Premium Essay

Computer Structure and Logistics

In: English and Literature

Submitted By weavdogg
Words 391
Pages 2
A motherboard is the platform on which the various components that make up the hardware of the computer are connected. The major components of a motherboard are memory and their slots, expansion cards, CPU and slots, BIDS chip, CMOS Battery, power supply and connectors, keyboard connector, mouse connector, floppy and hard disk connectors, expansion slots, peripheral ports and slots, jumpers and DIP switches. The computer memory (RAM) is one of the most important parts of the system board. The number of memory chips of a motherboard depends on the type of computer and its capacity. Expansion cards are a typical component of nonintegrated system board. CPU and slots is highly prolific part of the computer. It is also located right on the motherboard. BIOS chip occupies a top position in terms of the order of importance on the system board. CMOS battery is a small battery on the system board that powers the CMOS memory. Power supply and connectors is the unit that supplies power as required for the smooth running of the computer. Keyboard connector is an input device for a desktop computer. Mouse connector is an input device. It has a connecting interface that is round. Floppy and Hard disk connectors is the mass storage device of the computer system. Expansion slots make it possible for an additional card or board to be connected to the main board. Peripheral ports and slots the functions performed by the computer require in most cases an external device connection either for uploading or to download data or as the case may be. Jumpers and DIP switches used to configure the system board serving as a regulator for the amount of voltage supply as required by the various components on the motherboard. If you upgrade the motherboard it will give some performance improvement to a computer system. This improvement is limited because you have to upgrade more than just the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Otis Elevator: Accelerating Business Transformation With IT Otis Elevator, a subsidiary of United Technology, has witnessed many transformations since Elisha Graves Otis first found the company in 1853. As a result of these transformations, the company has become the leader in its industry as the world’s largest manufacturer, installer, and servicer of elevators, escalators, and moving walkways. Across the world, the company has over 1.5 billion elevators and over 100,000 escalators in operation, with some operating inside some of the world’s most prominent building structures. Today, mainly informational technology (IT) is responsible for the company becoming the leader of its industry. During the years from 2000 to 2004, the company experienced significant growth and grew to over 61,000 employees with operations in over 200 countries. As this growth occurred, the elevator service market became more stable as there were now elevators installed in almost all buildings in the world’s major cities. The company’s profits now relied heavily on the service and repair of elevators and escalators. The problem at hand was that the company was facing new competitors in the global market, including other similar elevators manufacturers and also other companies that exclusively offered elevator services and repairs. At this point in time the then president of Otis Elevators, Ari Bousbib, knew it was time to remake the company “To become the recognized leader in service excellence......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Logistics and Supply Chain

...Topics Covered  Chapter 12: Logistics and Supply Chain Information Systems       Overall importance of information systems to logistics and supply chain management. Key issues in information systems. quality of information, and what to measure to assure that this quality exists exists. The architecture and objectives of information systems. role of logistics in the “connected” economy, and impact of evolving technologies on logistics and logistics processes. structural components of the logistics information system, and contribution of each to the overall effectiveness of logistics and supply chain processes. importance of adapting to new information technologies. 2 Logistics Profile: Applebee’s…  Logistics and Supply Chain Information Systems: Introduction    Restaurant ordering practice has progressed from phone to fax to Internet. Information systems (IS) help Applebee’s to monitor pre-negotiated prices and rebates, and to better manage inventory tracking. Internet-enabled information systems have great potential to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of supply chain activity. 3  Many firms view effective management of logistics and supply chain activities as:  Prerequisites to overall cost efficiency, and  Keys to ensuring their ability to competitively price their products and services.1 Effective information management also can help ensure that a firm meets the logistics needs of its......

Words: 1707 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Syllabus of Sales Distribution Management with Detail Explanation About the Theories

