have discussed viruses, applying the name to various types of malicious programs. As a result, the term “computer virus” is often misunderstood. Worse, many who do understand it do not understand protection in computer systems, for example...

Words: 12539 - Pages: 51

Free Essay

Interface Design for Computer-Based Learning Environments

...[pic] [pic] Interface Design for Computer-based Learning Environments Marshall G. Jones Northern Illinois University Email: mgjones@niu.edu James R. Okey The University of Georgia [pic] Research in the area of user interface design for computer-based learning environments (Jones, 1993) found that screen and interface design should be considered at the same time during the design and development process. Additionally, the research produced a list of interface design concepts and a corresponding list of guidelines for implementing those concepts. The concepts presented in this paper are broad issues to be considered during the design and development process. The guidelines that are associaàted with the concepts are intended to be flexible, and allow for the creativity of the individual designer, and the needs of a particular project. Names for some of the concepts were taken from an analysis of the literature in computer-based instruction (CBI), computer-based learning environments, and human computer interaction (HCI). Names for the other concepts were emic categories generated by the participants in the study. The guidelines were derived through an analysis of the literature, an analysis of six commercially produced computer-based learning environments, and interviews with the designers and developers of the six computer-based learning environments. Further research is being conducted to determine how designers and developers can implement these guidelines. If......

Words: 6044 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

The Relationship Between Online Environments and Customer Satisfaction (Iran Computer Hardware Industry)

...The relationship between online environments And Customer Satisfaction (Iran Computer Hardware Industry) Mahmoud Manafi (mahmoud_manafi@yahoo.com) Roozbeh Hohabri (rhojabri@gmail.com) Kamran Karimi (kami_harmonica@yahoo.com) Seyed Mehdi Fatemi (mehdi_fatemi_drh@yahoo.com) Seyed Salman Fatemi (salmanfatemi@gmail.com) Kaveh Mehrnia (k_m261156@yahoo.com) Abstract In this quantitative article research first, the main factors in customer satisfaction in online environment of Iran in hardware industry with process based-view are identified. Secondly relationships between identified factors in online environment of Iran and customer satisfaction are investigated. Keywords: Online Environment, Customer satisfaction, and Process Based-View Introduction Experimental studies show that enterprises with high customer satisfaction, has more return on economic in comparison with others (Eugene W. Anderson, 1993). Others implied that firms should try to seek profitable way to differentiate their services and deliver high quality services (A. Parasuraman 1998, Adam Finn 2003, Hsu, 2008). Additionally, quality of the quality of customer interface in online shopping is positively related to intention to buy and consequently future financial performance of the firm (Hsin Hsin Chang, 2009) This is the reason that currently firms using customer satisfaction and loyalty improvement strategies to sustain in current competition environment and create value for all stakeholders......

Words: 1445 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Distance Learning Computer-Based Hands-on Workshop: Experiences on Virtual and Physical Lab Environments

...Distance Learning and the Internet Conference 2008 5-2 Distance Learning Computer-based Hands-on Workshop: Experiences on Virtual and Physical Lab Environments Patcharee Basu, Shoko Mikawa, Achmad Basuki, Achmad Husni Thamrin, Keiko Okawa, Jun Murai Keio University Plenary Sessions Waseda University Presentations {yoo, funya, abazh, husni, keiko, jun}@sfc.wide.ad.jp Abstract In response to the educational demands of computer-skilled human resources, distance learning with ability to support hands-on computer lesson is needed. In this paper, a platform for region-wide distance learning computer-based hands-on workshop is presented through the actual developments. The proposed platform supports 1) teaching/learning activities in a hands-on computer workshop 2) efficient large-scale remote computer laboratory. Computer virtualization and StarBED large-scale computing testbed were utilized to create a distance learning computer laboratory, virtual and physical. This paper discusses various aspects of deploying virtual and physical lab environments for region-wide learners in a synchronous-style distance learning workshop. Keywords Hands-on computer workshop, remote laboratory, distance learning, educational technology 1 Introduction With digital and telecommunication technologies, distance education has been developed to extend boundary of knowledge sharing to be more location and time independent. It has been widely deployed in academic or training......

