Premium Essay

Consumer and Food Waste

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kjesani
Words 2960
Pages 12
Consumers and food waste – a review of research approaches and findings on point of purchase and in-household consumer behaviour
Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica1; de Hooge, Ilona2; Amani, Pegah3; Bech-Larsen, Tino1; Jenny,
Gustavsson3

1

MAPP - Centre for Research on Customer Relations in the Food Sector, Aarhus University,
Bartholins Allé 10, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.
2
Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, Then Netherlands.
3
SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden - Food and Bioscience, Box 5401, SE-402 29,
Göteborg, Sweden.

Paper prepared for presentation at the EAAE-AAEA Joint Seminar
‘Consumer Behavior in a Changing World: Food, Culture, Society”
March 25 to 27, 2015
Naples, Italy

Consumers and food waste – a review of research approaches and findings on point of purchase and in-household consumer behaviour

Introduction
Around a third of the world´s food is wasted at various steps of the supply chain (FAO, 2011).
In Europe, the largest and increasing share is wasted at the consumer level (EPRS, 2014). The issue has gained considerable public attention in the past years, with a large number of initiatives developed by different stakeholders such as policy makers, retailers (e.g. France,
Intermarché, 2014) and NGOs (e.g. Denmark, Stop spild af mad, 2014), and research projects that have and are exploring the issue (CONANX; FUSIONS). Furthermore, the European
Parliament has called for 2014 to be the ‘year against food waste’ (EP, 2014). It is known that consumers avoid deformed food (Loebnitz & Grunert, 2014) and foods close to the best before date (Tsiros, 2005) in the choice situation, while consumer food safety concerns
(Watson & Meah, 2013), storage facilities (Terpstra et al., 2005), family practices around meals and leftovers (Cappellini & Parsons, 2012) and planning capabilities (Stefan et al.,
2013)...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

There Are Many Threats to Global Food Supplies. Explain the Problem and Identify the Solutions.

...threats to global food supplies. Explain the problem and identify the solutions. Since the world population are increasing continuously, this modern world now faces many threats to global supplies. While food is inadequate in several places, people in developed countries, which have sufficient food supplies, are generating food waste. This essay will introduce the situations and problems about food waste in developed world, then demonstrate solutions, identify and evaluate the problem. In the modern world which food production is expanding, food, especially in developed countries, is easily accessible. Thus, there has been an intense rivalry among food manufacturers and retailers. Special offers, promotions and large portion sizes tempt consumers to spend more food than they actually need. Not only overbuying food, discarding food with little blemished on products also became consumers’ habit. These ill-treatments of food are prevalent among people in developed countries, and such actions finally lead to food waste. (slaght, 2012) The action of developed world consumers leads to household food waste. Food waste in developed countries has significantly increased by approximately 30-40% of food lost to waste over the past years. Unwanted supplies are thrown away to landfill while a lot of people in some countries cannot even afford to access sufficient food supply. Nevertheless, there are solutions to deal with this trouble. Increasing the price of food is the......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Environment

...The amount of waste the average American generates per year is truly staggering. Statistics suggest that Americans throw out enough paper or plastic cups and utensils every year to circle the equator 300 times. With so much waste generated annually, it is no wonder that many experts are calling for widespread adoption of zero-waste packaging. But what does zero-waste packaging look like? How important is it for Americans to move away from harmful plastics and chemicals and towards more eco-friendly consumer packaging? This article will address these important questions and many others through an inside look at the world of consumer packaging. What Does “Zero-Waste” Mean? Although the concept of “zero-waste” has been around since the 1970s, it hasn’t made the shift from theory to practice until recently. In essence, it refers to designing and producing materials so that harmful waste is eliminated from the production model and outputs can be reused for other productive processes. Ideally, the archetypical zero-waste production cycle would mimic natural cycles – where every part of the end product can be reused and nothing goes to waste. For instance, when a leaf falls from a tree in the forest and eventually dies, it does not become waste. It decomposes and eventually turns into nutrients to help other plants grow. The result is an endless cycle of growth, degeneration, decomposition, and regrowth once more. Implementing zero-waste to its fullest would mean ensuring a......