...Sales and Distribution Management Program Credit Course Code : PGPM : 3 : SL MM 606 Class of Sessions : 2012 : 30 Objective To make the student aware of issues related to sales force management focusing on ―selling‖ as a tool of Marketing Communication. The study of Channel Management offers an appreciation of logistics of information and goods, and exposes students to the types of systems required to optimize organizational efficiency through this function. Learning Objective: The aim is to prepare students to manage sales and channel teams for different types of selling, with the purpose of enhancing value based output and productivity Learning Outcomes: REFERENCE BOOKS Sales Management - Decisions, Strategies and Cases. 5ed Marketing Channels: A Relationship Approach Sales & Distribution Management Sales Management Sales and Distribution Management – Text & Cases Retailing Management – Text & Cases, 2 nd AUTHOR / PUBLICATION Richard R Still, Edward W Cundiff, Norman A, P Govoni- PCI Coughlan, 7th ed IUP Panda / Sahadev Havaldar / Cavale. Tata Mcgraw Hill - 2007 Pradhan, Swapna. Tata McGraw-Hill - 2006 e Faculty teaching the subject in all PGPM Campuses should refer Articles, Journals, Websites. Detailed Syllabus Introduction: Emerging Trends in S & D, Linking S & D Role & Responsibility of Sales person: - Cross Functional Linkages, Types of selling, Value Proposition, Lifetime Customer Value Creation- Key Accounts Management. Selling Skills:......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Rough Draft

...Running head: ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Organizational Structure Christopher R. Graham CMGT530 June 11, 2012 Thomas Krawczyk Organizational Structure In today’s society restructuring an organization seems to be unavoidable. For organizations to develop, they often must undergo significant changes in their overall strategies, practices and operational tactics. As companies evolve through various life cycles, its leaders and employees must be able to successfully align with organizational changes so that they can evolve as well (Rainaldi, 2005-2012). Taylor Ambulance Company recognizes that in order to stay afloat one must constantly look at the organizational structure and review their products or services to make sure they are meeting the public demand and are staying competitive across the market. To do this restructuring the organization is inevitable and below is a brief description of the new organizational structure. • CEO- appointed by the owners Donna Taylor and Phillip Embry. As of right now Taylor has an Operations Manager as the lead heading the company, but by adding a CEO gives the organization a more seasoned individual that is experienced at all levels not just the operational aspect. • Director Ambulance Operations- responsible for ensuring the volunteers and technicians treat patients accordingly to company policy. Also, responsible for the training employees, scheduling employees, and coordinating......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Information System

...Question 1a) Three trends in how businesses organize themselves to improve profitability that have been enable by information technology are: 1. Flat organization structure 2. Virtual organization structure 3. Reengineering With flat organization structure, levels of management are reduced and employees gain authority and responsibility to make decisions. Information systems give employees this possibility because IS give them access to information needed to help them in the process of making decisions. Virtual organizational structure is possible due to IS and allows individuals that are part of an organization but are geographically dispersed to work for example at the same project and share information. Also a virtual organization structure reduces costs for organizations (for example reduces costs associated with head office) and ultimately increases profitability. Reengineering is also a trend that organizations adopt in order to stay competitive and to gain competitive advantage. Reengineering means radical design of business processes, organizational structure, information systems and values of the organizations. This process in expensive and requires lot of time but the result can be increase in profitability through streamlining of operations. After implementation of information system businesses organize themselves to improve profitability by providing training and support to employees. By doing so employees will be able to attempt to use the new system...

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...the marketplace what it cannot make itself are referred to as: A) switching costs. B) transaction costs. C) procurement. D) agency costs. 3) The secondary activities of a firm include A) inbound logistics, technology, outbound logistics, sales and marketing, and service. B) inbound logistics, organization infrastructure, outbound logistics, technology, and procurement. C) organization infrastructure, human resources, sales and marketing, and technology. D) organization infrastructure, human resources, technology, and procurement. 4) A firm can exercise greater control over its suppliers by having A) more suppliers. B) fewer suppliers. C) global suppliers. D) local suppliers. 5) To what competitive force did the printed encyclopedia industry succumb? A) positioning and rivalry among competitors B) low cost of entry C) substitute products or services D) customer's bargaining power 6) How does the technical view of organizations fall short of understanding the full impacts of information systems in a firm? A) It sees information systems as a way to rearrange the inputs and outputs of the organization. B) It sees capital and labor as primary production factors. C) It sees the inputs and outputs, labor and capital, as being infinitely malleable. D) It sees the organization as a social structure similar to a machine. 7) The most successful solutions or methods for achieving a business objective are called A) value activities. B) best processes. C) core competencies. D) best......

