Premium Essay

Concept Comparison Across Theories Paper

In: Science

Submitted By ntyoussef
Words 1535
Pages 7
Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Paper The power and strength of disciplines are heavily reliant on the development of concepts that are empirically validated and relevant to clinical practice (Mitchman &Weaver, 2008).Those concepts are then studied within a theoretical framework that is applicable to the concepts and their attributes. Concepts are continuously compared and analyzed between theories to ensure applicability and enhance the spectrum of evidence –based knowledge in nursing research and theory.
Community Health as a Core Concept Nursing Among the numerous concepts in nursing practice is the concept of “community” defined as,” A group of people sharing common values and that might be living in the same geographical area utilizing the same resources “(McDonald, 2004). Another concept is the concept of “health” defined as,”A balanced state of well- being of the body, mind, and spirit” (McDonald, 2004). These two concepts create a core concept in nursing termed “community health”. Community health is a broad concept and a field of nursing that was differentiated and worked on heavily by the first nursing theorist Florence Nightingale in her environmental theory. It was also discussed in a more detailed perspective in our modern days by many nursing theorists like Jean Watson and her human caring theory (Falk-Rafael, 2000). Community health in nursing handles multiple issues relating to the health. They can involve disease, well-being, prevention of health problems, awareness campaigns, treatment of disorders, rehabilitation, evaluation, education, and research (McDonald,2004). In community health, the focus is not only on the individual, but also the family and the society as a whole. Therefore, the role of the nurse in community health would be diverse, because of the nature of the setting. The nurse could be a care...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Paper

...Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories Paper NUR 513 August 6, 2012 Comparison and Analysis Theories Paper The heart of nursing has always been caring. Since the start of professional nursing with Florence Nightingale, theorists have been writing about caring. This paper highlights three caring theories Madeleine Leininger, Jean Watson, and the combine theory of Patricia Benner and Judith Wrubel these theorists each has developed a theory of caring. This paper will examine each by comparing and contrasting on how each looks at caring. Leininger Madeline Leininger developed her first theories in the mid-1950s. Her main theory is transcultural nursing and caring theory. This theory was formed by an inadequate knowledge of cultural factors that represented a missing link to providing quality nursing care. Leininger believed that caring is universally present in all cultures (Nelson, 2006). Leininger’s definition of caring for nursing is “the central and unifying domain for the body of knowledge and practices in nursing’ It is critical to human growth, development and survival and has helped human beings through cultural evolution” (Cohen, 1991). Leininger’s transcultural theory of nursing her assumption human caring is a universal expression. However, patterns vary among different cultures....

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Literature Review

...(MLA citation) In Ballantine and Spade’s piece, Understanding Education through Sociological Theory, macro-level theories are discussed in detail. One theory that stands out is referred to as the labeling theory, which highlights the sense of self that youth ranging from the age of 6 to 18 develop in school. In particular, it addresses the notion of how labeling children may likely lead to self-fulfilling prophesies. For instance, if a child is labeled as less capable or more incompetent than his fellow peers, his sense of self may plummet as a result and lead to him never performing to his maximum potential at any point in his academic career. The labeling theory resonates with the idea of tracking of students in the education system. Tracking in American education typically involves grouping and labeling sets of students as low-performing, average, or high-performing. Based on several previous studies in addition to the research carried out by the authors of the paper, The Economics of Tracking in Education, it is apparent that tracking “increases inequality without boosting efficiency.” In particular, one researcher stated that when comparing students categorized in the “upper group” in schools that utilize ability tracking, they outperformed similar students in other schools that did not use tracking. However, the same researcher also found that the students grouped into the lower ability category in the same schools that...

Words: 1806 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories

...Running Head: COMPARISON AND ANALYSIS Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Paper on Spirituality University of Phoenix Online Developing and Evaluating Educational Programs (NUR/588) Dr. Amy McClune 4 June 2007 Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Paper on Spirituality Spirituality in nursing and medicine has been a conflicting topic because many things have occurred which cannot be explained or proven through scientific experimentation. The only plausible explanation that has been given points to a higher power or being. Florence Nightingale believed she had a calling from God to do her work in nursing not only to physically heal but spiritually heal as well. On the other hand, Dr. Larry Dossey felt medicine alone could not heal and it is the responsibility of the physician to invoke the “power of prayer” to assist with a patient’s healing process. During the mid-nineteenth century, optimism ran high in England. With the rise of empiricism, in which all knowledge is derived from experience, science blossomed and gave rise to high hopes for conquering drudgery and disease. Florence Nightingale went to Crimea and by applying good principles of sanitation, she made a major difference in the death rate of British soldiers – from 42% to 2% (Shelly & Miller, 1999)....