Words: 1380 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Case Study Analysis

...Supply Chain Management October 23, 2014 Case Study Analysis #2 Not only has reducing waste become more important for citizens across the world, companies are also invested in reducing the amount of waste they produce. This case study examines the food wrapping section of a UK Food Company, and ways in which resources can be best allocated to improve waste management. The wrapping section of the manufacturing process is particularly important because it plays a vital role in community the image and quality of the brand. The paper is based on using the lean tools approach and also looks into other methodology including value stream mapping. The following SWOT Analysis can provide insight into this particular UK Food Company so that measures can be taken to insure a reduction in waste. Strengths: • very diverse products that can run through the same production line including bread and sushi • the food wrapping successfully improves the brand image in the consumers eyes • improved efficiency of products running through the line (after techniques implemented) • higher customer satisfaction (after techniques implemented) • lead times reduced and kilograms of waste also reduced (after techniques implemented) Weaknesses: • Irregular maintenance performed on the machines • Unclean work area for employees • Machines that are defected reduce the number of wrapped food items • Employee’s had to be laid off (after techniques implemented) • Trust......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Current Events in Research

...owner I have to look in depth at every aspect of the business. One large place that always seems to be over looked is the actual waste of food the business takes on over time. I found an article called “Back of house”- focused study on food waste in fine dining: the case of Delish restaurants. This study shows a wide range of understanding food service kitchen practices, risk mitigation, and menu design just to name a few focuses. Where it all begins and ends As more and more people chose to eat out now the issue of food waste has gained more attention. The article states that in Canada there was over $2 billion worth of food waste in 2009. That is a huge loss for the industry but even larger for individual businesses as it is dived among them. Research has been focusing on portion sizes and how product mixes as parts of this waste. This makes me think of places such as buffets where you can eat all you want for a set price. While some may be a bit costly others seem far too cheap for the food that is consumed. People take advantage of this opportunity and waste a lot of food. They may get items to try and then don’t like and end up throwing them away or the amount of food consumed is not nearly covered by the cost of the meal. The researchers also believe that kitchen management, procurement practices, and menu design can lead to food waste. The researchers chose several approaches to obtain the needed information for this study. They conducted interview in......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Design of Goods and Services at Nestle

...Design of goods and services at nestle As consumers become increasingly demanding of more social and environmental sustainability efforts from their favorite brands, Nestlé is one multinational that is responding in kind. The challenges for the world’s largest food company, however, are as complicated as the company’s long and tangled supply chain. Nestle is turning to lifecycle assessments, the latest in eco-design software and more sustainable innovations across the company’s operations and supply chain. From agriculture to packaging, Nestlé now competes with other leading consumer goods companies such as Unilever and P&G that are mitigating their impact on the environment and society while still providing value to consumers. Now Nestlé is in the midst of a massive reset as it reevaluates everything from its energy portfolio to the impact of water scarcity on its suppliers across the globe. Ecodex Nestlé’s sustainability and product development teams start with software programs such as Ecodex, which allows users to evaluate products’ impacts based on a variety of hypothetical criteria. By simulating changes in a design, recipe or manufacturing process, or even geographic shifts in sourcing, a Nestlé employee can view that proposed redesigned product’s ramifications on climate change, energy consumption, land use and effects on local water supplies and waste streams. The tool uses information specific to the food and beverage industry to provide rapid and......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Determinants of Health

...environment a more safer place. Legislation, regulations and guidance that govern infection prevention and control: Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 - This Act provides a framework which ensures the health and safety of all employees in any work activity. It also provides for the health and safety of anyone who may be affected by work activities, for example; pupils/students and visitors to educational sites. The Public Health Act 1984 – this act is used in order to ensure consumers know what they are eating, they know that the food is appropriate and good to use/eat, and so that they know the food is safe and has been prepared in a healthy and hygienic way.The main responsibilities for all food businesses under the Act are: do not include anything in food, remove anything from food or treat food in any way which means it would be damaging to the health of persons eating it to ensure that the food you serve or sell is of the nature, substance or quality which consumers would expect to ensure that the food is labelled, advertised and presented in a way that is not false or misleading a recent misuse of this... The public health act 1984 The public health act (control of disease) was written in 1984, it has become a big part of infection control and is about reporting infectious or contagiousness diseases or illnesses, this has been made a legal requirement to report them, the local authority will need to know about this; this is so that the information can be passed......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