Words: 1729 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Supply Chain Management

...Ramkhamhaeng University Institute of International Studies BBA (English Programme) MK 403: Logistics & Supply Chain Management Introduction This course is designed to provide an holistic view of logistics and supply chain management, examining the major concepts underlying the subject and many of the strategies, tools and techniques associated with the topic. Its primary focus is based on a number of principles. Creation of superior customer value through logistics, obtaining competitive advantage and cost control, collectively summarised through the CRAVE model of profitability. The course will be structured around the set text, and be supplemented by case studies, exercises and discussions. Emphasis will be placed on the revolution effected through the electronic interchange of information and innovations in transportation and packaging. Course Objectives The broad objectives of the course are to: * To establish a framework of understanding of the subject and the theories and practices underlying it * To illustrate all aspects of logistics and supply chain issues by relevant contemporary examples drawn from a wide variety of local and international companies * To provide an understanding of the value of service and its creation and development within the market, both as an absolute and as a competitive advantage. * To show how an understanding of efficient logistics can add to profitability but requires constant monitoring and flexibility......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Product Returns

...Reverse Logistics: Product Returns Program Simplified with Technology Assignment By Jairo L. Hernandez Student Number: 4040078 RLMT 401, Reverse Logistics Data and Security Resilience Professor Lawrence Reeves III 27 April 2013 Tables of Contents Title Page Introduction: Consumer Products 2 What’s Reverse Logistics? 2 Cross-Functional Enterprise Systems 3 Data Collecting 3 Customer Identification 4 Resolution 5 Conclusion 6 Reverse Logistics: Product Returns Program Simplified with Technology Introduction: Consumer Products In the 21st century, the U.S. economy has tremendously increased its consumption rate of natural resources with the manufacturing of consumer products. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2012) reported, “In 2009, discarded TVs, computers, peripherals (including printers, scanners, [and] fax machines) mice, keyboards, and cell phones totaled about 2.37 million short tons.” Natural resources are used in a daily basis to manufacture products with distributing material in forward logistics. This process of materials being produced by manufacturers shipped to warehouses across the world and stored until a demand is requested and then delivered to a retailer or when a Internet buy occurs, delivered to the customer. Logistics plays a vital role in distributing goods throughout the supply chain, how is unwanted or unused material being tracked for recovery from the consumer? What’s Reverse Logistics? The......

Words: 1588 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Amazon Strategy Analysis an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services. Its hardware products include the iPhone smartphone, the iPad tablet computer, the Mac personal computer, the iPod portable media player, the Apple Watch smartwatch, and the Apple TV digital media player. Apple's consumer software includes the OS X and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites. Its online services include the iTunes Store, the iOS App Store and Mac App Store, and...

Words: 1729 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Logistical Strategies in the Supply Chain

...provided a service by logistic service providers within the supply chain which makes it necessary to formulate strategies (Davenport, Jarvenpa, & Beers, 1996). Logistics is a part of the supply chain, which plans, implements, and controls the efficient, effective forward and reverse flow and storage of goods, services, and related information between the point of origin and the point of consumption to meet the clients’ needs (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2004). A number of logistical strategies exist from company to company, each claiming to be more efficient, faster, and better than their competitors. Any logistical strategy should contain some common components that supports the company’s overall logistics strategy (Waters, 2003). An effective strategy can be established for any logistical situation utilizing these four components: Agile logistics, lean management, a good relationship with vendors and effective technology systems. Logistical Strategies within the Supply Chain Because supply chain strategy depends on the type of supply chain a company uses, the type of functional strategies chosen should complement the type of supply chain that the company is a member of (Langabeer and Rose, 2002). The purpose of this paper is to explore and expand on the identified components within the supply chain that can be used as a framework when developing a logistics strategy. This framework consists of four identified components: Agile logistics, lean manufacturing,......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Logitech Case Study

...labor wage is significantly higher than that of Taiwan or China. Additionally, the company would not be able to manufacture in Taiwan, where manufacturing is cheap and efficient, where the company needs the capacity to produce at high volume and low cost and offer a better designed product-not to mention the Taiwanese factory soon out-producing Logitech’s U.S. facility. Moreover, Taiwan offered a well developed supply base for parts, qualified people, and a locally expanding local computer industry. Without trade, Logitech would be able to rely on China for cheap labor and the assembly of the products with 4,000 employees. In sum, all of these increased expenses and costs would require a rise in the retail price for the consumer. There is also less overall competition in a world without trade, thus allowing Logitech to raise retail price to its consumers. 2. Explain how trade lowers the costs of making computer peripherals such as mice and keyboards? Trade lowers the costs of making computer peripherals in many ways. For one, trade allows companies like Logitech to set up production and labor sectors in other countries, which enables the company to manufacture the products at a much cheaper rate. Second, trade allows for increased economies of scale. Whereby enabling Logitech to produce a high quality product at a low price because the company can purchase parts from...

