Free Essay

Contemporary Documentary

In: Other Topics

Submitted By absimon
Words 2902
Pages 12
Abby Simon
CMCL-C 392
Paper 1

When deciding which genre I was going to choose I went over some debate in my head. I of course wanted to write about something that interested me, but also something that was shocking for me to watch never really knowing the history. I decided to analyze the films They Call It Pro Football and The Two Escobars. Having never seen either of these films before and being a huge sports fan I was very intrigued. Each come from different times, but have many similar and different aspects that I found. They Call It Pro Football came out in 1966 and was made by a company called NFL Films. To this day they are still creating incredible pieces of sports work. In my opinion the overall goal of this film is to show the tensions, community, and reality of football. This film to me took us into the field very well by giving us great audio of the players and coaches as well as certain fans in the audience. By giving us a first-hand look at how coaches interact with referees and how the players interact with each other we get to see how much tension builds up, but how exciting it is for the viewers. We also get to see some behind the scenes looks into the announcing booths and how even if you aren’t sitting with the general population in the stands, the same feeling of happiness comes over you if your team does well. The argument that I feel is trying to be made is how great football is in general. The descriptions of the atmosphere and the players themselves almost make it seem, as they are royalty. I feel that the topic, sports, is the very tool that makes this argument. The goal is to get the public to see how great football has brought together people to one place to root for one team together. This creates the sense of community discussed above and shows how athletes are extremely talented people. This film in my opinion was very fast paced and didn’t really give much time for reflection. I thought this to be the expository mode that Nichols discusses. “Some expository films adopt a voice-of-God commentary (the speaker is heard but never seen)” he said (Nichols 167). That is exactly what this film did. Throughout the film we hear a voice of a male, but we never see this person so we don’t get a visual face. In the clips containing the players and coaches interacting we hear those actual voices, but when trying to get the main idea across this type of film focuses greatly on the spoken words to get the main argument across the viewers.
The first way this film uses the expository mode to convey its message is by using the footage of football players in action. The mise-en-scene in the images and videos placed in this film contain specific shots of certain body parts on the player. As the narrator, or voice-of-god, describes the intense dedication of these players and how much strength they have, the camera is zoomed in on different parts of the players body to show how strong they are. In one scene specifically I remember the coach and the referee being the shot at the same time as the coach was yelling at him frantically. This mise-en-scene brought forth my point earlier about the tension. The fact that we could see both parties involved in the shot helped the viewer feel more involved. Another factor is the fact that in sports it is known to make them look more visually appealing. “Sporting events are privileged objects through which to exploit this register and documentaries therefore highlight their visually spectacular qualities. They do so by operating within the representational regime of display, one in which “the visual realm is maximized as the field of exhibitionistic, expressionistic, and excessive attractions” Malistky said (Malitsky 208).
The second way the film uses the expository mode is by the cinematography. In this film I felt that there was mostly straight-on camera angles. There was a lot of footage of football and views of the sidelines and of the announcer booths of straight-on angles giving us an over view of the surrounding areas as well. At the end of film we get to see a huge birds eye view of the players and fans storming the court and then of the outside of the stadium to end it. This shot I thought brought in the idea of community as well just because we see everyone on the field together and then it edits us to a shot of the stadium making it feel like one community in their together. The next part of cinematography that stood out was he usage of the close-up. Like I described earlier there was a lot of footage of football being played. During a certain part the camera zooms in on parts of the players bodies to show how strong and how much endurance they have. There were also some close-ups of when the players are interacting with each other face-to-face. I think they use that footage to give us an idea of how they interact and relates to the reality of football discussed before. The last part of cinematography that stood out to me was some of the camera movements. Definitely during the clips of football you can tell that there is some sort of dolly being used since the camera is moving so quickly, but is still getting the video clearly. This goes towards the goal to show us how intense and fast-paced football is. It also shows us that even though it is intense and fast-paced, that is exactly the reason why the public is joined together by it. By engaging in something they can be passionate about with no boundaries enables people to look past the fact that these men are ramming into each other and focus on what team they want to win. The last scene like I said before was a bird’s-eye view, but it was also shot probably by a helicopter because of its distance from the stadium. This was probably used at the end to show us that all of this chaos and all of this action is going on under one roof, with one team, but with a big community of people.
Another element that went into this documentary was the editing. I felt that there was a bunch of different kinds of editing, but the most common was the graphic match. During the slow motion portions of the football footage we see the use of graphic match because of the link of a bunch of different shots together. The footage being show is from a bunch of different games, but when put together in slow motion they makes sense together. Especially with the narration added in. Lastly, the films uses sound as an element to convey different emotions to the audience. The first song played in the documentary is a very upbeat song and almost sounds carnival like. This non-diegetic sound is meant to make the audience expect that this is going to be a happy segment. The deigetic sound that we get is the voices heard in the stands of cheers and boos. We also get this type of sounds from the players conversations with each other, the players conversations wit the coach, and the coaches conversations with the referees. This sound is conversational.
Another sports film made after this that brought a bunch of attention to the sports documentary was a film called The Two Escobars. This film came out in 2010 and tells the story of the connection between the successes of the Columbian soccer team and Andres Escobar, know as the Gentleman of the Field, to the notorious drug king-pin Pablo Escobar. In an article by Joshua Malitsky he describes the film perfectly. “The Two Escobars details how integral the drug lord Pablo Escobar was to the rise and fall of Colombia soccer in the 1980s and 1990s” he said (Malitsky 207). In my opinion the goal of this film is to tell the story in a way that isn’t biased towards either Escobar, but shows the facts and how everything unfolded. I believe they were trying to give some clarity to people who have been affected buy these tragic events and to show the world that just because something bad happened does not mean that it has to stay that way forever. I feel that this film tries to argue that again just like They Call It Pro Football, that sports can bring a sense of community to a large group of people no matter their gender, race, age, or beliefs. I think the sport in this film, soccer, plays a massive role in the telling of this story. There were times through the film where I felt as though soccer was the cause of all the violence and then there were times when soccer felt like the only savior the Columbians could find.