Words: 4133 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Sherman Computer Repair New Direction

...Sherman Computer Repair New Direction Sherman Computer Repair New Direction This paper will examine the Sherman Computer Repair Company and their external environment. Sherman Computer Repair (SCR) is an undersized company that repairs damaged computers. At present, SRC has three business locations where patrons can purchase repairs on broken hardware. At the location of all three business sites SRC employs three full-time computer techs, one on-site manager along with one receptionist. In addition, SRC also employs 12 mobile techs that provide SRC customers with the choice of reliable in house repair service. Sherman Computer Repair wishes to broaden their horizons by embracing computer assembly to fill the void left by a competitor called Synergetic.  Sherman's approaching progress into the industry of computer assembly is one that carries risky implication for them.  Sherman Computer Repair must first hire a new professional staff and obtain new technological expertise to make their company transformation successful.   This paper will analyze how SRC can meet their goals and grow from the future business prospect. Sherman Computer Repair Organizational Design The Business Directory defines organizational design as formal and informal framework of policies and rules, within which an organization arranges its lines of authority and communications, and allocates rights and duties. Organizational structure is found to determine the manner and extent to which roles,......

Words: 2012 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

I Nformation Technology

...when the news that the environment was not a renewable resource really hit home and people started realizing that they had to do their part to protect the environment. Basically, the efficient use of computers and computing is what green computing is all about. The triple bottom line is what is important when it comes to anything green and the same goes for green computing. This considers social responsibility, economic viability and the impact on the environment. Many businesses simply focus on a bottom line, rather than a green triple bottom line, of economic viability when it comes to computers. The idea is to make the whole process surrounding computers friendlier to the environment, economy, and society. This means manufacturers create computers in a way that reflects the triple bottom line positively. Once computers are sold businesses or people use them in a green way by reducing power usage and disposing of them properly or recycling them. The idea is to make computers from beginning to end a green product. Background Over the past decade, green computing has proven itself to be the most concerning issue for the businesses and governments around the globe as computing becomes increasingly pervasive. Green computing is a movement to apply higher environmental standards to the manufacture, use, and disposal of computer technology. Examples include computers with advanced power management systems, computers made to run on......

Words: 2205 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Computer Forensics

...International Journal of Digital Evidence Fall 2007, Volume 6, Issue 2 Computer Forensic Analysis in a Virtual Environment Derek Bem Ewa Huebner University of Western Sydney, Australia Abstract In this paper we discuss the potential role of virtual environments in the analysis phase of computer forensics investigations. General concepts of virtual environments and software tools are presented and discussed. Further we identify the limitations of virtual environments leading to the conclusion that this method can not be considered to be a replacement for conventional techniques of computer evidence collection and analysis. We propose a new approach where two environments, conventional and virtual, are used independently. Further we demonstrate that this approach can considerably shorten the time of the computer forensics investigation analysis phase and it also allows for better utilisation of less qualified personnel. Keywords: Computer Forensics, Virtual Machine, computer evidence. Introduction In this paper we examine the application of the VMWare (VMWare, 2007) virtual environment in the analysis phase of a computer forensics investigation. We show that the environment created by VMWare differs considerably from the original computer system, and because of that VMWare by itself is very unlikely to produce court admissible evidence. We propose a new approach when two environments, conventional and virtual, are used concurrently and independently. After the......

Words: 3983 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

The Evolvement of Technology over Decades and the Continuing Effect on the Environment

...The Evolvement of Technology over Decades and the continuing effect on the Environment | IT Essay | | The following text is characterized by an Essay in which it outlines in four solid body paragraphs, integral identified reasons whereby technology has developed, progressed and advanced over decades and what problems these are causing the environment. | | Chenoa Fawkes | 3/18/2014 | | Trends in Information and Communications in Technology have constantly evolved over the past century. The way information was stored has significantly changed. The way we communicate. The gadgets and devices we use to operate our daily life. Even to the point of programs on the computer that you simply press a button and amazing things happen. The problem we need to greatly consider is ‘What Impact does all these new sophisticated technologies have on the environment?’ When you consider the negative impacts on the environment in regards to ICT, it is frightening to think that there are some very harmful issues. Such issues include the production and distribution of ICT equipment, energy consumption and carbon emission during the use and disposal and recycling of equipment. Production and distribution of computers and other electronic devices is a very complicated and sometimes harmful process. Assembling a computer involves up to 1000 items, many of which are highly poisonous. ‘The list includes chlorinated and brominated substances, toxic gases, toxic metals, photoactive......