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories

...Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Ryan Velasco University of Phoenix NUR/513 March 13, 2012 Noura Kassis Ed.D., R.N. Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Nursing as a profession has evolved through the contributions of practicing nurse theorists who have worked rigorously toward improving the way nurses approach the art and science of nursing. Through theory development, nursing models, and their conceptual frameworks, they have provided a foundation for nurses and their practice. Nursing theories have developed from the choices and assumptions about the nature of what a particular theorist believes about nursing, what the basis of nursing knowledge is, and nurses do or how they practice in the real world. Each theory carries with it a worldview, a way of seeing nursing and human events that highlights certain aspects of reality and possibly shades or ignores aspects in other areas (Ray, 1998). This paper will assess both Peplau’s Interpersonal relations model and Travelbee’s Human-to-human Relationship models, and compare their concept definition of client/person. Preceded by an overview of each theory and comparison, the paper further discusses Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations model in regard to its applicability to nursing practice. Interpersonal Relations Model Dr....

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Concept Comparisons and Analysis Theories

...Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories UOP Theoretical Foundations of Nursing NUR/513 Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories Nursing theory is relatively new and as such, it continues to evolve as new knowledge is gained. There are numerous theories of nursing, each of which took years to develop and most of which continue to evolve and adapt. There are commonalities between and among the existing theories although each may focus more heavily on different aspects of responsibilities. It has to do with the philosophical foundations for each theory. Moore, (Moore, 2008) reported a nursing metaparadigm of four basic concepts: "person, health, environment, and nursing." Another author suggested the core concepts of nursing theory and practice are caring, assessment, teaching and learning, collaboration, managing care, communication and professional behaviors, (Opperman Med Law Consulting, 2008). These core concepts as identified by these authors can be found in some fashion in all nursing theories. Orem commented that nurses could do nursing but they could not explain what nursing is (Hartweg, 1991). She was also interested in what conditions had to exist for a person to seek help from nurses (Hartweg, 1991). The first answer she determined was that people sought help when they could not care for themselves (Hartweg, 1991)....

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Self Paper

...The Self Paper PSYCH/555 May 19, 2014 The Self Paper According to Greenwald, Banaji, Rudman, Farnham, Nosek, and Mellott (2002), the concept of self is defined as the association of self with one or more characteristic concepts. The concept of self is complex and made up of many different parts that contribute to the whole meaning, such as the conceptual and operational parts (Fiske, 2010). The conceptual part includes the body, inner self, interpersonal self, and collective self (Fiske, 2010). The operational part includes emotions that affect self-esteem, and behavior that affects self-presentation (Fiske, 2010). Self-concept is attained through different ways, including comparison with other people. The following research material gives an understanding of self in deeper measure. Concept of Self There are many factors that contribute to the concept and development of self. Conceptual self, operational self, and core motives are all a part of self. Fiske notes that the “self is not a single thing” but is more comparable to a coral reef rather than a bowling ball (pp.186). Self-concept is broken down into conceptual self and operational self. The conceptual section includes the material self. This is the body self, inner self, interpersonal self, and collective self (Fiske, 2010). The operational section is how psychologists measure self by researching self-concept, emotions, self-esteem, and self-presentation, or behavior (Fiske, 2010)....