This film in my opinion was a mix of two different modes. First I felt that it captured the expository mode by the way that the players speak over the images. When each player talks about an experience he had or a goal he scored, the footage of whatever they are talking about is usually being shown at the same time. This allows us to almost get an inside look into the brain of an athlete because we feel this player is talking directly to us about his goal or whatever else it might be. In addition to the expository mode, I felt this film could also be considered the poetic mode. The reason why I felt that way was because of the way that this film wasn’t just about making an argument. It was trying to change the way the public viewed this situation by pointing out the connection between how Pablo Escobar was using the Columbian soccer team to launder his money while also accepting money from him and doing favors for him such as playing soccer games at his private home for gambling. Another way the poetic mode is use is due to the way we see different perspectives. The film is filled with interview answers of the Columbian soccer players and the people related to Andres Escobar as well as the men in prison because of Pablo Escobar and his family. Having both these sides shows us what was going on with both of them at the time. In addition, the film uses patterns like how the fluctuation of the success of the soccer team had to do with Pablo. Even though Pablo used his earnings for great charity work by building school, homes, and soccer fields, it was controversial because of where that money was coming from.
An element that helps bring this message forward is some of the mise-en-scene. “Poetic documentaries, though, draw on the historical world for their raw material but transform this material in distinctive ways” Nichols said (Nichols 164).
This film takes us back to the past by using clips from actual soccer games footage of interactions of Pablo Escobar and the soccer team. This is the raw material that gets transformed into something beautiful. Having the actual soccer players themselves narrate their footage is something I really liked because it made me feel like I was there listening to them be so passionate about the past that they once knew. I think having scenes that contained both Pablo and the team was crucial in the mise-en-scene because the whole goal of the film was to show how close they all became and how fast it came crashing down. Another element involved was the cinematography. I felt that a lot of the footage was taken from high angles because a lot of the footage was from soccer games. The high shot allowed us to see the whole field at points as well as the top of the players so we can see where the ball is going. There were also a lot of straight-on clips of both Escobars when talking to the press. I felt there was a lot of use of the long shot. The reason being is so then we get the players full body in the visual. There was also plenty of close-ups on players faces and of Pablo during times when he was struggling such as when the referee called the game a loss for Columbia and Pablo ordered his men to kill that referee. The look in Pablo’s face when he realizes they lost was utter disgust. There was certainly some helicopter footage of Pablo’s home when they show how he would have players flown in from all over the world so that he could gamble with fellow criminals. Another helicopter view we got to see is of the Cathedral Prison when Pablo Escobar turned himself in after extradition was abolished. This showed the audience the reality that Escobar was actually going to prison. Another element involved in this film is the editing. There are many different sequences during this film that are edited together to either show the devastation of how much violence Pablo caused or the triumphs of the soccer team after being known as the losers for so long. Having these clips edited together is using the term graphic match again. The clips being one after another brings in the reality for the people watching that even through the time of terrible violence, the Columbian soccer was led by Andres Escobar to help bring some good influence to their country by getting a new team together and defying the odds and qualifying for the World Cup for the first time in over twenty years. Lastly, the sound was one thing in this film that I felt was very important. The song that is playing during the sequence when we see the team beginning to do great starts off slowly and then gradually gets more and more intense. This is to evoke emotion from the viewer to make it feel like you are there and ready to watch. This is part of the non-diegetic sound. It grows more powerful as the footage of soccer intensifies making viewers also more alert. We hear the diegetic sound of the public announcements made Pablo, Andres, the coach, and many other people being interviewed. Overall, both these films bring something different to the table. In my opinion the poetic mode and The Two Escobars is the more powerful and pleasurable documentary. They Call It Pro Football to me is very broad and general. It’s more of a documentary to show how football brings everyone together. The Two Escobars in my opinion felt like there was more of a purpose. They wanted to show viewers the true facts behind all the connections between Pablo and Andres. Though they both have no relation to each other they both became very similar figures in Columbia. First Pablo was the activist and main man and once he fell Andres stepped in to give the Columbians something else to believe in besides violence and that was soccer. I felt that both these films spoke appropriately to what they were trying to convey. They Call It Pro Football had the voice-of-god narrating the video sequences and I think that is how it should have been because the message was simple in this film. It just needed to be straight to the point. The narration wasn’t trying to interpret football in a deep way. All that was interpreted was the sense of community and passion football gives families. In The Two Escobars the players themselves did the narration. This was right for this film because when discussing such a taboo topic like Pablo Esocbar, the core people involved are the ones to talk to so nothing gets misconstrued as they experienced this all first hand. In addition having the people involved speak on it helps convey their goal of how soccer brought the community together, but in different ways then football brought Americas community together. I feel that in the contemporary example there are definitely elements gained because I felt more relevant to the speakers. That may sound odd to feel relevant to interviews going on in a screen in front of you, but in They Call It Pro Football I felt very removed from the film. I was listening and watching, but I never felt the passion going on like I did with The Two Escobars. I think this has to deal with the fact again that The Two Escobars is telling the true story about a controversial event. If there is anything the media loves it controversy. I felt more intrigued by the old clips from news sources and close personal videos of the two sides in the The Two Escobars than the footage from They Call It Pro Football documentary, which was still great just not as intriguing.