A Consumer Society Is a Throw Away Society

...Assignment 02 Essay Plan: Introduction: * Outline what intend to explore in essay * Description of a consumer society. Part 1 * What is consumerism * Mass consumption origins – include quote from R Williams * Affluence * Supermarket contribution to consumerism Part 2 * Outline the impact of rubbish / wastage on environment – include statistics from reports shown in Making Social Lives text book. * Explain what unsustainability means and how does it refer to rubbish. * What is recycling and its role * Other ways to use rubbish i.e. charity shops, used as art Conclusion * Conclude whether society is a throwaway society. Explore the claim that a consumer society is always a ‘throw-away’ society. In this essay I will attempt to explore the claim stated above that a consumer society is always a ‘throw-away’ society and find examples to support this. Before beginning to explore the claim stated above, it is important to understand what is meant by a ‘consumer society’. Many social scientists state that we live in times of a consumer which means “a label use to refer to a society which is defined as much by how and what people purchase and use, as by what they make or do.” (Hetherington, 2009, p.13). Consumerism is a form of socialisation evolving from the Industrial Revolution and it has continued to evolve through the decades to the present day. With so many produces being so readily available it seems there are a number......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hospitality

...Food Production & Food Service Skills In the Hospitality Industry Study, practical sessions is a very important part for student to clearly understand the objectives and methods that need to be utilised in the reality. Food Production and Food service Skills is the Education programs for food production and service jobs typically focus on culinary skills, food principles, nutrition, sanitation, and business and/or hospitality management. That develops the knowledge and skills about this major such as developing cookery styles, types of menus, menu composition and balance, dietary and allergy considerations, ethnic and social influences, trends and fashion. Food production and Food service skills includes practical sessions that provides to students the working methods and practices through the course. Firstly, the safety methods are very important in the cookery major. Clean hands, utensils and kitchen, always wash hands using soap and running water and dry thoroughly on a clean towel, using different tea towels to dry hands and dishes, need to make sure that cooking utensils, chopping boards and kitchen bench tops are clean, using multiple chopping board for chopping different foods and wash boards using hot soapy water, washing fruits and vegetables before eating. Cooking food properly method requires that food need to be cooked until their core temperature reaches 75 °C. Chilling food promptly by putting food that need to be keep cold straight away in the fridge......

Words: 1217 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Consumers International Organization

...ABSTRACT Consumers International is charged globally with protecting every consumer in the world form unfair business practices. They are comprised of over 220 organizations in over 115 countries throughout the world. The Consumers International is dedicated to attaining a world where everyone has access to safe and sustainable goods and services. This basic concept is felt throughout their website and publications as they seem to keep their mission in the forefront of all they do. Consumers International endorse and share information on programs like recycling an renewable energy in an attempt to help nations preserve their environment. Consumers International is a non-profit organization based out of the United Kingdom and is considered to be the world federation of consumer groups. Founded in 1960 they have been fighting for a fair, safe and sustainable future for all consumers in a global marketplace. Consumers International is comprised of over 220 organizations in over 115 countries throughout the world. Their mission statement is “CI is working to put the rights of consumers at the heart of decision-making. Our vision is a world where everyone has access to safe and sustainable goods and services, and where the strength of our collective power is used for the good of consumers throughout the world.” They are backed by eight principles that guide and inspire the work they do, those values are: • The right to satisfaction of basic needs • The......

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ba101

...equipment and to train staff. It is important to inform management that there are environmental and potential economic benefits in implementing an airport recycling program. Next they should assemble a green team including individuals from every sector of the airport: terminals, offices, hangars, vendors, airlines, and flight kitchens. The green team plans and implements the recycling program in the initial phase, then maintains and monitors the program once it is in place. The green team may include individuals from inside and outside the airport. Before you develop a recycling plan, understand what waste is generated and collected at your airport by performing a waste assessment. A waste assessment provides quality and quantity data. It also provides a baseline to measure progress in the future. Next, they will need to contract a person to haul the waste away and a person to sort the waste that has come from the airport. After finding a hauler and sorter, they would need to have a successful recycling plan made up and in place, considering factors such as the number of passengers that pass through the facility each day, and the size of the airport. They will need to identify all factors that will influence their plan and affect the scale and scope of their...