Words: 1566 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

World Politics

...Schlesinger Walking out of Rounds Hall with me after class, Benny, a sophomore in one of my international relations courses, asked for, and received, some pointers on the required paper. “You’ve just told me to write exactly as I’ve been taught not to write,” said he. “And who, pray tell, taught you?” asked I. He gave an over-the-shouldernod across the street, toward Ellen Reed House--the English Department. "Hmmm. . . fine--I'mnot surprised to hear they tell you something different,” I told him. “The English profs teach you to write in a generic way, say, fiction, or generically expository stuff. I want you to write a social science paper.” With some ”Hmmm-ing” of his own, Benny shuffled off, wearing a mildly annoyed and not altogether convinced frown. How dare they teach different ways to write in different departments at the same college! Benny did make an effort to heed my suggestions, but it took persistence. For example, the introduction to his first draft, included a vague Writing Across the Curriculum, Vol. 11, August 1990 35 36 Writing Across The Curriculum (August 1990) statement like: ”Conflict between Arabs and Black Africans in the Sudan is a serious problem and should be examined in greater detail. . . including its history, causes, and future.” The purpose statement I eventually settled for read more like this: ”This paper will examine social, economic, and political aspects of the Sudanese civil war....

Words: 2635 - Pages: 11

Free Essay


...HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH Theory & Practice Vol.21 (Supplement 1) 2006 Pages i19–i32 Advance Access publication 31 July 2006 Improving measurement in health education and health behavior research using item response modeling: comparison with the classical test theory approach Mark Wilson*, Diane D. Allen and Jun Corser Li Abstract This paper compares the approach and resultant outcomes of item response models (IRMs) and classical test theory (CTT). First, it reviews basic ideas of CTT, and compares them to the ideas about using IRMs introduced in an earlier paper. It then applies a comparison scheme based on the AERA/APA/NCME ‘Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests’ to compare the two approaches under three general headings: (i) choosing a model; (ii) evidence for reliability—incorporating reliability coefficients and measurement error—and (iii) evidence for validity—including evidence based on instrument content, response processes, internal structure, other variables and consequences. An example analysis of a self-efficacy (SE) scale for exercise is used to illustrate these comparisons. The investigation found that there were (i) aspects of the techniques and outcomes that were similar between the two approaches, (ii) aspects where the item response modeling approach contributes to instrument construction and evaluation beyond the classical approach and (iii) aspects of the analysis where the measurement models had little to do with the analysis or outcomes....

Words: 8479 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories

...Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Nur 513 May 19, 2014 Theory is the core of nursing and nursing process. It describes, explains and predicts the uniqueness of a phenomenon. Theory is analysis and examine to determine the viability in the world of professional nursing. Concepts is the framework and foundation of the theory which consist of concrete and abstracts. The purpose of this paper is to select a core concept that is common to two nursing theories. Compare and Analysis the core concepts definition of client- nurse and the theorists Peplau’s Interpersonal model and Travelbee’s human-to human model .Peplau’s Interpersonal Model will be further discuss and identify where and how it can be best applied to nursing practice and elements of concepts statement, metaparadigms,philosophies and conceptual model. In 1952, Hildegard E.Peplau who was a pioneer in nursing published the book” Interpersonal Relations in Nursing”. The book explains the steps and phases of the interpersonal process, the nursing roles , methodology of the interpersonal,process in nursing. Peplau's believed ”Nursing is Therapeutic“ ( George 2011 ). She describes nursing as a healing art for the sick or a individual who is in need of care and there is an interpersonal process in nursing due to the interaction with two or more people that has a similar goal....

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Concept Comparison

...Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Nursing Theories Dana Montgomery NUR/513 Mary Nicks Abstract Define caring? Caring is a critical element of caring in the profession of nursing. It is the groundwork approach that is utilized in day to day practice. Many theories have been studied in regards to caring. For the purpose of this paper, I will be discussing Marilyn Ann Ray’s Theory of Bureaucratic Caring, Madeline Leininger’s Cultural Caring Theory, and Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. The Theory of Bureaucratic caring was created for a more multifaceted institute while the Cultural Caring theory identifies the need for cultural awareness in caring. Theory of Caring describes caring in a more methodical approach. The meaning of caring respectively has similar qualities, but the approaches are entirely different. This paper will elucidate on these three theories of caring, compare and analyze their concept definitions, and apply a specific theory to practice. Caring is defined as feeling and displaying concern or empathy for others. Nursing has become more convoluted with advancing technology and continuous changes, it can be very challenging. For an individual to become an efficient nurse they must have a positive perception of what caring is as it has become a vital part of nursing. Concepts are essential to theory development and have often been referred to as the building blocks or structural components of theory (Chinn & Kramer 1999)....