Works Cited

Malitsky, Joshua. “Knowing Sports: The Logic of the Contemporary Sports Documentary”. North American Society for Sport History. 2014.

Nichols, Bill. “Introduction to Documentary”. Bloomington. 2010.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Reflection Paper on Hoop Dreams Documentary

...Prof. Adam Pfleegor Professional Enhancement Response July 2, 2012 Reflection Paper Response to “Hoop Dreams” Many things in this documentary stood out to me involving the culture of this ethnic group in Chicago. The people’s lives covered in this film were portrayed to be extremely simple, but complex. The film provided public exposure to the myriad problems of race, poverty, parenting concerns, coaching motives, and the amount of emphasis a young black gentleman places on sport. Encompassed by all of these issues was always disregard for one another, as well. Throughout the whole film, I could not help but notice the painful trend of negligence and carelessness towards black individuals. This black culture addressed in the Chicago area didn’t seem to give one another much value either. For some reason there is a lack of motivation to succeed early on unless it is sport. The parents do not seem to enforce a positive work ethic, honesty, and respect. It is no wonder that there was so much violence, drugs, premature pregnancy, and academic drop-outs. From generation to generation in that community, parents fail to teach their children high standards. It could be that children are raising children, which was the issue in William Gates case. In addition, if all they know is basketball growing up and before they reach 16 years old they have a baby on the way, they surely didn’t have enough time to retain anything in their short life before parenthood other...