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Chemsitry

...Palm oil, Biodiesel and Ethics Palm oil is high demand in many parts of the world. It is used has an ingredient in many foods and it is also used for bio-fuel. Indonesia is known as the largest producer of palm oil. President of Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono created a policy to develop palm oil plantation on degraded land. Palm oil is edible plant oil that is high in saturated fats. It is comes from the fruits of a palm tree. Palm oil is found in bread, biscuits, instant noodles and shampoo. The import of palm oil has increased 485% in the United States. Palm oil has caused rain forest destruction. The Indonesian government has a plan to use rain forest area as a palm oil plantation by 2020. Many people in Indonesia live in rain forests and depend on it for their everyday living. If the government continues to grow palm oil plants in the rain forest, it will cause destruction and poverty for the people. The rain forest is also the home of endangered species such as Orangutan, Sumatran tigers and rhinoceros. The palm oil plantation will destroy their habitat. Government data has shown that over 50,000 orangutans have already died as a result of deforestation due to palm oil. According to the UNEP report, deforestation will cause 98% of Indonesian forests to be destroyed by 2022. Forest removal causes carbon to release in the air. This is called environmental degradation. Burning fossil fuels causes Four percent of global greenhouse gas emission and eight percent of......

Words: 1525 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Persuasive Essay On Recycling

...of land and money. Reports show the alarming rise in the amount of garbage. A new study conducted by World Bank shows 70% increase in urban solid waste on a global level with developing countries leading (The World Bank). The report goes on saying...

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Business Economics

...Assignment Food Loss and Food Waste – Master Level Learning Objectives: After completing this assignment student should be able to 1. Plan and Implement real world research work on selected socio-economic problem in the society 2. Divide bigger socio-economic problem in to sub-thematic areas 3. Develop and explain indicators/measurements relating to thematic area of socio-economic problem in the society Learning outcomes: After completing this assignment student should be able to 4. Describe problems, issues and status of the socio-economic aspect of a Food system 5. Explain the main areas of concern in a food system 6. Identify the key indicators of major thematic areas of food system 7. Evaluate the Colombo city region Food system Assume you are appointed as a sub-group of bigger research team who is involved in socio-economic study on Colombo City Region Food system. The team leader explains the core objectives and aims of the study to all groups and following information is the summary of the explanation. The problem and scope Food is one of the basic biological requirement of humans where every living being requires sufficient nutrients to be healthy and survive in the world. However, food is not readily available for everyone at same level and there are significant disparities in food security of different segments of the society due to various reasons mainly stem from availability, affordability and quality of food. Availability of food is......

Words: 888 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Science Project

...available can be too great (as in the case of floods) or too little (as in the case of drought). Some species have adapted to these conditions and possess adaptations that increase their chances of survival. Other organisms are not so fortunate and severe conditions of too much or too little water can result in their death. If too many of a particular type of organism die, then the decrease in their population size can have implications not only for other members of their food web, but also for other biotic and abiotic factors within their ecosystem. ENERGY As energy flows through ecosystems, from producers to consumers to detrivores to decomposers, some energy is lost at each level. The Sun is life’s main energy supply. Using energy from the Sun, plants make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Plants need to use most of the energy from the food they make for everyday life processes, such as growing and producing flowers and seeds. On average, only about one-tenth ( 1 10 or 10%) of a plant’s food energy gets stored as nutrients in...

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

G2000

...Curbing Food Wastage in Singapore Focusing Introduction * Analysis of Food Wastage By Walter Sim Every day last year, each person in Singapore wasted an equivalent of one packet of economy rice or nasi padang. All this added up to an astounding record of 796,000 tonnes - the weight of about 1,420 fully loaded Airbus A-380s - of food waste, according to National Environment Agency statistics released this month. This marks a steep 13.2 per cent rise from the 703,200 tonnes dumped in 2012, and is the sharpest spike in at least six years. Before last year, food waste had typically gone up between 1.6 and 6.7 per cent year on year since 2007. "It's an extremely steep rise and it's rather disturbing that there is a distinct lack of awareness and nonchalance to food security issues," said Singapore Environment Council chief executive Jose Raymond yesterday. - See more at: http://www.straitstimes.com/breaking-news/singapore/story/more-food-going-waste-20140319-0#sthash.CRyz0dZB.dpuf http://www.nccs.gov.sg/climatechallenge/issue05/ask-dr-green.html http://www.savefoodcutwaste.com/2012/11/05/new-campaign-to-reduce-food-waste-in-singapore/ Question – Outline Your report should make use of appropriate frameworks and mechanisms from the module and include the following: An analysis of the social issue (600 words) A critical evaluation of a current, contemporary intervention designed to address the social issues (900 words) An appraisal of the outcomes of...

Words: 829 - Pages: 4