Words: 1643 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Pdf, Doc, Docx

...Using the Value Chain to Create Competitive Advantage A value chain is a depiction of the value activities that are linked together to create, distribute, and maintain products and services (R. Schultheis and M. Sumner). The value chain is divided into primary and support activities. Inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, marketing, and service make up the primary activities. While on the other hand support activities include all the resources that support the primary activities like the organization, human resources, technologies and purchasing. Most firms are realizing the importance of Information Technology (IT) in ensuring that they obtain a competitive edge over their competitors and a company like Spar supermarket is not an exception. Through the use of barcode scanners Spar is able to ensure that data entry errors are minimal and that the process of data capturing is fast. The store is widely known for selling fresh quality products to its customers. This is made possible by the fact that the store has got its own database of all card carrying members where they record personal details about each buyer. With this, the store is able to obtain timely information about buying trends hence allowing it to aid in the ordering process. Armed with such information, the purchasing department is able to order more of in-demand goods while reducing the quantity of those products less demanded by customers. This also helps the advertising department as it is able......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Effecting Change

...Affecting Change This paper is about affecting change that occurs in business. This paper will focus on the Leadership in Action Simulation which addresses key issues that Smith and Falmouth (S&F) was facing. In this paper, there will be a description of the established methods of control. Discussion will center around current organizational and departmental cultures, reconstruction strategy to improve the culture and empower the employees, effective management practices, provide an explanation on the size, structure, and affect on the organization, team, group, individuals, and future. First, there will be a brief discussion on the simulation that is the focus of this paper. Simulation of Smith and Falmouth The simulation for this assignment is about a company called Smith and Falmouth (S&F). This is a teleshopping and mail order network kind of company. The location of this company is located in Canada and the United States. Smith and Falmouth has also added an online department to their company. The simulation provided opportunity for key employees to make decisions that would bring the employees together and make a profit in the process. The decisions that were made have enabled the organization to improve by 100 percent, which was the ultimate goal. All members have influence in the company but by using the project manager’s influence as well as implementing changes to make improvements in uniting the employees, the company was able to have success.......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Enterprise Resource Planning

...application involves and integrated software solutions which are primarily designed to support enterprise wide range of business operations requirement. This software comprises of modules which aim on the required aspect of the enterprise business activities which include Human resources, Finance, procurement and logistics. The use of ERP software is to coordinate and integrate all the various departments within the university and perform reliable functions across departments on to a one computer system that provides unique assistance to everyone’s particular needs. ERP Software will help the university to exchange different set of data thereby facilitating effective and efficient interaction within departments. This software will run the university’s server networks to connect to more powerful services to fit their data while each module performs different functions or specific data processing. Below are some of the ERP Modules examples: 1. Financial Management 2. Procurement 3. Sales, distribution and logistics 4. Student administration 5. Supply chain management 6. Human resources management The university needs to set up a structure on a client-server architecture which would include presentations, access to internet connectivity, applications and database layers. In order for the university to analyze the key or major concerns which currently affect the growth of the institution, they need to vigorously look into the following......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Barilla Case Study

...Summary Barilla SpA is the case study that I will be examining in this paper presentation. I will be looking critically into some of the issues why the Just-in-time-distribution (JITD) program that was proposed by Brando Vitali who had served as Barilla’s directors of logistics before Maggiali had met a strong resistance both from the distributors and the sales and marketing organization. Vital had proposed rather than follow the traditional practice of delivering product to Barilla’s distributors on the basis of whatever orders those distributors placed with the company, Barilla’s own logistics organization would instead specify the appropriate delivery quantities –those that would more effectively meet end-consumer’s needs yet would also more evenly distribute the workload on Barilla’s manufacturing and logistics system. Was this program necessary at this time? Is it that both the distributors and sales and marketing organization do not understand the benefits of the program? Do they see it as a program that will distort all what they passive to be running smoothly? Should this program have been introduced at this time? Who stands to gain from this program? Will this program actually reduce cost from logistics as envisaged by Vitali? Will this program address the thinning margin that is being experienced by both the manufacturer and the retailers? These and many more questions will be addressed in this presentation The Just-in-time-distribution (JITD) program was......

Words: 1648 - Pages: 7