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Reaction Paper

...“Thin” Reaction Paper “Thin” a documentary about women facing their eating disorders. “Thin” focused on four particular women Polly, Shelley, Brittany, and Alisa. These women were all brave enough to realize they had a problem and wanted help with the exception of Brittany. Sometimes when I hear about women with eating disorders I can be unsympathetic. I just feel there are so many things in life to think about other than what people think of you. Then I had to realize media has a lot to do with the way our young women picture themselves. We all want to look like this superstar. They all see this fat, ugly person when they look in the mirror and I realized I do the same thing, if we admit it we’ve all done it. The only difference is I’ve come to embrace this so called “fat” person. I wasn’t happy with my body image so I’m doing something about it but in a healthy way. These woman have so much more going on mentally they probably should have gotten therapy way before it got this far. These women just had so much more going on than they can show in a short documentary. I felt the documentary was ok. I don’t know what the director was going for but the documentary was a bit fluff. I don’t think it really went as deep as it could have. I mean the stories were real but the Renfrew just seem like it wasn’t really helping that much. The fact that they would throw you out as soon as you’re insurance ran out, even though it’s clear you still need to be there, was disgraceful. It......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Interrupters Essay

...The Interrupters The thought of watching an almost two hour documentary seems rather boring, but that is the opposite emotion I received while watching “The Interrupters”. Every second was engaging, and every story brought emotion to my heart. It’s one thing to hear about gangs in communities, but actually seeing things they do is another. Gangs are not something anyone should be apart of, and it’s terrible to see how many adults and teenagers, just like myself, are devoting their lives to violence and horror. The Interrupters tells the moving and surprising stories of three Violence Interrupters who try to protect their Chicago communities from the violence they were once apart of. Shot over the course of a year, The Interrupters captures a period in Chicago when it became a nation symbol for the violence in our cities. During this period, the city was overwhelmed with numerous shootings, fights and even deaths. There were three specific incidents in the documentary that stood out to me. Tio Hardimar, creator and director of the Violence Interrupters program, mentioned how when he was 14 years old, this boy beat him up; then his stepfather walked outside and killed that young boy right in front of Tio’s eyes. Tio stated, “I felt good about it, really.” Violence is the answer to every problem. That’s how all those kids were raised, and that’s all they knew. It is disturbing to see how violent these communities are, and how no one cares. Another incident that occurred was...

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

For-Profit Schools

...Andrea Mitchell John Cannon Sociology 101 November 23, 2014 Discussion Assignment 4 After watching the documentary about for-profit schools, their roles, and their impact on students professionally, academically, and financially; it has definitely shed some light on a progressive issue that a lot of people may take lightly. We know that federal grants and loans are like “saviors” to students who want to further their education and have learned that they are like “cash cows” to for-profit schools. Most of the total revenue at these for-profit schools come from federal financial aid. It’s hard for most graduates to repay their student loans in a timely matter because the money/ income they may have been expecting to make with the education they have earned isn’t what they expected to fully support their situations. I definitely hold these “for-profit” schools partly responsible for this problem because they do sell the dream of a better life, career and financial stability to students; signing them up for loans they know they can’t afford but their hopeful that after finishing school their futures will basically pay it off and it doesn’t work like that at all. In the documentary they talked about making “gainful employment” one of the main regulations for these for-profit schools, but shouldn’t that have already been top priority? One of the former directors from the Apollo group said that education is a business unless you are one of those lucky people who can afford...

