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Constructivism

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By scotchlite55
Words 429
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Fundamentally,constructivism says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. It is a learning theory that emphazises problem solving and understanding using athentic tasks, experiences, settings and assesments.
The first article I read abot described how constructivism is a process both for the instructor and the student. The goals for the instructor are to adapt the curriculum to address the students suppositions. Help negotiate goals and objectives with learners and pose problems of emerging relevance to students. Emphasize hands on,real world experiences and also seek and value students point of view. In return the student will develop his/her own goals and assessments and create new understandings to control learning based on reflections. The student will collaborate among fellow students, learn in a social experience and take ownership and voice of the learning process. Constructivism can help students pursue personal interests and purposes. They build on his/her prior knowledge and experience and develop life long learning skills.
The second article I read was written by Prof. George E. Hein for the CECA conference. I the article professor Hein gave his thoughts about the constructivism learning theory and how it applied to museums and the need of people. "He defines constructivism as the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns. Constructing meaning is learning; there is no other kind." (Hein 1991). He explains that this can nfold in two ways. Either 1) we have to focus on the learner in thinking about learning (not on the subject/lesson to be taught)and 2) There is no knowledge independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner, or...

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