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Statistics

...world computers have become an essential part of our life and it is our best companion. Computer technology is important in education since most of what we do and learn involves the use of a computer. It is also essential in the economy and the field of business. Computers allow tasks to be done more speedily and accurately in the business world. Computers enable humans to be much more productive and more efficient in their daily tasks. Computers have allowed individuals to communicate much easier, however there are many downsides to the increased use of technology (Explaining Computers). The use of computers is accompanied with many environmental and health consequences. Although doing things electronically uses fewer trees there are many chemicals involved in the production and discarding of computers. These chemicals are not only dangerous to the humans using them but also have a huge impact on the environment. In a world where science and technical considerations play a major role in terms of economics and society, the understanding and appropriation of computers and technological knowledge is a recognised necessity. For this reason, the purpose of my paper is to determine people’s awareness of the technology that surrounds them. My predictions are that individuals may not be as aware as they should be of the long term impacts of extensive computer use, and the long term environmental issues that may be associated with the use of computers. Since computers......

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Homework

...I believe that although computers can be used as a tool to spread awareness about problems in the environment, they cause a lot of environmental problems themselves. Pollution caused by the production of computer hardware, as well as from the cleaning agents used to clean computers, is a great hazard to the Environment and the people that live in it. People leave their computers on non-stop resulting in a lot of energy consumption and enormous amounts of paper are being used daily to print out electronically stored data. It causes health problems as well as economic problems and is in urgent need of treatment. Also when examining the problem of pollution caused by computers and their production, it is evident that all computer hardware is responsible for the problem, for it is the hardware's production that causes the pollution. Pieces of hardware such as keyboards, monitors, mice etc. are all made out of plastic, which is usually not recyclable. Other chemicals found in these tools are also often bad for the environment and cause damage. As a result of the assembly of pieces inside the computer such as wafers and computer chips a lot of toxic materials are given off causing further harm to the environment. The evolution of computers causes harm because old computers are often thrown out only to be replaced by larger computers, which consume more energy and therefore cause even more pollution. They too, will eventually be thrown out and replaced. As the......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Dell Inspiron 15

...property laws. Dell and the Dell logo are trademarks of Dell Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies. 2014 ‑ 03 Rev. A00 NOTE: The images in this document may differ from your computer depending on the configuration you ordered. Regulatory model: P39F | Type: P39F001 Computer model: Inspiron 5547 Specifications Views Front Front 1 Left 2 Right Base 1 Power and battery‑status light Indicates the power state and battery state of the computer. White light — Power adapter is connected and the battery is being charged. Amber light — Battery charge is low or critical. 2 Hard‑drive activity light Turns on when the computer reads from or writes to the hard drive. Display Specifications Views Left Front 1 Left 2 3 4 Right Base 1 Security‑cable slot Connect a security cable to prevent unauthorized movement of your computer. 3 USB 2.0 port Connect peripherals such as storage devices, printers, and so on. Provides data transfer speeds up to 480 Mbps. 2 Display Power‑adapter port Connect a power adapter to provide power to your computer and charge the battery. 4 Media‑card reader Reads from and writes to media cards. Specifications Views Right Front 1 Left 2 3 4 Right Base 1 Headset port Connect a headphone, a microphone, or a headphone and microphone......

Words: 1776 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Assignment and Essay.... Others)Information Technology (Programming/ Languages (Java, C++, Vb,.Net, & Etc)/Database Design/ Computer Networking/ System Analysis/ Project Management/Project Development/ It & Society/ and.

