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Conditioning and Child Rearing

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bhollie100904
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Conditioning and How it Can be Applied to Child Rearing

Operant conditioning can be defined as, learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened, depending on its favorable or unfavorable consequences. When we say that a response has been strengthened or weakened, we mean that is has been made more or less likely to occur (Feldman, 2009). We can achieve such conditioning by using reinforcement. Reinforcement is the process by which a stimulus increases the probability that a preceding behavior will be repeated (Feldman, 2009). There are three main reinforcements, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and punishment. We will look at positive and negative reinforcement and how they can help in child rearing. Being a parent of two young kids, I know how difficult it could be to get children to do the simplest of tasks. Such as cleaning up after themselves, getting them to stop fighting with each other or just to clean their room. As a parent, it seems more difficult to come up unique ways to have your children complete such small tasks. The two types of reinforcement mentioned above, could aid in this journey. Lets use positive reinforcement for one of the examples I have given. Positive reinforcement is a tool that is used when a pleasant stimulus is added, which increases a preceding response. For instance, if I wanted my children to clean their room, I could tell them that if they clean their room, we will go get some ice cream. This may or may not work in all cases. We as parents should be welled versed with this issue. Hopefully, the result will be that they clean their room. Which usually means all the toys, clothes and everything else a child acquires in their room, ends up in the closet. If that were to happen, you could say that positive reinforcement worked. Positive reinforcement does not always have to be about receiving...

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