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Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking

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Running Head: CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND PEACEMAKING

Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking
Katie VanEsch
PSY400
Angel Wieneche
University of Phoenix
July 25, 2010

Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking
Conflict is an issue that is virtually inevitable within societies. No matter the cause, conflict arises as a result of lack of communication, miscommunication, misunderstanding, or lack of respect for other’s individual needs or desires. In this paper, I will examine an article that discusses these types of conflict, and describe its elements of conflict resolution and peacemaking.
One particular article discusses the recent history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, which has been marked by a series of agreements and accords which have ultimately failed. The Hebron agreement was signed in January 1997 by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) Yasser Arafat, but subsequently dissolved because Israel continued the construction of settlements in Palestinian territory (International relations, 2009). The Oslo accord was signed in August 1993, with a deadline of 1999 set for the resolution of all outstanding issues, by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Arafat. As the deadline approached, fears of the PLO unilaterally declaring a Palestinian state brought renewed violence and new demands from Israel, culminating in the suspension of the Oslo accord. As Handelman (2008) has noted, the Israelis and Palestinians are deadlocked in “a protracted, violent, drawn-out struggle in which generation after generation is socially conditioned to continue fighting” (p. 57). Nonetheless, the potential resolution of the conflict seems to involve the simultaneous implementation of the political-elite model (PEM) of peacemaking, which employs the social mechanism of equal-status contact; and the...

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