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Minsan Sa Isang Taon

...“Minsan sa Isang Taon” 1. Identify the economic problems shown in the documentary. Various problems were shown in the documentary “Minsan sa Isang Taon”. First and foremost is the Malnutrition problems of the B’laan children which is so called “Kwashiorkor” brought about by a severe lack of protein because all they eat is sweet potato. Problem in the system of education was obviously shown also. Because their community were so distant from the civilization, maybe all they know is how to write and read and in worst case, they know nothing. Halfway through their journey, Environmental problems were envisaged by the group were they witnessed a very devastated mountain wherein most of the trees were cut away. The documentary also reveal the huge predicament in transportation were the Abaca Farmers need to walk for about six hours just to sell their processed abaca. It is then clearly shown the Unemployment Dilemma of our country. It’s hard to think that abaca farming is their only way to earn money, sad to think, maybe Kaingin is their alternative way.Rising Insurgency in our country were also revealed. With the continued problems in our country, many groups have posed grave threats to the Government and so the group need to backed-up by some CAFGU and Philippine Armies. All throughout, this issues were the reasons why 20% of the Filipino people were below poverty line and I am pretty sure that the B’laan tribe belongs to that portion. 2. How ECONOMICS can help......

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Toxic Hot Seat Summary

...Toxic Hot Seat Opinion Paper The HBO film Toxic Hot Seat is a documentary bringing the threats of flame retardant furniture to the public’s attention. The California legislative branch passed a bill called Technical Bulletin 117, which forced furniture manufacturers to make their products flame retardant for sale to the Californian population. These manufacturers found it would be less costly to just make all the furniture they sell to all of America flame retardant. The documentary than went into depth of how the chemicals used to make the furniture flame retardant can cause cancer and other health defects throughout time. Many of the protestors of this technical bulletin were firefighters because of the dangers these pieces of furniture brought when burning and letting off smoke. The smoke that comes off the furniture was mixed with the chemicals used to protect it are extremely deadly and could cause a person to develop cancer much quicker. Many scientists, political figures, firefighters and concerned parents have tried to eliminate the Technical Bulletin 117 for many years after discovering the dangers of the furniture but have come up short and unsuccessful in banning it all together. In my opinion, I believe the California legislator made the right choice to make furniture flame retardant because at the time it seemed like it was a phenomenal idea. Giving people 12 more seconds to evacuate their home before their furniture was fully engulfed in flames was a......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Birds and the Bees

...imagine what these families felt, when they new there was something wrong with their child, if he wasn’t breathing correctly or he was missing limb. Holding your breath standing their in shock wondering what I did to deserve this or how I am going to cope with this; is he ever going to live a normal life? The With Out Pity Documentary was truly captivating in so many ways, it really shows you that you need to enjoy life, cause no matter what there is always going to be someone who has to overcome something far greater then you will ever imagine. That boy with no limbs really set the peak for truly amazing and unbelievable; how he was able to get around by rolling like a barrel; in my mind he could truly inspire a whole nation with his accomplishments. I truly respect the family of that little boy for not pitying him; they made him work for everything from the dinner table to the farm, they didn’t want him to get used to the idea of pity and having everyone feel sorry, they wanted to give him the idea that there is hope for the future and that he is still capable of doing so many things. Another inspirational story in the Documentary I really enjoyed was the man married to the women with cerebral palsy, two people truly in love and over coming the stereo types and difficulties of everyday life. He even had a child with her to show his true commitment to her, and people would stare and whisper about how a woman with cerebral palsy shouldn’t even be......

