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Confederate States of America

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Submitted By NoahDiveley
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The Confederate States of America commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861 to 1865. It was originally formed by seven slave states of the United States. Each state had declared its secession from the United States following the November 1860 election of Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln to the U.S. presidency on a platform which opposed the expansion of slavery. A new Confederate government was proclaimed in February 1861 before Lincoln took office in March, but was considered illegal by the government of the United States. On March 11, 1861, the Confederate Constitution of seven states: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas, replaced the February 7 provisional constitution with one stating in its preamble a desire for a "permanent federal government". Four additional slave-holding states: Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, declared their secession and joined the Confederacy following a call by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln for troops from each state to recapture Sumter and other lost federal properties in the South. Missouri and Kentucky were represented by partisan factions from those states, while the legitimate governments of those two states retained formal adherence to the Union. Also aligned with the Confederacy were two of the “Five Civilized Tribes” and a new Confederate Territory of Arizona. Efforts to secede in Maryland were halted by federal imposition of martial law, while Delaware, though of divided loyalty, did not attempt it. A Unionist government in western parts of Virginia organized the new state of West Virginia which was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863. Following South Carolina's unanimous 1860 secession vote, no other Southern states considered the question until 1861, and when they did none were...

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