...(Programming/ Languages (Java, C++, VB, .NET, & etc)/Database Design/ Computer Networking/ System Analysis/ Project Management/Project Development/ IT & Society/ and. - NET programmers continue to struggle with the complexities of a hybrid managed/unmanaged environment. ..... Sorry, I had to laugh at that paper! ... Java on the other hand is cross-platform, and also traditionally runs as an ... - NET programmers continue to struggle with the complexities of a hybrid managed/unmanaged environment. ..... Sorry, I had to laugh at that paper! ... Java on the other hand is cross-platform, and also traditionally runsASSIGNMENT and ESSAY. ... others)Information Technology (Programming/ Languages (Java, C++, VB, .NET, & etc)/Database Design/ Computer Networking/ System Analysis/ Project Management/Project Development/ IT & Society/ and. - NET programmers continue to struggle with the complexiASSIGNMENT and ESSAY. ... others)Information Technology (Programming/ Languages (Java, C++, VB, .NET, & etc)/Database Design/ Computer Networking/ System Analysis/ Project Management/Project Development/ IT & Society/ and. - NET programmers continue to struggle with the complexities of a hybrid managed/unmanaged environment. ..... Sorry, I had to laugh at that paper! ... Java on the other hand is cross-platform, and also traditionally runs as an ... - NET programmers continue to struggle with the complexities of a hybrid managed/unmanaged environment. ..... Sorry, I had to laugh at that paper!......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business Decision

...about the product and services and also its environment. * Unbiased data Primary data collected and processing by researcher. Therefore, the information might be unbiased. Secondary data Secondary data is data that is already collected, processed and published by other person for the particular reason. It is less expensive than the primary data. This data also can be collected quickly and be collected from T.V, radio, magazine, books, literature review etc. As per Avasarikar and et al (2007)-(Page-3.8) stated that, “Secondary is collected earlier for some purpose other than the purpose of the present research study.” They also said that, “Secondary data as a matter of fact, provides fundamental and rich insights into research study.” As per Kotler and et al (2008)-(Pg-334), “Secondary data is a information that already exists somewhere, having been collected for another purpose.” Sources of primary data As a researcher and observer all primary data were collected by myself. For collecting the primary data used two methods- * Questionnaire * Interviews Questionnaire Questionnaire is one of the important observing, analyzing and research instrument for use the market research. Generally, questionnaire is a series of question in a paper, which makes for the getting information from respondent that means collect the information from potential customers about the product and product related environment. As per Brown (2001)(Page-06),......

Words: 4186 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Artificial Intelligence

...to manipulate one’s environment or to think abstractly as measured by object criteria (as test) Views of intelligence 1. Autonomous movement – Movement of object; Eg Robot intelligently E.g vaucansor (18th Century), Shaker – 1970, Sony Aibo (1998) 2. Thinking – Ability to use brain. ▪ Eg Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov- 1997 ▪ Eg In Playing games 3. Playing Games A computer may be said to be intelligent if it beats the user. Types of Intelligence 1. Linguistic-Verbal intelligence- Ability to communicate effectively, use of in different forms, sensitive means. 2. Logical – Mathematical intelligence – Ability to carry out computations. 3. Musical 1 – Playing piano, singing, recognize non verbal. 4. Spatial – Ability to work with minimal information provided(scarce information) 5. Intrapersonal 1 – Able to understand your self, read others moods, emotions. 6. Interpersonal 1 – Ability to relate well with others. 7. Bodily kinesthetic Intelligence- body flexibility – acrobatics. NB: 1. The above types are referred to as multiple Intelligence Theory by Howard Gardener. 2. People have different strength in each intelligence area. This demonstrates different talents, as people are different in personality & mind. Definition of Artificial intelligence NB: No agreed definition of the term A.I. The common proposed definition includes 1. Its study in which computer systems are made......

Words: 3260 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Bh Nbkjsbdfkjbkdjf

...following: Provide an introduction that defines both technology and social change and discusses how they are related. Discuss the impact of the personal computer, cellular phones, and the internet on society. Using the three major sociological perspectives, describe the equilibrium model, the digital divide and cultural lag in relation to these technologies and social change. Include how technology has influenced social epidemiology, health and the environment. Explore a recent or emerging form of technology and discuss its potential benefits or consequences for society. Provide a conclusion that summarizes key points. Cite at least three academic, peer-reviewed sources and two popular magazines. Format the paper consistent with APA guidelines. Submit your assignment to the Assignments tab.Write an 1,050- to 1,400-word essay on technology and social change, covering the following: Provide an introduction that defines both technology and social change and discusses how they are related. Discuss the impact of the personal computer, cellular phones, and the internet on society. Using the three major sociological perspectives, describe the equilibrium model, the digital divide and cultural lag in relation to these technologies and social change. Include how technology has influenced social epidemiology, health and the environment. Explore a recent or emerging form of technology and discuss its potential benefits or consequences for society. Provide a conclusion......

Words: 8845 - Pages: 36