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Cultural Marketing Variables Review

...RUNNING HEAD: Module I - Assignment I Review Two Definitions of Culture A Paper Presented to The Faculty of the Department of Business Administration In Partial Fulfillment of Course Requirements For B7312- Cultural Marketing Access – Module I - Assignment 1 Spring II, 2013 For The Doctor of Business Administration Degree, D.B.A. David F. Black, B.A., M.B.A., C.D.P. Dr. Cliff Butler Argosy University/Seattle March 11, 2013 © Abstract This paper provides a summary review of B7312, Cultural Marketing Online Argosy Module I, a comparison of two different definitions of culture (Webster) (CARLA). An additional element of contrasting these two definitions is also provided. The overview provides discussion points for the classes of March 7th & 18th, 2013 or sooner as defined by Dr. Butler. Perspectives This paper is submitted in partial fulfillment of the B7312 Course Module I Assignment 1 for the Cultural Marketing Online Course Class on March 7, 2013, B7312, Spring II, 2013, Dr. Cliff Butler, AU-Seattle. Summary of Assignment This student is to write a talking-points paper for the selected definitions of culture as outlined in B7312 Cultural Marketing....

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Lecture 1 Ccs

...To assess how these differences impact the climate for doing business across countries.  Theory and Application 2/4/2014 | 4 Course format › Tutorials (with student teams): • Theory tutorials (TT) • Application tutorials (AT) › Combining theory with application  country Factbook • • • • Tools/Methods Application of tools Comparative analysis Recommendation › Industry perspective 2 2/4/2014 | 5 Assignments and Grading/Feedback › Team assignments (70%) & Individual assignment (30%) › Team assignments: • Paper on / synopsis of materials of Theory tutorials (30%) • Factbook grade (40%) › All assignments: minimum of 5 › Overall: minimum of 5.5 › Participation / performance as presenters, reviewers or chair (+/- 1 grade point on team assignments) › Are you allowed to take this course? Propaedeutics or positive BSA › Passing 2nd year courses but failing 1st year courses leads to removal from the program 2/4/2014 | 6 First Application tutorial (starting tomorrow) › Each team prepares a potential structure for their country Factbook › Teams present an overview of tools, concepts & frameworks › Teams may provide a first general overview of their two countries and their industry › From the discussions in the various tutorial groups we will extract a basic outline for the country Factbook • Made available on Nestor › Deliverable for this week: PowerPoint...

Words: 1951 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Cross Culture Management Research Issues

...The research field of cross-cultural management suffers from an absence of theory capable of explaining the...

Words: 5146 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Historical Perspective

...Nursing theories provide guidance to researchers and educate nurses (Keefe, 2011) to look at different approaches in caring for their patients. This paper will show how one theorist most influenced the development of nursing research. The 1990's was the decade for research and expanded nursing theory. This period elevated the use of evidence-based and best practices in nursing (George, 2011). Transcultural Nursing was introduced in 1992 by Madeline Leininger. Leininger’s theory says that the goal of nursing care is to” provide care congruent with cultural values, beliefs, and practices’ (Alligood & Tomey, 2010). The cultural and sociocultural factors of each person affects how they take on factors, meanings, and expressions of health and caring systems. This theory has wide applicability in different settings. The interest is focused on nurses becoming culturally competent so they can provide appropriate nursing care to a growing culturally/ethnically diverse patient population. Nursing paradigms show a clear relationship among the existing theoretical works in nursing. Leininger is the proponent of Transcultural Nursing and Human Care Theory. According to Cohen (1991), Leininger’s definition of caring states “caring is the central and unifying domain for the body of knowledge and practices in nursing”. The key to Leininger’s belief is that human caring is universal, but the expressions, processes, and patterns vary among cultures. According to the Nursing Theories...

Words: 536 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Henri Fayol, Practitioner and Theoretician – Revered and Reviled

...The theory of management functions aligns well with strategic leadership and management models and theories. Originality/value – The paper is the first to integrate Fayol’s theories with a strategic leadership model. Keywords Management theory, Management history, Leadership Paper type General review Henri Fayol – revered and reviled 489 Introduction As one of the early management practitioners who established theories and...

Words: 7742 - Pages: 31