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Thin Essay

...Thin” Reaction Paper “Thin” a documentary about women facing their eating disorders. “Thin” focused on four particular women Polly, Shelley, Brittany, and Alisa. These women were all brave enough to realize they had a problem and wanted help with the exception of Brittany. Sometimes when I hear about women with eating disorders I can be unsympathetic. I just feel there are so many things in life to think about other than what people think of you. Then I had to realize media has a lot to do with the way our young women picture themselves. We all want to look like this superstar. They all see this fat, ugly person when they look in the mirror and I realized I do the same thing, if we admit it we’ve all done it. The only difference is I’ve come to embrace this so called “fat” person. I wasn’t happy with my body image so I’m doing something about it but in a healthy way. These woman have so much more going on mentally they probably should have gotten therapy way before it got this far. These women just had so much more going on than they can show in a short documentary. I felt the documentary was ok. I don’t know what the director was going for but the documentary was a bit fluff. I don’t think it really went as deep as it could have. I mean the stories were real but the Renfrew just seem like it wasn’t really helping that much. The fact that they would throw you out as soon as you’re insurance ran out, even though it’s clear you still need to be there, was disgraceful. It......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...the craft of sushi making. At the age of eighty-five with two sons who also work in the same industry he isn’t stopping and still works on improving his skills which is the mark of a true Shokunin, a skilled craftsman who does the exact same thing everyday to the highest possible level in the never ending pursuit of perfection. We can see Jiro in his quest for perfection as he does everything with utmost dedication and always strives to be better than he was yesterday. This film is a beautifully shot documentary by David Gelb that captures everything you would want to know about Jiro’s three Michelin star restaurant Sukiyabashi Jiro. It shows the journey that Jiro had to go through to get to where he is now and that is making perfectly delicious sushi with his apprentices and eldest son Yoshikazu that will soon take over his father’s business in the future. It will be challenging succeeding his father’s position because as Yamamoto said in the documentary no matter how talented Yoshikazu is, he will need to be even more talented than his father in order to achieve the same levels of success. II. Highlights David Gelb uses a variety of angles and framing to capture Jiro’s world. Throughout the film the cinematography of the film varies. In shots of interviews it is usually a medium close-up shot that frames the subject from just below the shoulders to the top of the head. We can see this highlighted when Jiro is being interviewed about his passion for......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sample Final: International Payments

...Sample Final: International Payments I, MCQ 1, A shipping document indicating the details of the shipment and delivery of the goods and their ownership is a A, B/L (True: This is the most important transport document) B, Sight draft (False: This is a type of B/E) C, Time draft (False: This is a type of B/E) D, L/C (False: this is a method of payment) 2, A written statement by the exporter ordering the importer to pay a specific amount of money upon presentation to drawee to whom it is addressed is known as a A, B/L (False: This is a transport document) B, Sight draft (True: This is the type of B/E that requires payment upon presentation) C, Time draft (False: This is the type of B/E that requires payment at a future date after presentation) D, L/C (False: this is a method of payment) 3, L/C may be payable at all but one of the following locations: A, Confirming Bank’s counters (False: Confirming Bank has irrevocable undertaking to Beneficiary) B, Nominated Bank’s counters, or at the counters of any bank if L/C is freely negotiable (False: Nominated Bank pays Beneficiary on behalf of Issuing Bank (Confirming Bank)) C, Issuing Bank’s counters (False: Confirming Bank has irrevocable undertaking to Beneficiary) D, Reimbursing Bank’s counters (True: Reimbursing Bank has no undertaking towards Beneficiary. It only functions to reimburse other banks with authorization of Issuing Bank) 4, Which of the following can be combined under a credit available with the......

Words: 2790 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...BBC Future of Food- Part 2: Senegal Last week, BBC released the second part to their series of documentaries called the Future of Food. Part 2 largely concentrated on Senegal which really excited me and probably excites you as well, as a global farmers’ movement. Although the title says, “Senegal”, the documentary focuses of global food crises- moving from India to Kenya while always relating their issues back to England. In these documentaries, George Alagiah travels around the world to to reveal a global food crisis whose complete and thunderous effects can only be felt years from today. The series aims to create awareness on the unprecedented competition for food due to population growth and changing diets and also looks for viable solutions. Part one is where George heads out to India to bring to light how a changing diet in the developing world is putting pressure on the world's limited food resources. He finds out how using crops to produce fuel is impacting food supplies across the continents. Part two is one where he travels to Senegal and investigates the fishing trade the country is famous for and how globalisation has impacted the local fishermen of the area. He highlights how most often, the local fishermen are run out of their century long businesses and how despite fishes being the primary source of protein, available in abundance, are now slowly getting more expensive such that the local people are malnourished. From Senegal, he travels to India, the......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...The first argumentative strategy dialogic can be defined by a conversation between people. Most of the time when someone uses the dialogic strategy, it consists of two characters. In stories, dialogic often have two characters that have a dialogue conversation. Usually, one of characters says more things than the other with two different points of views. In “Apology of Socrates”, Socrates tries to plead for his innocence and talks to Meletus. The majority of the time, Socrates tried to persuade his audience into believing what he was doing was right. There was a few times where Meletus spoke to answer a few of Socrates’ questions. Confessional is the second argumentative strategy in which someone opens up to their intentions. Confessional can be used when someone reveals their motivation for doing something. It can also be used to talk about a purpose for an action someone took. David Henry Thoreau wrote “Why I Went to the woods” to explain why he did not want to live the city. He tries to convince his readers that living life means to not live in city but to live in the wilderness. He explains his reasons why he believed that living in city was not living. Didactic can be defined as a lecture. The argumentative strategy is meant to teach an audience new lessons and new things. When teachers and professors teach their classes, they lecture and use a didactic approach to teach their students. In “Politics and the English Language,” George Orwell attempts to teach his......

Words: 1310 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cirue Du Soleil

...Abstract: This course work will concentrate on marketing analysis of the world’s leading circus company Cirque du Soleil. Based on the data given it will conduct a PEST, Porter’s 5-Forces, SWOT analysis and discuss the results, together with results paper will concentrate on marketing and positioning strategies and Ansoff’s Matrix, and also recommend strategy measures for achieving sustainable economic development outcomes. It was found that, first of all, Cirque du Soleil is making a profit while most of its competitors are fail to break even. Second, with its innovative and creative productions, the Cirque stays in a distinct position that none of its competitors can compete. Third, the Cirque’s shows ease to accept by the world and became more flexible due to the sufficient diversity in performers’ nationalities and with experience in multi-field. Table of Contents 1. Introduction………………………………………………………..5 2. PEST and Porter’s 5-forces analysis................................................5 3. SWOT Analysis................................................................................11 4. Marketing and positioning strategies...............................................14 5. Ansoff’s Matrix…………………………………………..………..16 6. Conclusion........................................................................................18 Bibliography.......................................................................

Words: 3291 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Social Media

...IMPACT OF MEDIA ON SOCIETY Media has continuously pervaded and defined society and has advanced with technology. The traditional forms of media propagation including television, newspapers, posters and mail remain as efficient as before the introduction of newer methods. Email, websites, e-zines and social online media have replaced expensive media production such as magazines and photographic paper. Media imparts and shapes society’s opinion on the subjects of politics, business, culture and sports. It reflects on the freedom of speech and freedom of expression within a country. The positive aspects of free media far outweigh the negative effects that may occur. In the case of internet based media, control is difficult. Control of the Internet has however been imposed in China. Media has the ability to bring relief to disaster prone areas while at the same time it may be responsible for nurturing prejudice against certain regions. For example, the perception that Africa is an extremely underdeveloped region although it is actually bustling with megacities. In the world of social media, gossip columns have the potential to ruin lives of individuals or boost their popularity. Advertising through modern media has led to the rise of fortune 500 companies. It has been argued that media has resulted in a generation of couch potatoes who rarely engage in outdoor activities. It has become rarer to find someone who has good handwriting since typing is now the preferred......

Words: 375 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Arh 4470 Syllabus

...Syllabus ARH 4470/5482 Contemporary Art Spring 2013 Tuesday and Thursday 2:00-3:15pm Chemistry and Physics, Room 197 Instructor: Dr. Alpesh Kantilal Patel Assistant Professor, Department of Art + Art History Director, Master of Fine Arts Program in Visual Arts Contact information for instructor: Department of Art + Art History MM Campus, VH 235 Preferred mode of contact: Office hours: By appointment on Tuesdays and Thursdays (preferably after class). Course description: This course examines major artists, artworks, and movements after World War II; as well as broader visual culture—everything from music videos and print advertisements to propaganda and photojournalism—especially as the difference between ‘art’ and non-art increasingly becomes blurred and the objectivity of aesthetics is called into question. Movements studied include Abstract Expressionism, Pop, and Minimalism in the 1950s and 1960s; Post-Minimalism/Process Art, and Land art in the late 1960s and 1970s; Pastiche/Appropriation and rise of interest in “identity” in the 1980s; and the emergence of Post-Identity, Relational Art and Internet/New Media art in the 1990s/post-2000 period. We will focus primarily on artistic production in the US, but we will also be looking at art from Europe, South and East Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Emphasis will be placed on examining artworks and broader visual culture through the lens of a variety of different contextual......

Words: 4237 - Pages: 17